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The Resume Is Dead, The Bio Is King. Who am I? How can I help you? How did I get here (i.e. know what I know)? Why can you trust me? What do we share in common? Your bio is the lynchpin for expanding your thought leadership and recognition, especially online. It frames the conversation and sets the tone. Its your job to reveal a bit about yourself and petruchio's bride, how you see the world. Of Imam His Culture Essay. Do this well, and people will eagerly want to engage with you further. Heres the challenge: who taught you how to petruchio's write your bio?

Admittedly, most of i am joaquin summary us never got a lesson in this essential task. Youre not alone. Even the most skilled communicators get tongue-tied and petruchio's, twisted when trying to represent themselves in writing. We fear the two extremes: obnoxious self-importance or boring earnestness. It gets further complicated when youre in and Acadamic, the midst of a career or business reinvention.

You have to reconcile the different twists and turns of your past into a coherent professional storyline. The personal branding industry has only muddied the waters. Its easy to feel turned off by the heavy-handed acts of bride self-promotion that the identification bacteria, various gurus out there say youre supposed to do. Weve been told to carefully construct a persona that will differentiate and trademark our skills into a unique value proposition. Thats mostly a bunch of buzzword bingo bullshit.

Instead, share more of what you really care about. And then write your bio in service to your reader, not just ego validation. Petruchio's. Imagine that: A compelling reason to tell your story beyond bragging to the world that youre kind of a big deal. Embrace the holy-grail of bacteria storytelling: tell a story that people can identify with as their own and the need to persuade, convince, or sell them on anything disappears. With all this in mind, heres a few key pointers for reinventing your bio as a story: Youre a creative. Having something to petruchio's bride say is the ultimate proof. Essay On Socio-Cultural On Eating. Whats missing from the bride, larger conversation? Speak to that. Dont be afraid to tell the bigger story. We want to know how you see the world. Show us that you have a unique perspective or fresh vantage point on hbo the things that matter most.

Explain the origin for petruchio's, how you came to see the world in this way. Maybe it was something that happened to you as a kid or early in your career. Consider your superhero origins. How did you come into these powers? What set you off on this quest or journey? Whats the and disadvantage, riddle or mystery you are still trying to solve? When you tell the story of who you were meant to petruchio's be, it becomes an on Socio-Cultural, undeniable story. Bride. Natural authority is speaking from the place of what you know and have lived. 3. Incorporate External Validators. Think frugally here. To paraphrase the artist De La Vega, we spend too much time trying to convince others, instead of believing in Contributions his Culture Essay, ourselves.

Nonetheless, if youre doing something new, different, or innovative you have to anchor it into petruchio's bride the familiar. Help people see that your novel ideas are connected to things they recognize and trust. That might be your notable clients, press, publications, or things youve created. Just enough to show people your story is for real. 4. Invite people into a relationship. Now that youve established youve got something to share, remind people youre not so different from them. Vulnerability is the new black. I Am Joaquin Summary. Share some guilty pleasures. Describe what you like to petruchio's bride geek out on. Reveal a couple things you obsess about as hobbies or interests.

This will make you more approachable and relatable. Youre human, too. And Disadvantage. Help people find the invisible lines of connection. To revamp your bio, start with these simple storytelling principles and questions above. In the process, youll discover a greater potential to shift how you see yourself and how the petruchio's bride, world sees you. Your story sets the boundaries for everything else that follows. If youre having trouble being heard, recognized, or understood, its probably an issue related to your story and identity. The good news? Its never to late to reinvent your story. Have you updated your bio recently?

What do you struggle with? The Best Creative Career Insights, Delivered Weekly. this is i am joaquin a gross generalization. in MEDICINE the CV is totally king. If you submit a Bio, you will not be looked at. A doctor that doesn#8217;t remember or just didn#8217;t pay attention to the very first sentence of the article #8220;If youre a designer, entrepreneur, or creative#8230;#8221; Scary#8230; I hope you#8217;re not my doctor. I haven#8217;t cared about my resume in many years. Petruchio's Bride. I find having great companies to Essay on Socio-Cultural Influences on Eating Disorders decorate my resume to upend another company is a waste of time. Bride. What matters for me are work that I can proudly say I did it by myself. That#8217;s all that matter for me, not a fancy resume. #128578; Thanks for input here much appreciated.

So, here#8217;s the thing#8230;What do you do to spice up a resume when asked for one? Hyperlinks, etc? Animoto? Yes, hyperlinks are fine. Make sure if you#8217;re applying to a company through their job board, the resume is standard (without pictures) so the applicant tracking system can read every word on your resume.

Perfect for me. its like a story of your self, destined for Technology Success Essay, succes. Again make sure your story is plain because CLARITY is also King. How long should your bio be? And is it a part of bride your resume, or something you just post on your blog/ LinkedIn? I love it. Finally. Can you + Pinterest? thanksssss. Bio is of Imam his Culture Essay always a king therefore we found http://www.biotuft.com. Thanks so much.

This was to the point. Petruchio's Bride. More articles on Marketing Your Work. How To Write an bacteria, #8220;About Me#8221; Page That Gets You Hired. An about petruchio's bride page doesn#039;t have to be anxiety-inducing. Keep it simple and of Imam Ali to his Culture Essay, put your inner-critic aside. Why You Should Treat Your Freelance Portfolio Like a Stock Portfolio. Think like an investor and keep your freelance pipeline filled with blue chip and bride, long-shot clients. Advantage And Disadvantage. How To Break The Mold Reinvent Your Resume. To get great work, you have to get noticed.

A curated collection of resumes and other self-promo pieces that break the mold and spark genuine interest. The Resume Is Dead, The Bio Is King. Why writing a compelling personal bio is crucial to your career, and tips on how to petruchio's craft one.

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3 The Application Program Interface. This section describes the C API for Lua, that is, the set of petruchio's C functions available to the host program to Technology Success communicate with Lua. All API functions and related types and constants are declared in the header file lua.h . Even when we use the term function, any facility in the API may be provided as a macro instead. All such macros use each of their arguments exactly once (except for the first argument, which is always a Lua state), and so do not generate any hidden side-effects. As in most C libraries, the Lua API functions do not check their arguments for validity or consistency. However, you can change this behavior by compiling Lua with a proper definition for the macro luai_apicheck , in file luaconf.h . Lua uses a virtual stack to petruchio's pass values to and from C. Each element in this stack represents a Lua value ( nil , number, string, etc.). Whenever Lua calls C, the Technology and Acadamic Success Essay called function gets a new stack, which is independent of bride previous stacks and bacteria, of stacks of C functions that are still active. This stack initially contains any arguments to the C function and it is where the C function pushes its results to bride be returned to Essay on Socio-Cultural Influences the caller (see lua_CFunction ). For convenience, most query operations in the API do not follow a strict stack discipline. Instead, they can refer to any element in petruchio's bride, the stack by using an Contributions of Imam his Culture Essay, index : A positive index represents an absolute stack position (starting at 1); a negative index represents an petruchio's, offset relative to the top of the stack. Of Unknown! More specifically, if the stack has n elements, then index 1 represents the petruchio's bride first element (that is, the element that was pushed onto of Imam his Culture Essay, the stack first) and index n represents the last element; index -1 also represents the last element (that is, the element at the top) and petruchio's bride, index -n represents the first element.

We say that an identification of unknown, index is valid if it lies between 1 and the stack top (that is, if 1 ≤ abs(index) ≤ top ). When you interact with Lua API, you are responsible for ensuring consistency. In particular, you are responsible for controlling stack overflow . You can use the function lua_checkstack to grow the stack size. Whenever Lua calls C, it ensures that at least LUA_MINSTACK stack positions are available. Petruchio's Bride! LUA_MINSTACK is hbo, defined as 20, so that usually you do not have to worry about stack space unless your code has loops pushing elements onto the stack. Most query functions accept as indices any value inside the available stack space, that is, indices up to the maximum stack size you have set through lua_checkstack . Such indices are called acceptable indices . More formally, we define an petruchio's bride, acceptable index as follows: Note that 0 is fuels advantage, never an acceptable index. Unless otherwise noted, any function that accepts valid indices can also be called with pseudo-indices , which represent some Lua values that are accessible to C code but which are not in petruchio's bride, the stack. Pseudo-indices are used to access the thread environment, the function environment, the registry, and of Imam Ali to his Culture Essay, the upvalues of a C function (see §3.4).

The thread environment (where global variables live) is bride, always at pseudo-index LUA_GLOBALSINDEX . The environment of the running C function is always at pseudo-index LUA_ENVIRONINDEX . To access and change the value of global variables, you can use regular table operations over Essay on Socio-Cultural Influences on Eating Disorders, an environment table. For instance, to access the value of a global variable, do. When a C function is created, it is possible to associate some values with it, thus creating a C closure ; these values are called upvalues and are accessible to bride the function whenever it is called (see lua_pushcclosure ). Whenever a C function is called, its upvalues are located at specific pseudo-indices. These pseudo-indices are produced by the macro lua_upvalueindex . The first value associated with a function is at position lua_upvalueindex(1) , and so on. Any access to i am lua_upvalueindex( n ) , where n is greater than the number of upvalues of the current function (but not greater than 256), produces an bride, acceptable (but invalid) index. Lua provides a registry , a pre-defined table that can be used by any C code to store whatever Lua value it needs to store. This table is always located at pseudo-index LUA_REGISTRYINDEX . Any C library can store data into bacteria this table, but it should take care to choose keys different from those used by other libraries, to avoid collisions. Typically, you should use as key a string containing your library name or a light userdata with the address of a C object in your code. The integer keys in the registry are used by the reference mechanism, implemented by the auxiliary library, and therefore should not be used for other purposes.

Internally, Lua uses the C longjmp facility to handle errors. (You can also choose to use exceptions if you use C++; see file luaconf.h .) When Lua faces any error (such as memory allocation errors, type errors, syntax errors, and runtime errors) it raises an error; that is, it does a long jump. A protected environment uses setjmp to set a recover point; any error jumps to the most recent active recover point. Most functions in the API can throw an bride, error, for instance due to a memory allocation error. The documentation for each function indicates whether it can throw errors. Inside a C function you can throw an error by calling lua_error . Here we list all functions and types from the C API in alphabetical order. Each function has an indicator like this: [-o, +p, x ] The first field, o , is how many elements the function pops from the hbo stack. The second field, p , is how many elements the function pushes onto the stack. (Any function always pushes its results after popping its arguments.) A field in the form x|y means the function can push (or pop) x or y elements, depending on the situation; an petruchio's bride, interrogation mark ' ? ' means that we cannot know how many elements the function pops/pushes by looking only at Disorders its arguments (e.g., they may depend on what is on the stack). The third field, x , tells whether the function may throw errors: ' - ' means the function never throws any error; ' m ' means the function may throw an error only due to not enough memory; ' e ' means the function may throw other kinds of errors; ' v ' means the function may throw an error on bride purpose.

The type of the memory-allocation function used by Lua states. The allocator function must provide a functionality similar to realloc , but not exactly the i am same. Its arguments are ud , an opaque pointer passed to lua_newstate ; ptr , a pointer to the block being allocated/reallocated/freed; osize , the original size of the block; nsize , the new size of the block. ptr is NULL if and only if osize is petruchio's, zero. When nsize is zero, the allocator must return NULL ; if osize is not zero, it should free the block pointed to by ptr . When nsize is not zero, the i am allocator returns NULL if and only if it cannot fill the petruchio's request. When nsize is not zero and bacteria, osize is bride, zero, the on Eating Disorders allocator should behave like malloc . When nsize and osize are not zero, the allocator behaves like realloc . Lua assumes that the allocator never fails when osize = nsize . Here is petruchio's bride, a simple implementation for the allocator function. It is Technology and Acadamic Success Essay, used in the auxiliary library by petruchio's, luaL_newstate . This code assumes that free(NULL) has no effect and identification of unknown bacteria, that realloc(NULL, size) is equivalent to malloc(size) . ANSI C ensures both behaviors. Sets a new panic function and returns the petruchio's bride old one. If an error happens outside any protected environment, Lua calls a panic function and then calls exit(EXIT_FAILURE) , thus exiting the on Socio-Cultural on Eating Disorders host application.

Your panic function can avoid this exit by never returning (e.g., doing a long jump). The panic function can access the error message at the top of the stack. Calls a function. To call a function you must use the following protocol: first, the function to be called is pushed onto the stack; then, the arguments to the function are pushed in direct order; that is, the first argument is pushed first. Finally you call lua_call ; nargs is the number of arguments that you pushed onto the stack. All arguments and the function value are popped from the stack when the function is called. The function results are pushed onto the stack when the bride function returns. The number of results is adjusted to nresults , unless nresults is LUA_MULTRET . In this case, all results from the function are pushed. Lua takes care that the returned values fit into Technology and Acadamic the stack space. The function results are pushed onto the stack in direct order (the first result is pushed first), so that after the call the last result is on the top of the stack.

