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As Buhari resumes PDP, Afenifere, youth groups renew demand for restructuring. By Emmanuel Aziken, Political Editor, Dapo Akinrefon and Dirisu Yakubu. •Arewa youths want restructuring after 2019 polls. •S-West leaders meet, fix restructuring rally for essays Sept. In Essays? ABUJA—Ahead of President Muhammadu Buhari’s expected resumption today, the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP, the essays samples Yoruba socio-cultural group, Afenifere , and some other youth groups, yesterday, tasked the president to quickly address the Science agitation for the restructuring of the country. The Arewa Youth Consultative Forum, AYCF, while agreeing with the call for the restructuring of the country, however, pleaded that the issue be deferred till after the 2019 elections to essays, allow the present administration stabilise the polity. President Muhammadu Buhari. The charge on Buhari came as the PDP yesterday came out to endorse the restructuring of the country. The move by noble hero the PDP was also endorsed by socio-cultural groups across the country with some affirming that the onus was now on the ruling All Progressives Congress, APC to implement its election manifesto on the issue. The APC, the groups, alleged faced the consequence of rejection in the 2019 polls for walking away from samples, its 2015 election promise. Almost Noble? Among socio-cultural groups that backed the samples move by the PDP and pushed the APC to chiaroscuro, implement the restructuring of the essays samples country were the Yoruba Socio-Cultural group, Afenifere, the tesco deli club Ijaw Youth Council, IYC and the Ijaw Monitoring Group. Samples? The Arewa Youth Consultative Council, AYCF, while backing the restructuring of the country, however, advised that the restructuring should be left to the federal administration to be formed after the 2019 polls.

The APC had through its National Publicity Secretary of the ruling party, Mr. Bolaji Abdullahi blasted the What they do not PDP, saying the opposition party had never been an advocate of essays, restructuring. Responding, yesterday, through its National Publicity Secretary, Prince Dayo Adeneye, yesterday, PDP said: “We have read with amusement the statement credited to the National Publicity Secretary of the ruling All Progressives Congress, APC, Mr. Bolaji Ojo-Abdullahi, in which he said that our party, the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP, has never been and is not interested in restructuring. “This sudden resurrection of the ruling party’s interest in ‘restructuring’ after several months of denial by the Chairman of the APC, Chief John Odigie- Oyegun; Minister of Information, Alhaji Lai Mohammed; some governors elected on the platform of the party and other senior party officials that the APC did not promise restructuring in its manifesto and during the campaigns in Feelings Toward Tempest" Essay 2015 is the latest in a series of deceitful ploys designed and being implemented by the party to hoodwink Nigerians ahead of the 2019 general elections. “As the essays word implies, restructuring is a process of re-arrangement, re-organization or re-formation of the manner or way in which something (in this case governance) is done. As used in define the Nigeria political lexicon, restructuring refers to the modification of the system of samples, governance to guarantee the socio-economic and political growth and development of Ferdinand's Feelings in "The Essay, Nigerian people. “It is imperative to inform Nigerians that our party is not against the restructuring of the system of governance in the country in a manner that places Nigeria firmly on the path of growth, development, and prosperity. “Indeed, our party’s commitment to constantly seeking solutions to the challenges confronting the nation caused us to amend our party’s constitution to include the equitable devolution (decentralization) of power for greater functionality, national integration and rapid economic and social reconstruction, amongst other things. Samples? “Examples can be found in Review Science Essay Preamble 2(b) and (e), Section 7(b) and essays, (f), and many more provisions of our party constitution. “It is against the backdrop of our party’s commitment to restructuring the system of socio-political governance in Essay on Anyone can Learn and Teach What they Know Nigeria for better functionality and samples, efficiency that the administration of former President Goodluck Jonathan summoned a national conference to recommend amendments to the Nigerian Constitution. “This conference submitted a report with several proposed amendments to the Constitution which the APC-led Federal Government has refused to implement more than two years later.’’

Noting that the APC was the only political party in the country that failed to attend the conference, the PDP said: “It is also imperative to point out Feelings Toward Tempest" Essay, that APC’s refusal to participate at the conference was predicated on a narrow and selfish interest. “Further evidence of our commitment to essays samples, the restructuring of the country is provided in a statement to newsmen by the National Chairman, Senator Ahmed Makarfi, on June 22, 2017. “In light of the above, we reiterate our support for the restructuring of the system of governance in the country to Essay can Learn and Teach What they do not Know, ensure more functional and efficient governance at all tiers of government. “We urge opinion and thought leaders around the country to essays samples, participate in the process in the best interest of our country and its people. “We wish to reiterate our position that the APC has nothing more to offer Nigeria and Nigerians. The party only resorts to unbridled propaganda as a ploy to deceive Nigerians and distract them from the topical issues upon tesco deli club, which they are required to essays samples, assess APC’s. “Nigerians should never take the APC for its word. It is a party that was built and is still being sustained by propaganda. Making empty promises is their stock in of a Library Science trade. It is a do-nothing party that believes in nothing.’’ President Muhammadu Buhari. Welcoming the PDP’s stance, Afenifere through its National Publicity Secretary, Mr. Yinka Odumakin said yesterday: “The APC has the edge; they are in power now, while the PDP is in the opposition. Let the APC do restructuring so that the PDP will have nothing to campaign. Instead of fighting the essays PDP because they are calling for restructuring, the APC should do restructuring so that the PDP will have nothing to campaign with except they, APC, are just doing cheap propaganda. That is the best way for them to treat PDP; restructure Nigeria.

Then PDP will look for something else to campaign with.” Factional president of the Ijaw Youth Council, Eric Omare, responding to the development, said yesterday: “This is a commendable decision, and anybody wishing Nigeria well would know that that is the transition way to go. I think what the essays samples PDP has done is to align itself with the thinking of the majority of in essays, Nigerians and essays samples, they have not done wrong in that direction.” Also speaking on the issue, the define chiaroscuro Coordinator, Ijaw Monitoring Group, IMG Joseph Evah, said the APC would be at a loss, if it refuses to drive the issue. “Even the APC, it was one of their campaign promises. If they don’t want restructuring, they will never return back to power because now the wind is blowing, it is like harmattan fire, and it will even burn some of them who have evil minds towards this country. “If they don’t want it, Nigerians will reject them. Essays Samples? We must have to restructure because if people like Ibrahim Babangida who established the structure that we are now having are for restructuring, I am telling you when the of a Periodical time comes, the APC will even stand for restructuring more than anybody else. It was their promise and essays samples, if they don’t fulfil it, Nigerians will know them as liars.” National President of Arewa Youths Consultative Forum, Alhaji Yerima Shettima, said restructuring should not be an issue, given that it was needed to move the can Learn and Teach do not Know country forward. He, however, charged that restructuring should not be done by samples the current government which he said should preoccupy itself with stabilising the country and allow its successor to carry it out. He said: “I am of the view that Nigeria is due for restructuring, I believe that restructuring is one of the noble hero problems facing Nigeria, but it should not be on the front burner. Some Nigerians are thinking of essays, rebuilding the nation to Library and Information Periodical Essay, make it strong. Restructuring should not be seen as an issue now.

Though I am a strong advocate of restructuring, I am of the view that it should not be done by the current government; the government should be allowed to stabilize the polity while we can discuss restructuring when a new government comes on board.” Nigeria wins bid to host 2018 Africa wrestling championship. Turkish govt to partner Osun over airport completion. A Nigerian newspaper and Online version of the Vanguard, a daily publication in Nigeria covering Niger delta, general national news, politics, business, energy, sports, entertainment, fashion,lifestyle human interest stories, etc.

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routing resume (CS838: Topics in parallel computing, CS1221, Tue, Feb 16, 1999, 8:00-9:15 a.m.) Taxonomy of communication problems. One-to-one communication: Information is only exchanged (not duplicated) between one or several pairs of nodes. Essays Samples! single-pair communication : there is just one isolated communicating pair. There are no problems with deadlocks, congestions, and so on. The basic algorithms for shortest path routing in noble hero, usual interconnection networks were described in Section 5. In this section, we will describe basic switching techniques for essays, these routing algorithms. many one-to-one communications : several pairs exchange information simultaneously. This section covers switching techniques and chiaroscuro flow control methods in such a case. permutation routing: every node is a source of one message and a destination for essays samples, another message at the same time. This communication pattern implies a permutation among nodes. Sections 9 and 10 will describe algorithms for almost noble hero, permutation routing.

One-to-many communication: One node is the essays samples, sender and several or all nodes are receivers. If the almost noble, same information is essays samples disseminated in multiple copies among the other nodes, these patterns are known as multicast and one-to-all broadcast communication operations. If the information sent to each destination node is different, the pattern is called one-to-all scatter . Ferdinand's Feelings Toward Tempest" Essay! Section 11 and 12 are devoted to these two problems. All-to-all communication: This can be again all-to-all broadcast or scatter and Sections 13 and 14 will describe some algorithms for these patterns. One-to-many and all-to-all patterns are called collective communication operations . processing node: standard bus-based computer augmented with a router. CAPTION: Generic structure of essays, a processing node. router: a HW coprocessor implementing lower levels of communication protocol. It comprises of a switch, buffers, and hero routing and essays arbitration unit (see Figure 1 ). external channels: interconnect routers and define the topology of a connected direct interconnection network.

adjacent nodes: nodes with directly connected routers. internal channels: connect the router to the local processing node and implement the physical HW interface between them. 1-port architecture: one injection and one ejection channel (as in do not Know, Figure 2), k -port architecture: k injection and k ejection channels, all-port architecture: # of injection channels = # of external output channels and # of essays samples, ejection channels = # of external input channels. CAPTION: Generic architecture of a 1-port router with input and output buffering. LC = link controller. channel: consists of buffers, link controllers, and communication medium (e.g., coax cable). buffer: FIFO memory for storing one or several units of communication in define chiaroscuro, transit. They are required for storing transfered data until the essays samples, next channel is reserved and can overtake them. Define! A router can implement input and samples output buffering: each input and output external channel is associated with one buffer, as in Figure 2. input buffering: buffers are associated with input external channels only, output buffering: buffers are associated with output external channels only.

message: the unit of Toward Tempest", communication from the programmer's perspective. Its size is limited only by the user memory space. packet: fixed-size smallest unit of communication containing routing information (e.g., a destination address) and essays sequencing information in its header . Its size is of order hundreds or thousands of bytes or words. It consists of header flits and data flits . CAPTION: Communication units. routing and arbitration unit: implements the routing algorithm and packet flow control protocol and sets the Essay can Learn and Teach What they, switch accordingly. Samples! For example, it resolves conflicts between simultaneous requests for the same output link (typically using some round-robin, fixed channel priority, or first-come-first-serve policy). routing algorithm: determines the path selected by a packet to reach its destination. It must decide within each intermediate router which output channel(s) are to transition in essays be selected for incoming packets. switch: interconnects input buffers to output buffers (channels). It can be either crossbar providing full connectivity or some cheaper substitute providing partial connectivity . switching mechanism: determines how network resources are allocated for data transmission, i.e., how and essays when the can Learn What they Know, input channel is connected to the output channel selected by essays, the routing algorithm. It is the actual mechanism that removes data from Feelings Toward Melinda input channels and places them on output channels.

flow control: defines the synchronization protocol between sender and receiver nodes which determines actions to be taken in case of full buffers, busy output links, faults, deadlocks, etc. Flow control has at essays samples, least two levels. packet flow control: performs synchronization between sender and receiver at the level of packets, ensuring successful transfer and availability of buffer space at the receiver. Flow control deals with allocation of channels and buffers to a packet as it travels along a routing path. It guarantees that either sufficient buffering is provided by the receiver and define chiaroscuro the packet can proceed or a resource collision is handled. There is samples a variety of resource collision protocols. The packet that cannot proceed since the output channel required by Essay and Teach What do not, the routing algorithm is not available, can be for example: stopped until sufficient buffer space becomes available. Until then, the essays samples, resources along the define chiaroscuro, current path are blocked (wormhole switching), buffered in local router buffers (virtual cut-through, store-and-forward switching), rerouted (adaptive routing), killed. Essays! physical channel flow control: implements the multicycle packet flow control above.

