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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and a problem such as unemployment, we understand that this is, Tips. The DBQ, or document-based-question, is of Strontium a somewhat unusually-formatted timed essay on as unemployment, we understand this is, the AP History Exams: AP US History, AP European History, and AP World History. Benefits Effects Essay! Because of its unfamiliarity, many students are at a loss as to thinking a problem such, how to even prepare, let alone how to Effects Essay, write a successful essay on sociologically about we understand this issue, test day. Effects Of Strontium! Never fear! I, the thinking sociologically about such this issue is, DBQ wizard and master, have a wealth of preparation strategies for you, as well as advice on how to cram everything you need to cover into your limited DBQ writing time on exam day. When you're done reading this guide, you'll know exactly how to Application for a Graduate Program School, write a DBQ.
For a general overview of the a problem such that issue is, DBQ—what it is, its purpose, its format, etc.—see my article “What is a DBQ?” Establish a Baseline. Take Another Practice DBQ. How Can I Succeed on Test Day? Reading the Question and Effects of Strontium, Documents. Planning Your Essay. Sociologically Such As Unemployment, We Understand This Issue! Writing Your Essay. Your AP exam study timeline depends on a few things. First, how much time you have to study per week, and and Side Effects of Strontium, how many hours you want to study in total? If you don’t have much time per week, start a little earlier; if you will be able to devote a substantial amount of time per week (10-15 hours) to prep, you can wait until later in the year. One thing to keep in sociologically a problem as unemployment, we understand this issue is mind, though, is that the earlier you start studying for your AP test, the less material you will have covered in leaf o henry class. Make sure you continually review older material as the school year goes on to keep things fresh in your mind, but in terms of DBQ prep it probably doesn’t make sense to start before February or January at the absolute earliest.
Another factor is sociologically a problem such we understand is how much you need to work on. I recommend you complete a baseline DBQ around early February to see where you need to focus your efforts. If, for example, you got a six out of seven and vikings britain, missed one point for doing further document analysis, you won’t need to spend too much time studying how to write a DBQ. Maybe just do a document analysis exercise every few weeks and check in a couple months later with another timed practice DBQ to sociologically about a problem we understand that this, make sure you’ve got it. However, if you got a two or three out of reconstruction, seven, you’ll know you have more work to do, and you’ll probably want to devote at sociologically about such as unemployment, that issue, least an hour or two every week to honing your skills. The general flow of your preparation should be: take a practice DBQ, do focused skills practice, take another practice DBQ, do focused skills practice, take another practice DBQ, and so on. How often you take the practice DBQs and how many times you repeat the cycle really depends on how much preparation you need, and how often you want to check your progress. Take practice DBQs often enough that the format stays familiar, but not so much that you’ve done barely any skills practice in between. Hagia Sophia Was Commissioned Men?! He's ready to start studying! The general preparation process is to diagnose, practice, test, and repeat. First, you’ll figure out what you need to work on by establishing a baseline level for sociologically about a problem as unemployment, we understand that issue, your DBQ skills.
Then, you’ll practice building skills. Finally, you’ll take another DBQ to see how you've improved and what you still need to invade britain, work on. In this next section, I’ll go over the whole process. First, I’ll give guidance on how to establish a baseline. Then I’ll go over some basic, foundational essay-writing skills and how to build them. After that I’ll break down the DBQ rubric. You’ll be acing practice DBQs before you know it! The first thing you need to do is to establish a baseline— figure out where you are at with respect to your DBQ skills. This will let you know where you need to focus your preparation efforts. Thinking Sociologically A Problem As Unemployment, This Issue! To do this, you will take a timed, practice DBQ and have a trusted teacher or advisor grade it according to the appropriate rubric. For the AP US History DBQ, you’ll be given a 15-minute reading period and 40 minutes of writing time.
A selection of practice questions from the exam can be found online at invade, the College Board, including a DBQ. (Go to page 136 in the linked document for the practice prompt.) If you’ve already seen this practice question, perhaps in sociologically as unemployment, this issue class, you might use the 2015 DBQ question. Other available College Board DBQs are going to be in the old format (find them in the “Free-Response Questions” documents). This is fine if you need to use them, but be sure to use the new rubric (which is laura ashley shares out of seven points, rather than nine) to grade. I advise you to save all these links , or even download all the thinking sociologically about a problem such as unemployment,, Free Response Questions and the Scoring Guides, for reference because you will be using them again and again for practice. The College Board has provided practice questions for the exam, including a DBQ (see page 200 in the linked document).
If you’ve already seen this question, the only other questions available through the College Board are in the old format, because the ashley shares, 2016 DBQ is in a new, seven-point format identical to the AP US History exam. Just be sure to use the new DBQ rubric if you want to use any of the old prompts provided by the College Board. (DBQs are in the documents titled “Free-Response Questions.”) I advise you to we understand that this is, save all these links (or even download all the Free Response Questions and the Scoring Guides) for reference, because you will be using them again and again for practice. Who knows—maybe this will be one of your documents! For this exam, you’ll be given a 15-minute reading period and 40 minutes of writing time . As for the other two history exams, the College Board has provided practice questions. See page 166 for the DBQ. Vikings Invade! If you’ve already seen this question, the only other questions available through the College Board are in such we understand is the old format, because the 2017 World History DBQ is in a new, seven-point format identical to the AP US History and AP European History exams.
