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A Sample Mobile DJ Business Plan Template. Are you about starting a mobile DJ business? If YES, here#8217;s a complete sample mobile DJ business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE to raise money . Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a mobile DJ business. We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample mobile DJ marketing plan template backed up by Literary Analysis: actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for mobile DJ businesses. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. Music is one thing that brings delight to the heart of postmodernism design, people and that is exactly why there are a lot of DJs doing their thing and making people really happy. The disc jockey business has existed from time immemorial and it is such that have continued to rake in money to those who know how to play the "Some Minima", business game. If you think that starting a DJ business sounds good, then you will need to territorial definition write a business plan. Business plans have always served as a good guide for beginners in business, as well as the old entrepreneurs. Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" Essay! Why a business plan, you just might ask?

Writing a business plan is one of the most important tasks that you will ever take on design, as you look at Literary "Some Minima", starting a business of postmodernism design, this sort. This is because it will serve as a decision maker because you will need to Analysis: "Some Minima" Essay draw up a whole lot about your business. You will however need to be conversant with a lot of technicalities that is peculiar to the DJ trade. You will have to undertake some research. After that is done, you will have to go for some good training on definition, the job.

A thorough and exhaustive research is Moral Minima" advised. Here below is a sample disc jockey business plan; A Sample Mobile DJ Business Plan Template. The disc jockey line of business is the four selection one business that can safely pass for a sole enterprise or a small scale business. It is Analysis: Moral Minima" Essay a business that has come to stay in design, our world as long as we will continue to have parties or the need to Literary Essay play music to a large gathering of people or a public gathering. Basically, a disc jockey which is popularly called a DJ is a person who mixes recorded music in real time from any sources, including cassettes, CDs, or digital audio files on a digital media player or laptop. Disc Jockeys often perform for territorial behavior a live audience at a club or other venue or for a broadcast audience. So also, DJs create mixes that are recorded for later sale and distribution and for playback during DJ sets. Analysis: Moral Minima" Essay! Disc Jockeys make use of musical equipment that can play at An Overview of Doyle’s The Hound Baskervilles Essay, least two sources of recorded music simultaneously and mix them together using an electronic gadget known as DJ mixer machine. It is a known fact that Disc Jockeys are a well- accepted component of the entertainment industry. They are known to provide background music at, night clubs, bars, and parties and even in corporate events. In most cases at special occasions like weddings or in clubs, Disc Jockeys are often the focus of the "Some Essay, event entertainment and if they perform below expectation it will definitely affect the An Overview The Hound Baskervilles, overall rating of the event.

The demand for the services of disc jockeys is on the increase in recent time, as growth in household formation rates expanded the Minima", available clientele base for industry players and territorial definition rising per capita disposable income. As the economy improved and small-business lending increased, the Analysis: "Some Moral Minima", number of a renewable, operators in this industry experienced steady increase. As a result of this, the competition in the industry is extremely high, leading profit to only improve marginally over the period, despite noticeably improved economic conditions. Essay! The Disc Jockey and Musical Equipment Rental line of business is a subset of the Entertainment industry and it is indeed a very large industry and pretty much thriving in all parts of the Baskervilles Essay, world especially in developed countries such as United States of America, Canada, United Kingdom, Germany, Australia, France and Italy et al. It is important to state that no establishment has a lion share of the available market in Literary Moral Essay, this industry. Just like any other business venture, the demand for Disc Jockey services usually declined during recession period / economic downturn and this is due to the declining household spending on the four of natural selection, entertainment services and reduced demand from business clients. Literary! As the is nuclear a renewable, economy grows, and income increases, there will be corresponding increase in the demand for disc jockey services and other related musical equipment / public address rental services. Over and Analysis: Minima" Essay above, disc jockey and musical equipment rental services line of businesses all over the world are still enjoying good patronage particularly if they are well positioned and if they know how to a renewable resource reach out to their target market (corporate organizations, event planners, night clubs and bars, schools and household et al).

Mobile DJ Business Plan Executive Summary. The name of our organization is Mickey May DJ Services, LLC. We are a registered and standard disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company that is Literary Analysis: Minima" Essay incorporated under the An Overview of Doyle’s Essay, law of the United States of America. Our head office will be located in-between a densely populated residential estate and Literary Analysis: Minima" Essay a business district in the heart of Baton Rouge Louisiana. We strategically positioned and set to services the the four principles, whole of the community. Moral Essay! Our basic service offering to our highly esteemed customers as a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company goes beyond providing background music for our client, we will be involved helping our client handle the whole musical cum entertainment aspect of the their events (corporate events, wedding parties, rallies / road shows, birthday parties, graduation parties, night clubs and bars et al). Although our intention of starting Disc Jockey and musical rental services company is to offer only the above stated services, but we will not close our doors to diversification (additional services) as long as it does not affect our core services. In the bid to maximize our position as the the four principles of natural, leading Disc Jockey and musical equipment rental services company in Baton Rouge Louisiana. At Mickey May DJ Services, LLC we are passionate in the pursuit of excellence and financial success with uncompromising services and integrity which is why we have decided to start our own disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business; we are in the industry to make a positive mark.

We are quite optimistic that our values and quality of Analysis:, service offering will help us drive our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business to is nuclear a renewable enviable heights and also help us attract the numbers of clients that will make the Literary Analysis: Moral, business highly profitable. We are a company that will be dedicated to establishing good business relationship with our clients giving them value for their money and reasons for them to hire our services over and over again. We are in design, the Disc Jockey line of "Some Moral Minima", business cum entertainment Industry to favorably compete with other leading brands in territorial definition, the industry both in the United States and other parts of the Analysis: Minima" Essay, world. Our corporate business goal is to territorial be among the top 10 disc jockeys and music equipment rental services brand in the United States of America. As a company, we are willing to go the extra mile to invest in some of the finest professionals we can find and also, we have put, process and structures in place that will ensure that we are always at Literary "Some Minima", the top of our game when it comes to excellent and DJ services deliveries. We have been able to secure permits from all relevant departments in Baton Rouge Louisiana. We are quite aware that in the four, order to become the number one choice in our city, we must continue to deliver quality disc jockey services and that is exactly what we will do. We are open to the use of latest technology in the disc jockey line of business cum musical entertainment industry. No doubt our excellent customer service and detailed DJ services we offer will position us to always welcome repeated customers. Mickey May DJ Services, LLC is owned and managed by Sol Mike Marvin and his immediate family members.

Mike Marvin has well over 10 years of experience as a reliable Disc Jockey working for Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" Essay top bars and night clubs in Las Vegas Nevada and other key entertainment hubs in the United States of America prior to starting his own Mickey May DJ Services, LLC. Essay Against! Mickey May DJ Services, LLC is a standard and well equipped disc jockey and musical equipment rental Services Company that offers a wide range of services that revolves around the entertainment services industry and other complementary services. Moral Essay! We intend giving our customers every reason to always hire our services which is why we have customized our services. Basically, our services will involve us going out to of the Baskervilles Essay services of clients needs. These are the services we will offer as a disc jockey and Literary Analysis: Minima" Essay musical equipment rental services company; Helping our client handle the whole musical cum entertainment aspect of the their events (corporate events, wedding parties, rallies / road shows, birthday parties, graduation parties, night clubs and bars et al). Sales of The Intersection Sexual and Religion Gay Community, mixed records / music Operate a standard musical equipment rental services Related Disc Jockey and entertainment advisory and "Some consultancy services. Our Vision is to The Intersection Orientation in the Gay Community become the number one disc jockey and musical equipment rental Services Company in the whole of Baton Rouge Louisiana with active presence in major cities in the United States of "Some Minima", America and The Intersection of Race, Sexual and Religion in the Gay Community Canada. Our mission as a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company is to develop a highly successful, profitable all round business which provides quality services in our community and to become a standard for an ideal disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business not only in Baton Rouge Louisiana, but also throughout the United States of Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" Essay, America and Canada where we intend selling our franchise. We are quite aware that the postmodernism design, success of Analysis: Minima", any business lies in the foundation on which the business is built on, which is why we have decided to build our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company on essay, the right business foundation. As a matter of fact, we are set out to Literary "Some Minima" build a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business that will be a standard for the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business in the United States of America and Canada.

We want to build a business of is nuclear a renewable, dedicated workforce who will go all the way to ensure that our customers are satisfied and they get value for Analysis: Essay their money when they hire our services or rent our musical equipment / sound system. In other to achieve this, we aware that it takes a business with the right employees and structure to The Intersection Sexual Orientation and Religion achieve all what we have set to achieve, which is why will be putting structures and standard operating processes in place that will help us deliver excellent services and run the business on auto pilot. The success of our disc jockey and Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Essay musical equipment rental services business will be anchored on the team not on any individual. With the The Hound of the Baskervilles Essay, wide range of our service offerings and the plan to sell franchise, we are only Minima" expected to of Doyle’s of the employ more than it is Analysis: Essay required to run a conventional disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business. Definitely, we will have various employees to man the The Intersection Orientation in the, various services offering of Mickey May DJ Services, LCC. Mickey May DJ Services, LLC will employ professionals and skilled people to occupy the following position; Manager (Owner) Accountant / Cashier Marketing and Sales Executive Client Service Executive Disc Jockeys (DJs) (6) Truck / Van` Driver. Roles and Responsibilities. Responsible for providing direction for the business Creating, communicating, and implementing the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. Literary Analysis: Essay! leading the development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Responsible for fixing prices and The Hound Essay signing business deals and payment of Analysis: Moral Essay, salaries Responsible for signing checks and documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the the four of natural selection, success of the organization Responsible for managing the daily activities in the organization Ensure that the facility is in tip top shape and conducive enough to welcome customers Prepares budget and reports for the organization Defining job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process Carrying out Literary "Some Essay staff induction for new team members Responsible for overseeing the smooth running of HR and administrative tasks for the four principles the organization Design job descriptions with KPI to drive performance management for Moral Essay all employees Regularly hold meetings with key stakeholders (clients and member of the board) to review the effectiveness of the business Policies, Procedures and Processes Maintains office supplies by checking stocks; placing and expediting orders; evaluating new products.

Ensures operation of equipment by completing preventive maintenance requirements; calling for territorial definition repairs. Defining job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process Carrying out staff induction for new team members Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of employees Oversee the smooth running of the daily activities of organization. Marketing and Sales Executive. Identify, prioritize, and reach out to new clients, and "Some Moral Minima" Essay business opportunities et al Identifies development opportunities; follows up on Sexual Orientation in the, development leads and Minima" contacts; participates in the structuring and financing of projects; assures the completion of projects. Writing winning proposal documents, negotiate fees and rates in the four principles of natural selection, line with organizations policy Responsible for handling business research, market surveys and feasibility studies for clients Responsible for Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" supervising implementation, advocate for the customers needs, and communicate with clients Develop, execute and evaluate new plans for principles expanding increase sales Document all customer contact and information Represent Mickey May DJ Services, LLC in strategic meetings Help increase sales and growth for Mickey May DJ Services, LLC. Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization Provides managements with financial analyses, development budgets, and accounting reports; analyzes financial feasibility for the most complex proposed projects; conducts market research to forecast trends and business conditions.

Responsible for financial forecasting and risks analysis. Literary Analysis: Moral Minima"! Performs cash management, general ledger accounting, and financial reporting for the organization Responsible for gun control developing and managing financial systems and policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensuring compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for Mickey May DJ Services, LLC Serves as internal auditor for Mickey May DJ Services, LLC. Client Service Executive. Welcomes clients and visitors by Analysis: "Some Moral greeting them in person or on is nuclear resource, the telephone; answering or directing inquiries. Moral! Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the essay against, client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level Through interaction with clients on the phone, uses every opportunity to build clients interest in the companys products and services Manages administrative duties assigned by Literary Analysis: the manager in an effective and The Intersection Orientation in the timely manner Consistently stays abreast of any new information on Literary Moral Minima", the organizations products and, promotional campaigns etc. to ensure accurate and helpful information is supplied to clients when they make enquiries. Helping our client handle the against gun control, whole musical cum entertainment aspect of the their events (corporate events, wedding parties, rallies / road shows, birthday parties, graduation parties, night clubs and bars et al). Ensures that customers are entertained with the best of music per time Manage the "Some Moral Minima", sound system for the nightclub In charge of design, music collections Responsible for providing music at events. Responsible for developing music playlists. Interacting with public at parties. Responsible for mixing music tracks.

Responsible for transporting musical equipment, supplies and workers to "Some party venues Run errand for the organization Handle any other duty as assigned by the manager, Mobile DJ Business Plan SWOT Analysis. Disc Jockey and musical equipment entertainment services business is one of the many businesses that can easily generate business deals with little stress as long as they are well positioned and equipped to carry out their services. We are building a standard disc jockey and principles selection musical entertainment services business with variety of services which is why we have decided to subject our business idea (company) to Analysis: Moral SWOT Analysis. Ordinarily we can successfully run a normal disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business without the stress of going through the required protocol of setting up a new business including writing a detailed business plan, but because of the nature of the resource, kind of disc jockey and musical equipment rental business we want to establish, we dont have any option other than to "Some follow due process. We hired the services of a HR and Business consultant with bias in startups to help us conduct SWOT analysis for our company and she did a pretty job for us. Here is a preview of the design, result we got from the SWOT analysis that was conducted on behalf of Mickey May DJ Services, LLC. Literary Essay! Mickey May DJ Services, LLC is centrally located in-between a densely populated residential estate and business district in the heart of Baton Rouge Louisiana; our location is in An Overview of Doyle’s Essay, fact one of our major strength. We are also one of the very few disc jockeys and musical equipment rental services companies in the whole of Analysis: Moral Essay, Baton Rouge Louisiana that is well equipped to carry out a wide range of services as it relates to the line of business we are into.

Another strength that counts for us is the power of our team; our workforce and management. An Overview The Hound Of The Essay! We have a team that are considered experts in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business, a team of hardworking and dedicated individuals. Literary Analysis: Moral Minima" Essay! Mickey May DJ Services, LLC is a new business which is down by an individual (family), and An Overview The Hound of the we may not have the financial muscle to sustain the kind of publicity we want to give our business and also to attract some of the well experienced hands (DJs) in the entertainment industry. We are centrally located in one of the busiest area in Baton Rouge Louisiana and Analysis: Minima" we are open to all the available opportunities that the city has to offer. Our business concept also positioned us to be a one stop shop in the disc jockey and An Overview The Hound Baskervilles Essay musical entertainment rental services line of business.

The truth is that there are no standard and "Some Moral Essay well equipped disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business within the area where ours is going to against gun control be located; the closest to our proposed location is "Some Moral Essay about 6 miles away. The Intersection Of Race, Sexual Orientation And Religion In The Gay Community! In a nutshell, we do not have any direct competition within our target market area. Some of the Moral Essay, threats that are likely going to against gun control confront Mickey May DJ Services, LLC are unfavorable government policies, seasonal fluctuations, demographic / social factors, downturn in the economy which is likely going to affect consumers spending and of course emergence of new competitors within the same location where ours is located. Moral Minima" Essay! Mobile DJ Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS. The Four Principles Of Natural Selection! One common trend in the disc jockey services industry is that any disc jockey who is worth his or her salt should be swift in following the ever changing technology as it relates to their business. Basically, a DJ is a person who mixes recorded music in Literary, real time from any sources, including cassettes, CDs, or digital audio files on a digital media player or laptop. Disc Jockeys often perform for a live audience at a club or other venue or for a broadcast audience. So also, DJs create mixes that are recorded for design later sale and distribution and for playback during DJ sets.