It breaks packets into chiaroscuro flits. But even flits may take several cycles to transfer, hence the most elementary unit of information is essays phit. link controller: (LC) implements the physical channel flow control communication protocol between neighboring routers (such as handshaking). flit: small unit of information at link layer, of size of one or several words. Flits can be of transition, several types and flit exchange protocol typically requires several cycles. phit: the smallest physical unit of information at essays samples, the physical layer, which is transfered across one physical link in on Anyone and Teach What do not, one cycle. Taxonomy of one-to-one routing algorithms. Routing decisions: The most important criterion for routing is where and when is the routing function determined. distributed routing: the routing function is essays calculated in routers or nodes as packets travel across the network. Headers contain only destination address, used by routers to select output channel(s).

Each router knows only its neighborhood, since the designer has encoded the tesco deli club, whole topology distributively into individual routers. Samples! Distributed routing is especially favorable in symmetric or regular topologies, since all routers use the same routing algorithm. source routing: source nodes predetermine complete routing paths before injecting packets into the network so that routers only read the headers (and usually cut off or mark appropriate subfields in the header) and mechanically set its switches accordingly. Define Chiaroscuro! If the output degree of a router is k , then the essays, header of a packet following a path of length d requires at least dlog k bits for encoding d output channel numbers. This scheme is used in IBM SP-2 machine. In networks based on cartesian products, the size of the header routing information can be reduced by using so called street-sign routing. Noble! The default output channel is samples of the same dimension and direction as the input channel, unless the header starts with explicitly given new output channel number associated with an address which matches the address of current router. hybrid (multiphase) routing: the source node precalculates only addresses of some intermediate nodes and in essays the precise paths between them is determined in a distributed manner by routers.

This option was implemented for example in nCUBE-2 machine. It assumes that routers consecutively cut off intermediate node addresses. centralized routing: the routing function is determined by a centralized controller . Samples! This has been used typically in SIMD machines. Implementation of routing algorithm: Routing decisions should be fast. In case of distributed routing, a HW implementation is tesco deli club desirable. There are two basic approaches. finite-state machine: HW or SW algorithm implementing some finite-state automaton. table lookup: source nodes and/or routers keep routing tables. The number of entries is O(N) , where N is # of nodes in samples, the network. Almost! Source node routing tables contain the whole path specifications, whereas in case of distributed routing the essays, lookup tables just say which output channel(s) correspond(s) to every destination.

To decrease the linear table size, so called interval routing can be used, see Subsection . Routing tables can be either static or dynamically maintained . An example of transition in essays, a system with dynamically updated lookup tables is Myrinet, which allows automatic recomputation of routing tables whenever the interconnection network changes, for essays, example, due to Library deleting a node. Adaptivity: Routing decisions can be based not only on essays samples the addresses, but also on other information. deterministic routing algorithms always generate the and Information Science Essay, same single routing path for given pair of essays samples, source and destination addresses, typically a shortest one. When source routing is used, the source node implements pure routing function returning a unique path without considering any information about the traffic. For distributed routing, routers make unique decisions in every intermediate node. Deterministic distributed routing is used in most commercially available parallel machines. It is simple, fast, and performs well under uniform traffic assumption. In mesh-based machines, it is the dimension-order routing (XY, XYZ, e -cube). It is tesco deli club known to be deadlock-free in meshes and is easy to implement in HW.

Nonuniform traffic requires some degree of adaptivity. oblivious routing algorithms do not take into consideration any other information except the addresses, equally to essays deterministic routing. The routing decision are oblivious to the status of network traffic. Any deterministic routing is oblivious, but oblivious routing is not necessarily deterministic. Transition In Essays! For example, there may exists several shortest paths between the source and destination and the routing algorithm selects randomly or cyclically one of them. Oblivious nondeterministic algorithms can distribute uniformly the communication load in situations where adaptive solutions are too expensive or slow. adaptive routing algorithms use information about network traffic and/or channel status to avoid congested or faulty regions of the network. Source-node adaptive routing is useful only when the essays samples, traffic status does not change too fast, otherwise the source node may have obsolete information and a global status is costly to monitor. On the other hand, adaptive routing can easily be combined with distributed routing, since routers can react on local congestions using some heuristics, history tables, or probing the Feelings Tempest" Essay, neighborhood. Sometimes a simple randomized decisions of ``hot-potato'' type suffice to avoid blocking due to busy output channels (Chaos router). While being able to avoid deadlocks, adaptive routing must take care of livelocks . Essays! Adaptive routing can be decomposed into two functions: routing function, which delivers a set of possible output channels, output selection function, which selects one of Feelings Melinda Essay, free output channels among them (if such exists) using local status information.

greedy algorithms: (also called minimal , direct , shortest-path , or profitable .) Every routing decision brings the packet closer to essays samples the destination. Deterministic and oblivious routing algorithms are usually greedy. nongreedy algorithms: (also called nonminimal , indirect , nonprofitable , or misrouting .) They can supply channels which send packets away from its destination. This is used exclusively in adaptive routing. It is an optimistic approach: instead of waiting in case of blocking, we believe that a longer detour will bring us into a free region where we can resume greedy routing. However, it consumes additional resources and is prone to livelocks. Progressiveness of routing: progressive adaptive routing: Each routing operation allocates a new channel and define the length of the route path increases, of essays samples, course not necessarily bringing the packet closer to the destination. Greedy routing is always progressive. backtrack adaptive routing: The header is allowed to backtrack, releasing previously reserved channels.

This is used mainly in fault-tolerant routing when no alternative progressive continuation is possible. It assumes history information to ensure that the same paths are not tried repeatedly. Ferdinand's Melinda In "The! Backtrack is hard and costly implement in wormhole switching, in contrast to circuit switching. Essays! Backtrack routing cannot be deterministic. Interplay between interconnection networks and routing algorithms. channel width w : # of transition in essays, bits that a physical channel can transmit simultaneously between two adjacent routers. Clearly, it is exactly the size of a phit . channel rate mu : the peak rate in bits/second at which bits can be transfered over each individual wire of a physical channel. channel bandwidth B : B=mu in phits/second, even though it can be defined also as B=wtimes mu in essays, bits/second. channel latency t m : the inter-router latency of one phit, hence t m =1/mu=1/B in seconds/phit. startup latency t s : the time required for packet framing/unframing, copying data between memory and router buffers, validation and so on, at both source and destination side. It depends mainly on the design of system SW, on its interface to user programs, and on the physical interface between processing nodes and Review and Information Science Periodical Essay routers.

It is a static value, independent of network traffic or distance between nodes. It depends only on essays the size of the message. network latency: the elapsed time after the head flit of transition in essays, a packet has entered the network at the source router until the essays samples, tail flit is on Anyone do not ejected. The network latency consists of two components: a conflict-free packet transmission time , which strongly depends on the switching technique, and the blocking time , which includes all possible delays encountered during the lifetime of a packet. CAPTION: General time model of a conflict-free communication between distant nodes. In the following subsections, we will describe 4 main switching techniques used in multiprocessor networks. We will not be mentioning startup time t s , since it is essays samples a static component common to all 4 techniques. Instead, we give formulae for the conflict-free network latency, i.e., assuming a network without any other traffic.

We will call this latency the base communication latency . For simplicity, we assume that each packet has only one header flit . We will use the define, following notation in this section and essays throughout the define, rest of this course: w = flit size = phit size = channel width (in bits), M = packet size (in flits), t r = time of routing decision within one router during building a routing path (in seconds), t w = intra-router switching latency once the router has made the routing decision and a path has been set up through the router (in seconds/phit), t m = 1/B = inter-router channel latency (in seconds/flit). The transmission latency of a packet of M flits between two adjacent routers is Mt m seconds. d = the length of a routing path. The communication between a source and destination has two phases: circuit establishment phase and message transmission phase. A physical path from the source to the destination is reserved prior to essays samples the transmission of data by injecting a routing probe , which contains destination address and some control information. It usually needs more that one phit.

Let p be the size of the probe in phits. Transition In Essays! The probe progresses towards the destination node, reserving physical links as it is transmitted through intermediate routers (see Figure 5(a)). The path is set up after the probe has reached the destination. Then an acknowledgment flit is sent back (see Figure 5(b)). Upon reception of the acknowledgment, the sender transmits the whole message at the full bandwidth of the path. The path froms a HW circuit that is reserved for the whole time of the samples, message transmission (see Figure 5(c)). Ferdinand's Feelings Toward Melinda In "The Tempest"! The circuit is released either by destination node or by the last bits of the message. CAPTION: Circuit switching on a path of length 3. Samples! (a) The probe progresses towards the destination router. (b) The acknowledgment is Essay on Anyone can Learn and Teach Know sent back to the source. Essays Samples! (c) The whole message is transmitted along established circuit using its full bandwidth. It is in essays advantageous if messages are infrequent and long, i.e. the transmission time is longer than the setup time.

In case of samples, short messages, the whole physical circuit is reserved during the whole setup and transmission part. While the probe is buffered at each router, the data bits are not. Define Chiaroscuro! The circuit operates as a single wire form the source to the destination. Messages need not be broken into fixed-length packets, but can be transmitted as continuous flow of bits along the setup circuit. Hence, there are no limits on the length of transmitted data. CAPTION: Store-and-forward switching of a packet. Samples! (a) Routing decision is being made in the first router. (b) The packet is performing the almost, first hop to the second router after has been copied to the output buffer of the first router. Samples! (c) The whole packet after the second hop. This technique is advantageous, when messages are short and frequent, since one transmission makes busy at most one channel from the whole path. The need to buffer the whole packet makes either the router design expensive and/or slower, or the size of packets is limited. The communication latency is proportional to the product of packet size and distance. This forces designers to seek shortest path routing and use low-diameter networks. CAPTION: Virtual cut-through switching of a packet. (a) The header flit has moved into the output buffer of the first router. (b) The header has cut through into tesco deli club the second router while subsequent flits are following its path. Samples! (c) Pulling a chain of flits behind, the header has cut through into a router where its output buffer is reserved for another communication. (d) The whole chain of packet flits has contracted and the whole packet gets buffered in the first router releasing all previously allocated links. (e) Flit pipeline moving towards the tesco deli club, destination.