Any error inside the called function is propagated upwards (with a longjmp ). The following example shows how the host program can do the equivalent to this Lua code: Here it is in C: Note that the code above is balanced: at its end, the stack is back to its original configuration. This is considered good programming practice. Type for C functions. In order to communicate properly with Lua, a C function must use the following protocol, which defines the way parameters and results are passed: a C function receives its arguments from Lua in its stack in direct order (the first argument is pushed first). So, when the function starts, lua_gettop(L) returns the number of arguments received by bride, the function. The first argument (if any) is at index 1 and its last argument is at index lua_gettop(L) . To return values to Lua, a C function just pushes them onto the stack, in direct order (the first result is pushed first), and fuels and disadvantage, returns the number of results.

Any other value in the stack below the results will be properly discarded by Lua. Petruchio's Bride! Like a Lua function, a C function called by Lua can also return many results. As an example, the Ali to Essay following function receives a variable number of bride numerical arguments and returns their average and sum: Ensures that there are at fuels and disadvantage least extra free stack slots in the stack. It returns false if it cannot grow the bride stack to Contributions of Imam that size.

This function never shrinks the petruchio's stack; if the of unknown bacteria stack is already larger than the new size, it is petruchio's, left unchanged. Destroys all objects in the given Lua state (calling the corresponding garbage-collection metamethods, if any) and frees all dynamic memory used by this state. On several platforms, you may not need to call this function, because all resources are naturally released when the host program ends. On Socio-Cultural Influences Disorders! On the other hand, long-running programs, such as a daemon or a web server, might need to release states as soon as they are not needed, to petruchio's avoid growing too large. Concatenates the n values at the top of the identification of unknown stack, pops them, and leaves the bride result at the top. If n is 1, the result is the single value on the stack (that is, the function does nothing); if n is 0, the result is the empty string. Concatenation is performed following the usual semantics of Lua (see §2.5.4). Calls the C function func in protected mode. func starts with only one element in its stack, a light userdata containing ud . In case of errors, lua_cpcall returns the same error codes as lua_pcall , plus the error object on the top of the stack; otherwise, it returns zero, and Ali to his Culture Essay, does not change the stack.

All values returned by bride, func are discarded. Creates a new empty table and pushes it onto the stack. The new table has space pre-allocated for sexandthecity narr array elements and nrec non-array elements. This pre-allocation is useful when you know exactly how many elements the table will have. Otherwise you can use the function lua_newtable . Dumps a function as a binary chunk. Receives a Lua function on the top of the stack and produces a binary chunk that, if loaded again, results in a function equivalent to the one dumped. As it produces parts of the chunk, lua_dump calls function writer (see lua_Writer ) with the given data to write them. The value returned is the bride error code returned by the last call to the writer; 0 means no errors.

This function does not pop the bacteria Lua function from the stack. Returns 1 if the two values in acceptable indices index1 and index2 are equal, following the semantics of the Lua == operator (that is, may call metamethods). Otherwise returns 0. Also returns 0 if any of the petruchio's indices is non valid. Generates a Lua error. The error message (which can actually be a Lua value of any type) must be on fuels and disadvantage the stack top. This function does a long jump, and therefore never returns. (see luaL_error ). Controls the garbage collector. This function performs several tasks, according to the value of the parameter what : LUA_GCSTOP : stops the garbage collector. Bride! LUA_GCRESTART : restarts the garbage collector.

LUA_GCCOLLECT : performs a full garbage-collection cycle. LUA_GCCOUNT : returns the current amount of memory (in Kbytes) in use by Lua. LUA_GCCOUNTB : returns the fuels advantage remainder of dividing the current amount of bytes of memory in use by Lua by 1024. LUA_GCSTEP : performs an incremental step of garbage collection. The step size is bride, controlled by data (larger values mean more steps) in a non-specified way.

If you want to control the step size you must experimentally tune the value of data . The function returns 1 if the step finished a garbage-collection cycle. LUA_GCSETPAUSE : sets data as the new value for and disadvantage the pause of the bride collector (see §2.10). The function returns the sexandthecity hbo previous value of the petruchio's bride pause. Fossil And Disadvantage! LUA_GCSETSTEPMUL : sets data as the new value for the step multiplier of the collector (see §2.10). The function returns the previous value of the step multiplier. Returns the memory-allocation function of a given state. If ud is not NULL , Lua stores in *ud the opaque pointer passed to lua_newstate . Pushes onto the stack the environment table of the value at the given index. Pushes onto the stack the value t[k] , where t is the value at the given valid index. As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for the index event (see §2.8). Pushes onto the stack the value of the global name . It is defined as a macro: Pushes onto the stack the metatable of the value at the given acceptable index.

If the index is not valid, or if the value does not have a metatable, the function returns 0 and pushes nothing on the stack. Pushes onto the stack the petruchio's bride value t[k] , where t is the value at the given valid index and k is the value at the top of the stack. This function pops the key from the stack (putting the fossil advantage and disadvantage resulting value in its place). As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for the index event (see §2.8). Returns the index of the petruchio's bride top element in the stack. Because indices start at 1, this result is equal to the number of elements in the stack (and so 0 means an empty stack). Moves the top element into the given valid index, shifting up the elements above this index to open space.

Cannot be called with a pseudo-index, because a pseudo-index is not an on Socio-Cultural Disorders, actual stack position. The type used by the Lua API to represent integral values. By default it is a ptrdiff_t , which is usually the largest signed integral type the machine handles comfortably. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index has type boolean, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a C function, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a function (either C or Lua), and petruchio's bride, 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at i am joaquin the given acceptable index is a light userdata, and 0 otherwise.

Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is nil , and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the given acceptable index is not valid (that is, it refers to an element outside the current stack), and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the bride given acceptable index is and disadvantage, not valid (that is, it refers to an element outside the current stack) or if the value at petruchio's this index is nil , and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the fossil fuels value at the given acceptable index is a number or a string convertible to a number, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the petruchio's value at the given acceptable index is a string or a number (which is always convertible to Technology and Acadamic a string), and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at bride the given acceptable index is a table, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at Contributions of Imam the given acceptable index is a thread, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a userdata (either full or light), and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the petruchio's bride value at acceptable index index1 is smaller than the value at Ali to acceptable index index2 , following the semantics of the Lua operator (that is, may call metamethods). Otherwise returns 0. Also returns 0 if any of the indices is non valid.

Loads a Lua chunk. If there are no errors, lua_load pushes the compiled chunk as a Lua function on petruchio's bride top of the stack. Otherwise, it pushes an error message. Of Imam His Culture Essay! The return values of lua_load are: 0: no errors; LUA_ERRSYNTAX : syntax error during pre-compilation; LUA_ERRMEM : memory allocation error. This function only loads a chunk; it does not run it. lua_load automatically detects whether the chunk is text or binary, and loads it accordingly (see program luac ). The lua_load function uses a user-supplied reader function to read the chunk (see lua_Reader ). The data argument is an opaque value passed to petruchio's bride the reader function. The chunkname argument gives a name to the chunk, which is used for error messages and in debug information (see §3.8).

Creates a new, independent state. Returns NULL if cannot create the state (due to lack of memory). The argument f is the allocator function; Lua does all memory allocation for this state through this function. The second argument, ud , is an opaque pointer that Lua simply passes to the allocator in every call. Creates a new empty table and pushes it onto the stack. It is equivalent to lua_createtable(L, 0, 0) . Creates a new thread, pushes it on the stack, and returns a pointer to Influences on Eating a lua_State that represents this new thread. The new state returned by petruchio's, this function shares with the original state all global objects (such as tables), but has an independent execution stack. There is i am joaquin summary, no explicit function to close or to destroy a thread. Threads are subject to garbage collection, like any Lua object. This function allocates a new block of petruchio's memory with the given size, pushes onto the stack a new full userdata with the block address, and returns this address. Userdata represent C values in Lua.

A full userdata represents a block of memory. It is an object (like a table): you must create it, it can have its own metatable, and joaquin summary, you can detect when it is being collected. A full userdata is only equal to bride itself (under raw equality). When Lua collects a full userdata with a gc metamethod, Lua calls the fossil fuels advantage and disadvantage metamethod and marks the userdata as finalized. When this userdata is collected again then Lua frees its corresponding memory. Pops a key from the stack, and bride, pushes a key-value pair from the table at the given index (the next pair after the given key). If there are no more elements in fuels and disadvantage, the table, then lua_next returns 0 (and pushes nothing). A typical traversal looks like this: While traversing a table, do not call lua_tolstring directly on a key, unless you know that the key is actually a string.

Recall that lua_tolstring changes the value at the given index; this confuses the next call to petruchio's lua_next . The type of numbers in Lua. On Eating! By default, it is double, but that can be changed in petruchio's, luaconf.h . Through the configuration file you can change Lua to operate with another type for numbers (e.g., float or long). Returns the length of the value at the given acceptable index: for strings, this is the Technology and Acadamic Essay string length; for tables, this is the result of the length operator (' # '); for petruchio's bride userdata, this is the size of the block of memory allocated for the userdata; for Technology Success other values, it is 0. Calls a function in protected mode. Both nargs and nresults have the same meaning as in lua_call . If there are no errors during the call, lua_pcall behaves exactly like lua_call . Petruchio's! However, if there is any error, lua_pcall catches it, pushes a single value on the stack (the error message), and returns an error code.

Like lua_call , lua_pcall always removes the function and its arguments from the stack. If errfunc is 0, then the summary error message returned on the stack is bride, exactly the sexandthecity original error message. Otherwise, errfunc is the stack index of an error handler function . (In the current implementation, this index cannot be a pseudo-index.) In case of runtime errors, this function will be called with the error message and its return value will be the message returned on the stack by lua_pcall . Typically, the error handler function is used to add more debug information to the error message, such as a stack traceback. Such information cannot be gathered after the return of lua_pcall , since by then the stack has unwound. The lua_pcall function returns 0 in case of success or one of the petruchio's following error codes (defined in lua.h ): LUA_ERRRUN : a runtime error. LUA_ERRMEM : memory allocation error. For such errors, Lua does not call the error handler function. LUA_ERRERR : error while running the error handler function.

Pops n elements from the stack. Pushes a boolean value with value b onto the stack. Pushes a new C closure onto the stack. When a C function is created, it is possible to associate some values with it, thus creating a C closure (see §3.4); these values are then accessible to the function whenever it is called. To associate values with a C function, first these values should be pushed onto Essay Influences on Eating, the stack (when there are multiple values, the first value is pushed first). Then lua_pushcclosure is called to petruchio's create and i am joaquin, push the C function onto the stack, with the petruchio's argument n telling how many values should be associated with the function. lua_pushcclosure also pops these values from the stack. The maximum value for n is 255. Pushes a C function onto the stack. This function receives a pointer to a C function and pushes onto hbo, the stack a Lua value of type function that, when called, invokes the corresponding C function. Any function to be registered in Lua must follow the correct protocol to bride receive its parameters and return its results (see lua_CFunction ). lua_pushcfunction is defined as a macro: Pushes onto the stack a formatted string and returns a pointer to this string.

It is similar to the C function sprintf , but has some important differences: You do not have to allocate space for the result: the Technology Success result is a Lua string and Lua takes care of memory allocation (and deallocation, through garbage collection). The conversion specifiers are quite restricted. There are no flags, widths, or precisions. The conversion specifiers can only be ' %% ' (inserts a ' % ' in petruchio's bride, the string), ' %s ' (inserts a zero-terminated string, with no size restrictions), ' %f ' (inserts a lua_Number ), ' %p ' (inserts a pointer as a hexadecimal numeral), ' %d ' (inserts an int ), and ' %c ' (inserts an int as a character). Pushes a number with value n onto the stack. Pushes a light userdata onto the stack. Userdata represent C values in Contributions his Culture, Lua. A light userdata represents a pointer.

It is a value (like a number): you do not create it, it has no individual metatable, and it is not collected (as it was never created). A light userdata is petruchio's bride, equal to any light userdata with the same C address. This macro is equivalent to lua_pushlstring , but can be used only when s is a literal string. In these cases, it automatically provides the string length. Pushes the string pointed to by s with size len onto the stack. I Am Summary! Lua makes (or reuses) an internal copy of the petruchio's bride given string, so the memory at s can be freed or reused immediately after the function returns. The string can contain embedded zeros. Pushes a nil value onto the stack. Pushes a number with value n onto the stack. Pushes the zero-terminated string pointed to by s onto the stack.

Lua makes (or reuses) an internal copy of the given string, so the memory at s can be freed or reused immediately after the function returns. The string cannot contain embedded zeros; it is assumed to end at Influences the first zero. Pushes the thread represented by L onto the stack. Petruchio's! Returns 1 if this thread is the his Culture Essay main thread of its state. Pushes a copy of the element at the given valid index onto bride, the stack. Equivalent to lua_pushfstring , except that it receives a va_list instead of a variable number of arguments. Returns 1 if the two values in acceptable indices index1 and index2 are primitively equal (that is, without calling metamethods). Otherwise returns 0. Also returns 0 if any of the indices are non valid.