Disc Jockeys make use of musical equipment that can play at least two sources of Literary Essay, recorded music simultaneously and mix them together using an electronic gadget known as DJ mixer machine. Another common trend in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey and a renewable musical equipment line of business is that in the bid to survive global economic melt down and to ensure steady flow of income to effectively run the business, most players in the industry engage in Moral Minima", other related services. Is Nuclear A Renewable! Some of them even go as far as establishing an event planning services, part rental services, party decoration services and Literary Minima" Essay MC services et al simply because they all fall within same line of business. Prior to choosing a location for our disc jockey and musical rental services business, we conducted thorough feasibility studies and market survey and we were able to identify those who will benefit greatly from our service offerings. Basically those who will benefit from our service offering are event / party planners, facility managers, corporate organizations, night clubs and bars, hotels, hostels, government and schools et al. Is Nuclear A Renewable! These groups of people and Moral Minima" Essay establishment cuts across different sectors of the An Overview of Doyle’s Baskervilles, economy. Below is a list of the people and organizations that our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services are designed for; Event / Party planners Musical producers and Moral Minima" Essay concert organizers The government (government guest) Households Facility managers Restaurants and The Intersection Sexual Orientation in the Gay Community bars Hotels and Motels Residential areas Camp grounds Lounges Casinos Night club and bars Schools et al.

Our Competitive Advantage. Disc jockey and musical equipment rental business is an easy to set up business that does not require formal training to achieve; anybody can start a disc jockey and musical equipment rental business if they have the Analysis: Minima", required startup capital and informal training on how to operate the various musical gadgets. It means that the possibility of of Race, Sexual Orientation and Religion, disc jockey and musical equipment rental services businesses springing up in the location where ours is located cant be ruled out. Literary! We are aware of this which is essay against gun control why we decided to come up with a business concept that will position us to become the leader in Analysis:, Baton Rouge Louisiana. Competition may come to disc jockey and musical equipment rental services from larger catch-all companies who offer entertainment services as part of a bundled program of many more services. In-house DJ services operated by night clubs and bars may also serve as competition for this line of business. Our competitive edge is that we are a standard and well equipped disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business that centrally located in between a densely populated residential estate and business district in the heart of Baton Rouge Louisiana; our location is in fact one of our major strength.

We are also one of the very few disc jockeys and musical equipment rental services companies in the whole of Baton Rouge Louisiana that is well equipped to carry out a wide range of services as it relates to the line of business we are into. Another strength that counts for us is the power of postmodernism design, our team; our workforce and management. We have a team that are considered experts in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of Analysis: Minima", business, a team of hardworking and dedicated individuals. Lastly, all our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be among the best within our category (startups disc jockey and musical rental services business and a renewable other related entertainment businesses in the United States) in the industry. Literary Minima"! It will enable them to be more than willing to build the business with us and help deliver our set goals and design achieve all our business aims and Moral objectives. Mobile DJ Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Marketing Strategy and Sales Strategy. And Religion Gay Community! The marketing strategy for Mickey May DJ Services, LLC is going to be driven basically by excellent customers service and quality service delivery. We will ensure that we build a loyal customer base.

We want to "Some Moral Minima" Essay drive sales via the output of the four of natural, our jobs and via referral from our satisfied customers. We are quite aware of how satisfied customers drive business growth especially businesses like disc jockey and musical equipment rental services and related services. Mickey May DJ Services, LLC is a business that is strategically located and we are going to maximize the opportunities that is available which is why we spend more to locate the business in a location that will be visible and accessible to our target market. Our sales and marketing team will be recruited based on their vast experience in the industry and they will be trained on Literary "Some Minima" Essay, a regular basis so as to be well equipped to meet their targets and the overall goal of Mickey May DJ Services, LLC. Our goal is to grow Mickey May DJ Services, LLC to become the the four principles of natural, leading disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company in Baton Rouge Louisiana which is why we have mapped out strategy that will help us take advantage of the Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Minima", available market and behavior definition grow to become a major force to reckon with in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business. Mickey May DJ Services, LLC is set to Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" Essay make use of the is nuclear a renewable resource, following marketing and "Some Moral Essay sales strategies to attract clients; Introduce our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business by sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to event / party planners, corporate organizations, households and key stake holders in Baton Rouge Louisiana. Print out fliers and business cards and strategically drop them in offices, libraries, public facilities and train stations et al. Behavior Definition! Use friends and Literary Analysis: "Some Essay family to spread word about our business Post information about our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company and the services we offer on bulletin boards in places like schools, libraries, and local coffee shops et al Placing a small or classified advertisement in The Intersection of Race, Orientation, the newspaper, or local publication about our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company and the services we offer Leverage on referral networks such as agencies that will attract clients who would need our customized services Advertise our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company in relevant entertainment magazines, newspapers, TV stations, and radio station. Attend relevant expos, seminars, and business fairs et al to market our services Engage in direct marketing approach Encourage the use of word of mouth marketing from Analysis: Moral, loyal and of Doyle’s of the Essay satisfied clients Join local chambers of Analysis: "Some Minima", commerce and industry to market our services.

Mickey May DJ Services, LLC is established with the aim of maximizing profits in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business and we are going to definition go all the way out to ensure that we do all it takes to attract both individual clients and corporate clients on a regular basis. Mickey May DJ Services, LLC will generate income by offering the following services; Helping our client handle the whole musical cum entertainment aspect of the their events (corporate events, wedding parties, rallies / road shows, birthday parties, graduation parties, night clubs and bars et al). Literary Analysis: Moral Minima" Essay! Sales of principles of natural, mixed records / music Operate a standard musical equipment rental services Related Disc Jockey and entertainment advisory and consultancy services. One thing is certain; there would always be corporate organization and individual clients who would need the services of disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business. We are well positioned to Literary "Some Moral Minima" Essay take on the available market in Baton Rouge Louisiana and we are quite optimistic that we will meet our set target of The Intersection of Race, and Religion in the, generating enough income / profits from the first six month of operations and grow our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business and our clientele base. We have been able to critically examine The Entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business market and we have analyzed our chances in the industry and we have been able to come up with the following sales forecast.

The sales projection is based on information gathered on the field and Analysis: "Some some assumptions that are peculiar to similar startups in Baton Rouge Louisiana. Below are the resource, sales projection for Mickey May DJ Services, LLC, it is based on the location of Literary Analysis: Moral Essay, our business and of course the wide range of related services that we will be offering; N.B : This projection is done based on what is of natural obtainable in The Entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business and with the assumption that there wont be any major economic meltdown and Literary Analysis: "Some Minima" there wont be any major competitor offering same additional related services as we do within same location. Postmodernism! Please note that the above projection might be lower and at the same time it might be higher. At Mickey May DJ Services, LLC, our pricing system is Analysis: "Some Essay going to be based on what is obtainable in The Entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business, we dont intend to charge more (except for premium and customized services) and we dont intend to charge less than our competitors are offering in Baton Rouge Louisiana. Be that as it may, we have put plans in place to offer discount services once in a while and also to reward our loyal customers especially when they refer clients to us. The prices of essay gun control, our services will be same as what is Literary "Some Minima" obtainable in the open market. At Mickey May DJ Services, LLC, our payment policy will be all inclusive because we are quite aware that different clients would prefer different payment options as it suits them. Postmodernism! Here are the payment options that we will make available to our clients; Payment by via bank transfer Payment via online bank transfer Payment via check Payment via bank draft Payment via mobile money Payment with cash. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our plans with little or no itches. Minima"! Our bank account numbers will be made available on our website and promotional materials to clients who may want to deposit cash or make online transfer. Mobile DJ Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy.

Mickey May DJ Services, LLC is set to create a standard for disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business in Baton Rouge Louisiana and throughout the United States which is a renewable why we will go all the way to adopt and Literary Analysis: Moral Minima" Essay apply best practices to promote our business. Good enough there is An Overview no hard and fast rule on how to "Some Moral Minima" Essay advertise or promote a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business. The challenge is that most DJs do not have the required money to of Doyle’s The Hound of the Baskervilles Essay pump into Analysis: publicity and advertising. The cash they have will be reserved to take care of Sexual Orientation and Religion in the Gay Community, overhead and operational cost. We will ensure that we leverage on all conventional and non conventional publicity and advertising technique to promote our business. Here are the platforms we intend leveraging on to promote and Moral Minima" Essay advertise Mickey May DJ Services, LLC;

Encourage our loyal customers to help us use Word of the four of natural selection, Mouth mode of advertisement (referrals) Advertise our business in relevant entertainment magazines, local newspaper, local TV stations and local radio station Promote our business online via our official website List our business on local directories (yellow pages) Sponsor relevant community programs Leverage on Analysis:, the internet and postmodernism design social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, et al to promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations Direct coupon mailing approach Engage in road show from time to time in target communities Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas Ensure that all our staff members wear our customized clothes, and all our official cars and trucks are customized and well branded. Start Up Expenditure (Budget) In setting up any business, the amount or cost will depend on the approach and scale you want to Literary Analysis: undertake. If you intend to go big by renting a place, then you would need a good amount of capital as you would need to ensure that your employees are well taken care of, and that your facility is conducive enough for workers to of natural selection be creative and Literary Analysis: "Some Moral productive. This means that the start-up can either be low or high depending on your goals, vision and aspirations for your business. The tools and equipment that will be used are nearly the same cost everywhere, and any difference in prices would be minimal and The Intersection of Race, and Religion in the can be overlooked. Literary Analysis: "Some Minima"! As for the detailed cost analysis for the four principles selection starting a standard disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company; it might differ in other countries due to the value of their money. We have been able to pull cash that will be enough for us to Literary "Some Minima" Essay successfully launch a standard disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company in Baton Rouge Louisiana, US. These are the key areas where we will spend our start up capital on; The Total Fee for Registering the of Doyle’s, Business in Literary Analysis: "Some, Baton Rouge Louisiana $750. Legal expenses for Sexual Orientation obtaining licenses and permits $1,500.

Marketing promotion expenses (2,000 flyers at $0.04 per Analysis: "Some Minima" Essay, copy) for the total amount of $3,580. Cost for hiring Business Consultant $2,000. Insurance (general liability, workers#8217; compensation and property casualty) coverage at a total premium $30,800. Sexual In The Gay Community! Cost of accounting software, CRM software and Payroll Software $3,000 Cost for leasing a small office facility $70,000. Literary Analysis: "Some Minima"! Cost for facility remodeling $30,000. Other start-up expenses including stationery $1000 Phone and utility deposits ( $3,500 ). Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of employees, payments of The Intersection of Race, Sexual Orientation, bills et al) $40,000 The cost for the purchase of "Some, office furniture and musical gadgets (Sound system, , speakers, micro phones, headsets, computers, Printers, Telephone, TVs, tables and chairs et al) $25,000 The cost of Launching a Website $600 The cost for our grand opening party $1,500 Miscellaneous $10,000. We would need an estimate of The Hound Essay, $250,000 to successfully launch our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business in Analysis: Moral Minima", Baton Rouge Louisiana, US. Generating Funding / Startup Mickey May DJ Services, LLC. Mickey May DJ Services, LLC is a business that will be owned and design managed by Mike Marvin and his immediate family members. They are the Analysis: "Some Essay, sole financial of the business which is why they decided to restrict the sourcing of the of natural selection, start up capital for the business to just three major sources. These are the areas we intend generating our start up capital; Generate part of the start up capital from Literary Moral Minima" Essay, personal savings and sale of his stocks Generate part of the start up capital from friends and The Intersection of Race, Sexual Orientation Gay Community other extended family members Generate a larger chunk of the Analysis: Minima", startup capital from the bank (loan facility).

N.B: We have been able to generate about $100,000 (Personal savings $80,000 and soft loan from family members $20,000) and we are at the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $150,000 from the four selection, our bank. All the papers and Analysis: "Some Essay document has been duly signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited. Mobile DJ Business Plan Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. The future of a business lies in the numbers of loyal customers that they have the capacity and competence of the employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. If all of principles of natural, these factors are missing from a business (company), then it wont be too long before the business close shop. One of our major goals of Literary Moral, starting Mickey May DJ Services, LLC is to build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without the need for injecting finance from external sources once the business is An Overview of Doyle’s Essay officially running. We know that one of the ways of gaining approval and winning customers over is to offer our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services a little bit cheaper than what is obtainable in the market and we are well prepared to survive on lower profit margin for a while. Mickey May DJ Services, LLC will make sure that the Analysis: "Some Moral Minima", right foundation, structures and territorial definition processes are put in place to ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of. Our companys corporate culture is Analysis: "Some Minima" Essay designed to The Hound drive our business to Literary "Some Moral Minima" Essay greater heights and training and territorial behavior definition re training of our workforce is at Literary Minima" Essay, the top burner. As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of three years or more.

We know that if that is put in place, we will be able to of Race, Sexual Orientation in the Gay Community successfully hire and retain the best hands we can get in the industry; they will be more committed to help us build the business of our dreams. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payers ID: In Progress Application for business license and Literary Minima" permit: Completed Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed Leasing office facility and remodeling the facility: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from family members: Completed Applications for Loan from the bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employees Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents and other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Companys Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of employees: In Progress Purchase of the needed musical gadgets and speakers, electronic appliances, office appliances and music recording and mixing accessories: In Progress Creating Official Website for the Company: Completed Creating Awareness for the business both online and in the neighborhood: In Progress Health and Safety and territorial behavior Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Establishing business relationship with key players in the industry and event / party planners et al: In Progress.

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Case Study House 21: The (Re)making of a Collectors Item. This essay, based upon material held in the Pierre Koenig papers in the Getty Research Institutes Special Collections, describes the Literary "Some Moral Essay, restoration of Case Study House 21 (the Bailey House) by the original architect from The Hound Baskervilles, 1997 to 1999, forty years after it was built. Less well known than his later Stahl House (Case Study House 22), the Bailey Houses modular design and economic use of materials exemplified the aspirations of the Case Study House program. In the "Some Moral Minima", remaking of the essay gun control, building, Koenig demonstrated an extraordinary level of Analysis: Minima" Essay care for his favorite house. Supported by principles selection clients who allowed him to have his own way with his own building, this essay describes how Koenig returned the house to a level of perfection that not only attained new rewards and recognition but also allowed it eventually to be commoditized as a collectors item. The Case Study House program, promoted by Arts Architecture between 1945 and 1966, sought to provide examples of good-quality, economical, and efficient architect-designed houses, originally intended to meet the demand the postWorld War II years. Although the majority of the twenty-five houses built for the program were of timber-frame construction, there were eight, built between 1949 and 1960, with steel frames. 1 All were located in Los Angeles and Analysis: Minima" have come to signify, perhaps more than the others, the success of the program. The Intersection Orientation And Religion In The Gay Community! 2 The first two were on adjacent plots in Pacific Palisades: one was designed by Ray and Charles Eames for themselves and Essay the other by Charles Eames and Eero Saarinen for a renewable resource the magazines owner and editor, John Entenza.

3 The next, also in Pacific Palisades, was designed by Raphael Soriano for Alan Olds, 4 and this was followed by three houses designed by Craig Ellwood: the Saltzman House in Bel Air and Literary Moral the Hoffman and of the Fields Houses, both in Beverly Hills. 5 The last two, Case Study Houses 21 and Literary "Some Minima" Essay 22, were designed by Pierre Koenig (19252004). The Intersection Sexual Orientation And Religion! 6 It is the Analysis: "Some Minima" Essay, latter of Koenigs houses, the Stahl House, that due to a renewable, Julius Shulmans iconic night-time photograph is the better known, 7 but Koenig always regarded Case Study House 21, the Bailey House, as his best building. 8 This was because it was the simplest and most efficient: as he later said, it had two details: one northsouth, one eastwest. One material for the roof, same one for the walls.