Only the header flit contains routing information and therefore each incoming data flit is simply forwarded along the same output channel as its predecessor. Therefore, transmission of essays, different packets cannot be interleaved or multiplexed over one physical channel. The packets are split to of a and Information Periodical flits which are snaked along the essays, route exactly in define, the same pipeline way as in conflict-free VCT switching. Hence, also here transmission of different packets cannot be interleaved or multiplexed freely over one physical channel without additional architectural support. The main difference is that routers do not have buffers for the whole packets. Instead, every router has small buffers for essays samples, one or a few flits. The header flit again builds a path in the network, which the almost noble, other flits follow in pipeline. The sequence of essays samples, buffers and Toward in "The Tempest" Essay links occupied by flits of a given packet forms the essays samples, wormhole . However, the length of the path here is proportional to the number of flits in the packet. Typically, it spans the whole path between the source and destination. If the header cannot proceed due to can Learn What they do not Know busy output channels, the whole chain of flits gets stalled , occupying flit buffers in routers on the path constructed so far and blocking other possible communications.

Conflict-free communication latency t WH is exactly the same as in VCT switching (see Equation ). Hence, it is essays proportional to the sum of the path length and packet size. CAPTION: Wormhole switching of tesco deli club, a packet. Samples! (a) The header is copied in the output buffer after having done routing decision. (b) The header flit is transfered to the second router and Review of a Library Periodical Essay other flits are following it. Essays! (c) The header flit arrived into a router with busy output channel and tesco deli club the whole chain of flits along the path got stalled, blocking all its channels. (d) Pipeline of flits in case of conflict-free routing, establishing the wormhole across routers.

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How to Write a Stay at Home Mom Resume. By Resume Genius. Returning to the workforce is a major decision for samples, any stay at home mom (or dad). Once that difficult choice is made, the next hurdle is define chiaroscuro, not much easier; preparing your resume. There’s not one perfect method to essays samples, follow. The resume format that you eventually settle on depends upon the employment experience you had prior to Melinda in "The Tempest", your time spent raising your child or children as well as what you were doing while at home. Here are a few examples of resumes for stay at home moms with different levels of previous professional experience. Resume for a Mom or Dad with lots of samples, Professional Experience. If you fall into Ferdinand's Feelings Toward in "The Tempest", this category, the process for essays, making a killer resume is fairly straightforward. You already have a strong foundation to build from because of your work history.

The major hurdle you face is how to address the Ferdinand's Tempest" time gap. Essays. Choosing the proper resume format can take care of this, which in this case is the combination resume. By using a combination resume you focus on your qualifications and skills relevant to the job you are applying to first. Those are then supported with your previous professional experience. Our applicant, Nora Thresher, is Ferdinand's Toward Melinda in "The Essay, looking to rejoin the professional finance world after taking a few years off due to the birth of her first child. Essays. She opens her resume with a Qualifications Summary that shows why she would be a great employee before she discusses her work history. Her work history opens with the fact that she was self-employed. Ferdinand's Feelings Toward Melinda In "The Essay. Basically, she worked part-time from home while raising her child, but she doesn’t need to mention that . By moving the essays samples work history under the Qualification Summary, and by keeping it professional, it’s enough to tesco deli club, avoid raising any initial red flags.

She can go into more detail if needed on essays samples the cover letter or during the interview. Stay at Home Parent with Professional Experience Resume Template. 2190 Cleveland Ave, Canton, OH 44702. Efficiency and Time Management: Proven track record of completing reports and audits well before deadlines. Management Skills: Assisted in training 3 junior accountants, monitoring their attention to detail during the first 30 days of their tenure. Noble. Awards and Recognition: Awarded “Employee of the Month” 3 times in recognition of my tireless work ethic. Relevant Job Skills: Adept at creating financial reports that follow GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles) and conducting risk analysis using FRAP (Facilitated Risk Analysis Process). Communication Skills: Excellent written and verbal skills. Proficient with various forms of electronic communication such as email, chat and VoIP applications. PRIVATE PRACTICE Canton, OH.

Tax Accountant March 2011 – Present. Prepared annual and quarterly tax returns for individuals and small businesses. Essays Samples. Advised clients on tax related information, such as IRA accounts and charitable donations, saving individuals an average of Toward Essay, 12% on owed taxes from previous filings. Essays Samples. Filed extensions helping clients avoid penalties. Ferdinand's Feelings In "The Essay. Continuously research the Federal Tax Code to ensure all tax protocols are followed correctly. MARCUS ROSS, LLC Cleveland, OH. Financial Advisor July 2008 – March 2011.

Reviewed accounts regularly ensuring compliance with both internal and external rules and regulations. Used tax and investment strategies to develop financial plans for small and medium-sized businesses. Increased sales of financial products for the business an average of 8% each quarter. Forecasted losses and earnings extremely accurately allowing the company to intelligently manage resources. B.S. in Accounting, June 2008. Resume for essays samples, a Mom or Dad with a Little Previous Work Experience.

Even if your work experience is a little lacking, the and Information Periodical above resume style is OK for you as well, but you have another option too. The next style of resume is samples, even better if your education is relevant to the position for which you are applying. The first resume focuses on the applicants work related skills and experience. If yours is transition in essays, limited, you can instead start with your education. While our first applicant might only list the name of the essays samples university she attended, her major, and the date of graduation, when leading off with your education you’ll want to give a lot more details . This applicant, Valerie Perkins, doesn’t have enough professional experience to focus on her skills and work history.

She decided to of a Library and Information Periodical, use a Career Objective to show why she would be a great candidate for the open Assistant Manager position followed by her education. Because her work experience is fairly limited, Valerie went more into samples, her education than most professionals would. Essay And Teach What They. She listed her GPA because it was over 3.0 and also included coursework that’s relevant and the time she spent volunteering. she phrased it just like someone who was working for essays, a large retailer would. She did not lie, nor did she stretch the truth , but she did use words to describe her part-time online sales that were more professional than those she’d use while discussing how she earns some extra money to her friends. Stay at Home Parent with Some Experience Resume Template. 1942 Walnut St., Cincinnati, OH 45202. An organized and motivated Customer Service professional with over 6 years of Library and Information Essay, experience in consumer relations. Aiming to parlay my proven customer service background and communication skills to effectively fulfilling the requirements of the Assistant Customer Service Manager position. Target your Career Objective to each specific job you’re applying for.

It can be as simple as changing the position. CINCINNATI CITY COLLEGE Cincinnati, OH. B.A. in essays samples, Sociology, June 2007. • Relevant Coursework: Speech Communications, Sociology of Work, Sociology of Emotions, Social Psychology. o Volunteer RA (Resident Advisor) for Melinda in "The Tempest", 2 years. o Volunteer Student Center Social Sciences Tutor. PRIVATE PRACTICE Cincinnati, OH.

Online Retailer February 2010 – Present. • Launched and essays samples, managed successful online retail shop with an average of $10,000 of sales per month. • Marketed business through multiple channels including Internet forums, social media, and personal networks. • Facilitated customer needs in regards to almost, questions, complaints, and product returns. • Continuously researched products manufacturers, customer relations etiquette, and samples, online retail community best practices. Customer Service Representative July 2007 – February 2010. • Conferred with customers by telephone or in person to provide information about Essay and Teach they Know products or services, take or enter orders, or obtain details of complaints. • Directed requests and essays, unresolved issues to appropriate departments.

• Decreased customer complaints by 15% over tesco deli club the previous year by essays samples, spearheading a new companywide SOP for the handling of merchandise returns. • Recommended improvements in products and services from Review Essay firsthand customer feedback to company merchandisers. • Introduced customers to V.I.P. membership program, informing them of the essays annual average savings and other benefits recognized by members. Resume for a Mom or Dad with No Previous Work Experience. The most difficult of all scenarios for a stay at home parent wanting to Ferdinand's Feelings Melinda in "The, enter the work force is when you don’t have any work experience at all. It gets even more complicated if your education is limited as well. If you have only recently graduated from high school, that is if you’re only a year or two removed, you can always use a resume similar to what a high school student with little or no experience would use. Find a way to build up some relevant or useful skills and qualifications. A better approach however is to do something to try and build up some relevant or useful skills and essays, qualifications. And Teach They Know. Once you have something useful to put on a resume, then you can actually start worrying about fine-tuning your resume and essays, turning into noble hero, an interview grabbing machine. Here are a few ways to essays, do just that : Volunteering: Hospitals and retirement communities are always in need of can Learn and Teach What they Know, volunteers, as are many publicly funded institutions such as libraries and museums.

Many communities even have Volunteering Centers that help guide you opportunities that you might not find on essays samples your own. Freelancing: If you have a computer and Internet access, there are tons of freelancing websites that you can take advantage of Review of a Library Periodical, like www.elance.com and www.freelancer.com. Samples. Do some writing, graphic design, data entry, or anything that you have the tiniest amount of knowledge with to Ferdinand's Feelings Toward in "The Essay, give you something to essays samples, put on Feelings Melinda Essay a resume. Learn New Skills: Employers want to pay you for essays samples, work that you do. That means you need to have something to offer them. If you don’t have a university degree or any type of secondary education or experience showing your knowledge base, you can bulk up your skill set with some of the on Anyone What they Know free online course that are available. Besides the three suggestions above, anything that you can do to essays samples, help give you some type of marketable skills will go a long way into helping you find a job. Don’t be too proud to take on a job that you feel is beneath you. Define Chiaroscuro. Even putting in 6 months at a position you don’t like can help give you that little extra something that separates your resume from essays samples other former stay at home moms or dads with zero experience. what if being a stay at home mom causes gaps and you don’t have any work experience during? or you may have a few months here and chiaroscuro, there? essentially showing 1yr at this place then another. gap of 2yrs, and starts over again.

If you are want to cover up work gaps on your resume, then you may want to consider using functional resume format: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Good luck on the job hunt! thank you! i’ll try it! I am a mom that spent 17 years at home, I home-schooled my kids due to their specific educational needs. During that time I often played administration secretary for my husbands companies and also actively farmed along side him, never had an official title and definitely didn’t get payed. Samples. A year ago I started studying BSc Nursing and The only thing I have going for Ferdinand's Toward Essay, me on that is essays, that I made the Vice-chancelors list and a course average of 89.36%. I need to write a Resume but the Ferdinand's Essay black job description is screaming at me. As well as the professional summary. All of these examples have current work history, What if I have history but am not currently employed? Would it be better to just list stay at essays home mom under my history?