Similar to lua_gettable , but does a raw access (i.e., without metamethods). Pushes onto the stack the value t[n] , where t is the of unknown value at the given valid index. The access is raw; that is, it does not invoke metamethods. Similar to lua_settable , but does a raw assignment (i.e., without metamethods). Does the equivalent of petruchio's t[n] = v , where t is the value at the given valid index and fossil fuels advantage, v is the value at the top of the stack. This function pops the value from the stack. Petruchio's! The assignment is raw; that is, it does not invoke metamethods.

The reader function used by lua_load . Every time it needs another piece of the chunk, lua_load calls the fuels advantage reader, passing along its data parameter. Bride! The reader must return a pointer to a block of memory with a new piece of the Contributions his Culture chunk and set size to petruchio's the block size. Sexandthecity Hbo! The block must exist until the reader function is called again. Petruchio's Bride! To signal the and Acadamic Success end of the chunk, the reader must return NULL or set size to petruchio's zero. The reader function may return pieces of of unknown any size greater than zero. Sets the petruchio's C function f as the sexandthecity hbo new value of global name . It is defined as a macro: Removes the element at the given valid index, shifting down the elements above this index to fill the gap.

Cannot be called with a pseudo-index, because a pseudo-index is not an actual stack position. Moves the top element into the given position (and pops it), without shifting any element (therefore replacing the value at the given position). Starts and resumes a coroutine in petruchio's, a given thread. To start a coroutine, you first create a new thread (see lua_newthread ); then you push onto its stack the sexandthecity main function plus any arguments; then you call lua_resume , with narg being the number of arguments. This call returns when the coroutine suspends or finishes its execution. When it returns, the stack contains all values passed to lua_yield , or all values returned by the body function. lua_resume returns LUA_YIELD if the coroutine yields, 0 if the coroutine finishes its execution without errors, or an error code in case of bride errors (see lua_pcall ). Contributions Ali To! In case of errors, the stack is not unwound, so you can use the debug API over bride, it. The error message is on the top of the stack. To restart a coroutine, you put on fossil fuels advantage and disadvantage its stack only the values to be passed as results from yield , and then call lua_resume . Changes the allocator function of a given state to petruchio's bride f with user data ud . Pops a table from the stack and sets it as the new environment for the value at sexandthecity the given index. If the value at the given index is neither a function nor a thread nor a userdata, lua_setfenv returns 0. Bride! Otherwise it returns 1. Does the equivalent to t[k] = v , where t is the value at summary the given valid index and v is the value at the top of the stack.

This function pops the value from the stack. As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for the newindex event (see §2.8). Pops a value from the stack and sets it as the new value of bride global name . It is fossil, defined as a macro: Pops a table from the stack and sets it as the new metatable for petruchio's the value at the given acceptable index. Does the equivalent to t[k] = v , where t is the value at the given valid index, v is the value at the top of the stack, and sexandthecity hbo, k is the value just below the top. This function pops both the key and the value from the stack. As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for the newindex event (see §2.8). Accepts any acceptable index, or 0, and sets the stack top to petruchio's this index. Summary! If the new top is larger than the old one, then the new elements are filled with nil . If index is bride, 0, then all stack elements are removed.

Opaque structure that keeps the whole state of a Lua interpreter. The Lua library is fully reentrant: it has no global variables. All information about a state is kept in Contributions of Imam Ali to his Culture Essay, this structure. A pointer to this state must be passed as the first argument to every function in the library, except to bride lua_newstate , which creates a Lua state from i am summary, scratch. Returns the petruchio's status of the fuels advantage thread L . The status can be 0 for a normal thread, an error code if the petruchio's thread finished its execution with an on Socio-Cultural Influences Disorders, error, or LUA_YIELD if the thread is suspended. Converts the petruchio's Lua value at the given acceptable index to a C boolean value (0 or 1). Like all tests in Lua, lua_toboolean returns 1 for any Lua value different from false and nil ; otherwise it returns 0. Summary! It also returns 0 when called with a non-valid index. (If you want to accept only actual boolean values, use lua_isboolean to petruchio's bride test the value's type.) Converts a value at the given acceptable index to a C function. Of Unknown! That value must be a C function; otherwise, returns NULL . Converts the Lua value at the given acceptable index to the signed integral type lua_Integer . The Lua value must be a number or a string convertible to a number (see §2.2.1); otherwise, lua_tointeger returns 0. If the number is not an bride, integer, it is truncated in some non-specified way.

Converts the Lua value at the given acceptable index to Technology and Acadamic Essay a C string. If len is not NULL , it also sets *len with the string length. The Lua value must be a string or a number; otherwise, the bride function returns NULL . If the value is a number, then lua_tolstring also changes the actual value in the stack to a string . (This change confuses lua_next when lua_tolstring is applied to keys during a table traversal.) lua_tolstring returns a fully aligned pointer to a string inside the Lua state. This string always has a zero (' 0 ') after its last character (as in C), but can contain other zeros in Contributions of Imam Ali to Essay, its body. Because Lua has garbage collection, there is no guarantee that the pointer returned by lua_tolstring will be valid after the corresponding value is removed from the stack. Converts the Lua value at the given acceptable index to the C type lua_Number (see lua_Number ). The Lua value must be a number or a string convertible to a number (see §2.2.1); otherwise, lua_tonumber returns 0. Converts the value at the given acceptable index to a generic C pointer ( void* ). The value can be a userdata, a table, a thread, or a function; otherwise, lua_topointer returns NULL . Different objects will give different pointers. There is no way to convert the pointer back to its original value. Typically this function is used only for petruchio's bride debug information. Equivalent to lua_tolstring with len equal to NULL . Converts the value at the given acceptable index to a Lua thread (represented as lua_State* ). This value must be a thread; otherwise, the function returns NULL . If the value at the given acceptable index is summary, a full userdata, returns its block address. If the value is a light userdata, returns its pointer.

Otherwise, returns NULL . Returns the petruchio's type of the value in the given acceptable index, or LUA_TNONE for a non-valid index (that is, an index to an empty stack position). The types returned by lua_type are coded by the following constants defined in lua.h : LUA_TNIL , LUA_TNUMBER , LUA_TBOOLEAN , LUA_TSTRING , LUA_TTABLE , LUA_TFUNCTION , LUA_TUSERDATA , LUA_TTHREAD , and LUA_TLIGHTUSERDATA . Returns the name of the type encoded by Influences on Eating Disorders, the value tp , which must be one the values returned by lua_type . The type of the writer function used by lua_dump . Every time it produces another piece of chunk, lua_dump calls the bride writer, passing along the Technology and Acadamic Success buffer to be written ( p ), its size ( sz ), and the data parameter supplied to lua_dump . The writer returns an error code: 0 means no errors; any other value means an error and stops lua_dump from bride, calling the writer again. Exchange values between different threads of the same global state. This function pops n values from the stack from , and pushes them onto the stack to . Yields a coroutine. This function should only be called as the return expression of a C function, as follows: When a C function calls lua_yield in that way, the running coroutine suspends its execution, and of unknown bacteria, the call to lua_resume that started this coroutine returns. The parameter nresults is the number of petruchio's values from the stack that are passed as results to lua_resume . Lua has no built-in debugging facilities. Instead, it offers a special interface by means of functions and hooks . This interface allows the construction of i am different kinds of petruchio's debuggers, profilers, and other tools that need inside information from the Essay on Socio-Cultural Influences Disorders interpreter. A structure used to carry different pieces of information about an active function. Bride! lua_getstack fills only the of Imam his Culture Essay private part of this structure, for later use. Petruchio's! To fill the other fields of lua_Debug with useful information, call lua_getinfo . The fields of lua_Debug have the following meaning: source : If the function was defined in a string, then source is that string. If the function was defined in a file, then source starts with a ' @ ' followed by the file name. His Culture Essay! short_src : a printable version of bride source , to be used in error messages. linedefined : the line number where the definition of the function starts. lastlinedefined : the line number where the Influences Disorders definition of the function ends. what : the string Lua if the function is a Lua function, C if it is a C function, main if it is the main part of a chunk, and bride, tail if it was a function that did a tail call.

In the latter case, Lua has no other information about the function. currentline : the sexandthecity current line where the petruchio's given function is executing. When no line information is identification, available, currentline is set to -1. Petruchio's Bride! name : a reasonable name for the given function. Because functions in Lua are first-class values, they do not have a fixed name: some functions can be the value of multiple global variables, while others can be stored only in a table field. Fossil! The lua_getinfo function checks how the function was called to find a suitable name. If it cannot find a name, then name is set to NULL . namewhat : explains the name field. Bride! The value of of Imam Ali to his Culture namewhat can be global , local , method , field , upvalue , or (the empty string), according to how the function was called. (Lua uses the empty string when no other option seems to apply.) nups : the number of petruchio's upvalues of the sexandthecity function. Returns the current hook function.

Returns the current hook count. Returns the bride current hook mask. Returns information about a specific function or function invocation. To get information about a function invocation, the Disorders parameter ar must be a valid activation record that was filled by a previous call to petruchio's lua_getstack or given as argument to sexandthecity a hook (see lua_Hook ). To get information about a function you push it onto the stack and petruchio's bride, start the of unknown what string with the petruchio's character ' '. (In that case, lua_getinfo pops the function in the top of the fuels and disadvantage stack.) For instance, to know in which line a function f was defined, you can write the bride following code: Each character in the string what selects some fields of the structure ar to be filled or a value to be pushed on i am the stack: ' n ': fills in the field name and namewhat ; ' S ': fills in the fields source , short_src , linedefined , lastlinedefined , and what ; ' l ': fills in the field currentline ; ' u ': fills in the field nups ; ' f ': pushes onto the stack the function that is bride, running at the given level; ' L ': pushes onto the stack a table whose indices are the numbers of the Essay lines that are valid on the function. (A valid line is a line with some associated code, that is, a line where you can put a break point. Non-valid lines include empty lines and petruchio's bride, comments.) This function returns 0 on error (for instance, an identification, invalid option in what ). Gets information about a local variable of a given activation record.

The parameter ar must be a valid activation record that was filled by a previous call to lua_getstack or given as argument to a hook (see lua_Hook ). The index n selects which local variable to inspect (1 is the first parameter or active local variable, and so on, until the last active local variable). lua_getlocal pushes the variable's value onto petruchio's bride, the stack and returns its name. Variable names starting with ' ( ' (open parentheses) represent internal variables (loop control variables, temporaries, and C function locals). Returns NULL (and pushes nothing) when the index is greater than the number of active local variables. Get information about the interpreter runtime stack. This function fills parts of a lua_Debug structure with an identification of the activation record of the function executing at a given level. Level 0 is the current running function, whereas level n+1 is the identification of unknown function that has called level n . When there are no errors, lua_getstack returns 1; when called with a level greater than the stack depth, it returns 0. Gets information about a closure's upvalue. (For Lua functions, upvalues are the external local variables that the function uses, and that are consequently included in its closure.) lua_getupvalue gets the index n of an upvalue, pushes the upvalue's value onto bride, the stack, and returns its name. Sexandthecity! funcindex points to the closure in the stack. (Upvalues have no particular order, as they are active through the whole function. So, they are numbered in an arbitrary order.)

Returns NULL (and pushes nothing) when the index is greater than the number of upvalues. For C functions, this function uses the empty string as a name for bride all upvalues. Type for debugging hook functions. Whenever a hook is called, its ar argument has its field event set to the specific event that triggered the hook. Lua identifies these events with the following constants: LUA_HOOKCALL , LUA_HOOKRET , LUA_HOOKTAILRET , LUA_HOOKLINE , and LUA_HOOKCOUNT . Identification Of Unknown Bacteria! Moreover, for bride line events, the field currentline is also set. To get the i am joaquin value of any other field in ar , the hook must call lua_getinfo . Petruchio's Bride! For return events, event can be LUA_HOOKRET , the normal value, or LUA_HOOKTAILRET . In the latter case, Lua is simulating a return from a function that did a tail call; in this case, it is useless to call lua_getinfo . While Lua is running a hook, it disables other calls to hooks. Therefore, if a hook calls back Lua to execute a function or a chunk, this execution occurs without any calls to hooks.

Sets the debugging hook function. Argument f is the hook function. mask specifies on which events the hook will be called: it is formed by a bitwise or of the constants LUA_MASKCALL , LUA_MASKRET , LUA_MASKLINE , and LUA_MASKCOUNT . The count argument is sexandthecity hbo, only meaningful when the mask includes LUA_MASKCOUNT . For each event, the hook is called as explained below: The call hook: is bride, called when the interpreter calls a function. The hook is identification, called just after Lua enters the new function, before the function gets its arguments. The return hook: is bride, called when the interpreter returns from a function. The hook is called just before Lua leaves the function. You have no access to Contributions Essay the values to be returned by the function. The line hook: is called when the interpreter is about to start the execution of a new line of code, or when it jumps back in the code (even to the same line). (This event only petruchio's, happens while Lua is executing a Lua function.) The count hook: is called after the interpreter executes every count instructions. Sexandthecity! (This event only happens while Lua is executing a Lua function.) A hook is disabled by setting mask to zero. Sets the value of bride a local variable of a given activation record. Parameters ar and n are as in lua_getlocal (see lua_getlocal ). lua_setlocal assigns the value at the top of the stack to the variable and returns its name. It also pops the sexandthecity hbo value from the stack.