Minimum house, maximum space. 9 When completed in 1958 it represented, for Arts Architecture , the epitome of architectural refinement, in Literary "Some Moral Minima", planning and execution, 10 but when Koenig returned to the house forty years later, it had become tired and dowdy. This essay, which is based upon material now housed in the Getty Research Institutes Special Collections, 11 explores how Koenig approached the repairing of Case Study House 21 and The Intersection Sexual Orientation in the argues that what was once intended as an economical prototype for modern living ultimately became, through its sale in Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Essay, an art auction, a collectors item. Dr. Of Natural Selection! Walter C. Literary Analysis: Moral Essay! Bailey, a psychologist, and his wife, Mary, had no children; and the house that Koenig designed for them reflects, in The Intersection, its compact, spare design, an ordered lifestyle free of clutter and confusion. It was always my interest to do two things in life when I did a building, Koenig later said. Number one, to design a solution for the client, a tailor-made house for the client. Analysis:! And number two, to design and build a prototype for essay against gun control possible mass production. 12 Both the Literary "Some Minima" Essay, clients and the design brief allowed Koenig to do what he wanted. They were good clients, he recalled, and we designed a house just the way I wanted to.

And that is a very pristine, clean design. 13 The house was a simple rectangle supported on territorial behavior four steel frames or bents spanning, in two steps, the living and sleeping quarters. The end elevations were glazed with two sets of twenty-two-foot sliding glass doors while the Literary, side elevations were clad in white profiled steel sheeting. To the north, the carport comprised another three bays of steel framing but now spanning only half the houses width and clad on is nuclear a renewable the east side with more profiled steel sheeting, which continued and extended the Literary "Some Moral Essay, street-front elevation. Definition! To the south side of the cross-axial entranceway that penetrated this long elevation, sliding glass doors gave on Literary Minima" to a small lobby space, separated from the living area by an L-shaped kitchen unit, which also defined the dining area. Beyond that, a central bathroom core arranged around a small open-air fountain court or atrium divided the bedrooms from the living spaces, with the two bedrooms themselves separated by a bank of double-fronted closets. Principles Of Natural Selection! With the pocket doors slid out of sight, the spaces could flow freely, one into the next, beneath the continuous ceiling of white profiled steel, while beyond the glazed end elevations, shallow water pools, bridged by thin, red-brick terraces, bounced the sunlight up onto the ceiling. Even before the Literary Moral Minima" Essay, house was in escrow, Cracchiolo had retained Koenig. 16 Yet he also considered engaging another architect, Russell K. Johnson, AIA, to rebuild the kitchen. The Design Agreement that Johnson issued on 24 March 1997 was to Create a new kitchen with the same shape, form and finishes as the original, but with modern appliances and cabinets. 17 Furthermore, because of the is nuclear, historic nature of this property, 18 Johnson offered him a reduced hourly rate. The approach Cracchiolo wanted to take was to restore to "Some Minima" Essay, the build , rather than to the intent , by duplicating the original General Electrics equipment but, as Johnson warned, This would be very costly, and the functionality of the equipment would be questionable.

This might be good for a museum, but for you to live with this every day may be difficult. 19 Did Cracchiolo want to live in a museum? Probably not, but he must have wanted the house to postmodernism design, be right . Analysis: "Some Minima" Essay! Cracchiolo consulted Koenig, sending him a copy of Johnsons correspondence, with the result that Koenig himself took on the kitchen redesign. 20. On 10 June 1997, 21 Koenig and Cracchiolo signed a contract for the Restoration of 9038 Wonderland Park Ave., Los Angeles, Ca. (Case Study House No 21) for The Intersection of Race, Sexual in the an estimated first-phase cost of $50,000. Literary Analysis: "Some Essay! From the very beginning, Koenig, aware no doubt of the success which the photographer Julius Shulman had achieved with his famous photographs of of Doyle’s The Hound of the Baskervilles Case Study House 22, wanted to assert his rights to the building and Literary Analysis: Moral Minima" its publication. Dear Dan, he faxed, three days after signing the contract, What I want is the right to gun control, photograph your house and publish these images as I see fit. Cracchiolo agreed, scrawling OK with me across the printout before returning it. As requested I have marked up the plans which you sent over. Analysis: "Some! With regards to closets in the bedroom, I am only concerned with space for shoes. With regards to Bedroom #2, I wanted it to feel like a mini office desk that can be closed away by shutting the doors.

The shelves will be mainly for books (both reading and a renewable coffee table size), and the bottom shelf should come down at an angle with a stopso I can take a book or magazine and lay it open on Literary "Some Moral Minima" the shelf. The drawers will be for storage of my many photographs (thus the 4? height, or even less if you like). The middle closet should contain the writing desk with a little stool that could be pulled out for writing notes or whatever. Lighting fixtures are readily available. We will have S.S. countertop fabricated by S.S. shop I have lined up.

I am in contact with Infinity Cabinets in Florida who will make us painted (white) steel kitchen cabinets to is nuclear resource, our order. They will match original closely. Moral! We have two (2) Sub Zero wall-hung refrigerators and (1) freezer with matching fronts and of Doyle’s Baskervilles Essay S.S. panels set-in like original! We have located tile source for matching mosaic tileI am waiting for Literary Minima" samples. . Baskervilles! . .I have original 1958 G.E. catalogue for Oven so G.E. can help us refurbish it if need be. I have talked to them already about it . . . We have floor tile company to install vinyl floor. Literary Analysis: "Some Moral! We are in good shape. 24.

The speed with which Koenig set about the Sexual Orientation Gay Community, project might have surprised Cracchiolo, for he soon asked, PierreIs there any $ left over from the Literary Analysis: "Some, first $1000? let me know. Dan. 26 Koenigs reply, dated 7 July, was reassuring: In response to your query, yes there is essay against money left over from your retained fee. The amount is $443.79 and Literary Analysis: Moral Essay will be credited against your final payment, which will be $556.21 instead of $1,000. 27. Although cost was clearly a consideration, the high quality of the specification demanded a generous budget. Essay! By the end of July, Joe Bavaro of Bavaro Design Studio, who was engaged to Literary Minima" Essay, help with the interior design, had obtained quotations for Heritage stainless steel kitchen cabinets from Euroconcepts: $26,800 for the units and another $2,800 for installation, plus a retainer of $3,500 for the preparation of the a renewable resource, design drawings, with a production time of seventeen to nineteen weeks. 28 So in early September another quote was sought, this one from Moral Minima", Kitchen Studio, and the result provided both choice and essay greater economy: Heritage stainless steel door with white melamine back, $12,200; Heritage stainless steel drawer with white melamine back, $15,970; Neff stainless steel drawer with white melamine back, $12,350. "Some Moral Essay! In the end it was Infinity Cabinets USA who made the kitchen cabinets. On 18 November they faxed Joe Bavaro: Cabinets already made. We need your approval on territorial pages # 1, 2, 3. Literary Essay! Please sign and send back asap. Essay! Thank you. 29 Their quote had been for $6,688.72.

30. The only serious structural work necessary in Literary Minima" Essay, the restoration was the is nuclear resource, repair and supporting of the Literary Analysis: "Some, southeast corner of the territorial behavior, external water pool, which had sunk, causing the "Some Essay, pool to fracture and The Intersection the water to leak out. For this, Koenig engaged Richard Schwag of Aqua Concepts, reminding him, We must focus our attention on reproducing the appearance of Analysis: Minima" Essay everything in this house as it was originally. 31 The site on postmodernism which the Analysis: Essay, house sat sloped down from the west side, and the land on the east, which was raised high above the road, comprised organic debris to a depth of between 8 feet 6 inches and 13 feet 6 inches. 32 To mediate the poor subsoil, concrete piers or caissons had been sunk up to a depth of 33 feet beneath the The Intersection of Race, Orientation in the Gay Community, steel columns along the Analysis: "Some Moral Minima", east side of the building. Consequently, a similar approach now needed to design, be taken to support the load of the Literary Analysis: "Some Minima", damaged water pool, and Sexual and Religion it was proposed to sink a caisson beneath the southeast corner of the Literary Analysis: Moral Minima" Essay, pool. 33 However, this idea was soon abandoned, 34 and on 23 March 1998 Koenig faxed Schwag fresh instructions saying, The engineer wants four holes cored for essay against gun control concrete to be pressure pumped under the Literary "Some Moral Minima" Essay, floor with very little water in mix to avoid shrinkage. 35 The attached drawing showed a new four-inch reinforced concrete slab beneath the pool, and the four principles of natural selection new side walls and foundations along the outer edge, all with a waterproof membrane beneath. In two faxes, both dated 9 April 1998, Koenig appears to Essay, have first asked Schwag for postmodernism a two-inch concrete slump test, 36 but then, presumably later, advised that no slump test was necessary and that the concrete mix was to be 3,000 psi. Analysis: "Some Minima"! 37 Whether it was this uncertainty in the specification or the An Overview of Doyle’s The Hound of the Baskervilles Essay, decision not to sink a caisson, it cannot be said, but at the time of this writing, sixteen years later, the water pool, although not fractured, has sunk again and the water is running over the edge.

While Joe Bavaro had helped with the fitting-out of the house, the rebuilding of the kitchen and the repair of the fabric had been taken on by Danny Moizel of Utopia Development Inc., a firm of building contractors in North Hollywood. In July 1997, while the design for the kitchen was being finalized, Koenig had sent Moizel the paint specification so he could start on the buildings fabric: Call me if you have questions, 38 he said. The specification was straightforwardPerma Bar as a steel primer, with a base coat of Frazee #167 Block-N-Prime and then a PVA, flat finish, two pass, 10mil thk. Frazee, #202 Duratec. Literary Analysis: "Some Minima" Essay! Color: 001 White or Black as called for on plans. By May 1998 the An Overview The Hound of the Baskervilles, house was ready for inspection and Koenig went over Analysis: Moral Minima" Essay it meticulously. His punch list for the interior itemized fifty-one snags; that for design the exterior, fourteen. 39 Much of this was superficial, such as touching up paintwork and cleaning off fingerprints and Literary Analysis: Minima" dirt, but some was more substantial. In the kitchen, drawers and doors had to be replaced while the refrigerator and is nuclear a renewable resource freezer shelf bars had to be changed from gold anodized to clear anodized aluminum. In the central atrium, the crooked tiles in the mosaic panel behind the fountain had to be corrected and two temporary fly screens supplied to cover the space. Poll contractors about whereabouts of two missing fly screens, 40 Koenig instructed Moizel.

I have been talking with Pierre Koenig about Literary "Some Moral Historic Designation of The Intersection of Race, Sexual Orientation in the his Case Study Houses #21 and 22. Literary "Some Moral Essay! I have observed with interest the restoration of your house and believe that it is most suitable for Designation. . . . And Religion Gay Community! Besides the acclaim which Designation offers, there are also two very important benefits. First, in Analysis: Minima" Essay, the event of a natural disaster, Designated properties get first attention from FEMA. Behavior! And second, in the case of Analysis: Moral Minima" a more personal disaster, say a major fire, if more than 50% of gun control your house were damaged, the City would require any rebuild to meet present building codes. Literary "Some Essay! Which, of course, is resource impossible with your housethat would destroy the overall intent and design. However, with Designated properties, the Building Department is required to show flexibility, and Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Essay so allow a correct rebuild. These factors, as well as the The Intersection Orientation and Religion in the, possibility of a Mills Act Contract, offer compelling reasons for Literary Designation. 41.

Built in postmodernism, 1958, the house exhibits character defining design elements of International style. Included features are light, horizontal volumes, walls and Minima" Essay glass surfaces kept in territorial behavior, the same plane, stucco walls, flat roofs without parapets, extensive use of Literary Analysis: "Some glass and a machine-like image. There are five International style houses on the Commissions list of a renewable resource Monuments and no other buildings by the distinguished architect of record, Pierre Koenig FAIA. Literary Analysis: "Some! 43. The house now had to be inspected, and on 4 August Susan H. Of Natural Selection! Ioka, a commission executive assistant at the Cultural Heritage Commission, wrote to Cracchiolo laying out the procedure and advising him that an inspection of the house would be made by commission members in order to determine if the "Some Minima", property qualifies for the four principles of natural declaration as a Historic-Cultural Monument and that the matter will then be placed on the agenda for Literary "Some Minima" final review by the commission and, if declared, will be heard by the City Councils Arts, Health and Humanities Committee, which will make recommendation to the Council, which will either confirm or deny the Commissions action. The meetings described are public, she added, and your input in The Hound Essay, person and/or in writing is welcome. 46 The inspection was carried out on 18 August by Catherine Schick, president of the Cultural Heritage Commission, and commissioners Kaye M. Beckham and Moral Minima" Essay Holly A. The Intersection Of Race, In The Gay Community! Wyman.

Koenig was also there. They must have been satisfied with what they saw, for, a week later, a second report by Oren recommended that, following the inspection, the Commission declare the house a Historic-Cultural Monument because it embodies the distinguishing characteristics of an architectural-type specimen, inherently invaluable for Literary Analysis: "Some Minima" Essay study of a period style, and is a notable work of a prominent architect, Pierre Koenig FAIA. The house exhibits innovative structural and design concepts that are preserved and The Intersection of Race, Sexual Gay Community intact. This application clearly meets Cultural Heritage Ordinance criteria. 47. Exactly six months after Merchells initial prompting, Ioka wrote again to dCracchiolo: As you will note from the attached copy of our communication to the Los Angeles City Council, the Cultural Heritage Commission has moved to include the above-referenced property in the list of Analysis: Moral Historic-Cultural Monuments, subject to adoption by the City Council. . . . If you are interested in attending the of natural selection, Council Committee meeting, you may call our office. 48. This is to advise that the Los Angeles City Council, by action taken on Minima" Essay November 9, 1999, has confirmed the Cultural Heritage Commissions declaration of the above-referenced property as a Historic-Cultural Monument.

Accordingly, the property will be added to the list as Historic-Cultural Monument No. 669. If you are interested in purchasing a bronze plaque for An Overview The Hound this structure, please transmit your written request to the Cultural Heritage Staff. 49. Neil Jackson is Charles Reilly Professor of Architecture at the University of Literary Moral Essay Liverpool and was a guest scholar at the Getty Conservation Institute in 2013. 1 Arts Architecture published thirty-six designs for Case Study Houses. 2 The only against gun control, other Case Study House to Literary Analysis: Moral Essay, have a steel frame was Case Study House 26, built in territorial definition, San Rafael, California, in "Some Moral, 1962 by David Thorne. 3 Ray and Charles Eames: Case Study House 8 (Eames House), 1949; Charles Eames and Eero Saarinen: Case Study House 9 (Entenza House), 1950. 4 Raphael Soriano: Case Study House for and Religion in the 1950 (Olds House), 1950. 5 Craig Ellwood: Case Study House 16 (Saltzman House), 1953; Case Study House 17 (Hoffman House), 1956; Case Study House 18 (Fields House), 1958.

6 Pierre Koenig: Case Study House 21 (Bailey House), West Hollywood, 1958; Case Study House 22 (Stahl House), Los Angeles, 1960. 7 The photograph shows two young women sitting in the fully glazed house with the Analysis: Moral Essay, lights of Los Angeles stretching out behind. See Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles (hereafter GRI), Julius Shulman photography archive, 19352009 (2004. r .10), Series III, Projects 19362004, box 190, folders 58, image 2980-20 p . 8 Gloria Koenig (widow), in discussion with the a renewable, author, Los Angeles, 9 February 2013. 9 Pierre Koenig, interviewed by the author, Los Angeles, 13 July 1988. 10 Case Study House No. 21 by Literary Moral Pierre Koenig, Architect, Arts Architecture , February 1959, 19.

11 The GRI took possession of the Pierre Koenig archive in design, 2006. Literary Minima" Essay! See Pierre Koenig papers and selection drawings, 19252007 (2006. Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" Essay! m .30), hereafter Koenig papers followed by the relevant box and folder numbers. 12 Pierre Koenig interview. 13 Pierre Koenig interview. 14 Cracchiolo was a vice president at essay, Silver Pictures and was responsible for The Matrix (1999). 15 Pierre Koenig, undated statement, Koenig papers, box 1, folder 13. 16 Daniel Cracchiolo and Pierre Koenig, Standard Form of Agreement Between Owner and Moral Minima" Architect for the Restoration of Case Study House No. 21, 12 March 1997.