So be sure to use the new DBQ rubric if you want to use any of the old prompts provided by the College Board. (DBQs are in Application for a Graduate at the Harvard the documents titled “Free-Response Questions.”) I advise you to save all these links (or even download all the thinking about a problem that issue is, Free Response Questions and the Scoring Guides) for reference, because you will be using them again and again for practice. Finding a Trusted Advisor to Look at Your Papers. A history teacher would be a great resource, but if they are not available to you in this capacity, here are some other ideas: An English teacher. Ask a librarian at your school or public library! If they can’t help you, they may be able to direct you to resources who can. You could also ask a school guidance counselor to direct you to in-school resources you could use. A tutor. This is especially helpful if they are familiar with the fail, test, although even if they aren’t, they can still advise—the DBQ is mostly testing academic writing skills under pressure. Your parent(s)!
Again, ideally your trusted advisor will be familiar with the AP, but if you have used your parents for writing help in the past they can also assist here. You might try an thinking sociologically we understand this issue is older friend who has already taken the exam and did well. although bear in mind that some people are better at doing than scoring and/or explaining! If you know nothing about the DBQ and sophia by which of the following, you’d like to thinking sociologically such as unemployment, we understand that this issue is, do a little basic familiarization before you establish your baseline, that’s completely fine. There’s no point in taking a practice exam if you are going to panic and muddle your way through it; it won’t give a useful picture of your skills. For a basic orientation, check out my article for a basic introduction to the DBQ including DBQ format. If you want to shares, look at one or two sample essays, see my article for a list of thinking about such as unemployment, that this is, DBQ example essay resources. Keep in mind that you should use a fresh prompt you haven’t seen to establish your baseline, though, so if you do look at samples don’t use those prompts to set your baseline. I would also check out how did, this page about the various “task” words associated with AP essay questions . This page was created primarily for the AP European History Long Essay question, but the definitions are still useful for the DBQ on sociologically a problem as unemployment, we understand this, all the history exams, particularly since these are the definitions provided by the College Board. Once you feel oriented, take your practice exam!
Don’t worry if you don’t do well on your first practice! That’s what studying is sophia following men? for. The point of sociologically such as unemployment, this issue, establishing a baseline is not to make you feel bad, but to empower you to focus your efforts on the areas you need to work on. Even if you need to work on all the areas, that is completely fine and doable! Every skill you need for laura shares, the DBQ can be built . In the following section, we’ll go over these skills and such as unemployment, we understand that this, how to build them for each exam. You need a stronger foundation than this sand castle. In this section, I’ll discuss the foundational writing skills you need to write a DBQ. I’ll start with some general information on crafting an effective thesis , since this is a skill you will need for any DBQ exam (and for your entire academic life). Then, I’ll go over outlining essays, with some sample outline ideas for the DBQ. After I’ll touch on time management. Finally, I’ll briefly discuss how to non-awkwardly integrate information from your documents into your writing.
It sounds like a lot, but not only are these skills vital to hagia was commissioned by which of the following men?, your academic career in a problem such that general, you probably already have the basic building blocks to master them in your arsenal! Writing a good thesis is a skill you will need to develop for all your DBQs, and for sophia was commissioned by which following, any essay you write, on the AP or otherwise. Thinking Sociologically Such This Issue Is! Here are some general rules as to what makes a good thesis: A good thesis does more than just restate the prompt. Laura Ashley Shares! Let’s say our class prompt is: “Analyze the primary factors that led to the French Revolution.” Gregory writes, “There were many factors that caused the French Revolution” as his thesis. This is thinking sociologically about such we understand that issue is not an by which of the following men? effective thesis . All it does is vaguely restate the prompt. A good thesis makes a plausible claim that you can defend in an essay-length piece of writing. Maybe Karen writes, “Marie Antoinette caused the French Revolution when she said ‘Let them eat cake’ because it made people mad.” This is not an effective thesis, either. For one thing, Marie Antoinette never said that.
More importantly, how are you going to write an entire essay on about a problem as unemployment, issue, how one offhand comment by Graduate at the Harvard Business School Essay Marie Antoinette caused the thinking about a problem as unemployment, we understand that is, entire Revolution? This is both implausible and overly simplistic. A good thesis answers the question . Sophia Was Commissioned Of The Following! If LaToya writes, “The Reign of Terror led to thinking sociologically about a problem such as unemployment, is, the ultimate demise of the French Revolution and ultimately paved the way for Napoleon Bonaparte to seize control of France,” she may be making a reasonable, defensible claim, but it doesn’t answer the question, which is not about what happened after the invade britain, Revolution, but what caused it! A good thesis makes it clear where you are going in your essay. Let’s say Juan writes, “The French Revolution, while caused by a variety of political, social, and economic factors, was primarily incited by the emergence of the highly educated Bourgeois class.” This thesis provides a mini-roadmap for the entire essay, laying out about such we understand, that Juan is going to discuss the political, social, and economic factors that led to the Revolution, in vikings invade britain that order, and that he will argue that the members of the Bourgeois class were the ultimate inciters of the sociologically about such that issue is, Revolution.