We suggest using a functional format: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. This format allows you to highlight your relevant skills over Review of a and Information Essay your work history. Good luck on samples the job hunt! So what if I dropped out of high school because I got pregnant? I know big mistake, but im trying to Review of a Science Essay, get back on track im currently going to PCC trying to get my GED and I have been a stay at home mom for a couple years I worked at essays a pillow company for noble, a few months but due to childcare issues I had to go back home , I was in need of essays, a job so I made my home a daycare I watched kids of all ages for Review of a Science, a little over 2 years but then I decided I didint want to do this the essays samples rest of my life, I loved what I did but I wanted something that really suits me. So now I’m really trying to Ferdinand's Toward in "The Tempest" Essay, finish school and essays samples, find a job, all three of Ferdinand's Feelings in "The Essay, my children will start attening full time schooling, and essays samples, I feel the tesco deli club need of helping my husband provide money for our home and our children, but I have no experience, what should I do?

First off, don’t sell yourself short by saying you have no experience. As a mother of essays, three, you most certainly have a wealth of transition in essays, intangible skills that can be applied to most jobs. Also, the time running your own home daycare can also be considered professional experience. As for your resume, it’s all about samples how you sell yourself. The first article will show you how you can make your resume achievement-oriented. The second article will teach you a resume format that will help cover up your work gaps. Best of luck on the job hunt! It sounds like employers are missing out on a great employee. You may have better luck if you use a functional format, which will help cover up your employment gaps.

Check out our guide here: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hi! I have been a stay at home mom since 2004. I graduated in Ferdinand's Feelings Toward Melinda in "The, 2003 with a BA in Accounting. Essays. I am bilingual (Spanish/English).

When my daughters went to school I volunteered in Melinda Essay, their classrooms. Samples. Also, I belong to Review Science Essay, the school’s council. For the last six months, my daughters and samples, I have been rehearsing for a play written by the owner of a nonprofit theater company. I would like to know how to build a resume from Ferdinand's Toward Tempest" Essay that lack of essays, work experience. Thanks in advance! Good luck on the job hunt! Hello! So I have been a stay at home mom for 21 years…..on top of that all my schooling and Ferdinand's Toward Melinda in "The Tempest" Essay, prior work experience happened in samples, Germany.

I volunteered at my children’s school and was the Ferdinand's Feelings Melinda in "The treasurer for the parent club for 6 years – mind you that “job” went from taking over a handwritten note that told me that the essays club works with a $250 budget to getting everything set up for a non-profit QuickBook account after we made over $80,000.00 in a wine auction and so on….It still seems impossible to write a resume that does not just point out, that I haven’t worked in 21 years….How do I sell myself? Thank you in advance for trying. Helping to increase the parent club budget from $250 to on Anyone What they, $80,000 is certainly an essays samples achievement that employers would be interested to see on your resume. It sounds like your experience as a volunteer treasurer has provided you with plenty of selling points to include on in essays your resume. Since you are worried about your work gap, we suggest trying a functional resume format: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide#what-is-a-functional-resume. Good luck on the job hunt! Hi. Essays Samples. I’ve been a stay at home mum to 5 children for the past 16 years, and full time carer to my 7 year old with cerebral palsy. We have been living on one income (my husbands), but due to unforeseen circumstances we are struggling financially.

I would like to get a job in of a Library and Information Science, retail or similar, packing shelves or cleaning, anything is fine, as long as it’s in samples, the evenings when hubby can be at tesco deli club home watching the children. My job before having kids, was as a carer, and in my late teens I worked as a checkout operator at Woolworths. How should I set up my resume to get into a casual retail type position? Thanks in advance, Take a look at our retail resume samples:https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples#Customer They should give you a good idea of how you can format your own resume. Best of luck! Not sure which functional formats you saw, but those that we offer on samples this page do not include the dates of your work history. Review Science. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. As long as you have the samples bullet points to back up your claim, then that will work. Good luck!

It depends what job you are applying for. If you’re looking to get back into healthcare, then we suggest using a functional format: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Does the job you are applying for have educational requirements? Even if the job description does not expressly list educational requirements, most employers want to know that you have at least graduated high school. You’ll have to get creative with the Review of a Library references you choose. Friends, neighbors, people from church are all in play. Anyone who can speak to the quality of your character is a good choice. Good Luck on the Job Hunt! Yes, online courses help, but you should also consider doing some volunteer work as well.

I’d first advise you to emphasize your cashier experience. Essays Samples. Employers often value such experience over other parts of your resume, so be sure to transition in essays, highlight it. You can also try using a functional resume format to downplay your work history. Check out our page on how to make that happen — https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. You can include “stay-at-home parent” in your experience section too, but see if you can quantify that a bit. Did you handle the family finances during that time? What about volunteer work? If you have any relevant experiences from your time in high school, you could list those too (projects you were involved with, leadership roles, etc.).

Also, emphasize your skills section and consider learning new skills that will make you a stronger candidate (https://resumegenius.com/job-search/learn-new-skills). There are a variety of essays, ways to improve your chances of landing work, and honing your resume (while learning some new useful abilities) is one effective approach. Good luck on the job hunt! Share How to noble, Write a Stay at Home Mom Resume Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to essays, choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of tesco deli club, Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to samples, Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you.

Put your skills to the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. Review Library And Information Essay. There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to essays, Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for Essay on Anyone they Know, a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job.

5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is bound to have that one person that abuses the call-out policy. These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on essays some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to Review of a Library and Information Science Essay, introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market.

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amy effect essay tan Unlike most of the other literature you’ve read for class, “Mother Tongue” by essays samples, Amy Tan is short and pretty easy to breeze through. But now you have to do a literary analysis on it–and suddenly its short length seems like more of a burden than a blessing. Library And Information Science Essay. Fortunately, there are several different literary devices you can concentrate on for your literary analysis. I am going to show you a few of these devices and give you some awesome tips on how to incorporate them into your analysis of “Mother Tongue.” Symbolism in “Mother Tongue” by Amy Tan. Image by Steve Johnson via flickr. Symbolism is samples when an author uses an object, person, or place to represent a deeper concept. Even though language is of a and Information Science Periodical Essay not an object you can hold, Amy Tan still uses language to essays samples symbolize different, more ambiguous concepts. Tip #1: Think about Tan’s use of different Englishes and what they symbolize for her.

Tan talks about a few different types of noble English and in what situations she uses them, but each English form symbolizes something different to her. Essays Samples. What we would call “proper English” symbolizes both Tan’s acceptance into American society and a separation from Ferdinand's Toward Melinda Essay her mother. Samples. Tan highlights this dichotomy when she writes about define, giving her speech, saying the “proper English” words that she was using felt strange to say when her mother was in the room. Tan says she uses “simple English” around her mother, and while this isn’t the same form that her mother speaks, it symbolizes the bond between her and her family. She says even her husband started speaking this kind of English together and essays samples that it has come to represent intimacy. Tip #2: Write about Tan’s mother’s use of English and what it symbolizes. Tan is very attached to her mother’s English to the point that she doesn’t want to in essays refer to it as “broken.” To her it symbolizes home because it’s the English she grew up with. She says it provides imagery and samples emotions that standard, grammatically-correct English cannot. Define Chiaroscuro. However, Tan’s mother’s English also symbolizes the limitations of immigrants in America and the challenges they have to face to be accepted. She alludes to several instances where people, even a doctor, would not take her mother seriously because of the way she spoke.

Structure in “Mother Tongue” by Amy Tan. Every piece of literature, whether it’s an epic novel or a haiku, has some sort of structure–which is simply the essays samples organization of the in essays material. Tip #3: Even though “Mother Tongue” is samples a short story, analyze its plot or progression. I hesitate to use the of a Library Science Essay word “plot” in the case of “Mother Tongue” because it doesn’t seem to have much of one, at least not in the traditional sense that most fiction stories do. But it does have a loose progression . Tan talks about growing up with different forms of English and samples how that affected both her childhood and adult life. Review Library Science. She talks about the challenges her mother faced with her “limited” English. Essays. Finally, she wraps it up nicely with a note about how she now uses those various forms of English in her career. Tip #4: Write about the changing views of Tan on language. Tan mentions several different emotions when talking about tesco deli club, her mother’s English. She goes from being ashamed of her mother’s speaking–feeling that other people will judge her family–to being proud of the rich culture behind her mother’s English. Tip #5: Think about the essay’s structure and how effective it is for the story itself.

Spend some time evaluating the essay’s structure, and analyze whether it is right for “Mother Tongue.” Would it have been better as a novel or a poem, or is a short narrative the way to go? Does the essays story feel complete as is? Does it drag on Essay on Anyone do not too much? All of these questions will help you pinpoint the essay’s effectiveness. Tip #6: Explain how Tan’s love of language shows throughout the essays story. Near the beginning of “Mother Tongue,” Tan says, “I am fascinated by transition, language in samples daily life. I spend a great deal of my time thinking about the power of language–the way it can evoke an emotion, a visual image, a complex idea, or a simple truth.” Remember this quote as you read through and relate the rest of the content to this idea. In literature, tone is the feeling an author conveys to the audience. There can be one tone throughout the entire piece or many different tones. Tan does a great job incorporating several different tones into such a short piece.

Now all you have to do is analyze them. Tip #7: Hone in on the different tones throughout the story, and write about them. From guilty to gracious, annoyed to appreciative, Amy Tan uses a few different tones throughout “Mother Tongue . Ferdinand's Feelings Melinda In "The. ” Identify these tones and explain how they are employed (the language used to convey the tones), and what effect it has on the reader. Because there are quite a few different tones in this short story, they transition from one to the other. Essays Samples. A good literary analysis might explain these transitions, and how they affect the structure of the piece. How do each of these shifts in tone help move the reader along in the story?

Tip #9: Think about the overall tone of “Mother Tongue” and how that tone is of a Library Science Periodical created. Just because there are several tones throughout “Mother Tongue” doesn’t mean that there isn’t one overarching tone. In fact, Tan uses the same tone in essays the beginning and end of her story–the reader starts at a homebase, sees the journey Tan is leading them on, and returns right back to where they started but with more insight than before. Define. This progression is typical of many stories, both long and short, but in this case you can apply it to samples tone as well. Be sure to focus on Ferdinand's Feelings Toward specific language, punctuation, and essays samples imagery used to create the overall tone. Tip #10: Tan says that she has always been rebellious. Write about how this shows in the tone of her writing. When writing about becoming an Essay on Anyone can Learn What they Know English major in college, Tan said that she had always been rebellious. How does she use language in the rest of her story to portray this rebelliousness?

(Hint: Think about how she defies modern language standards and refuses to essays samples call her mother’s language “broken” or “limited” without putting those terms in quotation marks.) Final Thoughts on “Mother Tongue” by Amy Tan. Image by Gideon Tsang via Wikimedia Commons. Though “Mother Tongue” is a very short narrative, it’s rich in content. Transition In Essays. Symbolism, structure, and tone are only samples a few literary devices you can use for your analysis, but they are the ones that’ll help you get the most out of your analysis. It’s not about how long a story is, but rather about its content. MLA Citation for “Mother Tongue” by Amy Tan.

Tan, Amy. “Mother Tongue.” The McGraw Hill Reader: Issues Across the Disciplines . 10th ed. Transition In Essays. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2008. 62-67. Print. Samples. Hopefully this list leaves you feeling like you’re no longer short on ideas for your analysis of this short story. After you’ve written your literary analysis, and you don’t feel very confident in it, pass it along to one of the Kibin editors. Essay And Teach What They Do Not. They’ll help you make Amy Tan proud by assisting with proper language and other editing. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades!

Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Eden Meirow is samples a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for tesco deli club, English, history and education. You can find her on Google+. Essays Samples. Effective literary analysis and define concise writing. Do you have any formal teaching experience? Keen to work as a teacher-tutor for O level / IB English Lit in Singapore?

Thank you! That#8217;s a very nice offer. I have thought about teaching overseas in the past, but I realized that with my skillset, the essays samples best form of teaching I can do is through writing on of a Library Periodical Essay Kibin.

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essays about tv news Towards a Healthy News Diet. This article is the antidote of samples news. It is long, and you probably won’t be able to skim it. Tempest" Essay. Thanks to heavy news consumption, many people have lost the ability to read more than four pages straight. This article will show you how to get out of essays samples this trap – if you are not already too deep in the trap. News is to the mind what sugar is to the body. We are so well informed and yet we know so little. Why? We are in do not this sad condition because 200 years ago we invented a toxic form of essays knowledge called news. The time has come to define chiaroscuro, recognize the detrimental effects that news has on individuals and societies, and to essays samples, take the necessary steps to shield us from its dangers.

At core, we are cavemen in suits and dresses. Our brains are optimized for a hunter-gatherer environment where we lived in small bands of 25 to define, 100 individuals with limited food and information sources. Our brains (and our bodies) now live in a world that is the opposite of what we are designed to handle. This leads to great risk and to inappropriate, outright dangerous behavior. In the samples past few decades, the fortunate among us have recognized the hazards of living with an of a and Information overabundance of food (obesity, diabetes, metabolic syndrome) and have started to shift our diets. News is to the mind what sugar is to the body . News is easy to samples, digest. The media feeds us small bites of trivial matter, tidbits that don’t really concern our lives and don’t require thinking. That’s why we experience almost no satation.

Unlike reading books and almost noble hero long, deep magazine articles (which requires thinking), we can swallow limitless quantities of news flashes, like bright colored candies for essays samples, the mind. Today, we have reached the same point in relation to information overload that we faced 20 years ago with food intake. We are beginning to recognize how toxic news can be and we are learning to take the first steps toward an information diet. This is my attempt to clarify the dangers of the Essay most toxic form of information – news – and to provide some recommendations about how to deal with it. Samples. I have now gone without news for a year, so I can see, feel and report the effects of of a Periodical this freedom first hand: less disruption, more time, less anxiety, deeper thinking, more insights . It’s not easy, but it’s worth it. My good friend Nassim Nicholas Taleb was one of the first people to essays samples, recognize news consumption as a serious problem. I owe most of the following insights to him. No 1 – News misleads us systematically. News reports do not represent the real world.

Our brains are wired to pay attention to visible, large, scandalous, sensational, shocking, people-related, story-formatted, fast changing, loud, graphic onslaughts of stimuli. Our brains have limited attention to spend on things that are small, abstract, ambivalent, complex, slow to develop and quiet, much less silent. Toward Melinda In "The. News organizations systematically exploit this bias. The news media, by and large, focus on essays samples the highly visible. They display whatever information they can convey with gripping stories and lurid pictures, and they systematically ignore the subtle and insidious, even if it is more important. News grabs our attention; that’s how its business model works.

Even if the on Anyone can Learn and Teach What they do not Know advertising model didn’t exist, we would still soak up news pieces because they are easy to digest and superficially quite tasty. The highly visible misleads us. Take the following event. A car drives over a bridge, and the bridge collapses. What does the news media focus on? On the samples car. Tesco Deli Club. On the person in the car.

Where he came from. Where he planned to go. Samples. How he experienced the Review Library and Information crash (if he survived). Essays. What kind of person he is (was). But – that is all completely irrelevant. What’s relevant?

The structural stability of the bridge. That’s the underlying risk that has been lingering for tesco deli club, a while. The car doesn’t matter at all. It could have been any car that caused the samples bridge to collapse. It could have been a strong wind or a dog walking over Review Library Science Periodical the bridge. So, why does the media cover the samples car? Because it’s flashy, it’s dramatic, it’s a person (non-abstract), and it’s news that’s cheap to produce. As a result of news, we walk around with the completely wrong risk map in our head. Terrorism is overrated. Define. Chronic stress is underrated.

The collapse of essays samples Lehman is overrated. Fiscal irresponsibility is underrated. Astronauts are overrated. Nurses are underrated. Transition In Essays. Britney Spears is samples overrated. IPCC Reports are underrated.

Airplane crashes are overrated. Resistance to antibiotics is underrated. We are not rational enough to be exposed to the press. It is a very dangerous thing, because the probabilistic mapping we get from consuming news is entirely different from the Essay actual risks that we are exposed to. If you watch an airplane crash on news television, it’s going to change your attitude toward that risk regardless of its real probability, no matter your intellectual sophistication. If you think you can compensate this bias with the strength of your own inner contemplation, you are wrong. Essays. Bankers and economists – who have powerful incentives to compensate for news-borne hazards – have shown that they cannot. The only solution: cut yourself off from news consumption entirely. Out of the approximately 10,000 news stories you have read in the last 12 months, name one that – because you consumed it – allowed you to make a better decision affecting your life, your career, your business – compared to not having swallowed that piece of news. The point is: the consumption of news is irrelevant to the forces that really matter in your life. At its best, it is define entertaining, but it is samples still irrelevant.

Assume that, against all odds, you found one piece of news that substantially increased the quality of your life – compared to how your life would have unfolded if you hadn’t read or seen it. How much trivia did your brain have to Essay and Teach What, digest to get to that one relevant nugget? And that is a hindsight analysis. Essays Samples. Looking forward, we can’t even identify the value of Ferdinand's Melinda Tempest" a piece of news before we see it. So we are forced to digest everything on the news buffet line. Is that worth it? Probably not. In 1914, Sarajevo was the news story that dwarfed all other news in terms of its significance that year by a factor of a billion.

But, Sarajevo was just one of several thousand stories in essays circulation on that day. No news organization treated it anything more than just another politically inspired assassination. Noble. The first Internet browser debuted in 1995. That hugely relevant piece of software, which bore such important future impact, barely made it into the press. It’s very difficult for essays samples, us to Review Science Essay, recognize what’s relevant . It’s much easier to recognize what’s new . Essays. We are not equipped with sensory organs for relevance. Relevance doesn’t come naturally. News does. That’s why the media plays on the new. (If our minds were structured the other way round, the almost noble hero media would certainly play on the relevant.) The relevant versus the new is the samples fundamental battle of the modern man. News creates a worldview that is not relevant to you.

What does relevance mean? It means: what is important to you personally. Relevance is a personal choice. Don’t take the Ferdinand's Feelings Melinda Tempest" media’s view for it. For the media, anything that sells lots of copies is samples relevant – Darfour, Paris Hilton, a train crash in China, some idiotic world record (someone who ate 78 cheese burgers in one hour). That is why the news industry has a swindle at the core of its business (this it shares with the circus performances, Freudian psychotherapy and palm-reading).

It sells the relevant, but delivers the new. In short, it’s a camouflage industry. Media organizations want us to believe that news offers some sort of a competitive advantage. Many people fall for that. We get anxious when we’re cut off from the flow of news. Transition. We fear we’ve missed something important. In reality, news consumption is a competitive disadvantage . The less news you consume the bigger the advantage you have over others.

Afraid you will miss “something important”? Believe me, if something really important happens, you will hear about it, even if you try to samples, live protected from the news in a cocoon. Friends and transition in essays colleagues will tell you the relevant events far more reliably than any news organization. They will do this with the samples added benefit of transition in essays meta-information, since you know how they think. If you don’t have friends, you will learn far more about really important events and societal shifts by reading about them in specialized journals, in-depth magazines or good books. No 3 – News limits understanding.

News has no explanatory power. News items are little bubbles popping on samples the surface of a deeper world. News organizations pride themselves on correctly reporting the chiaroscuro facts, but the essays facts that they prize are just epiphenomena of deeper causes. Both news organizations and news consumers mistake knowing a litany of facts for understanding the world. It’s not “news facts” that are important, but the threads that connect them. What we really want is to understand the underlying processes , how things happen. Almost Noble. Unfortunately, precariously few news organizations manage to do this. The problem is samples that the underlying processes that govern significant social, political and environmental movements mostly are invisible. Feelings Toward Melinda In "The Tempest". They are complex, non-linear and hard for our (and the journalists’) brains to digest. Why do news organizations go for the light stuff, the anecdotes, scandals, people-stories and pictures?

The answer is simple: because they are cheaper to produce. The important stories are non-stories: slow, powerful movements that develop below the journalists’ radar but have a transforming effect. Most people believe that more information makes for essays samples, better decisions. News organizations support this belief. Hell, it’s in their own interest. Ferdinand's Feelings Essay. Will the accumulation of facts help you understanding the essays world? Sadly, no. The relationship is actually inverted.

The more “news factoids” you digest, the less of the big picture you will understand. There is no evidence that information junkies are better decision makers. They are certainly not more successful than the average Joe. If more information leads to higher economic success we would expect journalists to transition, be on top of the essays samples pyramid. That’s not the case. Quite to define chiaroscuro, the contrary. We don’t know what makes people successful, but amassing information is certainly not part of essays it. Reading news to understand the world is worse than not reading anything . What’s best: cut yourself off from daily news consumption entirely. Read books and on Anyone What they Know thoughtful journals instead of gulping headlines.

No 4 – News is toxic to your body. News constantly triggers the limbic system. They spur the release of cascades of glucocordicoid (cortisol). This deregulates your immune system and samples inhibits the define chiaroscuro release of growth hormones. In other words, your body finds itself in samples a state of chronic stress. The effects of high glucocordicoid levels are impaired digestion, lack of Toward Melinda Essay growth (cell, hair, bone), nervousness and essays samples susceptibility to Review Science Periodical Essay, infections.

News consumers risk impairing their physical health. Samples. The other potential effects of news include fear, aggression, tunnel thinking and desensitization. No 5 – News is toxic for societies. First, the tendency to personalize and politicize the What do not Know news has a polarizing impact on democracy. Media users fall into increasingly targeted, narrowcast streams of information and, therefore, become less likely to encounter input that challenges their partisan views.

Second, humankind is susceptible to fads, hypes and hysterias. News leads to collective neurosis. As a matter of fact, every large-scale collective neurosis has been driven by news . Essays. There is no other way to generate one. Third, stories portraying acts of violence have an inordinately negative impact at many levels. Library Periodical Essay. Psychological scars – induced by samples, chronic stress, horrifying images and traumatic memories – do not heal easily. News adds to transition, health costs.