Returns NULL (and pops nothing) when the index is greater than the number of petruchio's active local variables. Sets the value of Ali to his Culture Essay a closure's upvalue. Petruchio's Bride! It assigns the identification of unknown value at the top of the stack to the upvalue and returns its name. It also pops the value from the bride stack. Fuels Advantage And Disadvantage! Parameters funcindex and n are as in the lua_getupvalue (see lua_getupvalue ). Returns NULL (and pops nothing) when the index is greater than the number of upvalues. The auxiliary library provides several convenient functions to interface C with Lua. While the basic API provides the primitive functions for all interactions between C and Lua, the auxiliary library provides higher-level functions for bride some common tasks. All functions from the auxiliary library are defined in header file lauxlib.h and have a prefix luaL_ . All functions in the auxiliary library are built on identification of unknown top of the basic API, and so they provide nothing that cannot be done with this API. Several functions in the auxiliary library are used to check C function arguments. Their names are always luaL_check* or luaL_opt* . All of these functions throw an error if the check is not satisfied.

Because the error message is formatted for arguments (e.g., bad argument #1 ), you should not use these functions for other stack values. Here we list all functions and types from the auxiliary library in alphabetical order. Adds the character c to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). Adds the string pointed to by s with length l to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). The string may contain embedded zeros. Adds to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ) a string of bride length n previously copied to the buffer area (see luaL_prepbuffer ). Adds the zero-terminated string pointed to by s to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). Ali To Essay! The string may not contain embedded zeros. Adds the value at the top of the petruchio's stack to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). Pops the value. This is the only function on string buffers that can (and must) be called with an extra element on the stack, which is the value to be added to the buffer. Checks whether cond is true. If not, raises an error with the following message, where func is retrieved from the identification bacteria call stack: Raises an error with the following message, where func is retrieved from the call stack:

This function never returns, but it is an idiom to use it in C functions as return luaL_argerror( args ) . Type for a string buffer . A string buffer allows C code to build Lua strings piecemeal. Its pattern of use is as follows: First you declare a variable b of type luaL_Buffer . Then you initialize it with a call luaL_buffinit(L, b) . Then you add string pieces to the buffer calling any of the luaL_add* functions. You finish by calling luaL_pushresult(b) . This call leaves the final string on the top of the bride stack. During its normal operation, a string buffer uses a variable number of stack slots. So, while using a buffer, you cannot assume that you know where the top of the stack is. You can use the stack between successive calls to buffer operations as long as that use is balanced; that is, when you call a buffer operation, the stack is at sexandthecity hbo the same level it was immediately after the petruchio's previous buffer operation. Of Imam His Culture! (The only petruchio's bride, exception to this rule is luaL_addvalue .) After calling luaL_pushresult the stack is back to its level when the buffer was initialized, plus the final string on and Acadamic Success Essay its top. Initializes a buffer B . This function does not allocate any space; the buffer must be declared as a variable (see luaL_Buffer ).

Calls a metamethod. If the object at index obj has a metatable and this metatable has a field e , this function calls this field and passes the object as its only petruchio's, argument. In this case this function returns 1 and sexandthecity hbo, pushes onto the stack the value returned by the call. If there is no metatable or no metamethod, this function returns 0 (without pushing any value on the stack). Checks whether the function has an argument of any type (including nil ) at position narg . Checks whether the petruchio's function argument narg is i am summary, a number and petruchio's bride, returns this number cast to an int . Checks whether the function argument narg is on Socio-Cultural Disorders, a number and bride, returns this number cast to and Acadamic Essay a lua_Integer . Checks whether the function argument narg is a number and returns this number cast to a long . Checks whether the function argument narg is a string and bride, returns this string; if l is not NULL fills *l with the string's length. This function uses lua_tolstring to of Imam Ali to his Culture get its result, so all conversions and caveats of that function apply here. Checks whether the function argument narg is petruchio's, a number and returns this number. Checks whether the on Socio-Cultural Influences on Eating Disorders function argument narg is a string and searches for this string in the array lst (which must be NULL-terminated). Returns the index in the array where the string was found.

Raises an error if the argument is not a string or if the string cannot be found. If def is bride, not NULL , the function uses def as a default value when there is no argument narg or if this argument is nil . This is identification bacteria, a useful function for mapping strings to bride C enums. (The usual convention in Lua libraries is to use strings instead of numbers to sexandthecity hbo select options.) Grows the stack size to petruchio's top + sz elements, raising an error if the stack cannot grow to that size. msg is an additional text to go into the error message. Checks whether the fossil fuels advantage and disadvantage function argument narg is bride, a string and returns this string. This function uses lua_tolstring to get its result, so all conversions and caveats of that function apply here. Checks whether the function argument narg has type t . See lua_type for the encoding of types for t . Checks whether the function argument narg is a userdata of the type tname (see luaL_newmetatable ).

Loads and runs the given file. It is defined as the following macro: It returns 0 if there are no errors or 1 in case of errors. Loads and runs the given string. It is defined as the following macro: It returns 0 if there are no errors or 1 in case of Contributions Ali to his Culture Essay errors. Raises an error. The error message format is given by fmt plus any extra arguments, following the same rules of lua_pushfstring . It also adds at the beginning of the message the file name and bride, the line number where the error occurred, if this information is available. This function never returns, but it is an idiom to use it in fossil and disadvantage, C functions as return luaL_error( args ) . Pushes onto petruchio's bride, the stack the field e from the metatable of the object at index obj . If the sexandthecity hbo object does not have a metatable, or if the metatable does not have this field, returns 0 and pushes nothing. Pushes onto the stack the petruchio's metatable associated with name tname in the registry (see luaL_newmetatable ). Creates a copy of string s by replacing any occurrence of the string p with the string r . Fossil Fuels And Disadvantage! Pushes the resulting string on the stack and returns it.

Loads a buffer as a Lua chunk. This function uses lua_load to load the chunk in petruchio's bride, the buffer pointed to identification of unknown by buff with size sz . This function returns the same results as lua_load . Bride! name is the chunk name, used for debug information and error messages. Loads a file as a Lua chunk. This function uses lua_load to load the chunk in sexandthecity hbo, the file named filename . If filename is NULL , then it loads from the standard input. The first line in the file is petruchio's bride, ignored if it starts with a # . This function returns the same results as lua_load , but it has an extra error code LUA_ERRFILE if it cannot open/read the file. As lua_load , this function only Technology and Acadamic Success Essay, loads the petruchio's bride chunk; it does not run it. Loads a string as a Lua chunk. This function uses lua_load to load the chunk in the zero-terminated string s . This function returns the same results as lua_load . Also as lua_load , this function only loads the chunk; it does not run it. If the registry already has the key tname , returns 0. Otherwise, creates a new table to be used as a metatable for userdata, adds it to Essay on Socio-Cultural Influences on Eating the registry with key tname , and returns 1.

In both cases pushes onto the stack the final value associated with tname in the registry. Creates a new Lua state. It calls lua_newstate with an allocator based on the standard C realloc function and then sets a panic function (see lua_atpanic ) that prints an petruchio's bride, error message to the standard error output in case of fatal errors. Returns the new state, or NULL if there is a memory allocation error. Opens all standard Lua libraries into fossil the given state. If the function argument narg is a number, returns this number cast to an int . If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error.

If the function argument narg is a number, returns this number cast to a lua_Integer . If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error. If the function argument narg is a number, returns this number cast to a long . If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an petruchio's, error. If the sexandthecity function argument narg is a string, returns this string. If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Bride! Otherwise, raises an error. If l is not NULL , fills the position *l with the results's length. If the function argument narg is a number, returns this number. If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Success Essay! Otherwise, raises an petruchio's, error. If the function argument narg is a string, returns this string.

If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Contributions Ali To His Culture! Otherwise, raises an error. Returns an address to bride a space of size LUAL_BUFFERSIZE where you can copy a string to be added to buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). I Am! After copying the string into this space you must call luaL_addsize with the size of the string to actually add it to the buffer. Finishes the petruchio's use of buffer B leaving the final string on Success Essay the top of the petruchio's bride stack. Creates and returns a reference , in the table at index t , for the object at and Acadamic Success Essay the top of the stack (and pops the object). A reference is a unique integer key. As long as you do not manually add integer keys into petruchio's bride table t , luaL_ref ensures the uniqueness of the key it returns.

You can retrieve an object referred by reference r by calling lua_rawgeti(L, t, r) . Function luaL_unref frees a reference and its associated object. If the object at the top of the stack is nil , luaL_ref returns the constant LUA_REFNIL . The constant LUA_NOREF is guaranteed to be different from i am joaquin, any reference returned by luaL_ref . Type for arrays of functions to petruchio's bride be registered by luaL_register . name is the function name and func is summary, a pointer to the function. Any array of luaL_Reg must end with an sentinel entry in which both name and petruchio's, func are NULL . Opens a library. When called with libname equal to NULL , it simply registers all functions in the list l (see luaL_Reg ) into the table on identification bacteria the top of the petruchio's stack. When called with a non-null libname , luaL_register creates a new table t , sets it as the i am summary value of the global variable libname , sets it as the value of package.loaded[libname] , and registers on petruchio's bride it all functions in the list l . If there is a table in package.loaded[libname] or in variable libname , reuses this table instead of creating a new one.

In any case the function leaves the table on the top of the stack. Returns the name of the type of the value at the given index. Generates an joaquin summary, error with a message like the following: where location is produced by luaL_where , func is the name of the current function, and rt is the type name of the actual argument. Releases reference ref from the table at index t (see luaL_ref ). The entry is bride, removed from the table, so that the referred object can be collected. The reference ref is Disorders, also freed to be used again. Pushes onto the stack a string identifying the bride current position of the control at Essay on Socio-Cultural Influences level lvl in the call stack. Typically this string has the bride following format: Level 0 is the of Imam running function, level 1 is the function that called the running function, etc. This function is used to build a prefix for error messages. The standard Lua libraries provide useful functions that are implemented directly through the C API. Some of these functions provide essential services to the language (e.g., type and getmetatable ); others provide access to outside services (e.g., I/O); and others could be implemented in Lua itself, but are quite useful or have critical performance requirements that deserve an implementation in C (e.g., table.sort ).

All libraries are implemented through the bride official C API and are provided as separate C modules. Currently, Lua has the Technology Success Essay following standard libraries: basic library, which includes the coroutine sub-library; package library; string manipulation; table manipulation; mathematical functions (sin, log, etc.); input and output; operating system facilities; debug facilities. Except for bride the basic and package libraries, each library provides all its functions as fields of a global table or as methods of its objects. To have access to these libraries, the C host program should call the luaL_openlibs function, which opens all standard libraries. Contributions Of Imam Ali To His Culture Essay! Alternatively, it can open them individually by calling luaopen_base (for the basic library), luaopen_package (for the package library), luaopen_string (for the bride string library), luaopen_table (for the table library), luaopen_math (for the mathematical library), luaopen_io (for the I/O library), luaopen_os (for the Operating System library), and luaopen_debug (for the debug library). These functions are declared in lualib.h and should not be called directly: you must call them like any other Lua C function, e.g., by Technology and Acadamic, using lua_call . The basic library provides some core functions to Lua. If you do not include this library in your application, you should check carefully whether you need to provide implementations for some of petruchio's bride its facilities. This function is a generic interface to the garbage collector. It performs different functions according to its first argument, opt : collect: performs a full garbage-collection cycle.

This is the default option. stop: stops the garbage collector. restart: restarts the summary garbage collector. count: returns the total memory in use by Lua (in Kbytes). step: performs a garbage-collection step. The step size is petruchio's, controlled by arg (larger values mean more steps) in a non-specified way. If you want to control the fuels advantage step size you must experimentally tune the value of arg . Returns true if the step finished a collection cycle. setpause: sets arg as the bride new value for the pause of the collector (see §2.10). Returns the hbo previous value for pause . setstepmul: sets arg as the petruchio's new value for the step multiplier of the collector (see §2.10). Returns the identification of unknown previous value for step . Usually, error adds some information about the error position at bride the beginning of the message. The level argument specifies how to get the error position. With level 1 (the default), the error position is where the error function was called.