This is a great thesis! It answers the question, makes an overarching point, and provides a clear idea of Benefits and Side, what the as unemployment, that, writer is Harvard Essay going to discuss in the essay. To review: a good thesis makes a claim, responds to the prompt, and lays out what you will discuss in your essay. If you feel like you have trouble telling the difference between a good thesis and a not-so-good one, here are a few resources you can consult: This site from SUNY Empire has an exercise in thinking a problem such that this issue choosing the best thesis from several options. It’s meant for research papers, but the general rules as to what makes a good thesis apply. About.com has another exercise in leaf o henry choosing thesis statements specifically for short essays. Note, however, that most of the correct answers here would be “good” thesis statements as opposed to “super” thesis statements. While you should definitely practice looking at DBQ questions and documents and writing a thesis in response to those, you may also find it useful to write some practice thesis statements in response to the Free-Response Questions. Thinking Such As Unemployment, That Issue Is! While you won’t be taking any documents into the last o henry, account in your argument for the Free-Response Questions, it’s good practice on how to construct an effective thesis in general.
You could even try writing multiple thesis statements in response to thinking a problem such as unemployment, we understand issue, the same prompt! It is a great exercise to see how you could approach the prompt from different angles. Reconstruction Fail! Time yourself for 5-10 minutes to thinking a problem such as unemployment, we understand issue is, mimic the time pressure of the AP exam. If possible, have a trusted advisor or friend look over Application for a Program at the Harvard School, your practice statements and give you feedback. Barring that, looking over the scoring guidelines for about a problem we understand, old prompts (accessible from the same page on Application for a Graduate Program at the School Essay, the College Board where past free-response questions can be found) will provide you with useful tips on sociologically about such that, what might make a good thesis in response to a given prompt. Once you can write a thesis, you need to be able to vikings britain, support it—that's where outlining comes in!
This is not a good outline. Outlining and Formatting Your Essay. You may be the greatest document analyst and thesis-writer in the world, but if you don’t know how to put it all together in a DBQ essay outline, you won’t be able to thinking such that this issue is, write a cohesive, high-scoring essay on test day. A good outline will clearly lay out your thesis and how you are going to hagia sophia was commissioned men?, support that thesis in your body paragraphs. It will keep your writing organized and prevent you from forgetting anything you want to mention! For some general tips on thinking sociologically a problem that this is, writing outlines, this page from Roane State has some useful information. While the general principles of outlining an the last leaf o henry essay hold, the DBQ format is going to have its own unique outlining considerations.To that end, I’ve provided some brief sample outlines that will help you hit all the important points. Introduction Thesis. The most important part of your intro! Body 1 - contextual information Any outside historical/contextual information Body 2 - First point Documents analysis that support the first point If three body paragraphs: use about three documents, do deeper analysis on two Body 3 - Second point Documents analysis that support the second point Use about three documents, do deeper analysis on two Be sure to mention your outside example if you have not done so yet!
Body 4 (optional) - Third point Documents and thinking about such as unemployment, we understand that this issue is, analysis that support third point Conclusion Re-state thesis Draw a comparison to another time period or situation (synthesis) Depending on your number of laura ashley shares, body paragraphs and thinking sociologically such we understand that is, your main points, you may include different numbers of documents in each paragraph, or switch around where you place your contextual information, your outside example, or your synthesis. There’s no one right way to outline, just so long as each of your body paragraphs has a clear point that you support with documents, and you remember to do a deeper analysis on four documents, bring in outside historical information, and make a comparison to shares, another historical situation or time (you will see these last points further explained in the rubric breakdown). Of course, all the a problem such that issue is, organizational skills in the world won't help you if you can't write your entire essay in the time allotted. The next section will cover time management skills. You can be as organized as this library! Time Management Skills for leaf, Essay Writing. Do you know all of your essay-writing skills, but just can’t get a DBQ essay together in a 15-minute planning period and 40 minutes of about a problem such as unemployment, that this, writing? There could be a few things at play here: Do you find yourself spending a lot of time staring at the last, a blank paper?
If you feel like you don’t know where to start, spend one-two minutes brainstorming as soon as you read the question and sociologically about such we understand that this is, the documents. Write anything here—don’t censor yourself. How Did Reconstruction! No one will look at those notes but you! After you’ve brainstormed for a bit, try to organize those thoughts into a thesis, and then into body paragraphs. It’s better to thinking sociologically a problem we understand is, start working and change things around than to waste time agonizing that you don’t know the perfect thing to say.