No 6 – News massively increase cognitive errors. News feeds the mother of samples all cognitive errors: confirmation bias . We automatically, systematically filter out evidence that contradicts our preconceptions in favor of confirming evidence. In the words of Essay can Learn they Know Warren Buffett: “What the human being is samples best at doing, is interpreting all new information so that their prior conclusions remain intact.” That is the transition confirmation bias. News consumption, especially the samples ability to customize our news intake, exacerbates this human flaw. The result is that we walk around in a cloud of seemingly confirming data – even when our theories about ourselves and Feelings in "The the world may be wrong. Samples. We become prone to overconfidence, take stupid risks and misjudge opportunities . News not only feeds the Essay on Anyone can Learn they do not Know confirmation bias. There is another cognitive error at play: the story bias . Our brains crave stories that “make sense” – even if they don’t correspond to reality.

And news organizations are happy to samples, deliver those fake stories. Transition In Essays. Instead of just reporting that the stock market declined (or increased) by samples, 2%, they say “the market declined by 2% because of X ”. X can be a bank profit forecast, fear about the Euro, non-farm payroll statistics, a Fed decision, a terrorist attack in Madrid, a subway strike in New York, a handshake between two presidents, anything, really. This reminds me of high school. My text book specified seven reasons (not six, not eight) why the French Revolution broke out. Fact is, we don’t know why the French Revolution broke out. Ferdinand's In "The Essay. And especially not why in 1789. And we don’t know why the stock market moved as it moved. There are just too many factors that go into it. We don’t know why an airplane crashed or why the oil price jumped. We don’t know. Any journalist who writes “the market moved because of X ” or “the company went bankrupt because of Y ” is an idiot.

Of course, X might have had a casual influence, but it’s far from established, and there are most likely influences that are much greater than X. To a large degree, news reports consist of samples nothing but stories and anecdotes that end up substituting for coherent analyses. Ferdinand's Feelings Toward. I am fed up with this cheap way of “explaining” the world. It’s inappropriate. It’s irrational. It’s forgery. And I don’t let my thinking get contaminated by it. No 7 – News inhibits thinking.

Thinking requires concentration. Essays Samples. Concentration requires uninterrupted time. Ferdinand's Feelings Melinda Essay. News items are like free-floating radicals that interfere with clear thinking. News pieces are specifically engineered to interrupt you. They are like viruses that steal attention for their own purposes.

This is not about samples, stealing time (see reason 9). Review And Information Essay. This is about the inability to think clearly when you open up yourself to the factoid stream. News makes us into shallow thinkers . But it’s worse than that. News severely affects memory . »The passageway from working memory to long-term memory forms a bottleneck in our brain. While the long-term memory has an almost unlimited capacity, working memory can hold only a relatively small amount of information at essays samples a time (try repeating a 10-digit phone number if you hear it for the first time). That short-term storage is fragile: A break in our attention can sweep its contents from our mind.« Because news disrupts concentration, it actively weakens comprehension. You don’t visit Paris or speed through the Museum of Modern Art in two minutes. Why not? Because the chiaroscuro brain needs spool-up time.

Building up concentration takes a minimum of a 10-minute read. Essays Samples. At minimum. If it is less, your brain will processes the information superficially and barely store it. News pieces are like wind hitting your cheek. Ask yourself: What are the noble hero top twenty news pieces from a month ago (that are no longer in the news today). Essays Samples. So, why would you want to consume something that doesn’t stick?

Even worse with online news. In a 2001 study[1] two scholars in Canada showed that the comprehension declines as hyperlinks in a document increase. Why? Because whenever a link appears, your brain has to at least make the choice not to click, which itself is distracting. News consumers are suckers for irrelevancy . Tempest" Essay. Online news consumers are the biggest suckers. Essays Samples. News is an interruption system.

It seizes our attention only to scramble it. Besides a lack of glucose in your blood stream, news distraction is the biggest limitation on clear thinking. No 8 – News changes the structure of on Anyone can Learn What do not Know your brain. News works like a drug. It feeds compulsive information-seeking behavior (CISB). The uninterrupted supply makes us crave more.

As stories develop, we naturally want to know how they continue. Samples. With hundreds of arbitrary story lines in our heads, this craving is increasingly compelling and hard to ignore. Why is news addictive? Once you get into the habit of checking the news, you are driven to check it even more often. On Anyone Can Learn What They Know. Your attention is set on fast-breaking events, so you hunger for more data about them. This has to do with a process called long-term potentiation (LTP) and the reward circuits in your brain. Addicts seek more of an addictive substance to get their fix, because they need more stimulation than non-addicts to reach a satisfying reward threshold.

If you set your attention on other things – like literature, science, art, history, cooking, pet grooming, whatever – you will become more focused on those things. That’s just how the brain works. It’s a simple cognitive process. People used to samples, think that our brain, the dense connections formed among the 100 billion neurons inside our skulls, was largely fixed by the time we reached adulthood. Today we know that this is not the define case. The human brain is highly plastic. Nerve cells routinely break old connections and essays form new ones. When we adapt to a new cultural phenomenon, including the consumption of news, we end up with a different brain. Adaptation to news occurs at a biological level.

News reprograms us. That means our brain works differently even when we’re not consuming news . Review Library And Information. And that’s dangerous. The more news we consume, the more we are exercising the neural circuits devoted to skimming and multitasking while ignoring those used for reading and thinking deeply. Most news consumers – even if they used to be avid book readers – have lost the ability to read and essays absorb longish articles or books . Almost. After four, five pages they get tired, their concentration vanishes, they become restless. It’s not because they got older or their time schedules got denser. It’s because the physical structure of their brains has changed.

In the words of Professor Michael Merzenich (University of essays samples California, San Francisco), a pioneer in the field of neuroplasticity: “We are training our brains to pay attention to the crap.” Hear me: Deep reading is indistinguishable from deep thinking . When you consume news, your brain structurally changes. And this means that the way you think changes. Regaining the capacity for concentration and contemplation will take nothing but a radical news diet. News wastes time. Define Chiaroscuro. It exacts exorbitant costs. News taxes productivity three ways. First, count the consumption-time that news demands.

That’s the time you actually waste reading or watching the news. Second, tally up the refocusing time – or switching cost. That’s the time you waste trying to essays, get back to what you were doing before the news interrupted you. Tesco Deli Club. You have to collect your thoughts. What were you about to do?

Every time you disrupt your work to check the essays samples news, reorienting yourself could easily waste minutes. Third, news distracts us even hours after we’ve digested today’s hot items. Essay They Do Not. News stories and essays samples images pop into our minds hours, sometimes days later and will constantly interrupt your train of thought. Why would you want to do that to you? If you read the newspaper for 15 minutes each morning, then check the news for 15 minutes during lunch and 15 minutes before you go to bed, you’re eating up substantial time.

Then, add five minutes here and define there when you’re at work, plus distraction and samples refocusing-time. You will lose productive hours totaling at least half a day every week . Half a day – and for tesco deli club, what? On a global level, the essays samples loss in potential productivity is huge. Take the 2008 terror attacks in Mumbai, where terrorists murdered some 200 people in almost an act of chilling exhibitionism. Samples. Imagine that a billion people devoted, on average, one hour of their attention to the Mumbai tragedy: following the news, watching some talking head on TV, thinking about it. Tesco Deli Club. The number is essays a wild guess, but the Ferdinand's Melinda in "The guess is far from essays a wild number. There are more than a billion people in India alone. Almost Noble Hero. Many there spent whole days following the essays drama.

One billion people times one hour is one billion hours, which is more than 100,000 years. The global average life expectancy is today 66 years. So nearly 2,000 lives were swallowed by news consumption . It’s far more than the number of people murdered, by define, any standards. In a sense, the newscasters became unwilling bedfellows of the essays terrorists. Information is no longer a scarce commodity. But attention is. Why give it away so easily? You are not that irresponsible with your money, your reputation or your health. Why then give away your mind? No 10 – News sunders the relationship between reputation and achievement.

Individual reputation affects how people cooperate in society. Tesco Deli Club. In our ancestral past, a person’s reputation was directly linked to his or her achievements. Essays Samples. You saw that your fellow tribe member killed a tiger single handedly and you spread word of his bravery. With the advent of mass-produced news, the strange concept of “fame” entered our society. Fame is misleading because generally people become famous for reasons that have little relevance to our lives . The media grants fame to of a and Information Periodical Essay, movie stars and news anchors for samples, scant reason. News sunders the relationship between reputation and noble hero achievement.

The tragedy is that their notoriety crowds out the achievements of samples those who make more substantive contributions. No 11 – News is produced by journalists. Some journalists take time with their stories and on Anyone do not Know try to think things through. But like any profession, and essays samples probably more so than in any other profession, journalism has its incompetent, unfair practitioners who don’t have the time – or the capacity – for deep analysis. Often, they are paid by the piece, the line, or the word. Transition In Essays. You might not be able to tell the difference between a polished professional and a rushed, glib, paid-by-the-piece writer with an ax to grind. It all looks like news. Fewer than ten percent of the news stories are original. Fewer than one percent are truly investigative.

And only essays samples, once every fifty years journalists uncover a Watergate. The rest is cobbled together from chiaroscuro other news reports, common knowledge and whatever the journalist can find on the internet. Many journalists, in their rushed schedule, blindly copy from each other. The copying and the copying of the essays samples copies not only multiplies the flaws in in essays the stories but also the irrelevance. No 12 – Reported facts are sometimes wrong, forecasts always.

Sometimes, reported facts are simply mistaken. With reduced editorial budgets at major publications, fact checking may be an essays endangered step in chiaroscuro the news process. The New Yorker Magazine was legendary for their fact checking. When an article mentioned the Empire State Building, the essays samples fact checking department would go out and visually verify that, in fact, the building was still standing. I don’t know if the story is define true, but it highlights a point. Essays. Today, the fact checker has become an endangered species in most news companies.

Many news stories include predictions, but accurately predicting anything in our complex world is impossible. Overwhelming evidence indicates that forecasts by journalists and by noble hero, experts in finance, social development, global conflicts and technology are almost always completely wrong. So, why consume that junk? Did the newspapers predict World War I, the Great Depression, the sexual revolution, the fall of the Soviet empire, the rise of the Internet, resistance to antibiotics, the samples fall of Europe’s birth rate or the and Teach What do not explosion in depression cases? Maybe, you’d find one or two correct predictions in a sea of millions of mistaken ones. Samples. Incorrect forecast are not only useless, they are harmful . To increase the accuracy of Essay Know your predictions, cut out the news and roll the dice or. If you are ready for depth, read books to understand the invisible generators that affect our world. No 13 – News is manipulative.

News is the samples perfect Trojan horse. Few bits of news arrive without a hidden agenda, and many news stories crop up with big obvious agendas. Our evolutionary past has equipped us with a good bullshit detector for transition in essays, face-to-face interactions. We automatically use many clues to detect manipulation, clues that go beyond the verbal message and include gesture, facial expression, signs of nervousness such as sweaty palms, blushing and body odor. Living in small bands of samples people, we almost always knew the background of the messenger. Information always came with a rich set of meta data. Today, even conscientious readers find that distinguishing even-handed news stories from ones that have a private agenda is define chiaroscuro difficult and energy consuming. Why go through that? Reporting is biased. Stories are selected or slanted to please advertisers (advertising bias) or the owners of the media (corporate bias), and here is essays samples a tendency to report what everyone else is reporting, and to almost noble, avoid stories that will offend anyone (mainstream bias).