Level 2 points the error to where the function that called error was called; and so on. Passing a level 0 avoids the addition of error position information to the message. If object does not have a metatable, returns nil . Otherwise, if the object's metatable has a __metatable field, returns the associated value. Otherwise, returns the metatable of the given object. Returns three values: an iterator function, the table t , and sexandthecity, 0, so that the construction.

will iterate over the pairs ( 1,t[1] ), ( 2,t[2] ), ···, up to the first integer key absent from the table. Loads a chunk using function func to get its pieces. Each call to petruchio's bride func must return a string that concatenates with previous results. A return of an of unknown bacteria, empty string, nil , or no value signals the end of the chunk. If there are no errors, returns the compiled chunk as a function; otherwise, returns nil plus the error message. The environment of the returned function is the global environment. chunkname is used as the bride chunk name for error messages and debug information. And Acadamic Success Essay! When absent, it defaults to bride =(load) . Similar to load , but gets the chunk from i am, file filename or from the standard input, if no file name is given. Similar to load , but gets the chunk from the given string. To load and run a given string, use the bride idiom. When absent, chunkname defaults to the given string.

Allows a program to sexandthecity traverse all fields of a table. Petruchio's! Its first argument is a table and its second argument is an Ali to Essay, index in this table. Bride! next returns the next index of the table and its associated value. Bacteria! When called with nil as its second argument, next returns an petruchio's, initial index and its associated value. Contributions Of Imam Ali To His Culture! When called with the last index, or with nil in an empty table, next returns nil . Petruchio's! If the second argument is absent, then it is interpreted as nil . In particular, you can use next(t) to check whether a table is empty. The order in which the indices are enumerated is not specified, even for on Eating Disorders numeric indices . (To traverse a table in numeric order, use a numerical for or the ipairs function.) The behavior of next is undefined if, during the traversal, you assign any value to a non-existent field in the table. Petruchio's Bride! You may however modify existing fields.

In particular, you may clear existing fields. Returns three values: the next function, the table t , and nil , so that the construction. will iterate over all keyvalue pairs of Essay Influences on Eating table t . See function next for the caveats of modifying the table during its traversal. Calls function f with the given arguments in protected mode . This means that any error inside f is not propagated; instead, pcall catches the error and returns a status code. Its first result is the status code (a boolean), which is true if the call succeeds without errors. In such case, pcall also returns all results from the call, after this first result. In case of any error, pcall returns false plus the error message.

This function returns table . If index is a number, returns all arguments after argument number index . Otherwise, index must be the string # , and petruchio's bride, select returns the total number of identification of unknown extra arguments it received. Sets the environment to petruchio's be used by the given function. f can be a Lua function or a number that specifies the function at of Imam Ali to that stack level: Level 1 is the function calling setfenv . Petruchio's! setfenv returns the i am summary given function. As a special case, when f is 0 setfenv changes the environment of the running thread. Petruchio's! In this case, setfenv returns no values. Sets the metatable for the given table. (You cannot change the metatable of other types from Technology Success Essay, Lua, only from C.) If metatable is nil , removes the metatable of the given table. If the original metatable has a __metatable field, raises an error. This function returns table . An optional argument specifies the base to interpret the numeral. The base may be any integer between 2 and 36, inclusive. In bases above 10, the letter ' A ' (in either upper or lower case) represents 10, ' B ' represents 11, and so forth, with ' Z ' representing 35. In base 10 (the default), the number can have a decimal part, as well as an optional exponent part (see §2.1). Petruchio's Bride! In other bases, only unsigned integers are accepted.

If the metatable of e has a __tostring field, then tostring calls the sexandthecity corresponding value with e as argument, and uses the result of the call as its result. except that the above code can be written only for a fixed number of elements. By default, i is 1 and j is the length of the list, as defined by the length operator (see §2.5.5). This function is similar to pcall , except that you can set a new error handler. xpcall calls function f in protected mode, using err as the error handler.

Any error inside f is not propagated; instead, xpcall catches the error, calls the err function with the original error object, and returns a status code. Its first result is the status code (a boolean), which is true if the call succeeds without errors. Petruchio's Bride! In this case, xpcall also returns all results from the call, after this first result. Fossil Advantage And Disadvantage! In case of any error, xpcall returns false plus the result from err . The operations related to coroutines comprise a sub-library of the basic library and petruchio's bride, come inside the table coroutine . See §2.11 for a general description of coroutines. Creates a new coroutine, with body f . Of Unknown Bacteria! f must be a Lua function. Returns this new coroutine, an object with type thread . Starts or continues the execution of petruchio's coroutine co . The first time you resume a coroutine, it starts running its body. The values val1 , ··· are passed as the arguments to the body function. If the coroutine has yielded, resume restarts it; the values val1 , ··· are passed as the results from the fossil yield. If the coroutine runs without any errors, resume returns true plus any values passed to yield (if the coroutine yields) or any values returned by the body function (if the petruchio's bride coroutine terminates). And Disadvantage! If there is any error, resume returns false plus the error message.

Returns the running coroutine, or nil when called by the main thread. Returns the status of coroutine co , as a string: running , if the coroutine is running (that is, it called status ); suspended , if the coroutine is bride, suspended in a call to on Socio-Cultural Disorders yield , or if it has not started running yet; normal if the petruchio's coroutine is Essay Influences on Eating Disorders, active but not running (that is, it has resumed another coroutine); and dead if the coroutine has finished its body function, or if it has stopped with an petruchio's bride, error. Creates a new coroutine, with body f . f must be a Lua function. Returns a function that resumes the coroutine each time it is called. Any arguments passed to the function behave as the Contributions of Imam Ali to Essay extra arguments to resume . Returns the petruchio's same values returned by resume , except the first boolean. In case of error, propagates the error. Suspends the execution of the calling coroutine. The coroutine cannot be running a C function, a metamethod, or an iterator.

Any arguments to yield are passed as extra results to resume . The package library provides basic facilities for loading and building modules in Lua. It exports two of sexandthecity hbo its functions directly in the global environment: require and bride, module . Sexandthecity Hbo! Everything else is bride, exported in a table package . Creates a module. If there is a table in package.loaded[name] , this table is the module. Otherwise, if there is i am joaquin, a global table t with the petruchio's given name, this table is the module. Joaquin Summary! Otherwise creates a new table t and sets it as the value of the global name and petruchio's, the value of on Socio-Cultural package.loaded[name] . This function also initializes t._NAME with the given name, t._M with the module ( t itself), and bride, t._PACKAGE with the package name (the full module name minus last component; see below). Fossil! Finally, module sets t as the new environment of the current function and the new value of package.loaded[name] , so that require returns t . If name is a compound name (that is, one with components separated by dots), module creates (or reuses, if they already exist) tables for petruchio's bride each component. For instance, if name is a.b.c , then module stores the module table in field c of of Imam Ali to his Culture field b of global a . This function can receive optional options after the module name, where each option is a function to petruchio's bride be applied over the module. Loads the given module.

The function starts by looking into of Imam Ali to the package.loaded table to determine whether modname is already loaded. If it is, then require returns the value stored at package.loaded[modname] . Otherwise, it tries to petruchio's find a loader for the module. To find a loader, require is guided by sexandthecity hbo, the package.loaders array. By changing this array, we can change how require looks for petruchio's a module. The following explanation is based on the default configuration for package.loaders . First require queries package.preload[modname] . If it has a value, this value (which should be a function) is the loader.

Otherwise require searches for a Lua loader using the path stored in package.path . Technology And Acadamic Essay! If that also fails, it searches for a C loader using the path stored in package.cpath . If that also fails, it tries an all-in-one loader (see package.loaders ). Once a loader is found, require calls the petruchio's loader with a single argument, modname . If the loader returns any value, require assigns the returned value to package.loaded[modname] . If the loader returns no value and has not assigned any value to package.loaded[modname] , then require assigns true to this entry. In any case, require returns the final value of Technology package.loaded[modname] . If there is any error loading or running the module, or if it cannot find any loader for the module, then require signals an error. The path used by require to search for a C loader. Lua initializes the C path package.cpath in the same way it initializes the Lua path package.path , using the environment variable LUA_CPATH or a default path defined in luaconf.h . A table used by require to petruchio's bride control which modules are already loaded. Identification Bacteria! When you require a module modname and package.loaded[modname] is not false, require simply returns the value stored there. A table used by require to control how to petruchio's load modules.

Each entry in fossil advantage and disadvantage, this table is a searcher function . Petruchio's Bride! When looking for a module, require calls each of these searchers in ascending order, with the module name (the argument given to require ) as its sole parameter. The function can return another function (the module loader ) or a string explaining why it did not find that module (or nil if it has nothing to say). Lua initializes this table with four functions. The first searcher simply looks for and Acadamic a loader in petruchio's bride, the package.preload table. The second searcher looks for a loader as a Lua library, using the path stored at package.path . And Disadvantage! A path is petruchio's, a sequence of fuels advantage templates separated by semicolons. For each template, the searcher will change each interrogation mark in the template by filename , which is the petruchio's bride module name with each dot replaced by a directory separator (such as / in Unix); then it will try to open the resulting file name. I Am Joaquin Summary! So, for bride instance, if the advantage and disadvantage Lua path is the string. the search for a Lua file for petruchio's bride module foo will try to open the of Imam Ali to files ./foo.lua , ./foo.lc , and /usr/local/foo/init.lua , in petruchio's bride, that order.

The third searcher looks for a loader as a C library, using the path given by identification, the variable package.cpath . For instance, if the C path is the string. the searcher for module foo will try to open the files ./foo.so , ./foo.dll , and /usr/local/foo/init.so , in that order. Once it finds a C library, this searcher first uses a dynamic link facility to link the application with the library. Then it tries to find a C function inside the library to be used as the loader. Bride! The name of this C function is the string luaopen_ concatenated with a copy of the sexandthecity hbo module name where each dot is replaced by an underscore. Moreover, if the module name has a hyphen, its prefix up to (and including) the bride first hyphen is removed. For instance, if the module name is a.v1-b.c , the function name will be luaopen_b_c . The fourth searcher tries an all-in-one loader . On Eating! It searches the bride C path for a library for the root name of the given module. For instance, when requiring a.b.c , it will search for Essay on Socio-Cultural Influences on Eating a C library for a . Bride! If found, it looks into it for an open function for the submodule; in our example, that would be luaopen_a_b_c . With this facility, a package can pack several C submodules into one single library, with each submodule keeping its original open function. Dynamically links the identification of unknown bacteria host program with the bride C library libname . Inside this library, looks for a function funcname and returns this function as a C function. (So, funcname must follow the protocol (see lua_CFunction )).

This is a low-level function. Technology And Acadamic Success! It completely bypasses the bride package and module system. Unlike require , it does not perform any path searching and identification of unknown bacteria, does not automatically adds extensions. libname must be the complete file name of the C library, including if necessary a path and extension. funcname must be the exact name exported by petruchio's, the C library (which may depend on i am joaquin the C compiler and petruchio's bride, linker used). This function is not supported by ANSI C. As such, it is only available on some platforms (Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, Solaris, BSD, plus other Unix systems that support the dlfcn standard). The path used by require to on Eating search for a Lua loader. At start-up, Lua initializes this variable with the value of the environment variable LUA_PATH or with a default path defined in luaconf.h , if the bride environment variable is Technology and Acadamic Essay, not defined.

Any ;; in the value of the environment variable is replaced by the default path. A table to store loaders for specific modules (see require ). Sets a metatable for module with its __index field referring to bride the global environment, so that this module inherits values from the global environment. Identification Of Unknown Bacteria! To be used as an option to function module . This library provides generic functions for string manipulation, such as finding and extracting substrings, and pattern matching. When indexing a string in Lua, the petruchio's bride first character is at position 1 (not at Technology and Acadamic 0, as in petruchio's bride, C). Indices are allowed to be negative and are interpreted as indexing backwards, from the end of the string. Thus, the joaquin last character is at position -1, and so on. The string library provides all its functions inside the table string . It also sets a metatable for strings where the __index field points to bride the string table. Therefore, you can use the string functions in object-oriented style.

For instance, string.byte(s, i) can be written as s:byte(i) . The string library assumes one-byte character encodings. Note that numerical codes are not necessarily portable across platforms. Note that numerical codes are not necessarily portable across platforms. Returns a string containing a binary representation of the given function, so that a later loadstring on this string returns a copy of the function. I Am! function must be a Lua function without upvalues. string.find (s, pattern [, init [, plain]]) If the pattern has captures, then in petruchio's bride, a successful match the captured values are also returned, after the and disadvantage two indices. will produce the string: The options c , d , E , e , f , g , G , i , o , u , X , and x all expect a number as argument, whereas q and s expect a string. This function does not accept string values containing embedded zeros, except as arguments to the q option. As an example, the bride following loop. will iterate over all the words from string s , printing one per line.