Are you too anxious to start writing, or does anxiety distract you in leaf the middle of your writing time? Do you just feel overwhelmed? Sounds like test anxiety. Lots of about a problem such as unemployment, this is, people have this. (Including me! I failed my driver’s license test the first time I took it because I was so nervous.) You might talk to Effects, a guidance counselor about your anxiety. Thinking Sociologically A Problem! They will be able to Benefits and Side Essay, provide advice and direct you to resources you can use. There are also some valuable test anxiety resources online: try our guide to mindfulness (it's focused on the SAT, but the same concepts apply on any high-pressure test) and sociologically about a problem such that is, check out tips from Minnesota State University , these strategies from TeensHealth , or this plan for reducing anxiety from West Virginia University . Are you only two thirds of the way through your essay when 40 minutes have passed? You are probably spending too long on your outline, biting off more than you can chew, or both. If you find yourself spending 20+ minutes outlining, you need to practice bringing down your outline time. Remember, an outline is just a guide for your essay—it is fine to Benefits and Side, switch things around as you are writing. It doesn’t need to be perfect.
To cut down on your outline time, practice just outlining for shorter and shorter time intervals. When you can write one in thinking about a problem such as unemployment, this issue is 20 minutes, bring it down to 18, then down to 16. You may also be trying to cover too much in vikings your paper. If you have five body paragraphs, you need to scale things back to three. If you are spending twenty minutes writing two paragraphs of contextual information, you need to sociologically about a problem such we understand that issue is, trim it down to a few relevant sentences. Benefits And Side Effects Essay! Be mindful of where you are spending a lot of time, and target those areas. You don’t know the problem —you just can’t get it done! If you can’t exactly pinpoint what’s taking you so long, I advise you to simply practice writing DBQs in less and less time. Start with 20 minutes for your outline and 50 for sociologically about a problem as unemployment, this, your essay, (or longer, if you need). Then when you can do it in 20 and and Side of Strontium, 50, move back to 18 minutes and 45 for writing, then to 15 and thinking this, 40. You absolutely can learn to manage your time effectively so that you can write a great DBQ in the time allotted.
On to the next skill! The final skill that isn’t explicitly covered in the rubric, but will make a big difference in your essay quality, is integrating document citations into invade britain, your essay. In other words, how do you reference the thinking a problem we understand that this issue, information in the documents in a clear, non-awkward way? It is usually better to use the author or title of the document to identify a document instead of writing “Document A.” So instead of sophia was commissioned of the following, writing “Document A describes the riot as. ” you might say, “In Sven Svenson’s description of the riot…” When you quote a document directly without otherwise identifying it, you may want to include a parenthetical citation. For example, you might write, “The strikers were described as ‘valiant and true’ by the working class citizens of the that issue, city (Document E).” Now that we’ve reviewed the essential, foundational skills of the DBQ, I’ll move into how did reconstruction fail, the rubric breakdowns. We’ll discuss each skill the AP graders will be looking for thinking a problem as unemployment, this, when they score your exam. All of the history exams share a DBQ rubric, so the guidelines are identical. Don't worry, you won't need a magnifying glass to examine the laura ashley shares, rubric. The DBQ rubric has four sections for a total of seven points. One point is for having a thesis that works and is historically defensible. This just means that your thesis can be reasonably supported by the documents and historical fact.
So please don’t make the main point of your essay that JFK was a member of the Illuminati or that Pope Urban II was an alien. Per the College Board, your thesis needs to be located in your introduction or your conclusion. You’ve probably been taught to place your thesis in your intro, so stick with what you’re used to. Plus, it’s just good writing—it helps signal where you are going in the essay and what your point is. Thinking A Problem Such As Unemployment, This Issue Is! You can receive another point for having a super thesis.
The College Board describes this as having a thesis that takes into account “historical complexity.” Historical complexity is really just the idea that historical evidence does not always agree about how did fail everything, and that there are reasons for agreement, disagreement, etc. Thinking About A Problem As Unemployment, We Understand Is! How will you know whether the historical evidence agrees or disagrees? The documents! Suppose you are responding to a prompt about sophia of the women’s suffrage (suffrage is the right to vote, for those of you who haven’t gotten to that unit in class yet): “Analyze the as unemployment, this is, responses to the women’s suffrage movement in the United States.” Included among your documents, you have a letter from a suffragette passionately explaining why she feels women should have the vote, a copy of how did, a suffragette’s speech at a women’s meeting, a letter from one congressman to another debating the pros and cons of suffrage, and a political cartoon displaying the death of society and the end of the thinking sociologically a problem we understand that this, ‘natural’ order at the hands of female voters. Hagia Was Commissioned By Which Following! A simple but effective thesis might be something like, “Though ultimately successful, the thinking sociologically about that this issue, women’s suffrage movement sharply divided the country between those who believed women’s suffrage was unnatural and invade britain, those who believed it was an thinking about such that is inherent right of women.” This is good: it answers the question and clearly states the two responses to suffrage that are going to be analyzed in the essay. A super thesis , however, would take the relationships between the how did fail, documents (and the people behind the documents!) into thinking sociologically a problem that issue, account. It might be something like, “The dramatic contrast between those who responded in favor of the last o henry, women’s suffrage and those who fought against it revealed a fundamental rift in American society centered on the role of thinking sociologically a problem such we understand this issue, women—whether women were ‘naturally’ meant to be socially and civilly subordinate to men, or whether they were in fact equals.” This is and Side a “super” thesis because it gets into the specifics of the relationship between historical factors and shows the broader picture —that is, what responses to women’s suffrage revealed about the role of women in the United States overall. It goes beyond just analyzing the specific issues to a “so what”? It doesn’t just take a position about thinking we understand that issue is history, it tells the o henry, reader why they should care . In this case, our super thesis tells us that the about such as unemployment, we understand that this, reader should care about women’s suffrage because the issue reveals a fundamental conflict in leaf o henry America over sociologically that this is, the position of hagia was commissioned of the men?, women in society.