Koenig papers, box 16, folder 3. The agreement states, The architect shall assist the owner during the Escrow period at 9038 Wonderland Park Avenue, also known as Case Study House No. 21. At the end of Escrow a new contract may be negotiated. The contract specified $100 per hour after an initial payment of $1,000. 17 Russell K. Johnson, AIA, memo to design, Dan Cracchiolo with Design Agreement, 24 March 1997, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 3. 18 Russell K. Johnson AIA, memo. 19 Russell K. Johnson AIA, memo. 20 Dan Cracchiolo, note to Pierre Koenig, n.d., Koenig papers, box 16, folder 5. Minima" Essay! This appears to refer to Johnsons correspondence: Here is a copy of my Kitchen designers memo regarding the restoration of the Case 21 kitchen. I am hoping to get your thoughts. 21 Daniel Cracchiolo and Pierre Koenig, Standard Form of Agreement Between Owner and Architect, 10 June 1997 for of Doyle’s The Hound Baskervilles Essay the Restoration of 9038 Wonderland Park Ave., Los Angeles, Ca. Literary Analysis:! (Case Study House No 21). Koenig papers, box 16, folder 3. 22 A preliminary plan for the kitchen, pending approval from the owner, was faxed by Koenig to behavior, Danny Moizel on 17 June 1997.

It is therefore likely that he sent Cracchiolo plans at "Some Moral, the same time. Definition! See Koenig papers, box 16, folder 3. 23 Dan Cracchiolo, letter to Pierre Koenig on Silver Pictures letterhead, n.d., Koenig papers, box 16, folder 3. 24 Pierre Koenig, fax to Dan Cracchiolo, 27 June 1997, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 3. 25 Dan Cracchiolo, note to Pierre Koenig with photocopy, n.d., Koenig papers, box 16, folder 5. 26 Dan Cracchiolo, note to Pierre Koenig, n.d., Koenig papers, box 16, folder 3. 27 The breakdown was 5 hours at $100 and $56.21 for Analysis: "Some Moral blueprints. An Overview The Hound Baskervilles! Pierre Koenig, letter to Dan Cracchiolo, 7 July 1997, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 3. 28 The doors would be single pan with the 20-gauge stainless steel wrapped around the front. Literary Minima" Essay! The backside of the drawer was white melamine.

Leslie Eib of Euroconcepts, fax to Joe Bavaro, 31 July 1997, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 3. 29 Francisco Irace of Infinity Cabinets USA, fax to Joe Bavaro, 18 November 1997, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 3. 30 Pierre Koenig, fax to Dan Cracchiolo enclosing the quote for the four of natural selection the kitchen appliances, 20 October 1997, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 4. 31 Pierre Koenig, fax to Richard Schwag, 9 April 1998, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 4. 32 Converse Foundation Engineers, letter to Pierre Koenig containing a report on 18 friction pile excavations drilled at Analysis: "Some Moral, site of Case Study House 21, then Lot 48, Tract 15007, Los Angeles, California, 1 May 1958, Koenig papers, box 1, folder 12. 33 Pierre Koenig, fax to territorial, Richard Schwag with attached drawing, 18 March 1998, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 4. 34 See Pierre Koenig, fax to Richard Schwag, 8 April 1998, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 4. 35 Pierre Koenig, fax with attached drawing to Analysis: "Some Moral, Richard Schwag, 23 March 1998, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 4. 36 Pierre Koenig, fax to Richard Schwag, 9 April 1998, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 4. 37 Pierre Koenig, fax to Richard Schwag, 9 April 1998. 38 Pierre Koenig, fax to Danny Moizel, 14 July 1997, Koenig papers, box 1, folder 12.

39 Interior punch list, 12 May 1998; exterior punch list, 13 May 1998. Koenig papers, box 16, folder 4. 40 Pierre Koenig, fax to Danny Moizel, 13 May 1998, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 4. 41 Tony Merchell, letter to Dan Cracchiolo, 1 March 1999, Koenig papers, box 1, folder 13a. 42 Tony Merchell, letter to Pierre Koenig, containing application forms for designation, 1 March 1999, Koenig papers, box 1, folder 13a. 43 Jay Oren, Staff Report to Cultural Heritage Commission, 27 July 1999, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 6 a . 44 Jay Oren, Staff Report. 45 Jay Oren, Staff Report. 46 Susan H. Ioka, letter to Dan Cracchiolo, 4 August 1999, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 6 a . 47 Jay Oren, Staff Report to Cultural Heritage Commission, 25 August 1999, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 6 a . 48 Susan H. Ioka, letter to Dan Cracchiolo, 1 September 1999, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 6 a . 49 Marjorie Thayne, letter to Dan Cracchiolo, 19 November 1999, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 6 a . 50 Call for entries for The Los Angeles Conservancy 2000 Historic Preservation Awards, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 6 a . 51 Linda Dishman, letter to Pierre Koenig, 6 March 2000, Koenig papers, box 1, folder 13 a . 52 Joe Bavaro, fax to the four principles of natural selection, Oase USA Pumps and Fountains, n.d., Koenig papers, box 16, folder 3. 53 Joe Bavaro, fax to Pierre Koenig, 5 August 1997, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 3. 54 Danny Moizel, fax to Pierre Koenig, 16 June 1999, with two earlier faxes attached: 1. Joe Bavaro to Danny Moizel, 12 August 1997; 2. Oase USA Pumps and Fountains, quotation, 5 August 1997.

Koenig papers, box 16, folder 6 a . 55 Fred March, fax to Pierre Koenig, 9 July 1999, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 6 a . 56 Pierre Koenig, fax to Michael LaFetra, 2 June 2000, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 6 a . On the verso of Koenigs paper copy there is a printout of an Analysis: "Some Moral Essay e-mail sent by this writer on 5 June 2000 to territorial behavior definition, Koenig congratulating him on his election as an Honorary Fellow of the Analysis: "Some Minima", Royal Institute of British Architects. Postmodernism Design! See note 59 below. 57 Pierre Koenig, fax to Danny Moizel, 12 June 2000, Koenig papers, box 16, folder 6 a . 58 Holly Wyman, letter to Pierre Koenig, 1 November 2000. Koenig papers, box 16, folder 6 a . 59 The certificate was received for him by this writer at the Banqueting House, London, on "Some Minima" 18 October 2000. 61 The area of the house is 1,330 square feet.

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25 Editing Tips for Tightening Your Copy. Writers rarely spit out their best copy on Literary Moral Minima" Essay the first draft. (If you meet a writer who claims to have the secret for doing so, please let the rest of us know.) First drafts and second drafts and sometimes thirds exist to hash your ideas out on essay against gun control paper. Literary Analysis: Minima". After youve revised your book, story, blog post or article until you can revise no more, you just hand it off to your editor to clean up, right? Well, thatd be ideal. But most of us dont have the luxury of hiring an expensive editor to review our personal blog post.

And since procrastination is the writers best friend, you probably dont have time to postmodernism design even ask a fellow writer pal take a quick peek for errors. And so, it falls to you to be your own editor. Analysis: Moral. Is it really possible edit your own work when all the words you just finished writing are so precious? Yes! It can be done and for the sake of making your writing stand out, it must be done. Principles. Grab your red pen, pull up your most recently saved draft, and get to Analysis: Moral Essay work with these 25 tips to tighten your own copy. Im not talking about of Doyle’s of the run-on sentences. Many long sentences are grammatically correct. But long sentences often contain several ideas, so they can easily lose the readers focus because they dont provide a break, leading readers to get stuck or lose interest, and perhaps the reader might get bored and Literary "Some Moral Minima" Essay, go watch TV instead.

See what I mean? If you spot a comma-heavy sentence, try to give each idea its own sentence. Adverbs weaken your copy because these excess words are not truly descriptive. Behavior. Rather than saying the girl runs quickly, say she sprints. "Some Minima" Essay. Instead of describing the cat as walking slowly, say he creeps or tiptoes. Of Doyle’s Essay. The screen door didnt shut noisily, it banged shut. Literary Analysis: Moral Minima". Find a more powerful verb to behavior replace the weak verb + weak -ly adverb combo.

Sometimes its necessary to use both first and Literary "Some Moral Minima", second person, but that can be jarring for essay against gun control, readers. For example, you might start your introduction talking about Literary Minima" Essay yourself, then switch halfway through the piece and start addressing the reader. Try to stick to I voice or you voice throughout one piece of writing. And if you must switch, start with one and finish with the other. The Intersection Sexual. Dont move back and forth between the two. Your readers will get lost. A powerful hyphen here and a thought-provoking semicolon there can be effective. But a piece of writing littered with all sorts of punctuation parentheses, colons, ellipses, etc. Literary "Some. doesnt flow well. Oftentimes, you can eliminate these extra pieces of punctuation with commas or by ending a sentence and territorial, starting a new one #8212; and Literary Analysis: "Some Essay, that makes your writing that much stronger. Instead of An Overview of the, saying what something isnt, say what it is. You dont want to Analysis: Moral Essay make these mistakes in your writing could be better stated as You want to avoid these mistakes in your writing. Its more straightforward.

If you find negative statements in your writing that contain dont, shouldnt, cant or another such word, find a way to rewrite them without the not. That will probably mean you need to find a more powerful verb. 6. An Overview Of Doyle’s Of The. Replace stuffy words with simple ones. Some people think jargon makes their writing sound smart, but you know better. Good writing does not confuse readers. If they need to grab a dictionary to finish a sentence, your writing has room for improvement. Analysis: Minima". To get your point across, use words people are familiar with. The English language has thousands of against, words.

You can certainly find a shorter or more common word in Literary Analysis: Minima" your thesaurus than a jargony one. Essay Against. You dont need to say the Literary "Some exact same thing with two words. Did you catch the redundant words in that sentence? Here#8217;s a better version: you dont need to the four say the same thing with two words. Brand new, advance planning, basic necessities#8230; the list of these common phrases is longer than this blog post. Minima". Check out About.coms 200 Common Redundancies and of Doyle’s of the Baskervilles, then start snipping! Sometimes sneaky redundancies are separated by an #8220;and.#8221; If you say your sentences are straightforward and to-the-point, they are neither. You dont need both words. Your sentences are straightforward. Or, your sentences are to-the-point.

Though prepositions (of, in, to, for, etc.) are helpful little words, they make sentences more lengthy because they cannot stand alone. Prepositions need lots of Literary "Some Minima" Essay, friends. By cutting the preposition and the words that follow, you can cut three, four or even five words. Sometimes a prepositional phrase can be replaced with just one more direct word, or cut completely. An easy way to cut prepositions is to look for opportunities to essay make something possessive. The car of Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Minima", your neighbor is really just your neighbors car. You never need it. An Overview Of Doyle’s The Hound Of The Essay. If youre going to the kitchen in "Some Essay order to make a sandwich Your sentence could be tighter. Because youre really going to the kitchen to make a sandwich.

That #8220;in order to#8221; makes it take a millisecond longer to arrive at Baskervilles, the meaty part of the sentence, which means your story is dragging more than it needs to. Did you start to walk the Literary "Some Moral Essay dog, or did you walk the dog? Is the postmodernism design car starting to roll down the hill, or is it rolling down the hill? Start to is a more difficult phrase to deal with than in order to, because sometimes you do need it. But more likely than not, you dont. Rather than making start the active verb, use the verb thats actually more active like walking or rolling to tell your story. Literary "Some Essay. In about five percent of your sentences (total guess from the grammar police), that makes your idea easier to territorial behavior definition understand. In the other 95 percent, get rid of it! I decided that journalism was a good career for me reads better as I decided journalism was a good career for me. 12. Literary Moral Minima". Replace #8220;thing#8221; with a better word. Usually when we write thing or things, its because we were too lazy to think of a better word.

In every day life, we may ask for that thing over there, but in postmodernism design your writing, calling anything a thing does not help your reader. Try to replace all thing or things with a more descriptive word. 13. Try really hard to spot instances of #8220;very#8221; and Literary Moral Minima", #8220;really#8221; This is a very difficult one to remember. I almost never get it right, until I go back through my copy, and the word jumps out at me, and then I change the is nuclear a renewable resource sentence to This is a difficult one to remember. Because really, how much is that very helping you get your point across? It doesnt make the Literary Analysis: "Some Essay task sound more difficult. Same thing with really. Its not a really difficult tip to remember. Its simply a difficult tip to remember. Got it? Make is sometimes used in the same way as start to, in place of what could be a stronger verb.

For example, I first titled this post, I wrote 25 ways to against gun control make your copy stronger. When I re-read it, I realized the verb wasnt strong. Analysis: Moral. Id used make as the An Overview of Doyle’s The Hound of the Baskervilles Essay verb, when it doesnt tell the reader much at all. So I changed the Analysis: Moral Essay title to 25 ways to essay against gun control strengthen your copy. Eventually I realized tighten was an even better verb. As this UNC handout explains, using the passive voice isnt really wrong. But whenever you have the chances to make your writing clearer, you should and avoiding the passive voice is one of "Some Moral Essay, those instances. I know the passive voice when I see it, but Im bad at explaining it, so Im going to leave that to Grammar Girl. Sexual Orientation And Religion In The. Explaining grammar is "Some Minima" Essay, her specialty. 16. Refer to people as #8220;who#8221; not #8220;that#8221; John is the guy who always forgets his shoes, not the guy that always forgets his shoes.

Its easy to territorial behavior make this mistake because that has become acceptable in everyday conversations. But its more noticeable when its written down. #8220;Currently is virtually always redundant. Literary Analysis: Minima" Essay. Dont write: Tom Jones is currently a communications director. If Tom Jones is anything, hes that at that moment; you dont need currently to and Religion in the Gay Community clarify. Just get rid of it. 18. Eliminate #8220;there is#8221; or #8220;there are#8221; at Minima", the beginning of sentences. This is often a symptom of lazy writing. There are lots of the four principles of natural selection, better, more interesting ways to start sentences. Oops. See how easy it is to make this mistake?

Instead of starting a sentence with there is, try turning the phrase around to include a verb or start with you. For example, replace the sentence above with #8220;Start your sentences in a more interesting way.#8221; If your copy includes a lot of phrases that begin with there is or there are, put some time into rewriting most of them. Bullet points are a popular and effective way to Analysis: "Some Moral organize complex ideas. Just make sure your bullets correspond to one another. Too often, writers mix and match mistakes with what you should do or make transition to shoulds halfway through the post which only confuses the reader. If your piece is called 3 Career Mistakes You Dont Want to Make, heres a bullet point that works: Forgetting to tailor your resume each time you apply for Sexual Orientation, a job. Heres one that doesnt work (because its not actually a mistake the writer inadvertedly switched to what you should do): Make sure you tailor your resume. Analysis: "Some Minima". Often you can turn any idea into a tip by adding a verb. For example: Remember that sitting on your head helps you write better. Make your bullet points consistent and your writing will read more smoothly.

Which sounds more personable: I am heading to the market that is An Overview The Hound, close to Literary Analysis: "Some Essay my house, or Im heading to the market thats close to my house? Contractions make your writing sound friendlier, like youre (not you are) a real person. Sexual And Religion. And that makes it easier to connect with readers. Contractions can also make your post easier to read and comprehend. So go out of your way to include them in your posts! Your editor will thank you. We were starting to or She was skiing toward Whenever you see an ing in your copy, think twice about whether you need it because you probably dont. Literary Analysis: Moral. Instead, get rid of were or was, then eliminate that ing and replace it with past tense: We started to or She skied toward Pruning excessive ings makes your writing clearer and easier to read. 22. Check your commas with that and An Overview The Hound of the Baskervilles, which.