The next example collects all pairs key=value from the given string into a table: For this function, a ' ^ ' at the start of i am joaquin summary a pattern does not work as an anchor, as this would prevent the petruchio's iteration. If repl is a string, then its value is used for replacement. The character % works as an escape character: any sequence in Contributions Ali to Essay, repl of the bride form % n , with n between 1 and 9, stands for the value of the n -th captured substring (see below). The sequence %0 stands for the whole match. The sequence %% stands for a single % . If repl is a table, then the table is queried for every match, using the Technology first capture as the key; if the pattern specifies no captures, then the whole match is used as the petruchio's key. If repl is advantage, a function, then this function is called every time a match occurs, with all captured substrings passed as arguments, in petruchio's, order; if the pattern specifies no captures, then the whole match is passed as a sole argument. If the value returned by the table query or by the function call is a string or a number, then it is used as the and Acadamic Success Essay replacement string; otherwise, if it is false or nil , then there is no replacement (that is, the original match is kept in the string). Here are some examples:

A character class is petruchio's, used to represent a set of characters. The following combinations are allowed in describing a character class: x : (where x is not one of the magic characters ^$()%.[]*+-? ) represents the character x itself. . I Am Joaquin Summary! : (a dot) represents all characters. %a : represents all letters. Bride! %c : represents all control characters. %d : represents all digits. I Am Joaquin Summary! %l : represents all lowercase letters. %p : represents all punctuation characters. %s : represents all space characters. %u : represents all uppercase letters. %w : represents all alphanumeric characters. %x : represents all hexadecimal digits. %z : represents the character with representation 0. % x : (where x is petruchio's, any non-alphanumeric character) represents the character x . This is the standard way to escape the i am joaquin summary magic characters. Any punctuation character (even the bride non magic) can be preceded by a ' % ' when used to represent itself in a pattern. [ set ] : represents the class which is the union of all characters in set . A range of characters can be specified by separating the end characters of the range with a ' - '. All classes % x described above can also be used as components in set . All other characters in set represent themselves. For example, [%w_] (or [_%w] ) represents all alphanumeric characters plus the joaquin underscore, [0-7] represents the octal digits, and petruchio's bride, [0-7%l%-] represents the octal digits plus the lowercase letters plus the ' - ' character. The interaction between ranges and bacteria, classes is not defined. Therefore, patterns like [%a-z] or [a-%%] have no meaning. [^ set ] : represents the complement of set , where set is interpreted as above.

For all classes represented by single letters ( %a , %c , etc.), the corresponding uppercase letter represents the complement of the class. For instance, %S represents all non-space characters. The definitions of letter, space, and other character groups depend on the current locale. Petruchio's! In particular, the identification of unknown bacteria class [a-z] may not be equivalent to %l . A pattern item can be a single character class, which matches any single character in the class; a single character class followed by ' * ', which matches 0 or more repetitions of characters in the class. These repetition items will always match the longest possible sequence; a single character class followed by ' + ', which matches 1 or more repetitions of characters in the class. These repetition items will always match the longest possible sequence; a single character class followed by ' - ', which also matches 0 or more repetitions of characters in the class. Bride! Unlike ' * ', these repetition items will always match the shortest possible sequence; a single character class followed by ' ? ', which matches 0 or 1 occurrence of a character in the class; % n , for Technology and Acadamic n between 1 and 9; such item matches a substring equal to the n -th captured string (see below); %b xy , where x and y are two distinct characters; such item matches strings that start with x , end with y , and petruchio's, where the x and y are balanced . This means that, if one reads the i am joaquin string from left to right, counting +1 for an x and -1 for a y , the ending y is the first y where the count reaches 0. For instance, the item %b() matches expressions with balanced parentheses.

A pattern is a sequence of bride pattern items. A ' ^ ' at Contributions of Imam the beginning of a pattern anchors the match at the beginning of the subject string. A ' $ ' at the end of a pattern anchors the match at the end of the subject string. At other positions, ' ^ ' and ' $ ' have no special meaning and represent themselves. A pattern can contain sub-patterns enclosed in parentheses; they describe captures . When a match succeeds, the substrings of the subject string that match captures are stored ( captured ) for petruchio's bride future use. Essay Disorders! Captures are numbered according to their left parentheses. For instance, in petruchio's, the pattern (a*(.)%w(%s*)) , the Essay on Socio-Cultural Disorders part of the string matching a*(.)%w(%s*) is petruchio's, stored as the first capture (and therefore has number 1); the character matching . is captured with number 2, and the part matching %s* has number 3. As a special case, the empty capture () captures the current string position (a number).

For instance, if we apply the pattern ()aa() on the string flaaap , there will be two captures: 3 and 5. A pattern cannot contain embedded zeros. Identification Of Unknown Bacteria! Use %z instead. This library provides generic functions for table manipulation. It provides all its functions inside the table table . Most functions in the table library assume that the table represents an petruchio's bride, array or a list. For these functions, when we talk about the length of a table we mean the result of the length operator.

Inserts element value at position pos in table , shifting up other elements to open space, if necessary. The default value for pos is n+1 , where n is the length of the table (see §2.5.5), so that a call table.insert(t,x) inserts x at the end of table t . Returns the fossil advantage largest positive numerical index of the bride given table, or zero if the table has no positive numerical indices. (To do its job this function does a linear traversal of the whole table.) Removes from table the element at position pos , shifting down other elements to close the sexandthecity space, if necessary. Returns the value of the removed element. Petruchio's Bride! The default value for pos is n , where n is the i am joaquin length of the bride table, so that a call table.remove(t) removes the joaquin last element of table t . The sort algorithm is not stable; that is, elements considered equal by the given order may have their relative positions changed by the sort. This library is an interface to the standard C math library.

It provides all its functions inside the table math . Returns the absolute value of x . Returns the arc cosine of x (in radians). Returns the petruchio's arc sine of x (in radians). Returns the sexandthecity hbo arc tangent of x (in radians). Returns the arc tangent of y/x (in radians), but uses the signs of both parameters to bride find the quadrant of the result. I Am! (It also handles correctly the case of x being zero.) Returns the smallest integer larger than or equal to bride x . Returns the Contributions his Culture Essay cosine of x (assumed to be in radians). Returns the hyperbolic cosine of x . Returns the angle x (given in radians) in degrees. Returns the value e x . Returns the largest integer smaller than or equal to x . Returns the remainder of the division of x by y that rounds the quotient towards zero.

Returns m and e such that x = m2 e , e is an integer and the absolute value of m is in the range [0.5, 1) (or zero when x is zero). The value HUGE_VAL , a value larger than or equal to any other numerical value. Returns m2 e ( e should be an integer). Returns the natural logarithm of x . Returns the base-10 logarithm of x . Returns the maximum value among its arguments. Returns the minimum value among its arguments. Returns two numbers, the integral part of petruchio's x and the fractional part of x . Returns x y . (You can also use the identification of unknown expression x^y to compute this value.) Returns the angle x (given in degrees) in radians.

This function is an interface to the simple pseudo-random generator function rand provided by petruchio's bride, ANSI C. Hbo! (No guarantees can be given for petruchio's bride its statistical properties.) When called without arguments, returns a uniform pseudo-random real number in the range [0,1) . Sexandthecity Hbo! When called with an integer number m , math.random returns a uniform pseudo-random integer in the range [1, m] . When called with two integer numbers m and n , math.random returns a uniform pseudo-random integer in the range [m, n] . Sets x as the petruchio's bride seed for the pseudo-random generator: equal seeds produce equal sequences of numbers. Returns the sine of x (assumed to be in radians). Returns the hyperbolic sine of x . Returns the square root of x . (You can also use the expression x^0.5 to compute this value.) Returns the tangent of x (assumed to be in radians). Returns the hyperbolic tangent of x . The I/O library provides two different styles for file manipulation.

The first one uses implicit file descriptors; that is, there are operations to set a default input file and a default output file, and all input/output operations are over these default files. The second style uses explicit file descriptors. When using implicit file descriptors, all operations are supplied by table io . When using explicit file descriptors, the sexandthecity hbo operation io.open returns a file descriptor and then all operations are supplied as methods of the file descriptor. The table io also provides three predefined file descriptors with their usual meanings from petruchio's, C: io.stdin , io.stdout , and io.stderr . The I/O library never closes these files. Unless otherwise stated, all I/O functions return nil on Ali to his Culture failure (plus an error message as a second result and bride, a system-dependent error code as a third result) and some value different from nil on success. Equivalent to file:close() . Without a file , closes the Technology and Acadamic default output file. Equivalent to file:flush over the default output file. When called with a file name, it opens the named file (in text mode), and sets its handle as the default input file. When called with a file handle, it simply sets this file handle as the default input file.

When called without parameters, it returns the current default input file. In case of errors this function raises the error, instead of petruchio's returning an error code. Opens the given file name in read mode and returns an Technology, iterator function that, each time it is called, returns a new line from the file. Therefore, the petruchio's bride construction. will iterate over all lines of the file. When the iterator function detects the end of file, it returns nil (to finish the loop) and automatically closes the file. The call io.lines() (with no file name) is equivalent to io.input():lines() ; that is, it iterates over the lines of the default input file. In this case it does not close the file when the fuels loop ends. This function opens a file, in the mode specified in the string mode . It returns a new file handle, or, in bride, case of errors, nil plus an error message. The mode string can be any of the following: r: read mode (the default); w: write mode; a: append mode; r+: update mode, all previous data is preserved; w+: update mode, all previous data is erased; a+: append update mode, previous data is preserved, writing is only allowed at the end of i am joaquin summary file.

The mode string can also have a ' b ' at the end, which is needed in some systems to open the file in binary mode. This string is exactly what is used in the standard C function fopen . Similar to io.input , but operates over the default output file. Starts program prog in a separated process and petruchio's bride, returns a file handle that you can use to read data from this program (if mode is r , the default) or to sexandthecity hbo write data to this program (if mode is w ). This function is system dependent and is not available on all platforms. Equivalent to io.input():read . Returns a handle for bride a temporary file. This file is i am joaquin, opened in update mode and it is automatically removed when the program ends. Checks whether obj is a valid file handle. Returns the string file if obj is an open file handle, closed file if obj is a closed file handle, or nil if obj is not a file handle.

Equivalent to io.output():write . Closes file . Note that files are automatically closed when their handles are garbage collected, but that takes an unpredictable amount of bride time to happen. Saves any written data to file . Returns an iterator function that, each time it is called, returns a new line from the Technology and Acadamic Success file. Therefore, the construction. will iterate over all lines of the bride file. (Unlike io.lines , this function does not close the file when the loop ends.) Reads the file file , according to the given formats, which specify what to read. For each format, the function returns a string (or a number) with the advantage characters read, or nil if it cannot read data with the specified format. When called without formats, it uses a default format that reads the entire next line (see below). The available formats are *n: reads a number; this is the only format that returns a number instead of petruchio's a string. *a: reads the whole file, starting at fuels and disadvantage the current position. On end of file, it returns the empty string. *l: reads the next line (skipping the end of line), returning nil on end of file.

This is the default format. number : reads a string with up to this number of characters, returning nil on end of file. If number is petruchio's, zero, it reads nothing and i am joaquin, returns an petruchio's, empty string, or nil on end of file. Sets and gets the file position, measured from the beginning of the file, to the position given by offset plus a base specified by the string whence , as follows: set: base is position 0 (beginning of the file); cur: base is current position; end: base is and disadvantage, end of file; In case of success, function seek returns the final file position, measured in petruchio's, bytes from the his Culture beginning of the file. If this function fails, it returns nil , plus a string describing the petruchio's bride error. The default value for Technology and Acadamic Essay whence is cur , and for offset is petruchio's bride, 0. Therefore, the call file:seek() returns the current file position, without changing it; the call file:seek(set) sets the position to the beginning of the file (and returns 0); and the call file:seek(end) sets the position to the end of the file, and returns its size. Sets the buffering mode for hbo an output file. Petruchio's! There are three available modes: no: no buffering; the result of any output operation appears immediately. full: full buffering; output operation is Essay, performed only when the buffer is full (or when you explicitly flush the file (see io.flush )). line: line buffering; output is buffered until a newline is output or there is any input from some special files (such as a terminal device).

For the last two cases, size specifies the size of the buffer, in bytes. The default is an appropriate size. Writes the value of each of its arguments to petruchio's the file . The arguments must be strings or numbers. To write other values, use tostring or string.format before write . This library is implemented through table os . Returns an approximation of the amount in seconds of CPU time used by the program. Returns a string or a table containing date and time, formatted according to the given string format . If the time argument is present, this is the time to be formatted (see the os.time function for a description of this value). Otherwise, date formats the current time.

If format starts with ' ! ', then the date is formatted in advantage, Coordinated Universal Time. Petruchio's! After this optional character, if format is the string *t , then date returns a table with the following fields: year (four digits), month (1--12), day (1--31), hour (0--23), min (0--59), sec (0--61), wday (weekday, Sunday is 1), yday (day of the year), and isdst (daylight saving flag, a boolean). If format is not *t , then date returns the and Acadamic date as a string, formatted according to the same rules as the C function strftime . When called without arguments, date returns a reasonable date and time representation that depends on the host system and on the current locale (that is, os.date() is petruchio's bride, equivalent to os.date(%c) ). Returns the number of seconds from time t1 to i am joaquin time t2 . In POSIX, Windows, and some other systems, this value is exactly t2 - t1 . This function is equivalent to the C function system . Petruchio's Bride! It passes command to be executed by an operating system shell. It returns a status code, which is system-dependent. If command is absent, then it returns nonzero if a shell is available and zero otherwise. Calls the C function exit , with an optional code , to Technology and Acadamic Success terminate the bride host program. The default value for code is the Technology and Acadamic Success Essay success code.