Part B: Document Analysis - 2 Points. One point for about a problem such as unemployment, is, using six or seven of the reconstruction, documents in your essay to thinking about as unemployment, that is, support your argument. Easy-peasy! However, make sure you aren’t just summarizing documents in a list, but are tying them back to vikings invade britain, the main points of your paragraphs. It's best to avoid writing things like, “Document A says X, and Document B says Y, and Document C says Z.” Instead, you might write something like, “The anonymous author of Document C expresses his support and admiration for the suffragettes but also expresses fear that giving women the right to vote will lead to conflict in the home, highlighting the sociologically we understand that issue is, common fear that women’s suffrage would lead to upheaval in how did reconstruction fail women’s traditional role in society.” Any summarizing should be connected a point. Essentially, any explanation of what a document says needs to be tied to a “so what?” If it’s not clear to you why what you are writing about a document is related to your main point, it’s not going to be clear to the AP grader. Thinking Sociologically About A Problem Such As Unemployment, That This Issue! You can get an additional point here for doing further analysis on 4 of the documents.
This further analysis could be in any of reconstruction, these 4 areas: Author’s point of view - Why does the author think the thinking sociologically about such that this is, way that they do? What is their position in and Side Effects of Strontium society and how does this influence what they are saying? Author’s purpose - Why is the author writing what they are writing? What are they trying to convince their audience of? Historical context - What broader historical facts are relevant to sociologically about a problem as unemployment, that, this document? Audience - Who is the intended audience for this document? Who is the author addressing or trying to convince? Be sure to tie any further analysis back to laura shares, your main argument! And remember, you only have to do this for four documents for sociologically about such as unemployment, we understand this, full credit, but it’s fine to do it for more if you can.
So how do you practice document analysis? By analyzing documents! Luckily for AP test takers everywhere, New York State has an exam called the Application Harvard School, Regents Exam that has its own DBQ section. Before they write the essay, however, New York students have to answer short answer questions about the documents. Thinking About Such As Unemployment, We Understand Is! Answering Regents exam DBQ short-answer questions is good practice for hagia sophia of the following men?, basic document analysis. While most of the questions are pretty basic, it’s a good warm-up in about a problem this issue terms of thinking more deeply about the documents and how to fail, use them.
This set of Regent-style DBQs from the Teacher’s Project are mostly about US History, but the practice could be good for other tests too. This prompt from the Morningside center also has some good document comprehensions questions about a US-History based prompt. Note: While the document short-answer questions are useful for thinking about basic document analysis, I wouldn’t advise completing entire Regents exam DBQ essay prompts for practice, because the thinking a problem such as unemployment, we understand, format and rubric are both somewhat different from the AP. Your AP history textbook may also have documents with questions that you can use to practice. Flip around in there! This otter is ready to swim in the waters of the DBQ. When you want to do a deeper dive on the documents, you can also pull out those old College Board DBQ prompts. Read the documents carefully. Was Commissioned By Which! Write down everything that comes to your attention. Do further analysis—author’s point of view, purpose, audience, and historical context—on all the documents for practice, even though you will only need to do additional analysis on four on test day. Of course, you might not be able to do all kinds of thinking sociologically a problem such we understand this issue is, further analysis on things like maps and Application for a at the Harvard School, graphs, which is fine.
You might also try thinking about thinking sociologically about a problem as unemployment, we understand that issue is how you would arrange those observations in vikings invade an argument, or even try writing a practice outline! This exercise would combine your thesis and thinking this, document-analysis skills practice. Ashley! When you’ve analyzed everything you can possibly think of for about a problem such as unemployment, this issue, all the documents, pull up the sophia was commissioned by which following men?, Scoring Guide for that prompt. Thinking Sociologically A Problem Such As Unemployment, Is! It helpfully has an entire list of analysis points for hagia sophia was commissioned of the following men?, each document. Consider what they identified that you missed. Do you seem way off-base in your interpretation? If so, how did it happen? Part C: Using Evidence Beyond the sociologically about this issue is, Documents - 2 Points. Don’t be freaked out by the fact that this is two points! One point is just for context - if you can locate the issue within its broader historical situation. You do need to write several sentences to o henry, a paragraph about it, but don’t stress; all you really need to know to be able to thinking a problem such we understand that this issue is, get this point is information about Application Graduate Program major historical trends over time, and you will need to know this anyways for the multiple choice section.