The PR industry is as large as the news reporting industry – the best proof that journalists and samples news organizations can be manipulated. Corporations, interest groups and other organizations would not expend these huge sums if PR didn’t work. If journalists with their natural skepticism towards powerful organizations can be manipulated, what makes you think you can escape it? Take the Nurse Nayirah story. Nayirah was a fifteen-year-old Kuwaiti girl, who alleged that she had witnessed the murder of infant children by Iraqi soldiers in chiaroscuro Kuwait, in verbal testimony to essays samples, the U.S. Congress, in the run up to the 1991 Gulf War. Virtually every media outlet covered the story. The U.S. Chiaroscuro. public was in rage, which in turn pushed the essays samples congress closer to noble hero, approving the war.

Her testimony, which was regarded as credible at the time by all the samples media outlets, has since come to be regarded as wartime propaganda. Look back over the 20 th century and ask yourself how many atrocities could have been prevented if the majority of people would have followed a simple news diet. Almost. It’s a wild thought. There is samples more: Journalism shapes a common picture of the world and a common set of narratives for on Anyone they do not, discussing it. It sets the samples public agenda. Hold on: do we really want the newsmakers to chiaroscuro, influence the public agenda? I believe that agenda setting by the media is just bad democracy. No 14 – News makes us passive. News stories are overwhelmingly about things you cannot influence. This sets readers up to essays, have a fatalistic outlook on the world. Compare this with our ancestral past, where you could act upon practically every bit of news.

Our evolutionary past prepared us to act on information, but the daily repetition of news about things we can’t act upon makes us passive. Tesco Deli Club. It zaps our energy. It grinds us down until we adopt a worldview that is pessimistic, desensitized, sarcastic and essays samples fatalistic. If the human brain encounters a barrage of ambiguous information without being able to Review Library Essay, act upon essays, that information, it can lead to passivity and a sense of victimhood. Noble. The scientific term is essays learned helplessness . It’s a bit of a stretch, but I would not be surprised if news consumption at least partially contributes to the widespread disease of Library Periodical depression. Viewed on a timeline, the spread of depression coincides almost perfectly with the growth and maturity of the mass media.

It could turn out to samples, be a coincidence, and I am skeptical about this type of Feelings Melinda Tempest" conjecture, but I don’t want to leave it unmentioned. 15 – News gives us the illusion of essays caring. Kathleen Norris (even if I don’t share most of her ideas) said it best: “We may want to believe that we are still concerned, as our eyes drift from a news anchor announcing the latest atrocity to the NBA scores and stock market quotes streaming across the bottom of the screen. But the ceaseless bombardment of image and verbiage makes us impervious to transition in essays, caring.” News wraps us in a warm global feeling. We are all world citizens.

We are all connected. The planet is just one global village. We sing the “We-are-the-World” song and wave the little flame of our lighters in perfect harmony with thousands of others. It’s a glowing and essays fuzzy feeling that delivers the illusion of chiaroscuro care but doesn’t get us anywhere. I haven’t had the time to put my finger on it, but this allure for anything global smells like a gigantic chimera . Like a religion. Essays. Fact is, we are not connected because we consume news. We are connected because we trade. No 16 – News kills creativity. Things we already know severely impact creativity. This is one reason why mathematicians, novelists, composers or entrepreneurs produce their most creative works at a young age. They are oblivious to much that has been tried before.

Their brains enjoy a wide, uninhabited space that allows them to come up with novel ideas. I don’t know a single truly creative mind who is tesco deli club a news junkie – not a writer, not a composer, mathematician, physician, scientist, musician, designer, architect or painter. On the other hand, I know a whole bunch of viciously uncreative minds who consume news like drugs. The creativity-killing effect of news might also be owned to something simpler we’ve discussed before: distraction. I just can’t imagine producing novel ideas with the distraction that news is sure to deliver. If you want to come up with old solutions, read news. If you are looking for new solutions, don’t read news. Go without news. Cut it out completely. Go cold turkey. Make news as inaccessible as possible.

Delete the news apps from your iPhone. Sell your TV. Cancel your newspaper subscriptions. Samples. Do not pick up newspapers and magazines that lie around in airports and train stations. Define. Do not set the browser default to a news site. Pick a site that never changes. The more stale the better. Delete all news sites from your browser’s favorites list. Delete the essays news widgets from your desktop. If you want to keep the illusion of can Learn What they do not “not missing anything important”, I suggest you glance through the summary page of the samples Economist once a week. Don’t waste more than five minutes on it.

Read magazines and books which explain the world – Science, Nature, The New Yorker, The Atlantic Monthly. Go for magazines that connect the dots and Ferdinand's Melinda Essay don’t shy away from presenting the complexities of life – or from purely entertaining you. The world is complicated, and there is nothing we can do about it. Essays Samples. So, you must read longish and deep articles and books that represent its complexity. Try reading a book a week. Better two or three. History is good. Biology. Psychology. That way you’ll learn to understand the almost noble underlying mechanisms of the world.

Go deep instead of broad. Enjoy material that truly interests you. Have fun reading. The first week will be the hardest. Deciding not to check the news while you are thinking, writing or reading takes discipline. You are fighting your brain’s built-in tendency. Initially, you will feel out of touch or even socially isolated. Every day you will be tempted to check your favorite news Web site. Don’t do it. Stick to the cold-turkey plan.

Go 30 days without news. After 30 days, you will have a more relaxed attitude toward the news. You will find that you have more time, more concentration and samples a better understanding of the define world. After a while, you will realize that despite your personal news blackout, you have not missed – and essays samples you’re not going to miss – any important facts. If some bit of almost information is truly important to your profession, your company, your family or your community, you will hear it in time – from essays your friends, your mother in law or whoever you talk to or see. When you are with your friends, ask them if anything important is happening in the world. Library Periodical Essay. The question is a great conversation starter. Most of the time, the essays samples answer will be: “not really.” Are you afraid that living a news-free existence will make you an Ferdinand's Tempest" outcast at parties? Well, you might not know that Paris Hilton is in jail (I don’t know, I am making this up), but you will have more intelligent facts to share – about the cultural meaning of the samples food you are eating or the discovery of on Anyone can Learn and Teach they do not Know exosolar planets.

Never be shy about essays samples, your news diet. People will be fascinated. Society needs journalism – but in a different way. Investigative journalism is relevant in any society. Define Chiaroscuro. We need more hard-core journalists digging into meaningful stories.

We need reporting that polices our society and uncovers the essays truth. The best example is Watergate. But important findings don’t have to arrive in the form of news. Often, reporting is not time sensitive. Longish journal articles and books are fine forums for investigative journalism – and now that you’ve gone cold turkey on the news, you’ll have time to read them. ? Imaginary Interview with Rolf Dobelli. No news, period. Review Of A Library And Information Science. That sounds fundamentalist. “Don’t smoke” used to sound fundamentalist. Samples. Today, everybody understands it. Ferdinand's Feelings Tempest". “Don’t eat sugar in mass quantities because it’s toxic.” Does that sound fundamentalist? It just makes plain sense. “Don’t do news” might sound fundamentalist today, but there will come a time when this will sound as reasonable as “don’t do opium” or “use protection when you sleep with strangers.”

You say: “The relevant versus the new is the fundamental battle of the modern man.” That’s too great of a claim to be taken seriously. I consider it the most fundamental distinction in today’s world. It certainly is the most important one in my life. News organizations promise to sell knowledge and insights, but deliver something way more shallow. In other realms we call this a scam. It’s time to samples, recognize this. It’s time to strip the news from the aura of relevance. News is one thing.

Relevance is something different. At times, there is an overlap – small and fragile. At most times, new and relevant things are at opposite ends. Of course, the media is Review of a Library Periodical trying hard to essays samples, maintain the aura of relevance. In TV they do this with impressive trailers and sounds that come before and after the news – showing airplanes landing, rockets blasting off, presidents shaking hands. The relevant versus the new : No dichotomy is more important in my life. If I had to transpose Plato’s cave story into today’s times, the transition shadows on the wall are the news pieces, but the real things invisible to the cave prisoner is the essays samples relevant . Now, I am not saying you should strive for relevance at day and night. Of A And Information Essay. That would be a horrible life. It would be sort of a Calvinist mental prison. Samples. No, be frivolous, enjoy life, party, do the crazy, the useless – even the novel.

But do it on Toward Melinda the things that don’t matter. On the big things in life (health, career, relationships, your retirement money), stick to the relevant. It’s better to know something than not. Agree. But information is not knowledge. Essays. Facts are not understanding.

News organizations support the belief that more information makes for better decisions. They do this, because it’s in their own interest. Ferdinand's Feelings Melinda In "The Tempest" Essay. Assume you are in charge of a big business unit. How much would you pay to know everything private about essays samples, your employees, everything? Most people would propose a positive amount. I propose a negative amount. Knowing my subordinates’ political views, treatment of their children, neurotic symptoms, experiences, dreams and affairs would bias my evaluation of their performance.

This would ultimately hurt both the and Information organization and me. Often, less information is more. Isn’t it inhumane not to essays, care about Haiti? Your shtick feels pretty cold. Is it inhumane not to care about horrific things happening on other planets? The point is: You can’t care about everything in the universe, on the earth, in your country, not even in your city. Essay On Anyone Can Learn And Teach They Do Not Know. Nor should you. Where is the compassion? Let me state this even stronger: Caring without action it inhumane. It gives us the illusion of making the essays samples world a better place.

Truth is, we do it for us. We revel in the marinade of caring. What does it change? It makes us feel good (humane if you like) but doesn’t help a thing. I don’t care about people who care. Empathy – if it remains empathy – is useless. I deeply care about people who help.

So, let me rephrase. Isn’t it inhumane not to help Haiti – if you don’t even know about it, if you cover your eyes from it. The measure of your humanity is a how effective your help is going to be. With your means and skills, where can you do the most good? It might be on a global issue, but then again, it might not be. Most likely it will be on a local issue where you will be most effective (because you know the problem more intimately, you have a network of people to recruit from, and tesco deli club a more direct feedback on your efforts).

So, the first decision for you as a humanitarian is: at which problem am I most effective? Wasting your money and samples skills is not morally corrupt, but it is not very intelligent either. There is a second thing: Fighting fires – in most cases – is less effective than prevention. Essay On Anyone Can Learn What Do Not Know. The curse of prevention is samples that it doesn’t generate many brownie points. The people who eradicated polio are heroes, but they didn’t get much visibility.

Imagine a person in the 1980’s convincing the FAA to put locks on airplane doors thus preventing a potential act of terrorism. In Essays. He would have been laughed at – by the FAA, the airlines (who would have had to essays, carry the cost) and the pilot unions (for complicating their lives). Assume, he would indeed have prevented 9-11. How would we know about it? We wouldn’t. And consequently, there would be no presidential medal for the guy. Not award. On the other hand, rescue workers who rescue a baby under rubbles will get many more brownie points.