Returns the value of the process environment variable varname , or nil if the variable is not defined. Deletes the bride file or directory with the given name. Directories must be empty to be removed. And Disadvantage! If this function fails, it returns nil , plus a string describing the error. Renames file or directory named oldname to petruchio's newname . If this function fails, it returns nil , plus a string describing the error. Sets the current locale of the program. locale is a string specifying a locale; category is an optional string describing which category to change: all , collate , ctype , monetary , numeric , or time ; the default category is all . The function returns the name of the new locale, or nil if the request cannot be honored. If locale is the empty string, the current locale is identification bacteria, set to an implementation-defined native locale. If locale is the petruchio's string C , the current locale is set to the standard C locale. When called with nil as the first argument, this function only returns the name of the identification current locale for the given category.

Returns the current time when called without arguments, or a time representing the petruchio's bride date and time specified by the given table. This table must have fields year , month , and day , and may have fields hour , min , sec , and isdst (for a description of these fields, see the os.date function). The returned value is of Imam his Culture, a number, whose meaning depends on your system. In POSIX, Windows, and some other systems, this number counts the petruchio's number of seconds since some given start time (the epoch). In other systems, the meaning is not specified, and the number returned by time can be used only as an argument to date and difftime . Returns a string with a file name that can be used for a temporary file. Contributions Of Imam! The file must be explicitly opened before its use and petruchio's, explicitly removed when no longer needed. On some systems (POSIX), this function also creates a file with that name, to avoid security risks. Identification Of Unknown! (Someone else might create the file with wrong permissions in petruchio's bride, the time between getting the identification of unknown name and creating the file.) You still have to open the file to use it and to petruchio's remove it (even if you do not use it).

When possible, you may prefer to use io.tmpfile , which automatically removes the file when the program ends. This library provides the functionality of the debug interface to Lua programs. You should exert care when using this library. The functions provided here should be used exclusively for debugging and joaquin summary, similar tasks, such as profiling. Please resist the temptation to petruchio's use them as a usual programming tool: they can be very slow. Of Unknown! Moreover, several of these functions violate some assumptions about bride Lua code (e.g., that variables local to a function cannot be accessed from outside or that userdata metatables cannot be changed by Lua code) and therefore can compromise otherwise secure code. All functions in identification of unknown bacteria, this library are provided inside the petruchio's bride debug table. All functions that operate over a thread have an optional first argument which is the and disadvantage thread to petruchio's operate over. The default is sexandthecity hbo, always the bride current thread.

Enters an interactive mode with the user, running each string that the user enters. Of Unknown! Using simple commands and other debug facilities, the user can inspect global and local variables, change their values, evaluate expressions, and so on. A line containing only the word cont finishes this function, so that the caller continues its execution. Note that commands for petruchio's debug.debug are not lexically nested within any function, and i am joaquin, so have no direct access to petruchio's local variables. Returns the Contributions of Imam Essay current hook settings of the thread, as three values: the current hook function, the current hook mask, and bride, the current hook count (as set by the debug.sethook function). debug.getinfo ([thread,] function [, what]) Returns a table with information about a function. You can give the function directly, or you can give a number as the value of Contributions Ali to his Culture function , which means the function running at level function of the petruchio's bride call stack of the given thread: level 0 is the current function ( getinfo itself); level 1 is the function that called getinfo ; and so on. If function is a number larger than the and disadvantage number of active functions, then getinfo returns nil . The returned table can contain all the bride fields returned by lua_getinfo , with the string what describing which fields to fill in. The default for what is to on Socio-Cultural Influences get all information available, except the table of valid lines. If present, the option ' f ' adds a field named func with the function itself.

If present, the option ' L ' adds a field named activelines with the table of valid lines. For instance, the expression debug.getinfo(1,n).name returns a table with a name for the current function, if a reasonable name can be found, and the expression debug.getinfo(print) returns a table with all available information about the print function. This function returns the bride name and the value of the local variable with index local of the function at on Socio-Cultural Influences level level of the stack. (The first parameter or local variable has index 1, and petruchio's bride, so on, until the last active local variable.) The function returns nil if there is no local variable with the given index, and raises an error when called with a level out of range. (You can call debug.getinfo to check whether the level is Essay, valid.) Variable names starting with ' ( ' (open parentheses) represent internal variables (loop control variables, temporaries, and C function locals). Returns the metatable of the given object or nil if it does not have a metatable. Returns the registry table (see §3.5). This function returns the name and the value of the petruchio's upvalue with index up of the function func . The function returns nil if there is no upvalue with the given index. Sets the environment of the Influences given object to the given table . Returns object . debug.sethook ([thread,] hook, mask [, count]) Sets the given function as a hook.

The string mask and the number count describe when the hook will be called. The string mask may have the following characters, with the given meaning: c : the petruchio's bride hook is called every time Lua calls a function; r : the hook is called every time Lua returns from a function; l : the hook is called every time Lua enters a new line of code. With a count different from zero, the hook is called after every count instructions. When called without arguments, debug.sethook turns off the hook. When the hook is called, its first parameter is a string describing the event that has triggered its call: call , return (or tail return , when simulating a return from Success, a tail call), line , and petruchio's, count . For line events, the hook also gets the new line number as its second parameter. Inside a hook, you can call getinfo with level 2 to get more information about the Contributions running function (level 0 is the getinfo function, and level 1 is the hook function), unless the event is tail return . In this case, Lua is only simulating the return, and a call to getinfo will return invalid data.

debug.setlocal ([thread,] level, local, value) This function assigns the value value to the local variable with index local of the function at level level of the stack. The function returns nil if there is bride, no local variable with the given index, and raises an bacteria, error when called with a level out of range. (You can call getinfo to check whether the level is valid.) Otherwise, it returns the name of the bride local variable. Sets the metatable for Success the given object to the given table (which can be nil ). This function assigns the value value to the upvalue with index up of the function func . Bride! The function returns nil if there is no upvalue with the given index. Otherwise, it returns the Success Essay name of the upvalue. debug.traceback ([thread,] [message [, level]]) Returns a string with a traceback of the call stack. An optional message string is appended at petruchio's bride the beginning of the traceback.

An optional level number tells at which level to start the sexandthecity traceback (default is bride, 1, the function calling traceback ). Although Lua has been designed as an extension language, to be embedded in his Culture, a host C program, it is also frequently used as a stand-alone language. An interpreter for Lua as a stand-alone language, called simply lua , is provided with the standard distribution. The stand-alone interpreter includes all standard libraries, including the debug library. Its usage is: The options are: -e stat : executes string stat ; -l mod : requires mod ; -i : enters interactive mode after running script ; -v : prints version information; -- : stops handling options; - : executes stdin as a file and bride, stops handling options. After handling its options, lua runs the given script , passing to it the given args as string arguments. When called without arguments, lua behaves as lua -v -i when the standard input ( stdin ) is a terminal, and as lua - otherwise. Before running any argument, the interpreter checks for advantage an environment variable LUA_INIT . If its format is @ filename , then lua executes the file. Otherwise, lua executes the string itself.

All options are handled in order, except -i . Petruchio's Bride! For instance, an invocation like. will first set a to 1, then print the value of a (which is joaquin, ' 1 '), and finally run the file script.lua with no arguments. (Here $ is the petruchio's bride shell prompt. Your prompt may be different.) Before starting to run the fuels script, lua collects all arguments in the command line in a global table called arg . The script name is stored at index 0, the bride first argument after the script name goes to index 1, and so on. Technology Success! Any arguments before the script name (that is, the interpreter name plus the options) go to negative indices.

For instance, in the call. the interpreter first runs the file a.lua , then creates a table. and finally runs the bride file b.lua . The script is called with arg[1] , arg[2] , ··· as arguments; it can also access these arguments with the vararg expression ' . '. In interactive mode, if you write an incomplete statement, the interpreter waits for his Culture its completion by issuing a different prompt. If the global variable _PROMPT contains a string, then its value is used as the prompt. Similarly, if the global variable _PROMPT2 contains a string, its value is used as the secondary prompt (issued during incomplete statements). Therefore, both prompts can be changed directly on the command line or in any Lua programs by assigning to _PROMPT . Petruchio's! See the next example: (The outer pair of quotes is for the shell, the inner pair is for Lua.) Note the use of -i to enter interactive mode; otherwise, the program would just end silently right after the assignment to _PROMPT . To allow the use of Lua as a script interpreter in Unix systems, the stand-alone interpreter skips the first line of a chunk if it starts with # . Therefore, Lua scripts can be made into executable programs by using chmod +x and the #! form, as in.

(Of course, the location of the Lua interpreter may be different in your machine. If lua is in identification bacteria, your PATH , then. is a more portable solution.) 7 Incompatibilities with the Previous Version. Here we list the incompatibilities that you may find when moving a program from Lua 5.0 to Lua 5.1. You can avoid most of the incompatibilities compiling Lua with appropriate options (see file luaconf.h ). Bride! However, all these compatibility options will be removed in Technology and Acadamic, the next version of Lua. The vararg system changed from the pseudo-argument arg with a table with the petruchio's bride extra arguments to the vararg expression. (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_VARARG in luaconf.h .) There was a subtle change in the scope of the sexandthecity implicit variables of the for statement and for the repeat statement.

The long string/long comment syntax ( [[ string ]] ) does not allow nesting. You can use the new syntax ( [=[ string ]=] ) in these cases. (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_LSTR in luaconf.h .) Function string.gfind was renamed string.gmatch . (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_GFIND in petruchio's, luaconf.h .) When string.gsub is called with a function as its third argument, whenever this function returns nil or false the replacement string is the whole match, instead of the empty string. Function table.setn was deprecated. Function table.getn corresponds to the new length operator ( # ); use the operator instead of the function. (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_GETN in luaconf.h .) Function loadlib was renamed package.loadlib . (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_LOADLIB in luaconf.h .) Function math.mod was renamed math.fmod . (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_MOD in luaconf.h .) Functions table.foreach and table.foreachi are deprecated. You can use a for loop with pairs or ipairs instead. There were substantial changes in function require due to the new module system. However, the new behavior is sexandthecity, mostly compatible with the petruchio's bride old, but require gets the path from package.path instead of from LUA_PATH . Function collectgarbage has different arguments.

Function gcinfo is and Acadamic, deprecated; use collectgarbage(count) instead. The luaopen_* functions (to open libraries) cannot be called directly, like a regular C function. They must be called through Lua, like a Lua function. Function lua_open was replaced by lua_newstate to allow the petruchio's bride user to set a memory-allocation function. You can use luaL_newstate from the sexandthecity hbo standard library to petruchio's bride create a state with a standard allocation function (based on realloc ). Functions luaL_getn and luaL_setn (from the identification of unknown auxiliary library) are deprecated.

Use lua_objlen instead of luaL_getn and nothing instead of luaL_setn . Function luaL_openlib was replaced by luaL_register . Function luaL_checkudata now throws an bride, error when the given value is Contributions Ali to, not a userdata of the expected type. (In Lua 5.0 it returned NULL .) Here is the petruchio's bride complete syntax of Lua in extended BNF. (It does not describe operator precedences.)

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Modify software to support both IPv4 and IPv6 based networks Resolution of threading and database locking issues encountered in systems with multiple servers Development of mechanism to sexandthecity, detect tampering of database tables used within the system Implementation of additional system administration functionality requiring updates to petruchio's, database tables, server access mechanisms and client control panels Development of multi-threaded test harness to simulate multiple concurrent connections for stress testing of the server. Collection and analysis of identification of unknown bacteria performance metrics collected by petruchio's, the test harness Resolution of various bugs and hbo performance issues raised by customers. Momu - Marylebone , London ( Freelance software developer , May 2009 to August 2009) Skills ADO.NET, C# 3.5, FXCop, NUnit, SQL Server 2008, SVN, Visual Studio .Net 2008, WCF, XML. Design, develop and bride support WCF based RESTful web service that records payment information for developers of mobile phone applications hosted by O2 Litmus. Work areas included: SQL Server 2008 database to store information on developers and the accounts earnings are credited to C# based web service implementing the payment workflow - i.e. validating incoming data, updating database tables and sexandthecity generating reports from which payments may be made.

Vertu - Church Crookham ( Contract software developer , September 2007 to December 2008) Skills ADO.NET, ASP.NET, C# 2.0, CM Synergy, FXCop, NUnit, SOAP, SQL Server 2005, UML, Visual Studio 2005, Web Forms, Web Services, XML, XSL. Design, develop and support web service and ASP.NET / Ajax web sites that record phone manufacture, register customers and send relevant information to third party service suppliers. Work areas included: SQL Server 2005 based database to store information on petruchio's bride phones, their owners and services subscribed to C# based web service implementing the customer registration workflow - i.e. validating incoming data, updating database tables and forwarding information to other systems via web services and SyncML Development of XSD describing the data consumed and produced by the web service methods Production of customer registration and support web sites utilising this web service Writing tools to aid the translation and re-skinning of Java and Flash applications shipped with the phone. Nokia - Farnborough ( Contract software developer , January 2005 to June 2007) Skills ADO.NET, ASP.NET, C# 2.0, CodeDom, DRM, FXCop, NUnit, Remoting, SQL Server 2005, SandCastle, Source Safe, UML, VB.NET, Visual Studio 2005, WinForms, XML, XSL. Part of small team designing, developing and advantage supporting .NET based framework enabling test engineers to develop libraries which exercise mobile phones attached over a variety of media.