When used as a descriptor, the word which takes a comma. But the word that doesnt. Literary Analysis: Moral Essay. For example: We went to the house that collapsed yesterday or We went to the house, which collapsed yesterday. Confused about when to use that vs. which? Grammar Girl offers a great explanation. 23. Replace #8220;over#8221; with #8220;more than#8221; for numbers. Against Gun Control. Over 200 people did not like your Facebook page more than 200 people did. Of course, everyone will know what you mean if you use over. But using more than is one of those little details that will help your writing shine. Whenever you modify a noun with more than one word, you need a hyphen. Lots of people dont follow this rule, so its a great way to show you actually walk the "Some Moral Essay walk.

That means you need a hyphen if youre writing about full-time work. But you dont need one if youre working full time. Got it? The exception: No need to hyphenate modifiers that end in is nuclear ly. Those are OK on their own. So your newly hired employee doesnt need that hyphen. No matter how good of a writer you are, when you sit down to write a first draft, you have a tendency to spit out Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" Essay sentences in An Overview of Doyle’s Essay a certain way or use certain words. The more familiar you become with editing your own copy, the Moral Minima" more quickly you should be able to of Race, and Religion pick up on your tells.

And, the more ruthless you can be to eliminate them from your writing. #8220;Start to#8221; plagued me while writing my book; I made the start to mistake again and Literary "Some Moral, again. But once I knew to look for it during revisions, I was able to the four principles of natural selection correct it. (Hint: If this is Analysis: "Some Minima" Essay, a problem for postmodernism design, you, try using Words search function to look for start. Youll catch each one, so you can evaluate them individually.) We're a team of writers and editors here to help you create, connect and Literary Analysis: "Some Essay, earn. This course by Danny Iny will teach you how to write great posts, get them published anywhere you want, and benefit from The Hound of the traffic, reputation and sales. Awesome advice! Ironically, #5 contains a duplicate word. Analysis: "Some Moral. #128578; Thanks for territorial, the heads up, Emma! Much appreciated #128578; These are great tips reminders. "Some. I teach a writing class at Sexual Orientation Gay Community, the local college and Analysis: "Some Essay, will share these with my students.

Useful reminders. I started off reading the list feeling quite smug (I know that etc) then gradually became more and An Overview of Doyle’s The Hound Essay, more downhearted as I realised how many ways there are slip up And I#8217;ve even used started off in this brief comment! This post is Analysis: "Some, bookmark-worthy! Thanks for the great tips, TWL! Great advice. Not only will I use it, I will pass it on to my students. Awesome! Cheers, Kate. Thank you for essay gun control, this informative post! It is an excellent tutorial to improve my writing by making it more concise and Literary Analysis: Essay, readable. Against Gun Control. You#8217;ve offered great tips I will refer back to and study.

Thanks, Colleen! I#8217;m glad we could help. Brilliant! Thank you. What a great post! I#8217;m on the second draft of my book, and read heaps of books and articles on Analysis: Moral self-editing. This article had a few points I haven#8217;t seen before. Thanks a billion. This is a great resource!

And I clearly have ALL THE THOUGHTS on it. An Overview Of Doyle’s The Hound Of The Baskervilles. #128578; 1. Don#8217;t use as well as when and will do. Or perhaps #8220;simplify#8221; would be a better tip. 2. Don#8217;t be afraid to end your sentences in prepositions. The original #8220;rule#8221; is for Literary Analysis: Moral, Latin, not English. And the #8220;[preposition] which#8221; construction is wrong at least half the time, if not more. 3. Use indefinite adjectives with caution. Words like some or any can generally be dropped. Of Race, In The. 4. Read out loud. Our brain processes language differently when we read out loud, and this is an excellent way to spot mistakes we might otherwise miss.

Redundancies are often the sign of an Literary Analysis: Moral insecure, unsure, or verbose writer; it#8217;s an An Overview The Hound Baskervilles Essay over-compensation. If you have a phrase that makes you say, #8220;Well, duh,#8221; you#8217;ve got redundancy. e.g. #8220;I thought in my head.#8221; Where else are your thoughts? The UNC passive voice link leads to a 404 page. As a passive voice champion (it#8217;s overused, yes, but more because we don#8217;t understand it, not because it#8217;s wrong), I recommend this passive voice infographic for "Some Moral, a quick and postmodernism design, easy look at Literary "Some Moral Minima" Essay, what it is and does. So I can end my sentences in prepositions? I fell I have been set free! Oh my! I had no idea. I#8217;ve never read an article on is nuclear resource editing I found useful. My writing#8217;s quite bad and I publish every blog post at first draft.

This article and the resource URLs has increased my confidence level. I#8217;m certain to improve my writing skills. Thanks for Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" Essay, sharing these valuable tips with your readers. Thanks so much for of Doyle’s Baskervilles Essay, the kind words, Eddie! This is really interesting. Analysis: Moral. I enjoy learning new grammar rules and learning more concrete ways to behavior definition engage in writing in "Some Moral Minima" Essay order to make it better and behavior definition, stronger. And I#8217;ve heard of the #8220;don#8217;t use too many adverbs#8221; rule in the past. Moral Minima" Essay. They#8217;re everywhere!! haha.

Thanks for this list! Great advice! I just scanned my WIP for postmodernism, #8220;start#8221; and got rid of a bunch. I found #8220;Perry and "Some Minima" Essay, I together#8221; too. What IS that. *highlight, delete, rewrite* Thanks for these tips! I have been revising and the four principles of natural selection, editing my book for a few days now, and reading this post has given me a better way to target my editing efforts. Literary Minima" Essay. It#8217;s easy for me to edit other people#8217;s work, but I have always struggled with editing my own (mainly because I procrastinated and territorial definition, didn#8217;t leave time to edit while in school). Literary "Some Moral Minima" Essay. My struggles are with #8220;really,#8221; #8220;the fact of the matter is,#8221; #8220;so,#8221; using #8220;that#8221; when it#8217;s not necessary, and changing voice.

I will be returning to this post again before I#8217;m ready to publish! I#8217;m glad it helped, Erica! I agree, it#8217;s always harder to edit your own work. Good luck with your revisions! Bookmark-worthy. I hardly thought this topic could make me laugh, but you managed it! Nice work! I#8217;m glad we could make you laugh, and that we#8217;ve made your bookmarks list! #8 needs correcting: Sometimes a prepositional phrases can be replaced with just one more direct word, or cut completely. Otherwise, this was a good post-well written and practical. Thanks for sharing. Thanks for catching that, Alice!

Superb! I#8217;ve bookmarked this page. You can be sure I#8217;ll read it 25 times every day. I#8217;m glad you like the postmodernism article and Analysis: "Some Moral Essay, that it has made your bookmarks! Thanks, Diya!

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Milk Process Automation In Dairy System Using Plc-Scada. As we have selected 'MILK PROCESS AUTOMATION IN DAIRY SYSTEM USING PLC and Analysis: "Some Essay, SCADA' after observing a lot of projects, because we have observed that automation is widely used in most of the companies for various processes. In today's generation it is needed in each field. Thus all the of natural, process needs a few operators to control automation. Many processes are done in a dairy so to operate and control the processes need many operators. Our aim is to Literary Analysis: Moral Minima" Essay reduce operators and to save time and money. This will be achieved by automation and we have use PLC and SCADA in this project for automation. SCADA is the of Doyle’s The Hound Essay, software for this process. In dairy process, first of all raw milk will be collected in the tank. Then after filtration and clarification of milk will be done and collect into Literary Moral Minima" a balanced tank. After that pasteurization of milk will be done.

Further, the behavior, process of separation of milk takes place and next standardization of "Some milk will be done. In standardization, milk will standardize in different quality. Of Race, In The. Now after packing process will take place. In packing process, this different quality of milk will be packed in bottle. This all processes are done with automation using PLC and SCADA.

At last we will get different quality of milk in bottle like Silver, gold, platinum etc. Here, we shall conclude that we have different quality milk in bottle from raw milk in real time with automation process. The first ideas about fully automating the milking process were generated in the mid seventies. Cost of labour in several countries was growing and this was one of the main reasons to start the development of automation around milking. The first applications were automatic concentrate feeders. "Some Moral Minima" Essay. A further step in the automation of milking parlors was the development of automatic cluster removers. In the early eighties, automation in milking parlors was expanded with the development of against gun control milk yield recording equipment and sensors to Analysis: Moral Essay detect udder health problems. All these developments and new milking technology reduces the labour input during milking, resulting in a higher output per man-hour. The final step in the automation development seemed to be the development of An Overview The Hound of the automatic teat cup attachment systems.

The idea of course was to develop a fully automated automatic milking system. An Automatic milking system is in use for 24 hours per day, needs adjusted cleaning and cooling procedures, complicates visual control and the milking frequency varies from cow to cow and from day to "Some Essay day. One of the aspects affected by automatic milking is milk quality. The quality of milk is a very important aspect of milk production. Milk payment systems and consumer acceptance are, to An Overview of Doyle’s a great extent, based on it. Automatic milking is Analysis: a fully automated process. Visual control of the milk is not possible as during conventional milking. Therefore, the milk quality needs to be managed in territorial, a different manner. Several devices such as sensors for conductivity, color and temperature of the Literary Analysis: "Some Minima", milk, yield measurement and machine on time figures are integrated and inform the farmer on the status of the milk. We only know that in India there are huge numbers of people depends on is nuclear a renewable resource, milk giving animals.

They supply milk to Dairies and it reaches to us in the form of various milk products like cheese, milk, butter, milk powder and so on. Actually what happens to the milk, how it is processed? What makes the milk conducive to "Some Minima" Essay health? What treatment it receives? And how various milk products are prepared? Even though with modern automation in place, the need to configure design process itself, specifically looking at methodologies for generating optimal dairy processing. Flow sheets over a range of scales, from raw milk to final product and packaging, are most sought after. Automation is delegation of human control functions to technical equipment for increasing productivity, better quality, increase safety in working conditions reducing manpower reduced cost. Is Nuclear. Manufacturing of products under the control of computers and programmable controllers, manufacturing assembly lines as well as stand-alone machine tools (CNC machines) and robotic devices can be used for "Some Essay, dairy automation.

Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) and Supervisory Control and a renewable resource, Data Acquisition (SCADA) in combination attract the Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" Essay, need of the project for its capability to provide over all fast and reliable control for large process automation needs. Automation in various process industries using PLC and SCADA has gained high importance due to efficient reliable control. Dairy industry is one area in which automation plays an important role to design control, automate and stream line the process. Modern day dairy plants are capable of processing large volume of products, from raw milk to final packaging of Analysis: Moral Minima" various milk based products. The dairy industry is divided into two main production areas: ' Primary production of milk in farms. ' Processing of territorial milk The aim of this project is to study the dairy process automation, to suggest any scope of Analysis: Moral Minima" improvement in the milk processing and packaging and to implement them using PLC SCADA.

Brief History Of Work. 2.1 History Of PLC. The first PLC can be traced back to 1968 when Bedford Associates, a company in Bedford, MA, developed a device called a Modular Digital Controller for General Motors (GM). The MODICON, as it was known, was developed to help GM eliminate traditional relay-based machine control systems. Gun Control. Because relays are mechanical devices, they have limited lifetimes. They are also cumbersome, especially in large applications where thousands of them may exist. Literary Minima". With so many relays to work with, wiring and troubleshooting could be quite complicated. Since the MODICON was an electronic device, not a mechanical one, it was perfect for GM's requirements, as well as for many other manufacturers and users of control equipment.

With less wiring, simpler troubleshooting, and easy programming, PLC technology caught on the four of natural selection, quickly. PLCs are often defined as miniature industrial computers that contain hardware and software that is used to perform control functions. A PLC consists of two basic sections: the Literary Analysis: Minima" Essay, central processing unit (CPU) and postmodernism, the input/output interface system. The CPU, which controls all PLC activity, can further be broken down into the processor and memory system. The input/output system is physically connected to field devices (e.g., switches, sensors, etc.) and provides the interface between the CPU and the information providers (inputs) and controllable devices (outputs). PLCs can be divided into at least three categories: ' Full-size, for Literary Analysis: "Some Moral, top level applications requiring fast program execution with very short instruction cycle times. They are capable of supporting several CPUs for multiprocessing to provide more processing power. They offer the TCP/IP communication capability over general purpose networks to the supervisory workstations, and design, support field bus data transmission with equipment controllers. ' Middle-size, intended for industrial automated systems of Literary "Some medium power.

They offer a large choice of analog and digital input/output modules. They are usually connected to resource a field bus on Literary Analysis: "Some, one side and to the equipment on the other side; their speed is not an important parameter, the amount of data transferred is small and the average price per function is a renewable low. ' Small or micro-size, for direct interface with sensors and actuators. They are very simple electrically and mechanically and are sometimes integrated with the intelligent sensor itself, they are characterized by short reaction times and Literary Analysis: "Some Minima" Essay, they transfer a small amount of data. To operate, the CPU reads input data from connected field devices through the use of its input interfaces, and then executes, or performs the control program that has been stored in its memory system. Programs are typically created in ladder logic, a language that closely resembles a relay-based wiring schematic, and are entered into the CPU's memory prior to operation. Orientation. Finally, based on the program, the PLC writes, or updates output devices via the output interfaces. This process, also known as scanning, continues in the same sequence without interruption, and Moral Minima", changes only when a change is made to essay gun control the control program. As PLC technology has advanced, so have programming languages and communications capabilities, along with many other important features. Minima" Essay. Today's PLCs offer faster scan times, space efficient high-density input/output systems, and special interfaces to allow non-traditional devices to against gun control be attached directly to the PLC. Not only can they communicate with other control systems, they can also perform reporting functions and Analysis: Essay, diagnose their own failures, as well as the failure of a machine or process.

When you consider all of the advances PLCs have made and all the An Overview of Doyle’s Baskervilles Essay, benefits they offer, it's easy to see how they've become a standard in the industry, and why they will most likely continue their success in the future. 2.1. (A) Interacting With PLCs. Occasionally, users will need to interact with the PLC to program or configure it. They also need a means through which the Analysis:, PLC can communicate errors or alarms. Users interface with PLCs in a number of ways.

All PLCs include ports or network capabilities through which they can receive the user programming. For other interactions, some PLCs employ a series of switches or LEDs, while others use a text-based display. Still others employ a web-based interface that connects with users through a PC. PLCs are finding their application in of Race, Sexual Orientation in the Gay Community, accelerators, technical services, experiments and in Analysis: "Some Minima", the laboratory for equipment test-beds. The technical requirements of the accelerators, the An Overview The Hound Baskervilles, technical services and the experiments are mostly the same. Thus, a range of Literary Essay PLC products is needed for general purpose applications in a large diversity of fields such as electricity, water, gas, cryogenics, cooling, ventilation, process control, magnet control, machinery, personnel access and safety systems. It is planned to design use PLCs for accelerator specific systems like: interlocks for main magnet power supplies, beam targets, dumps, stoppers, collimators, aperture limiters and Minima", beam extraction electronics. 2.2 Diagram Of Process Flow Chart. Figure.2.0 Process Flow.

2.3 Process Flow. Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals. It is the primary source of of Race, Gay Community nutrition for young mammals before they are able to digest other types of food. Early-lactation milk contains colostrums, which carries the mother's antibodies to the baby and can reduce the risk of Analysis: Minima" many diseases in the baby. It also contains many other nutrients. As an agricultural product, milk is extracted from mammals during or soon after pregnancy and used as food for humans. Worldwide, dairy farms produced about 730 million ton of milk in territorial, 2011. India is the world's largest producer and consumer of Analysis: Moral Minima" milk, yet neither exports nor imports milk. New Zealand, the European Union's 28 member states, Australia, and essay against gun control, the United States are the Literary "Some Minima" Essay, world's largest exporters of milk and milk products. China and Russia are the a renewable resource, world's largest importers of milk and milk products. Throughout the world, there are more than 6 billion consumers of milk and milk products.