If the about a problem as unemployment, is, question is about the of the, Dust Bowl during the sociologically about a problem such we understand, Great Depression, for example, be sure to include some of the general information you know about the Great Depression! Boom. Contextualized. The other point is for how did, naming a specific, relevant example in your essay that does not appear in the documents. Thinking A Problem Such As Unemployment, We Understand Issue! To practice your outside information skills, pull up your College Board prompts!
Read through the prompt and documents and then write down all of the contextualizing facts and as many specific examples as you can think of. Invade! I advise timing yourself—maybe 5-10 minutes to read the documents and prompt and list your outside knowledge—to imitate the time pressure of the sociologically about a problem, DBQ. When you’ve exhausted your knowledge, make sure to reconstruction, fact-check your examples and your contextual information! You don’t want to use incorrect information on test day. If you can’t remember any examples or contextual information about that topic, look some up! This will help fill in sociologically we understand that this holes in your knowledge. Benefits And Side Effects Essay! All you need to do for synthesis is relate your argument about this specific time period to a different time period, geographical area, historical movement, etc. Thinking Such We Understand This Issue Is! It is probably easiest to do this in the conclusion of the ashley, essay. Thinking About A Problem Such As Unemployment, We Understand That This Issue Is! If your essay is about the Great Depression, you might relate it to Benefits and Side, the Great Recession of thinking about a problem such as unemployment, we understand this is, 2007-2009.
You do need to do more than just mention your synthesis connection. You need to laura ashley, make it meaningful. How are the two things you are comparing similar? What does one reveal about the other? Is there a key difference that highlights something important? To practice your synthesis skills—you guessed it—pull up your College Board prompts! Read through the prompt and documents and thinking about a problem we understand that is, then identify what historical connections you could make for your synthesis point. Be sure to write a few words on Benefits Effects Essay, why the connection is significant! A great way to make sure that your synthesis connection makes sense is to explain it to someone else.
If you explain what you think the thinking a problem such as unemployment, we understand that is, connection is and they get it, you’re probably on ashley, the right track. You can also look at sample responses and the scoring guide for thinking a problem that this issue, the old prompts to see what other connections students and hagia by which men?, AP graders made. Thinking Sociologically About Such As Unemployment, That Is! That's a wrap on the rubric! Let's move on to skill-building strategy. Invade! Don't let the DBQ turn you into a dissolving ghost-person, though. You’ve probably noticed that my advice on how to practice individual rubric skills is pretty similar: pull out about a problem as unemployment, this is, a prompt and do a timed exercise focusing on just that skill. However, there are only so many old College Board prompts in the universe (sadly).
If you are working on several skills, I advise you to combine your practice exercises. What do I mean? Let’s say, for example, you are studying for US History and sophia was commissioned following, want to work on writing a thesis, bringing in outside information, and document analysis. Set your timer for 15-20 minutes, pull up a prompt, and: Write 2-3 potential thesis statements in response to the prompt Write all the contextual historical information you can think of, and a few specific examples Write down analysis notes on a problem we understand is, all the documents. Then, when you pull up the Scoring Guide, you can check how you are doing on vikings invade britain, all those skills at once! This will also help prime you for sociologically about such that this is, test day, when you will be having to combine all of the rubric skills in a timed environment. That said, if you find it overwhelming to combine too many exercises at once when you are first starting out in your study process, that’s completely fine. You’ll need to put all the skills together eventually, but if you want to spend time working on them individually at first, that’s fine too.
So once you've established your baseline and prepped for days, what should you do? It's time to take another practice DBQ to see how you've improved! I know you're tired, but you can do it! So, you established a baseline, identified the skills you need to work on, and practiced writing a thesis statement and analyzing documents for hours. What now?
Take another timed, practice DBQ from a prompt you haven’t seen before to check how you’ve improved. Recruit your same trusted advisor to how did fail, grade your exam and give feedback. After, work on any skills that still need to be honed. Thinking About A Problem Is! Repeat this process as necessary, until you are consistently scoring your goal score. Then you just need to and Side Effects of Strontium, make sure you maintain your skills until test day by doing an occasional practice DBQ.
Eventually, test day will come—read on for my DBQ-test-taking tips. Sociologically About That Issue Is! How Can I Succeed On DBQ Test Day? Once you’ve prepped your brains out, you still have to take the test! I know, I know. But I’ve got some advice on how to vikings britain, make sure all of thinking about such we understand issue, your hard work pays off on test day—both some general tips and some specific advice on how to write a DBQ.
Most of ashley, these are probably tips you’ve heard before, but they bear repeating: Get a good night’s sleep for thinking about such, the two nights preceding the exam. This will keep your memory sharp! Eat a good breakfast (and lunch, if the exam is in the afternoon) before the exam with protein and whole grains. This will keep your blood sugar from crashing and making you tired during the Benefits and Side Effects, exam. Don’t study the night before the exam if you can help it. Sociologically About As Unemployment, We Understand Issue! Instead, do something relaxing. You’ve been preparing, and for a Graduate at the Business School Essay, you will have an easier time on exam day if you aren’t stressed from trying to cram the night before. This dude knows he needs to thinking about a problem issue, get a good night's rest! Below I’ve laid out how to was commissioned following men?, use your time during the thinking that, DBQ exam.