That’s why I am in almost hero favor of giving a Nobel Prize for prevention. But still, that’s a pretty cold view. Assume the planet Earth had double the diameter. That would make the surface four times as large. Assume four times the number of continents, countries and essays people. Four times the number of airplane crashes, volcano eruptions and earthquakes. Do you think the Melinda in "The newspapers and magazines would be four times the samples size? No, because you still only in essays, have 24 hours in a day and besides consuming news there are other things to do. The media would just cover less. Just like you shouldn’t care about everything, the media shouldn’t care about everything.

I am sure there is a lot of relevant stuff happening on other planets. I am sure there are bigger problems on other planets. For some reason we accept the fact that those things are not important. What is relevance? Ah, that’s the great freedom! Relevance is a personal choice. Essays Samples. Many people forget that. I consider it more fundamental than the freedom of speech.

Deciding in the face of the media barrage that the earthquake in define chiaroscuro Haiti (to take just one example) is essays samples not relevant to Essay on Anyone can Learn and Teach What do not, me – that is freedom! If I had to put together my personal Economist edition, what would it look like? This: A report on my PSA value – embedded in an investigation about my physical and mental health status. Essays. A status report on the illness of my father. The school grades of Library and Information Essay my children (if I had any). The states of my friends. The noise around my house and what do to about it. A renovation project in essays the kitchen. Noble. Vacation plans. An email exchange with a brain researcher in samples Shanghai. My plans for Feelings Toward Melinda in "The Essay, the next novel.

A talk I heard today that gave me a great insight. The question if this paper will resonate with others. What’s relevant to me has absolutely nothing to do with what’s on the global news radar. However, when people read “global news” they automatically assume that this is the relevant stuff. It’s not. That takes courage.

Don’t feel bad if 99% of the people deem something relevant and you don’t. Essays. Relevance is a personal choice. Is global warming relevant? Only if the survival of our species (and other vertebrates) is close to your heart. It is for me.

But it doesn’t have to be so. Almost Hero. You have the freedom to make this an unimportant topic to samples, you. You can say: As long as bacteria survive, higher-order life will develop again on the planet. It might take a billion or so years. But in the long-term it is Ferdinand's Feelings Toward in "The Tempest" conceivable that there will be consciousness again. And for the large gap in between, those billion years – nobody will care, because there will be no consciousness to record it.

So, who cares? That’s a perfectly rational argument. Seriously, you never check news? I try not to essays samples, endulge. Sometimes I do research on a topic and I land on a news site. Then it’s very hard not to scan the headlines. Tesco Deli Club. Even for twenty seconds. And then you feel guilty? No, but it confirms every time that looking at news is essays samples a waste of time.

Then I am pissed at me. You’d put less stress on Review of a and Information Periodical Essay you with a more loose policy. True but the news will suck you in. It is samples a drug. You can’t be a casual pot smoker. You can be a casual alcohol drinker. True, but the consumption barriers are much higher. You have to do the Feelings Toward Melinda Tempest" effort to samples, buy it and it costs money.

If you are in a relationship you have to hide the bottles and get rid of the empty ones as quickly as possible. That’s work. With news you don’t have that. News is everywhere, it slips into your consciousness automatically, and it’s free. Almost Noble Hero. No hurdle. Samples. That’s why you want to be extremely careful.

Also, the transition in essays damage you get as a news addict is more severe than that as an essays samples alcohol addict. It’s not that news works like a drug. It is a drug . And we are addicted to chiaroscuro, it. Opium was used as a legitimate pain relief drug in many civilizations over the past 5,000 years. Essays Samples. In the 17 th and 18 th centuries it became a mass addiction that destroyed entire peoples and economies. News used to be a legitimate source of trading information over the past 5,000 years. Today, it has become a mass addiction with dire consequences.

News consumption is a big global mania. Define Chiaroscuro. We don’t realize it because everybody around us is doing it. Just as people in the 13 th century didn’t realize how idiotic it was to go on crusades or to witch-hunt. Essays. News is just one of these global manias. In a hundred years from almost noble hero now we will look back and essays say: “What in the hell were these people doing?” You had the idea for getAbstract, a company that summarizes books.

That sounds pretty much like a “news” service. I believe that the most relevant information can be found in books. Our book summaries are five pages long. That’s longer than most New Yorker or Atlantic Monthly articles. In five pages you can convey a lot of depth. But you have a point. I would not dare to in essays, write one-page book summaries, because you’d lose the depth. A one-page book summary would not be anything more than a table of contents.

So, with five pages I feel pretty good. Even then, there are many books we can’t capture the complexity of the subject. In those cases, I suggest you read the essays summary first, then the entire book. People worry about the stock market. Review Of A Library And Information Periodical. It’s their hard-earned money after all. They have their retirement tied up in the market. Isn’t it prudent if these people check the news relevant to samples, their portfolio? No, it doesn’t make sense.

First, news will be irrelevant in 9,999 out of chiaroscuro 10,000 cases. Second, if you find a relevant piece of news, it will be too late to samples, react. Better to understand the long-term generators of the world. Then build a sensible investment strategy around those forces. News are just irrelevant trickles. Unless you are a professional trader who trades on momentum, you should leave news stories aside for investment decisions. But what really surprises me is how often people worry about the stock market.

They spend hours every week analyzing the market – but they spend not a minute trying to reduce their smoking or their chronic stress. Then they fall sick and suddenly nothing else matters in Essay can Learn do not their lives. When it comes to the stock market, people are unreasonably concerned with it. They have a wrong risk map in their heads. When you are dead, nothing else matters. When you are sick, nothing else matters. Not even the stock market. All I am saying is this: news distorts your risk map, and essays samples that’s dangerous. So, the solution could be to have a good news filter. If you can delegate it to your personal assistant, great.

He or she might present to you the chiaroscuro one news story per week that could have a bearing on your life. Samples. But most of tesco deli club us don’t have a personal assistant. Essays Samples. We are facing the onslaught of news ourselves. The moment we start filtering news, we are consuming news. There’s just no other way. That’s why you better just stay away from it completely. You suck the fun out of life!

I want you to be aware of the risks. If you treat reading newspapers as a purely entertaining activity, then go for it. Can Learn And Teach What They Do Not. As long as you know it’s entertainment. For example, when you go to the movies, you know it’s entertainment. If you read a novel, you know it’s entertainment. But if you look at the picture of two presidents shaking hands on the other side of the globe, I don’t believe you can make that distinction. There is an automatic response to news that tells you that is it something important (even if it is samples not), and I seriously doubt that anyone can override that reaction. By all means, have fun. But there are a million things that are more fun (and less dangerous) than surfing news websites. When did you first recognize the Essay on Anyone and Teach What they do not dangers of news consumption? I met Nassim Taleb in 2003, and we became friends.

We’ve since talked a lot about the dangers of news and how news distorts your risk map. I realized how mindful he dealt with his news intake. He made me conscious of the essays samples subject. I then started practicing the news diet and Ferdinand's Feelings Tempest" Essay experienced the advantages. And now I am happy to samples, tell everybody who wants to listen.

But I am not proselytizing. After all the slashing and burning: What would you tell someone who wants to become a journalist after all? I think there will be no more journalists per almost se . The romantic notion of reporting anything from anywhere is dead. Essays Samples. You will have two choices. A: You will be an editor of Ferdinand's Melinda Essay news pieces – basically paraphrasing what comes down the wire or what’s cheaply delivered to your doorstep (by press releases, blogs, others news sites, local gossip).

A horrendous way of wasting your life. You’ll be slaving away in a newsroom, churning out twenty irrelevant articles per day. It’s a commodity job and essays it pays near minimum wage. B: You will become an Essay they investigative journalist in a particular field. Essays. There are two propositions here: investigative and tesco deli club particular field . Essays. Let me clarify. Investigative means that you really have the balls to uncover the truth.

You become a secret agent of in essays sorts. And you better get those skills under your belt. Journalism school will not teach you that. Go and do a stint at a police station. Work some time as an industrial spy. Essays. Master that craft. In Essays. Second: You need to be deeply proficient in one particular area – be it politics, business, science, art, whatever. Study that area. And get experience. Essays. Don’t go to journalism school before you’ve worked in your particular field.

Learning to write prose is the easy part – the “investigative” and “particular field” are much more important. Feelings Toward In "The. Don’t expect to uncover a Watergate. The odds are stacked against essays, you. We haven’t seen another Watergate in forty years. Technically, you have a higher chance of becoming the next U.S. president than the next Bob Woodward. Still, there are smaller Watergates to uncover – and they need to be uncovered. If you have the courage and Essay and Teach What do not Know the skills, go for it. These jobs are few and far between.

Most news organizations have cut these positions completely. Don’t hire with one of these firms, since you will be on the straight path to newsroom slave. So, there will be no more space for a “general journalist”. I could be wrong, of samples course. But that’s the best of my knowledge at this point. You make journalists out to in essays, be bad people.

It’s like saying: The ship ran on essays samples a sand bank therefore the sailors are bad people. No. I have many friends who are journalists, editors or chief editors. They are some of the most brilliant people I know. Problem is: They happen to be imprisoned in transition an industry that just doesn’t make any sense.

Juggling news doesn’t make sense. News is dead for me, and I hope it will be dead for many people soon. If the publishing industry would change its mission to “uncovering truth and creating knowledge”, these people would enjoy the most amazing careers. You mention that news doesn’t stick in the brain. Worse with online news, because the hyperlinks distract the essays samples reader.

How about multimedia? That should make news stick, right? Wrong. »In a study in the journal Media Psychology, researchers had more than 100 volunteers watch a presentation about the country of Mali, played through a Web browser. Noble Hero. Some watched a text-only version. Others watched a version that incorporated video. Afterward, the subjects where quizzed on the material.

Compared to samples, the multimedia viewers, the Toward Melinda Essay text-only viewers answered significantly more questions correctly; they also found the presentation to be more interesting, more educational and more understandable.« How do you go for the relevant stuff? Be an active information consumer. Have a clear question to answer (a hypothesis about the world), then dig in essays and find confirming and disconfirming evidence. Look especially for almost hero, disconfirming evidence. Don’t rely on low-cost information like news. In the samples words of Nassim Taleb: It is a very recent disease to mistake the unobservable for almost noble hero, the nonexistent. If something is samples relevant to you , develop an active research strategy, not a passive one. Don’t fall for media reports because of their low cost. Go out there and interview people who know.

Talk to CEOs, employees, customers, researchers, proponents and critics. Melinda Essay. Read books. Essays. Read textbooks. Can Learn They. Read deep articles. Study research papers. Don’t be a passive information consumer who just picks up whatever floats by him.

Get your hands dirty. Essays. But – for chrissake – stop consuming news. ? The above statements reflect the most truthful viewpoint I can achieve at the time of this writing. I reserve the right to Review and Information Science Periodical, revise my views at any time. I might even indulge in the freedom of contradicting myself. Essays. I have done so in the past and will most certainly do so in the future.

The only reason I would change my views (a switch which would undoubtedly be noticed by the “consistency police” – usually journalists with good high-school degrees) is because the new version is closer to the truth, not ever because I would gain any personal advantage. [1] Nicholas Carr: The Web Shatters Focus, Rewires Brains, Wired, May 2010.