Over 750 million people live within dairy farming households. Milk is a key contributor to Literary "Some Essay improving nutrition and The Intersection of Race, Sexual in the, food security particularly in developing countries. Improvements in livestock and Analysis: Moral Minima" Essay, dairy technology offer significant promise in essay against, reducing poverty and malnutrition in the world. Despite all the preventive hygiene measures, the raw milk delivered to dairies by agricultural businesses still contains unwanted foreign substances ' such as somatic cells and blood from the udders, contaminants from the air and dirt from Literary Moral Minima" contact with the milking machines, the milk lines and the transport vehicles. The flow chart involves the various following processes:

1. Milk receipt tank. 2. Principles Of Natural. Filter and clarification. The each and every above process is briefly explained as follows: 1. Milk Receipt Tank: This tank consists of the Literary "Some Essay, milk that is selection brought to the industry from source like farms. Minima". Here the principles, milk is just stored and Minima" Essay, care is behavior taken that the stored milk is Literary Minima" Essay safe and essay, will then further it is taken for the further process.

Separation and clarification can be done at the same time in one centrifuge. Particles, which are more dense than the continuous milk phase, are thrown back to the perimeter. The solids that collect in the centrifuge consist of dirt, epithelial cells, leucocytes, corpuscles, bacteria sediment and sludge. The amount of solids that collect will vary, however, it must be removed from the Literary "Some Essay, centrifuge. More modern centrifuges are self-cleaning allowing a continuous separation/clarification process. This type of centrifuge consists of essay against gun control a specially constructed bowl with peripheral discharge slots. Minima" Essay. These slots are kept closed under pressure. With a momentary release of pressure, for about 0.15 s, the contents of sediment space are evacuated.

This can mean anywhere from 8 to 25 L are ejected at Intervals Of 60 Min. For One Dairy, Self-Cleaning Translated To A Loss Of 50 L/Hr Of Milk. Filtered milk (UF milk) is a sub classification of milk protein concentrate that is produced by passing milk under pressure through a thin, porous membrane to separate the components of selection milk according to their size, permitting greater efficiency in cheese making. Specifically, filtration allows the smaller lactose, water, mineral, and Analysis: Moral Essay, vitamin molecules to pass through the membrane, while the larger protein and fat molecule are retained and concentrated. Territorial Definition. The removal of water and lactose reduces the volume of milk, and thereby lowers its transportation and storage costs. Filtration makes cheese manufacturing more efficient and can benefit consumers if cost savings are passed on. Pasteurization or pasteurization is a process of Literary Moral Minima" heating a food, which is usually a liquid, to a specific temperature for a predefined length of behavior definition time and then immediately cooling it after it is removed from the heat. This process slows spoilage caused by microbial growth in Moral, the food. Unlike sterilization, pasteurization is not intended to essay against gun control kill all micro-organisms in Literary Analysis: Minima", the food. Design. Instead, it aims to reduce the number of viable pathogens so they are unlikely to "Some Minima" Essay cause disease (assuming the pasteurized product is stored as indicated and is consumed before its expiry date).

Commercial-scale sterilization of food is not common because it adversely affects the taste and The Intersection of Race, Orientation and Religion Gay Community, quality of the Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Minima", product. Certain foods, such as dairy products, may be superheated to ensure pathogenic microbes are destroyed. Milk should be clarified by separators to principles of natural improve milk quality ' for Literary Analysis: "Some, good reason: As a basic food, milk is essay gun control subject to national and international laws. The aim of Analysis: "Some Moral these laws is to essay against ensure that milk and dairy products are brought into Literary "Some Minima" Essay circulation only in perfect condition which will not harm health. Centrifuges can be used to separate the cream from the skim milk. Under the influence of territorial definition centrifugal force the fat globules (cream), which are less dense than the skim milk, move inwards through the Literary "Some Moral, separation channels toward the of Doyle’s The Hound of the Baskervilles, axis of rotation.

The skim milk will move outwards and leaves through a separate outlet. The streams of Literary "Some Minima" skim and essay gun control, cream after separation must be recombined to a specified fat content. This can be done by adjusting the throttling valve of the cream outlet; if the valve is completely closed, all milk will be discharged through the skim milk outlet. As the valve is Moral Minima" Essay progressively opened, larger amounts of cream with diminishing fat contents are discharged from the cream outlet. With direct standardization the cream and skim are automatically remixed at The Intersection of Race, Orientation the separator to provide the "Some Minima" Essay, desired fat content. 3.1 What Is Automation? Automation is the use of of natural selection various control system for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat treating ovens, switching in telephone networks, steering and stabilization of ships or aircraft and other applications with minimal or reduced human intervention.

Some processes have been completely automated. The biggest benefit of automation is that it saves labor; however, it is also used to save energy and materials and to improve quality, accuracy and precision. The term automation, inspired by the earlier word automatic was not widely used before 1947, when General Motors established the automation department. It was during this time that industry was rapidly adopting feedback controllers, which were introduced in the 1930s. Automation has been achieved by various means including mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, and electronic and computers, usually in combination. Complicated systems, such as modern factories, airplanes and ships typically use all these combined techniques. 3.2 Types Of Automations. a. Feedback control. b. Sequential control and logical sequence control. c. Computer control. a. Feedback Control.

Feedback control is accomplished with a controller. To function properly a controller must provide correction in a manner that maintains stability. Maintaining stability is a principle objective of control theory. As an example of feedback control, consider a steam coil air heater in which a temperature sensor measures the temperature of the heated air, which is the Literary Moral Minima", measured variable. An Overview Of Doyle’s The Hound Of The Essay. This signal is constantly fed back to the controller, which compares it to the desired setting (set point). The controller calculates the difference (error) then calculates a correction and sends the Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Essay, correction signal to adjust the air pressure to a diaphragm that moves a positioned on the steam valve, opening or closing it by the calculated amount. All the elements constituting the measurement and control of The Intersection Orientation and Religion in the a single variable are called a control loop. The complexities of this are that the quantities involved are all of different physical types; the temperature sensor signal may be electrical or pressure from an enclosed fluid, the controller may employ pneumatic, hydraulic, mechanical or electronic techniques to sense the error and send a signal to adjust the air pressure.

The first controllers used analog methods to Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" perform their calculations. Analog methods were also used in The Intersection of Race, Sexual Orientation in the Gay Community, solving differential equations of control theory. The electronic analog computer was developed to solve control type problems and electronic analog controllers were also developed. Analog computers were displaced by digital computers when they became widely available. Common applications of feedback control are control of temperature, pressure, flow, speed. B. Sequential Control And Logical Sequence Control. Sequential control may be either to a fixed sequence or to a logical one that will perform different actions depending on various system states.

An example of a adjustable but otherwise fixed sequence is a timer on a lawn sprinkler. An elevator is an example that uses logic based on Literary Analysis: Moral Minima" Essay, the system states. A basic form of a renewable sequential control is relay logic by which electrical relays engage electrical contacts which either start or interrupt power to a device. Relay logic was developed when starting and stopping industrial sized electric motors, opening and closing solenoid valves and starting and stopping other devices was done with relays, timers and other electrical hardware. More complicated examples involve start up and shut down sequences for equipment, in "Some Moral Minima", which a number of safety precautions can be taken by An Overview of Doyle’s Baskervilles, good design of Literary Analysis: Moral Minima" Essay control logic. The number of is nuclear a renewable relays, cam timers and drum sequencers can number into the hundreds or even thousands in some factories. Special computers called programmable logic controllers were designed to Literary Analysis: "Some Minima" replace many of these hardware items and to add a higher level of principles selection functionality. In a typical hard wired motor start and stop circuit (called a control circuit) a motor is started by pushing a Start or Run button that activates a pair of electrical relays. The lock-in relay locks in contacts that keep the control circuit energized when the push button is Literary Analysis: "Some Minima" released. (The start button is a normally open contact and the stop button is normally closed contact.). Another relay energizes a switch that powers the device that throws the motor starter switch (three sets of a renewable resource contacts for three phase industrial power) in the main power circuit. (Note: Large motors use high voltage and experience high in-rush current, making speed important in making and Analysis: Moral Minima", breaking contact.

This can be dangerous for personnel and property with manual switches.). All contacts are held engaged by their respective electromagnets until a stop or off button is pressed that de-energizes the lock in relay. See diagram: Motor Starters Hand-Off-auto With Start-Stop. c. Computer Control. Computers can perform both sequential control and feedback control, and typically a single computer will do both in an industrial application.

Programmable logic controllers (PLCs) are a type of the four of natural special purpose microprocessor that replaced many hardware components such as timers and Literary Analysis: Minima", drum sequencers used in territorial definition, relay logic. General purpose process control computers have increasingly replaced stand alone controllers, with a single computer able to Literary Minima" perform the operations of hundreds of controllers. Process control computers can process data from a network of The Intersection of Race, Orientation in the PLCs, instruments and Moral Essay, controllers in The Intersection of Race, Orientation in the Gay Community, order to Analysis: Moral implement typical (such as PID) control of a renewable many individual variables or, in some cases, to implement complex control algorithms using multiple inputs and Literary Analysis: "Some Essay, mathematical manipulations. They can also analyze data and create real time graphical displays for is nuclear a renewable, operators and run reports for engineers and Literary Moral, management. Control of an automated teller machine (ATM) is a example of an interactive process in which a computer will perform a logic derived response to a user selection based on information retrieved from a networked database. The ATM process has a lot of similarities to other online transaction processes. The different logical responses are called scenarios. Such processes are typically designed with the aid of use cases and flowcharts, which guide the writing of the software code. 3.3 Different Control Systems Used In Automation.

a. HMI Controller based control system. b. Of Race, Sexual Gay Community. DCS based Control system. c. Literary Analysis: Minima" Essay. PC based control system. d. PLC Based automation system. a. Human Machine Interface (HMI) In complex systems, the human-machine interface is typically computerized. A Renewable Resource. The term Human-computer interface refers to this kind of systems.

The engineering of the human-machine interfaces is by considering ergonomics (Human Factors). Analysis: Moral Minima". The corresponding disciplines are Human Factors Engineering (HFE) and Usability Engineering (UE), which is part of Systems Engineering. Tools used for incorporating the human factors in the interface design are developed based on knowledge of a renewable resource computer science, such as computer graphics, operating systems, programming languages. Nowadays, we use the expression Graphical User Interface for Human-Machine Interface on computers, as nearly all of them are now using graphics. Primary methods used in the interface design include prototyping and simulation. b. Distributed Control System (DCS) A distributed control system refers to a control system usually of a manufacturing system, process or any kind of "Some Moral Essay dynamic system, in which the against gun control, controller elements are not central in location (like the brain) but are distributed throughout the system with each component sub-system controlled by one or more controllers. c. PC Based Control System. Compact, low-cost and yet advanced process-control engineering can be achieved based on "Some Minima" Essay, Programmable Controllers.

d. PLC Based Automation System. PLC Automation panels are used in Process Control application in of Doyle’s The Hound Baskervilles, industries such as . Steel / Aluminum / Wire and Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Essay, Cable / Tyre Tube / Packaging / Plastic / Polyfilms / Pharmaceuticals / Defense / Automobile / Power Plant / Marine / LPG Gas Oil / Cement / In fracture / Crane Automation etc. Programmable Logic Controller. A Programmable Logic Controller, PLC or Programmable Controller is a digital computer used for definition, automation of electromechanical processes, such as control of machinery on factory assembly lines, amusement rides, or light fixtures. The abbreviation PLC and the term Programmable Logic Controller are registered trademarks of the Allen-Bradley Company (Rockwell Automation). PLCs are used in many industries and "Some, machines.

Unlike general-purpose computers, the PLC is designed for multiple inputs and output arrangements, extended temperature ranges, immunity to is nuclear a renewable electrical noise, and "Some, resistance to vibration and of natural, impact. In essence, a programmable logic controller reads its input signals and responds to them by turning the output modules on or off. It functions under the Literary Analysis: Minima" Essay, classic if/then scenario, only on The Hound of the, a much more complicated scale since it controls multiple input and output devices, all of which must be responded to immediately and constantly as designated by the user program. The unit's output modules usually consist of devices like lights, switches, starters, valves, solenoids, and displays. Programs to control machine operation are typically stored in battery-backed-up or non-volatile memory. A PLC is an Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" Essay, example of a hard real time system since output results must be produced in response to input conditions within a limited time, otherwise unintended operation will result. PLCs are incredibly valuable pieces of technology, since a single unit can often replace hundreds or thousands of relays. Though they were originally designed for the automotive industry, PLCs have since been implemented in a number of different fields. In large part, the An Overview of Doyle’s of the Baskervilles, automation processes in most modern factories are facilitated by PLCs. These devices are designed to follow their programming instructions precisely, which is especially vital in Literary Analysis: "Some Essay, a factory assembly line setting where a small mistake or miscalculation can result in costly errors. Some PLCs function on a very basic level; others are capable of controlling higher-level, more complicated processes.

They can be used for a wide variety of territorial behavior definition input/output functions and timing applications. Literary "Some Moral Minima". They also offer motion control and complex networking capabilities. Figure-4.1 Multiple Inputs And Multiple Outputs PLC. 4.1. The Intersection Orientation And Religion. (A) PLCs Are Preferred Because: 1) Consistency in manufacturing can be easily achieved. 2) Complete control of the manufacturing process can be achieved. 3) Accuracy and quality can be improved. 4) Productivity can be improved. 5) Makes it easy to work in difficult or hazardous environment. 4.2 Why PLC Is Used In Automation? PLC play a vital role in automaton, programmable logic controller device can manage and control entire industry to produce better and quick Response.

A PLC is Analysis: Minima" Essay a digital computer used for automation of industrial processes, like controlling machinery or factory assembly lines. Unlike desktop computers, PLCs are have multiple inputs and outputs, operate under extended temperature ranges, have immunity to behavior electrical noise, and have resistance to vibration and impact. Programs to control machine operation are usually stored in battery-backed or non-volatile memory. The main difference between PLC and other computer is that plc has multiple inputs and outputs then can do multiple works at moments, you can produce more output quickly. 1. Less cost to implement: For the cost of relays and timers to automate about 3 lines for conveying product from finishing machine to packaging machine, you could pay for a PLC to do the same job. In general, a PLC system would make production more flexible and responsive. 2. Literary "Some Moral Essay. Reliability: Relays and Electro-mechanical timers (magnetic control), are susceptible to territorial behavior definition electrical / mechanical failure. With PLCs the control logic is non-mechanical, (solid state). And with the PLC, you can program extra logic to monitor and test itself for possible failure at no extra cost. This would make safety circuits more safe, and Moral Minima" Essay, reduce process variability. With PLC control you could increase compatibility with existing equipment, scalability, improving ease of is nuclear a renewable resource use, and Literary Analysis: "Some Minima", providing a common look and feel.

3. Speed: The PLC can speed up operation of machines that you could not obtain with that old out design, dated relay logic. Analysis: "Some. Control logic makes decisions more accurate and faster than a human operator could hope to achieve. Timers can be set to hundredths of a second to compensate for external variables, and enhance safety. 4. Greater functionality: PLCs have the ability to compare real-time values and resource, make decisions based on that comparison. They can do complex mathematical functions, and adjust the machine accordingly.

The greater functionality allows you to design logic that can automatically adjust for different machine products, there by reducing downtime for setups and Literary Analysis: Moral Minima" Essay, machine change over. 5. Safety: In the past with relay control logic, safety circuit implementation was weighed out on a cost verses likely hood method. In other words, the basic emergency stop button, relying on The Intersection Sexual Orientation and Religion Gay Community, operators to stop the machine before an accident occurred. Usually do to distractions and slow reaction time of humans, the button wasn't pressed until after the damage was done. With PLCs, you can cover 99% of all the possible safety risk, and the only cost is the Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" Essay, time it takes to add a few rungs of logic to in the your program. "Some Minima" Essay. Safety curtains are about the most expensive item, but well under the a renewable resource, cost of an accident. Using the PLC to monitor safety risks is equivalent to having a full time employee watching, but with quicker reaction time than any human. 6. Less downtime: Downtime can be broken down in to two separate areas. Scheduled and non scheduled. DuPont has been quoted as saying: Maintenance is the Literary Essay, single largest controllable cost opportunity, representing $100-$300 million per year corporate-wide. Scheduled down time will be less if that time is for machine modifications, which require less work with PLCs.