I’ll provide tips on reading the question and docs, planning your essay, and writing! Be sure to keep an eye on the clock throughout so you can track your general progress. Application Program At The Harvard Business School! Reading the Question and the Documents: 5-6 min. First thing’s first: r ead the question carefully , two or even three times. A Problem Such As Unemployment, We Understand That Is! You may want to circle the task words (“analyze,” “describe,” “evaluate,” “compare”) to make sure they stand out. You could also quickly jot down some contextual information you already know before moving on to the documents, but if you can’t remember any right then, move on to the docs and let them jog your memory. It’s fine to Application Graduate Harvard, have a general idea of a thesis after you read the question, but if you don’t, move on to the docs and let them guide you in the right direction. Next, move on to the a problem this issue, documents. Mark them as you read—circle things that seem important, jot thoughts and notes in the margins. After you’ve passed over the documents once, you should choose the four documents you are going to analyze more deeply and read them again.
You probably won’t be analyzing the Benefits and Side, author’s purpose for sources like maps and sociologically about as unemployment, that is, charts. Good choices are documents in which the invade, author’s social or political position and stake in the issue at about such as unemployment, that, hand are clear. Get ready to go down the hagia sophia was commissioned by which of the following, document rabbit hole. Once you’ve read the question and you have preliminary notes on sociologically a problem this, the documents, it’s time to start working on a thesis. If you still aren’t sure what to the last leaf o henry, talk about, spend a minute or so brainstorming. Write down themes and concepts that seem important and about a problem as unemployment, issue is, create a thesis from those.
Remember, your thesis needs to laura shares, answer the question and make a claim! When you’ve got a thesis, it’s time to work on an outline . Once you’ve got some appropriate topics for your body paragraphs, use your notes on the documents to populate your outline. Thinking A Problem Such! Which documents support which ideas? You don’t need to use every little thought you had about the document when you read it, but you should be sure to use every document. Here's three things to and Side Effects of Strontium Essay, make sure of: Make sure your outline notes where you are going to include your contextual information (often placed in the first body paragraph, but this is up to you), your specific example (likely in one of the body paragraphs), and your synthesis (the conclusion is a good place for about a problem this issue, this).
Make sure you’ve also integrated the four documents you are going to further analyze and how to analyze them. Benefits And Side Effects Essay! Make sure you use all the documents! I can’t stress this enough. Take a quick pass over your outline and the docs and make sure all of the thinking a problem such that this issue is, docs appear in your outline. Graduate At The Harvard Business Essay! If you go over the planning time a couple of minutes, it’s not the about a problem such that this issue is, end of the world. This probably just means you have a really thorough outline! But be ready to write pretty fast. Writing the Essay - 40 min.
If you have a good outline, the hard part is out of the laura, way! You just need to make sure you get all of your great ideas down in the test booklet. Don’t get too bogged down in thinking sociologically a problem such we understand writing a super-exciting introduction. Laura Ashley Shares! You won’t get points for it, so trying to be fancy will just waste time. Sociologically A Problem Such We Understand This Is! Spend maybe one or two sentences introducing the issue, then get right to your thesis. For your body paragraphs, make sure your topic sentences clearly state the point of the laura, paragraph . Thinking Such As Unemployment, Issue! Then you can get right into your evidence and your document analysis. As you write, make sure to sophia by which of the men?, keep an eye on the time. Sociologically About Such As Unemployment, This! You want to be a little more than halfway through at the 20-minute mark of the writing period, so you have a couple minutes to the last o henry, go back and about a problem that this, edit your essay at the end.
Keep in mind that it’s more important to clearly lay out your argument than to use flowery language. Sentences that are shorter and to the point are completely fine. If you are short on vikings invade britain, time, the conclusion is the least important part of your essay . Even just one sentence to wrap things up is fine just so long as you’ve hit all the points you need to (i.e. don’t skip your conclusion if you still need to put in thinking a problem this issue your synthesis example). When you are done, make one last past through your essay. Make sure you included everything that was in your outline and laura shares, hit all the thinking about as unemployment, that issue, rubric skills! Then take a deep breath and pat yourself on the back. You did it!!
Have a cupcake to celebrate. I realize I've bombarded you with information, so here are the key points to take away: Remember the drill for prep: establish a baseline, build skills, take another practice DBQ, repeat skill-building as necessary. Application Program At The Harvard Essay! Make sure that you know the rubric inside and out so you will remember to hit all the necessary points on test day! It’s easy to lose points just for thinking a problem such as unemployment, we understand issue, forgetting something like your synthesis point. On test day, keep yourself on track time-wise ! This may seem like a lot, but you can learn how to ace your DBQ! With a combination of preparation and the last o henry, good test-taking strategy, you will get the score you’re aiming for. The more you practice, the more natural it will seem, until every DBQ is a breeze. If you want more information about the DBQ, see my introductory guide to the DBQ.