Work areas included: Prototyping Windows Workflow Foundation based environment for bride specifying tests Development of executables to host test libraries. Essay Influences? Unattended testing was via a service controlling a bank of PCs that would flash mobile phones with the latest software and then execute a series of tests configured via a WebService or Click-Once application. Tests could be run locally using a WinForm. Use of bride CodeDom to produce source files from an XML specification. The generated partial classes represent messages that can be sent to / from a mobile phone and provide byte stream serialisation.

Develop class framework to simplify common tasks, e.g. Audio capture and FFT analysis, OCR and image comparison / validation, error handling, analyse phone memory leaks, generate and disseminate reports from XML, transfer OMA and WM DRM protected content, control of CMU200, etc. Identification Bacteria? Maintenance of multi-threaded C++ communications layer that passes byte streams between test and bride phone over appropriate media (USB, Bluetooth, IR, FBUS) using relevant protocols. Transferring class framework to hbo, central group for adoption as company wide testing mechanism Production of PC based SyncML DM User Agent for testing phone SyncML implementation. BigHand - Vauxhall , London ( Contract software developer , December 2002 to December 2004) Skills ADO.NET, ASP.NET, ATL, C#, COM+, CVS, DHTML, Extreme Programming, LDAP, Source Safe, SQL Server 2000, STL, UML, Visual C++, Windows 2000 and XP, XML, XSL, Visual Studio.Net. Part of team implementing the successor to LOTIES 2002, 2003, 2004 and SCL 2003 award winning digital dictation workflow software.

Implemented using an n-tiered architecture where both windows and web based clients record and play back dictations, storing the audio files on centralised clustered servers. Inter application communications took place via XML documents passed over TCP sockets, intra application was based around COM. Work areas included: Design and develop in petruchio's bride, Visual C++, ATL and STL the server responsible for processing dictation workflows and disseminating results to clients. Identification Of Unknown? Implement authentication process based around directory servers (typically Active Directory), or where unavailable NTLM. Petruchio's? Synchronise the list of registered users with directory servers via LDAP. Design and development in C# of streaming audio server and ASP.NET based web client using ADO.NET to access a locally held database Work on fuels advantage and disadvantage unified real-time access to dictations on petruchio's bride various digital recording devices via disparate SDKs.

Advising on .NET and database issues Design, develop and tune server-side SQL Server schema and stored procedures. Initial ports to MySQL and Oracle. Custom report generation using XSL to render output in fuels advantage, the appropriate formats Tuning and bug fixing within all system components, such as the MFC based client, bespoke client side transactional relational database and streaming recorder supporting Windows, WTS and petruchio's bride Citrix. BBC Technology - Reading ( Contract software developer , September 2001 to July 2002) Skills ASP, COM+, DHTML, Digital Rights Management, Real, Select OMT, Source Safe, SQL Server 2000, STL, Windows 2000 and i am joaquin summary XP, Windows Media, XML, XSL, UML, Visual C++ Part of petruchio's bride team designing, documenting and developing a web based-system implemented using C++ as a series of Technology Success COM+ components called from an ISAPI extension DLL. Bride? Its purpose was to sell licences for and stream copyrighted media items to the public on behalf of various clients. The system hosted one of the summary most successful DRM implementations to date, accounting for 60,000 GBP + of sales. Access to the streams was controlled via the Windows Media and petruchio's bride Real DRM mechanisms. For resilience the Contributions Ali to his Culture system was hosted within a load balanced web-farm with session data stored in a common database. Work areas included:

Payment collection via WorldPay Session state management via SQL Server 2000 Database schema design Digital Rights Management of bride copyrighted media items. Royal Mail - Farnborough ( Contract software developer , May 2000 to July 2001) Skills CICS, COM+, IBM, middleware, MQ, MSMQ, Websphere, Windows NT, HDS. Provision of COM and middleware consultancy. Tasks included: Design and development in VC++ and VB of n-tiered COM+ based web front-end to a Mainframe application.

Transaction proxies called by on Socio-Cultural Disorders, ASP pages used COMTI to populate CICS COMMAREAs. Operation within stateless web farms required the production of a state storage mechanism based around SQL Server 2000. Bride? Programmatic access provided through MSMQ, converted by the MSMQ Bridge into MQSeries messages to be processed by the mainframe application. Designed, developed in C++ and documented cross platform (HP-UX, Windows 2000) MQ isolation layer insulating both organisation and COOL:Gen application developers from the underlying technology. A COM wrapper catered for VB and Technology and Acadamic Essay ASP developers. Inclusion of hooks for distributed transactions (Encina and MTS). Support of Encina COM objects and associated broker. Write and bride review middleware strategy documents on MQ, MQSI and ConstellaHub. Eastleigh College - Eastleigh ( Lecturer , September 1998 to July 1999) Prepared and presented City and Guilds evening classes on C++.

ICL - Manchester ( Freelance Lecturer , May 1998 to May 1998) Lecture comparing Windows NT, Unix and VME for of unknown bacteria ICL in Manchester. IBM - Winchester ( Contract software developer , September 1995 to April 2000) Skills Active Directory, ActiveX, ADSI, ATL, C, CMVC, COM/DCOM, DB2, HTML, Java, LDAP, MFC, NetBIOS, SAP, SecureWay, STL, TCP, UML, Visual C++, Win32, Windows NT / 2000, XML, MQ. Development and support of MQSeries for petruchio's bride Windows NT / 2000 from inception to Influences Disorders, version 5.2. April 1999 Integration with standard administration mechanisms such as LDAP and MMC. Research, design and petruchio's bride development of the following areas: LDAP schema for use in Contributions Ali to his Culture, Active Directory and Secure Way directory servers. Extensive prototyping in petruchio's, both C and Visual C++ was required to validate suitability of various schema designs. I Am? Development in Visual C++ of both COM and LDAP update and query mechanisms enabling internal and petruchio's external administration tools to control MQ installations.

XML based interfaces using Xerces-C and STL under Visual C++. Permitted administration of Technology and Acadamic MQ to petruchio's, be undertaken using XML as opposed to the previous proprietary mechanisms. I Am Summary? Support of the Microsoft Clustering Services (MSCS) development. February 1998 Designed and developed components allowing MQ to exploit Windows 2000 facilities. Advised on the technicalities of and implemented the petruchio's code to extend the MQ COM interfaces. Sexandthecity Hbo? Investigated code changes required to support the petruchio's Active Directory based security model. Supported Microsoft's Active Directory Service Interfaces with the introduction of a new namespace.

Involved considerable use of DCOM to provide a virtual directory - information held on individual queue managers being remotely accessed through ATL based COM objects. April 1997 Development of MQSeries version 5.0. Besides advising new team members on MQ and i am joaquin others about bride using NT for Essay development, the following activities were carried out: Produced Internet based administration tools that utilise Java Applets. The security model used by MQ was brought into line with that of NT where possible.

Previously checks on user rights had been carried out on the authenticating machine (local machine or domain controller). This was changed so that all inquiries were made against local security groups. The creation of an petruchio's installation and service mechanism through InstallShield. To meet complex requirements considerable use of its API was made. Generation and identification of unknown bacteria appraisal of technical documentation. March 1996 Acted as interface between development and petruchio's third line support to ensure speedy problem resolution. And Acadamic Success? This entailed liaising with both customers and support staff across the petruchio's globe to gather necessary information to provide solutions, be it a fix to MQ or recommended changes to NT configurations. Areas of bacteria activity included: Assistance in the presentation of the petruchio's bride MQSeries for Windows NT porting effort to other members of IBM staff in a number of educational sessions, both on and off site. Support of MQAI (MQSeries ActiveX Interfaces).

The use and configuration of MQ in a variety of Technology and Acadamic roles, identifying and documenting weaknesses found. Petruchio's? Network problem analysis and resolution - mainly TCP and NetBIOS but some exposure to SNA. September 1995 Porting the hbo MQ code base from UNIX to NT. The assignment involved extensive work with the Win32 API, using Microsoft Visual C++. Development took place within a team consisting of those knowledgeable in NT or MQ. Members were encouraged to transfer knowledge to others, providing a strong base for future developments.

Work included: Provision of NT service to act as interface between the Service Control Manager and petruchio's MQ components. This had to respond to start and stop requests, activating the appropriate MQ programs. Design and development of installation mechanism using the on Socio-Cultural Disorders set-up API provided with the Microsoft SDK. Bride? Besides the Technology and Acadamic Success Essay normal 'user intensive' method, there was a requirement for unattended installation to bride, be available, where necessary onto remote systems. Contributions Of Imam Ali To His Culture? This program had to be capable of handling product fixes, applying only the petruchio's bride patches appropriate to the installed product components. Port exception handling from the hbo original UNIX based model to one that could exploit the structured exception handling (SEH) mechanism provided by NT. Petruchio's? Besides capturing and logging errors to advantage, both the petruchio's event log and disk file hooks to and Acadamic Success Essay, error recovery code had to be provided. Provision of internationalised messaging services.

Text to be displayed was stored within a catalogue with access based on message and language identifiers. Besides producing code to retrieve these messages, an bride automated catalogue generation system was developed. Of Imam His Culture? Addition of COM interfaces to provide access to MQ. Petruchio's? Generation and i am appraisal of technical documentation. MBA Systems Ltd. - Winchester ( Software engineer , January 1993 to August 1995) Skills Booch, C, Data Feeds (CRS, Sequence, TOPIC etc.), DOS, MFC, Rational Rose, Visual C++, Win32, Windows 3.1, Windows NT.

Design, produce and petruchio's support data dissemination and hbo presentation systems for petruchio's bride the financial markets, operating under Windows NT, Windows 3.1 and DOS. And Disadvantage? Assignments included: Object orientated design and implementation in Visual C++ of customer based servers, running under NT. These used real-time data feeds (TOPIC3) from satellite or leased lines to construct databases from which information requests received from existing TOPICplus workstations could be satisfied. The databases were split into two areas (viewdata and instrument prices + volumes) maintained by separate servers. Each had to petruchio's, be self reliant, performing appropriate activities at pre-set times. To allow performance monitoring statistical information was logged to both screen and file. Besides coding, there was responsibility for producing large amounts of the servers design and acting as a reference point on data feed handling, due to previous experience in these areas. Contributions His Culture? Supervision of contractors was required, together with the production of petruchio's bride help files - both manually and via packages such as RoboHelp. Object orientated design and implementation in Visual C++ of NT based data feed converter that transformed Sequence (a new X.25 based service from the London Stock Exchange) into on Socio-Cultural Influences, CRS (a previous format) for petruchio's bride use with existing systems.

ODBC was used to manipulate a database of instrument information. The converter was composed of a number of Influences on Eating Disorders separate applications communicating via IPC mechanisms, each logging statistical information to allow performance tracking to take place. Control was provided via dialog interfaces to bride, each application. Although originally intended for Success use with all Sequence releases the bride TOPIC3 converter superseded this product. The conversion effort involved considerable liaison with the stock exchange over and above their Sequence user meetings. Design and implement various servers that construct databases from numerous interactive and broadcast data feeds. The information from these was broadcast to user sites using the TOPICplus protocol via ISDN and fuels advantage and disadvantage satellite links. Support provided to the company operating the system.

Modification of both workstation and server components of DOS based bond dealing system. Petruchio's Bride? This was intended to further system functionality and sexandthecity hbo improve security by DES encrypting the server - workstation link. Involved close work with the client during development and after sales support. Alphaprint - Alton ( Junior software developer , June 1992 to December 1992) Apple Macintosh application development in C++. Petruchio's? Assignments included: Designed and developed program allowing any address in the UK to be found via its postcode. Enhancement of package to produce and control web-offset printing of labels for surgical envelopes. The program had to calculate the most efficient layout of irregularly shaped labels to minimise wastage. IBM - Havant ( Industrial trainee , July 1990 to September 1991)

Produced multi-media applications under various languages (including AVC and Technology and Acadamic Success Essay C) for both internal and petruchio's external use. Appraisal of various multi-media packages, particularly in respect to of unknown, their operation over LANs. Trained others in use of AVC a multi-media authoring package. Assignments included: Mouse operated front end, written under AVC, for accounting package using both the bride PC and AS/400. Package to enable AVC to interpret word-processed documents with embedded commands.

This allowed multi-media presentations to be quickly and Technology Essay easily generated from existing documentation. ID-badge generator using C to petruchio's bride, control image capture card and SQL to identification bacteria, access employee details database.