Some of the preventive maintenance can be automated through the postmodernism, PLC to even further reduce down time. Unscheduled downtime can be broken down (no pun intended), further into two groups: Troubleshooting and repair. The more complex our systems become, the more beneficial it is to write logic that will not only Literary Moral Minima" Essay isolate failures but also indicate potential failures that may occur in the near future.The trouble shooting down time can be reduced by postmodernism, 90%. This is accomplished by utilizing the sensors already in place, to do testing through PLC logic to isolate where trouble is originating. Repair is usually only "Some a fraction of the time it takes to find the problem. It's not uncommon to spend hours tracking down a limit switch that is bent, or a dirty proximity sensor. The cost to find the problem is more expensive than the cost to repair it. With PLCs the The Hound Baskervilles, cost to find the problem is Analysis: Moral Minima" Essay greatly reduced. A PLC has following sections and each section has unique job to perform.

1) The sensing section. This section consists of limit switches, photoelectric sensors, push buttons etc. Resource. These incoming hardware devices provides input signal to the PLC. Literary Analysis: Moral Minima". These devices are also called as field input devices. The term 'field input is used because this device provides incoming signals that are tangible items that you physically connect to postmodernism design PLC. Figure-4.2 Sensing Section Of PLC Source. 2) Input section. This section is majorly divided into Literary "Some Minima" 2 parts: First, the physical screw terminals, where incoming signal (i.e. input), from the field input devices (e.g. limit switch) are connected to the PLC. The second portion of the input section is the PLC's internal conversion electronics.

This section converts and The Intersection of Race, Sexual Orientation and Religion, isolates the high-voltage input level from Literary Essay field input devices. High-voltage signals from field input devices are converted to The Intersection of Race, and Religion +5 volts direct current (VDC) for Literary Analysis: "Some, a valid ON input signal, and selection, a 0 VDC for a valid OFF input signal. Analysis: Moral. Incoming signal conversion and isolation is necessary because microprocessor components operate on +5 VDC, whereas an input signal may be of 24 VDC, 120 volts alternating current (VAC), or 220 VDC. If 120 VAC signal is inputted, for example, into is nuclear resource 5 VDC, circuit will quickly destroy your PLC. The controller is also known as central processing unit (CPU), or simply as the processor. Central processing unit controls or supervises the entire process. The central processing unit solves the user program and Literary "Some Moral Minima", apparently updates the status of the outputs. The programmer is a device used by the programmer or operator to enter or edit program instructions or data. The programmer can be handheld unit, a personal computer, or an industrial computer programming terminal. 5) Output section. The ON or OFF status of the inputs are read and principles of natural selection, the information is used to solve the user ladder program and Analysis: "Some Minima", the updated signals is is nuclear sent to the output section.

The output section is Analysis: Moral Minima" Essay simply a series of switches, one for each output point, that are controlled by postmodernism design, CPU and are used to turn output field devices ON or OFF. Figure-4.3 Input and output section. 6) Field hardware devices. The devices that are controlled by the PLC's output section screw terminals are the field hardware devices. 4.2.(b) How does a PLC work?

Microprocessor is the heart of any computer; it is also called as processor, or CPU. The central processing unit supervises system control through the "Some Moral Minima", user program. Of Doyle’s The Hound Of The. After reading the input signal, the CPU follows the instructions, that a programmer or operator has stored in the PLC's memory. Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Essay. Depending upon the result of the solved program, the field control devices or outputs are turned ON or OFF. When the An Overview of Doyle’s of the, PLC is running and following the programmer's instructions, it is called as solving the Analysis: Minima" Essay, program. 4.2. (c) How can we register instructions into An Overview The Hound the PLC's memory? The instructions which we want our PLC to carry out can be transferred to the controller memory using either handheld programmer or a personal computer. The first step is to develop the user ladder program. Literary Analysis: Moral Minima". Once the user ladder program is verified for correctness, the next step is to download the program into Orientation in the the processor's memory. The process of transferring the user defined PLC program from Analysis: "Some Moral Essay personal computer's memory into PLC memory is called as downloading the program. But before downloading the postmodernism design, user program, the processor must be in Moral Minima", program mode.

Now, if all the inputs and outputs signals are wired to the correct screw terminals, the processor can be put in run mode. In run mode, the program will continuously run and solve the programmed instructions. The process of solving the programmed instruction is sometime called as solving the logic. This constant running of the program in a PLC is called as scanning. 4.2.(d) The PLC's purpose. The PLC is An Overview of Doyle’s Baskervilles primarily used to control machinery.

A program is written for the PLC which turns on and off outputs based on Analysis: "Some Minima" Essay, input conditions and the internal program. In this aspect, a PLC is similar to a computer. Definition. However, a PLC is Analysis: "Some designed to be programmed once, and run repeatedly as needed. In fact, a crafty programmer could use a PLC to control not only simple devices such as a garage door opener, but their whole house, including switching lights on and off at postmodernism certain times, monitoring a custom built security system, etc. Most commonly, a PLC is found inside of a machine in an industrial environment. A PLC can run an automatic machine for years with little human intervention. They are designed to withstand most harsh environments. PLCs have built in Literary Moral Essay, communications ports, usually 9-pin RS-232, but optionally EIA-485 or Ethernet.

Modbus, BACnet or DF1 is usually included as one of the communications protocols. Essay Gun Control. Other options include various field buses such as DeviceNet or Profibus. Other communications protocols that may be used are listed in the List of automation protocols. Most modern PLCs can communicate over a network to some other system, such as a computer running a SCADA (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition) system. PLCs used in larger I/O systems may have peer-to-peer (P2P) communication between processors. This allows separate parts of a complex process to have individual control while allowing the subsystems to co-ordinate over the communication link.

These communication links are also often used for HMI devices such as keypads or PC-type workstations. Technicians or other users write unique programs that direct the Literary "Some Moral, function of the PLC. The programs are written on is nuclear resource, a PC in one of the Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" Essay, standard programming languages and territorial behavior definition, then downloaded to the PLC directly through a cable or over Literary Analysis: Moral Minima", a local network. The information is then stored in the PLC's memory. The program is stored in the PLC either in battery-backed-up RAM or some other non-volatile flash memory. Often, a single PLC can be programmed to essay gun control replace thousands of relays. PLCs can be programmed using standards-based programming languages. A graphical programming notation called Sequential Function Charts is available on certain programmable controllers.

Initially most PLCs utilized Ladder Logic Diagram Programming, a model which emulated electromechanical control panel devices (such as the contact and coils of relays) which PLCs replaced. This model remains common today. The most frequently used programming language for PLCs is "Some Moral Essay ladder logic; however, other languages are also common. Is Nuclear A Renewable. The table below explains each of the five languages most often used for PLC programming. Programming Language Description. Ladder Logic Ladder logic is "Some Minima" Essay a graphical language that includes math operations, timers, counters, and similar functions. Function Block Diagram Function block diagram is a programming language that illustrates data flow and signal paths. It aptly expresses the relationships between control system algorithms. Structured Text Structured text is a text language that is highly structured and supports a broad spectrum of postmodernism design functions. It is similar to the programming language PASCAL.

Instruction List Instruction list is Literary Minima" a simple assembly language, and it is widely used in PLCs. Sequential Function Chart Sequential function chart is a highly structured language and is best for complicated control systems. It manages complex tasks by dividing them into smaller tasks. 4.5 Basic PLC Operation. PLCs consist of An Overview The Hound Baskervilles Essay input modules or points, a Central Processing Unit (CPU), and output modules or points. An input accepts a variety of digital or analog signals from various field devices (sensors) and converts them into a logic signal that can be used by Analysis: "Some Minima" Essay, the CPU. The CPU makes decisions and executes control instructions based on postmodernism design, program instructions in memory. Literary. Output modules convert control instructions from the CPU into a digital or analog signal that can be used to control various field devices (actuators). A programming device is used to input the An Overview of Doyle’s The Hound Baskervilles, desired instructions.

These instructions determine what the PLC will do for a specific input. An operator interface device allows process information to be displayed and new control parameters to be entered. Figure-4.4 Scan cycle of PLC. (Source: If input power fails and Literary Analysis: "Some Minima" Essay, power supply can no longer deliver voltage to the system; power backup preserves any program that has been inserted into the CPU RAM. Power Supply - This module can be built into the PLC processor module or be an external unit. Common voltage levels required by the PLC are 5Vdc, 24Vdc, 220Vac. The voltage lends are stabilized and An Overview of Doyle’s The Hound, often the PS monitors its own health.

The power supply gives the voltage required for Literary Analysis: Moral Essay, electronics module (I/O Logic signals, CPU, memory unit and peripheral devices) of the PLC from the line supply. The power supply provides isolation necessary to protect the solid state devices from most high voltage line spikes. As I/O is expanded, some PLC may require additional power supplies in order to territorial maintain proper power levels. Figure- 4.5 Block Diagram of PLC. (Source: www. plc-scada.html)

Pushbuttons (sensors), in this simple example, connected to Analysis: "Some Moral Essay PLC inputs, can be used to start and Baskervilles Essay, stop a motor connected to a PLC through a motor starter (actuator). Figure-4.6 Motor Start/Stop Using PLC. Figure- 4.7 Types of PLC. 4.6 Advantages Of PLC. The same, as well as more complex tasks can be done with a PLC. Wiring between devices and relay contacts is Analysis: Moral done in of natural, the PLC program. Hard-wiring, though still required to connect field devices, is less intensive. Modifying the application and correcting errors are easier to handle.

It is easier to create and change a program in Literary Analysis: Essay, a PLC than it is to The Intersection Sexual and Religion in the wire and rewire a circuit. Following are just a few of the advantages of PLCs: ' Smaller physical size than hard-wire solutions. ' Easier and faster to Literary Analysis: Moral Minima" make changes. ' PLCs have integrated diagnostics and override functions. ' Diagnostics are centrally available. ' Applications can be immediately documented. ' Applications can be duplicated faster and less expensively. ' Reliability in operation. ' They are attractive on Cost-Per-Point Basis.

' Flexibility in control techniques. ' Flexibility in programming and reprogramming in the plant. ' Cost effective for controlling complex systems. 4.7 Disadvantages Of Programmable Logic Controller. 1. There's too much work required in connecting wires.

2. There's difficulty with changes or replacements. 3. Of Natural Selection. It's always difficult to find errors and require skillful work force. 4. When a problem occurs, hold-up time is indefinite, usually long. 4.8 PLC Vs Microcontroller. Microcontrollers (MCU) are complete computer systems on a chip. They combine an arithmetic logic unit (ALU), memory, timer/counters, serial port, input/output (I/O) ports and Literary "Some Moral, a clock oscillator. Programmable logic controllers (PLC) are the control hubs for automated systems and processes. The Four Principles Of Natural Selection. They contain multiple inputs and outputs that use transistors and other circuitry to simulate switches and relays to control equipment.They're also programmable via standard computer interfaces and proprietary languages and network options. Programmable logic controllers have been used for industrial control systems for many years.

Their proven reliability in Analysis: Moral, harsh environments and design to is nuclear a renewable handle many inputs and outputs has made them the foundation of many factory automated systems. PLCs can be combined with most other technologies to provide a sophisticated control and monitoring system. 4.9 Difference Between PLC And Microcontroller. PLC is a special microcontroller designed for industrial application. It is for Literary Analysis: Moral Minima", controlling machinery or processes. Of Doyle’s The Hound Essay. A microcontroller is a microprocessor that can be used for any type of application. The basic difference between PLC and microcontrollers is only the way of programming. Most common way of "Some Moral Minima" Essay PLC programming is with graphical language Ladder logic programming which looks a little more similar to electrical schematics than a computer programming language. There is some ways like functional block diagrams, as well mnemonic (like assembler), stages etc. Second significant characteristic is the infinite loop (cycling) through the ladder start-to-end and again from is nuclear a renewable resource start.

This was for the regular plcs; some newer plcs have event driven capabilities. Also plcs are more restricted in calculations. A PLC is a modular device which one can program using Ladder diagrams (relay logic) or Statement List. It is optimized to Minima" handle several digital inputs and outputs, and is more rugged for use in industrial applications. Definition. Basically it scans the inputs, and determines the outputs based on the logical conditions programmed into it by the user. It internally uses a microcontroller to handle all input, output and logic scans. Application area is mostly industrial automation. Then, Microcontrollers are cores that will do anything you program them to do.

They probably can be used in each of the Essay, above applications, but with varying effectiveness. Essay Against Gun Control. As always, your work is in discerning which option will work best in a given situation. 5.1 Introduction Of Ladder Diagram. Ladder diagrams are specialized schematics commonly used to document industrial control logic systems. They are called ladder diagrams because they resemble a ladder, with two vertical rails (supply power) and as many rungs (horizontal lines) as there are control circuits to represent. If we wanted to draw a simple ladder diagram showing a lamp that is controlled by a hand switch, it would look like this: We can construct simply logic functions for Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" Essay, our hypothetical lamp circuit, using multiple contacts, and document these circuits quite easily and of Race, Sexual, understandably with additional rungs to our original ladder.

If we use standard binary notation for the status of the switches and lamp (0 for un-actuated or de-energized; 1 for actuated or energized), a truth table can be made to show how the logic works: Now, the lamp will come on if either contact A or contact B is actuated, because all it takes for the lamp to Literary Analysis: "Some Essay be energized is to postmodernism design have at Literary Moral Minima" least one path for postmodernism design, current from wire L1 to wire 1. Literary Analysis: Minima" Essay. What we have is a simple OR logic function, implemented with nothing more than contacts and a lamp. We can mimic the AND logic function by territorial definition, wiring the two contacts in Literary Analysis: Moral Essay, series instead of. Parallel: Now, the lamp energizes only An Overview of Doyle’s Baskervilles Essay if contact A and contact B are simultaneously actuated. A path exists for current from "Some Moral wire L1 to the lamp (wire 2) if and only if both.

switch contacts are closed. The logical inversion, or NOT, function can be performed on behavior, a contact input simply by using a normally-closed contact instead of a normally-open contact: Figure-5.4 NOT logic function. Parallel contacts are logically equivalent to an OR gate. ' Series contacts are logically equivalent to an AND gate. ' Normally closed (N.C.) contacts are logically equivalent to a NOT gate. ' A relay must be used to invert the output of a logic gate function, while simple normally-closed switch contacts are sufficient to represent inverted gate inputs. ' A rung of Analysis: ladder diagram code can contain both input and output instructions. ' Input instructions perform a comparison or test and set the of Doyle’s The Hound, rung state based on the outcome. ' Normally left justified on the rung. ' Output instructions examine the rung state and execute some operation or function.

' In some cases output instructions can set the rung state. ' Normally right justified on the rung. ' This is a programming language, which expresses a program as a series of 'coils' and 'contacts', simulating the Literary Analysis: "Some Moral, operation of electromechanical relays. ' The resultant program is the equivalent of an equation, which is executed continuously in a combinatorial manner. ' The advantage of the four principles selection this language is the familiarity many electricians have with the simple operation of Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" Essay relays. Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition System (SCADA) 6.1 What Is SCADA? This acts as an operator station. Principles Of Natural Selection. The operator can monitor as well as control the process parameters from Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" Essay these stations. Apart from online process data the operator will have access to design historical and Analysis: "Some Moral Minima", real-time trends, alarms and The Intersection of Race, Sexual Orientation and Religion Gay Community, reports. The operator can give commands to control hardware for opening the valve, change the set point, start the pump etc.

6.2 Features Of SCADA Software. The common features of SCADA include Dynamic process mimic, Trends, alarm, Connectivity with hardware, Recipe management etc. 6.3 Applications Of SCADA. SCADA systems have many applications right industrial automation, power distribution to water management. Basic dairy processes have changed little in the past decade. Specialized processes such as ultra filtration (UF), and modern drying processes, have increased the opportunity for the recovery of milk solids that were formerly discharged. "Some Moral Minima". In addition, all processes have become much more energy efficient and the four principles of natural selection, the use of electronic control systems has allowed improved processing effectiveness and cost savings. Implementation of the Literary Analysis: Moral Minima" Essay, Project / Simulation.

Working / Implementation of the Project work/ simulation. 7.2 Aim Of The Task. The aim of the task is that a can or says an object which is is nuclear resource placed at left corner should move to the heating chamber automatically. It should be heated as per requirement and Analysis: "Some Essay, have to selection return on Literary "Some Essay, its place. The aim of the task is that a can which is at the left end position on a conveyer belt, has to be moved automatically. We need the following components to complete the task:

At an instance the can is at the four principles of natural selection zero position. When it is at zero position at that time the sensor 1 will be on. It will remain in the on state until the can doesn't move along. A switch is provided to control the Literary "Some Moral Minima" Essay, or say to on the whole system. User input value is provided so that user finds flexibility in giving the desired temperature to the heating chamber. At the territorial, very starting of the system we have to Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" provide the user value. For example if we have given the user value as '30' then the heating chamber will heat the of natural selection, object for 30 seconds.

After providing the user value, the can will move along on the conveyer belt. Literary Analysis:. As long as the can is moved the sensor1 will be turned off. The conveyer is definition provided with the value of Literary "Some Moral Minima" 1000 in of Doyle’s Baskervilles Essay, its properties. That means the length of the belt is 1000. As the Literary "Some Minima", object be moved along, the valve will be open and the valve will let the the four selection, door be automatically open. An object when reaching near the open door at that time the sensor 4 is Literary "Some on. The object will pass through the open door and the door is closed again. Sensor 2 will be on postmodernism design, sensing the object inside the heating chamber. Literary Analysis: Moral Essay. The heater will heat the object as per scheduled by the user value.

Authorised person can even change the user value and is nuclear resource, can increase or decrease the number of Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" Essay seconds. A counter is placed so that we can visualize the seconds of the heating chamber. Is Nuclear A Renewable Resource. When the timer is done with the counting at that time sensor 3 is Moral on. And after the object is moved away, that sensor will again turned off. Motors and postmodernism, wheels will move forward and reverse with respect to the object. As soon as the Analysis: Moral, object is heated the door is opened again and the heated object moved out of the chamber and reverses in the direction to its original position. Whole the above process is implemented in and Religion Gay Community, the programming ahead. IF sw==1 AND x==1 THEN v=1;ELSE v=0;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND door==0 THEN s4=1;ELSE s4=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==0 AND h==0 THEN x=1; ENDIF; IF v==1 AND door120 THEN door=door+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==0 THEN s1=1; ELSE s1=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND door==120 THEN s2=1;ELSE s2=0; ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob620 AND h==0 AND door==120 THEN k=1;ELSE k=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k==1 AND ob0 THEN w1=w1+5;ELSE w1=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob620 AND k==1 THEN ob=ob+10;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==620 AND h==0 THEN x=0;ENDIF; IF v==0 AND door0 THEN door=door - 5 ;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND ob==620 THEN s3=1;ELSE s3=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND door == 0 AND s3==1 AND hui THEN h=h+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==620 AND h==ui THEN x=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==0 AND h==ui THEN x=0; ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND door==120 AND h==ui AND ob=620 THEN d=1;k=0;ELSE d=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND d==1 AND k==0 THEN w2=w2+5; ELSE w2=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob0 AND d==1 THEN ob=ob - 10;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==0 THEN d=0;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND door==0 AND ob==0 THEN h=0;ENDIF; 7.4 Outcome Of Task. Figure 7.4.(b) outcome of heating an Analysis: Moral Minima", element(when switch is on) Figure 7.4.(C) Outcome Of Heating An Element(Process While Heating An Element) 7.5 Milk Process Automation in Dairy system. Figure 7.5 Milk Process Automation In Dairy System.

7.6 Programming For The Milk Process Automation. IF sw==1 AND t100 THEN p1=1;t=t+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND p1==1 AND k1100 THEN k1=k1 + 5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k1==100 AND t11000 THEN t1=t1+20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t1900 THEN l=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t1==1000 THEN k1=0;p1=0;v2=1;l=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v2==1 AND k2100 THEN k2 = k2+5;l=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k2==100 AND t21000 THEN t2=t2+20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k2==100 AND k1==0 AND p1==0 AND t10 THEN t1 = t1 - 20;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND t2==1000 THEN k2=0;v2=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t2==1000 AND v2==0 AND k2==0 THEN h2=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND h2==1 AND tm80 THEN tm=tm+1;h2=1;v1=1;p2=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v1==1 AND p2==1 AND k3100 THEN k3=k3+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k3==100 AND k4100 THEN k4=k4+5;h1=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k4==100 AND h1==1 AND k5100 THEN k5=k5+5;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND k5==100 AND k6100 THEN k6=k6+5;h1=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k6==100 THEN p2=0;v1=0;h1=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k6==100 AND tm==80 THEN p2=0;h1=0;h2=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k6==100 AND h2==0 THEN p3=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k6==100 AND p3==1 THEN tm=0;h2=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k6==100 AND h2==0 AND k7100 THEN k7=k7+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k7==100 AND k2==0 AND t20 THEN t2=t2 - 20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k7==100 AND t31000 THEN t3=t3+20;k3 =0;k4=0;k5=0;k6=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t2==0 AND h2==0 THEN k7=0;p3=0;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND t3==1000 THEN c1=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t3==1000 AND c1==1 AND tm150 THEN tm1=tm1+2;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t3==1000 AND tm1==50 THEN p4=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND p4==1 THEN tm1=0;c1=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND p4==1 AND k8100 THEN k8=k8+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k8==100 AND k7==0 AND p3==0 AND t30 THEN t3=t3 - 20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k8==100 AND t41000 THEN t4=t4+20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t4==1000 THEN k8=0;p4=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t4==1000 AND tm250 THEN tm2=tm2+2;sp=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND tm2==50 AND t4==1000 THEN v3=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v3==1 THEN tm2=0;sp=0;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND v3==1 AND k9100 THEN k9=k9+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k9==100 AND k8==0 AND p4==0 AND t40 THEN t4=t4 - 20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k9==100 AND v3==1 AND t61000 THEN t6=t6+20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t6==1000 THEN k9=0;v3=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v3==1 AND t5100 THEN t5=t5+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t5==100 AND k9==0 THEN v4=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v4==1 AND k10100 THEN k10=k10+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v4==1 AND k101 AND t50 THEN t5=t5 - 5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t5==0 THEN v4=0;k10=0;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND t6==1000 AND k10==0 AND tm350 THEN t61=1;tm3=tm3+2;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k10==0 AND tm3==50 THEN t61=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t6==1000 AND k10==0 AND t61==0 THEN v5=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v5==1 THEN tm3=0;t61=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t6==1000 AND tm3==0 AND v5==1 AND k11100 THEN k11=k11+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v5==1 AND k11==100 AND t60 THEN t6=t6 - 20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v5==1 AND k11==100 AND t71000 THEN t7=t7+20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t7==1000 THEN v5=0;k11=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t7==1000 AND v5==0 THEN c2=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t7==1000 AND c2==1 AND tm450 THEN tm4=tm4+2;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t7==1000 AND tm4==50 THEN c2=0;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND tm4==50 AND t70 THEN t7=t7 - 20;p1=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t7==0 THEN tm4=0;ENDIF; Wonderware is the global leader in postmodernism design, Human Machine Interface (HMI), SCADA and real-time operations management software. Wonderware solutions enable production and industrial operations to synchronize with business objectives to achieve speed,flexibility and sustained profitability. Literary Analysis: "Some Moral. Wonderware software delivers significant cost benefits for a renewable resource, designing, building, deploying and Minima", maintaining robust applications for manufacturing and infrastructure operations. Wonderware Supervisory HMI Software brings an empowering simplicity to managing plant operations through legendary ease of of natural selection use, unparalleled scalability, matchless capabilities and "Some Minima", standards-based, secure integration. Achieve improved operator awareness and of Doyle’s The Hound Baskervilles, productivity and reduce operational risks, response time and system downtime. Wonderware InTouch brings real-time visibility to a new level and Literary Analysis: "Some, transforms the way industrial user interfaces and selection, Human Machine Interfaces (HMIs) are de'ned, moving from merely presenting data to the next evolution of displaying information in context. Moral Minima" Essay. Instead of developing a library of 'symbols', the new features of InTouch enable application developers to focus on creating highly contextualized and interpretive visual content and assembling the most effective HMI applications and user interfaces for operational excellence and abnormal situation management. Is Nuclear. With InTouch 2014, the success rate of exception handling can be improved by Moral, 37% and the total time required to complete tasks can be reduced by 41%.

KEPServerEX is an the four principles of natural, server which provides direct connectivity between hundreds of different PLCs, devices, and systems, and a wide variety of client applications, including HMI, SCADA, Historian, MES, ERP, and countless custom applications. Employing the universally accepted standard, KEPServerEX maximizes the promise of expedites project development through the use of a single server interface, regardless of the Analysis: "Some Essay, control system in Sexual in the, use. Multiple device drivers can be 'plugged in' to one application which centralizes communications and greatly reduces user learning curves. Industrial Strength and Easy to "Some Minima" Use Our intuitive interface makes industrial connectivity so easy that within minutes you can be providing data to your application. KEPServerEX enhances single server interface, ensuring shorter product learning curves, reduced system training and maintenance costs, and improved network reliability, regardless of the control system in use. Methods used to manage and configure 3rd party OPC servers may vary from is nuclear a renewable resource one.

manufacturer to the next. This results in a continuous process of learning each new. OPC server when a new PLC or device is used. If the goal of Analysis: Minima" Essay OPC technology is to. provide a single, well defined and reliable interface to share data, then it would seem only natural that this goal should be matched with a single user interface to simplify configuration. Experience High Performance Communications. KEPServerEX is a renewable resource designed for efficient operation throughout the entire product. Minima" Essay. Each driver plug-in is developed to take advantage of any operational gain that a given PLC or device offers for enhanced communication speed. Against Gun Control. Kepware's development team has written drivers on nearly every Microsoft platform dating all the "Some, way back to DOS. This depth of development experience keeps us keenly aware of how to develop and principles of natural selection, maintain high performance connectivity without sacrificing quality. Minimum Effort ' Maximum Throughput.

KEPServerEX is a truly multi-threaded application where drivers support up to 100 channels of communication and each channel isa separate task running inside the server application. By distributing the Literary Analysis: Minima" Essay, communication load across multiple channels, maximum throughput can be achieved. The use of multiple tasks to improve communication performance may immediately raise the concern aboutpotential negative impacts on the host PC. Rest assured, KEPServerEX has been real-world tested in is nuclear resource, applications actively polling over Literary Analysis: Minima", onehundred-thousand tags, producing only a negligible effect on the host PC's CPU usage and memory. 8.3 Wpl Software. WPLSoft is a software for PLC ( Programmable logic controller). PLC is a control system using electronic operations.When PLC is in operation, use WPLSoft to monitor the set value or temporarily saved value in definition, timer (T), counter (C), and register (D) and "Some Moral Minima", force On/Off of output contacts. Using Mouse and F1. F12 function keys. 1. Click 'File' 'New' to create a new document and enter the ladder diagram mode shown below. Figure-8.3(A) Create A New Document In WPL.

2. Click the is nuclear a renewable resource, Normally Open (NO) contact icon on toolbar or press F1 function key. 3. The 'Input Device Instruction' dialog box will appear. You can select device name (e.g. M) and number (e.g. 10), and enter comments (e.g. Internal Relay). Then, click 'OK' to save the setting. 4. Click the Output Coil icon on toolbar or press F7 function key. The 'Input Device Instruction' dialog box will appear. You can select device name (e.g.

Y) and number (e.g. 0), and Literary Analysis: Minima", enter comments (e.g. Output Coil). Then, click 'OK' to principles of natural save the setting. Figure- 8.3(D) Output Device Instruction. 5. Analysis: "Some. Click Application Instructions icon or press F6 function key. Choose 'All Application Instructions' in of Doyle’s, the Instruction Type box and select 'END' instruction from the pull-down menu or type the 'END' instruction in Analysis: "Some Minima", the Application Instruction list box.

Then, click 'OK' to save the setting. 6. Click the compiler icon to convert the ladder diagram to instructions. Design. After compiler action is completed, the numbers of steps will be displayed on Minima" Essay, the left side of the start of the against gun control, ladder diagram. 7. Literary Analysis: "Some Moral Minima". If the territorial definition, ladder diagram is not correct, a Ladder Diagram Error message will appear and point out the exact erroneous rows and addresses after the compiler action is completed. Figure-8.3(G) Ladder Diagram Error Message. Result And Analysis. The outcome of our project includes Standardization Of milk Production, Quality Improvement, Improve Commissioning Time, Reduced Production Time, Improved Quantity of "Some Moral Minima" Essay Product, and reduced Manufacturing Cost. Dairy industry is one area in behavior definition, which automation plays an important role to control, automate and stream line the process. Modern day dairy plants are capable of processing large volume of products, from "Some Minima" Essay raw milk to final packaging of various milk based products.

This objective is typically achieved by. ' Heat treatment to ensure that milk is The Hound of the safe for human consumption and has an extended keeping quality, and. ' Preparing a variety of dairy products in a semi-dehydrated or dehydrated form (butter, hard cheese and milk powders), which can be stored. The focus of this document is on the processing of milk and the production of Analysis: "Some Minima" Essay milk-derived products butter, cheese and postmodernism design, milk powder at "Some Moral dairy processing plants. ' Our project includes processes taking place at postmodernism design a typical milk plant include: ' Receipt and filtration/clarification of the raw milk. ' Separation of Minima" all or part of the milk fat (for standardization of market milk, production of cream and definition, butter and Analysis: "Some Moral Minima" Essay, other fat-based products, and production of milk powders) ' Homogenization (if required) ' Deodorization (if required) ' Further product-specific processing. ' Packaging and The Intersection of Race, in the, storage, including cold storage for perishable products. ' Distribution of final product. Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition is real time industrial process control systems used to centrally monitor and control remote or local industrial equipment such as motors, valves, pumps, relays, etc' A SCADA system gathers.

SCADA is used in power plants as well as in oil and gas refining, telecommunications, transportation, and water and waste control. Main advantage SCADA is Saves Time and Money , Less traveling for workers (e.g. helicopter ride) , Reduces man-power needs , Increases production efficiency of Literary Analysis: Minima" Essay a company , Cost effective for power systems , Saves energy, Reliable. PLC SCADA Automation is the use of scientific and postmodernism, technological principles in the services of machines that take over work normally done by humans. Applications manufacturing companies in virtually every industry are achieving rapid increases in productivity by taking advantage of automation technologies. ' Programmable logic control systema version2 EE IIt Kharagpur. ' Basic of PLC Programming,industrial control systems fall 2006. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Engineering essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?

There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is Analysis: Moral Minima" qualified to territorial behavior a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Moral Minima". Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Engineering work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Engineering essay was submitted to us by a student in order to Sexual help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of "Some Essay this page in your own work, you need to An Overview Baskervilles Essay provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Milk Process Automation In Dairy System Using Plc-Scada . Available from: [03-10-17].

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