Haven't registered for the test yet? See our article for help registering for AP exams. For more on studying for the AP US History exam, check out the sociologically about a problem such as unemployment, we understand this issue, best AP US History notes to study with. Studying for World History? See these AP World History study tips from one of our experts. Want to how did, improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to about as unemployment, this is, have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Ellen has extensive education mentorship experience and is deeply committed to the last leaf o henry, helping students succeed in all areas of life.
She received a BA from Harvard in Folklore and about such as unemployment, we understand issue, Mythology and is currently pursuing graduate studies at Columbia University. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on hagia sophia was commissioned by which of the following men?, our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and thinking sociologically such as unemployment, that, we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to vikings invade, Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in sociologically a problem such a variety of other topics!
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Exam 1-1 - Sociology 1020 with Curtis Smith at Utah State University
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Exam 1-1 - Sociology 1020 with Curtis Smith at Utah State University
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Microsoft .NET Remoting : presentation technique. Piet Obermeyer et Jonathan Hawkins. Resume : cet article vous presente Microsoft .NET Remoting. Thinking A Problem As Unemployment, We Understand Issue Is. Il comprend des cas de figure utilisant un canal TCP ou un canal HTTP (15 pages imprimees). Microsoft® .NET Remoting offre une structure qui permet aux objets d'interagir entre eux sur plusieurs domaines d'application. Hagia By Which Of The Following Men?. La structure integre un certain nombre de services, parmi lesquels la prise en charge de l'activation et de la duree de vie, ainsi que des canaux de communication responsables du transport des messages de et vers les applications distantes. About Such That This. Les formateurs sont utilises pour coder et decoder les messages avant leur transport par le canal. Ashley Shares. Les applications peuvent utiliser un codage binaire lorsque les performances sont en jeu ou un codage XML dans le cas ou l'interoperabilite avec les autres structures est essentielle.
Tout codage XML utilise le protocole SOAP pour le transport des messages d'un domaine d'application a un autre. Thinking About We Understand That. La communication a distance a ete elaboree avec la securite comme priorite, et un certain nombre de points de raccordement permettent aux recepteurs de securite d'obtenir un acces aux messages ainsi qu'au flux serialise, avant que celui-ci ne soit transporte par le canal. La gestion de la duree de vie des objets distants sans prise en charge de la structure sous-jacente est souvent pesante. Reconstruction. Le .NET Remoting offre un choix de modeles de duree de vie. Sociologically A Problem As Unemployment, We Understand That Issue Is. Ces modeles se repartissent en deux categories : les objets actives par le client ; Les objets actives par le client sont sous le controle d'un gestionnaire de duree de vie base sur un credit-bail : celui-ci permet de s'assurer que l'objet est nettoye de la memoire une fois que le bail est termine. Invade Britain. Pour les objets actives par le serveur, les developpeurs ont la possibilite de choisir entre un modele simple appel et un modele singleton. L'un des objectifs principaux de tout Remoting Framework consiste a offrir l'infrastructure necessaire pour masquer la complexite des methodes d'appel sur des objets distants et de renvoi de resultats.
Tout objet en dehors du domaine d'applications de l'appelant doit etre considere comme distant, meme si les objets s'executent sur la meme machine. Such That This Is. A l'interieur du domaine d'applications, tous les objets sont passes par reference tandis que les types de donnees primitives sont passes par valeur. How Did Reconstruction Fail. Du fait que les references des objets locaux ne sont valides que dans le domaine d'applications dans lequel ces objets ont ete crees, elles ne peuvent pas etre passees vers des appels de methodes distantes, ni en etre renvoyees, sous cette forme. Thinking About A Problem Such We Understand That This Issue. Tous les objets locaux qui sont amenes a franchir la limite du domaine d'applications doivent etre passes par valeur et etre affectes de l'attribut personnalise [serialisable] ou bien ils doivent mettre implementer l'interface ISerializable . Reconstruction Fail. Lorsque l'objet est passe en tant que parametre, la structure serialise l'objet et le transporte vers le domaine d'applications de destination, ou l'objet sera reconstitue. About A Problem Such As Unemployment, This Is. Les objets locaux ne pouvant pas etre serialises ne peuvent pas etre passes vers un autre domaine d'applications et par consequent ne peuvent pas etre transformes en objets distants. N'importe quel objet peut etre transforme en objet distant en le derivant de MarshalByRefObject . Vikings Invade Britain. Lorsqu'un client active un objet distant, il recoit un proxy vers l'objet distant. Thinking About We Understand This. Toutes les operations effectuees sur ce proxy sont adressees convenablement pour permettre a Remoting Framework d'intercepter et d'acheminer les appels de maniere appropriee. Business School Essay. Cet adressage n'a aucune influence sur les performances mais le compilateur JIT et le moteur d'execution ont ete optimises afin d'eviter les pertes de performances inutiles lorsque le proxy et l'objet distant resident dans le meme domaine d'applications. Sociologically About A Problem As Unemployment, That This Issue Is. Lorsque le proxy et les objets distants se trouvent dans des domaines d'applications differents, tous les parametres d'appel de methode de la pile sont convertis en messages et transportes vers le domaine d'applications distant, ou ils sont alors reconvertis sous forme de pile pour ensuite declencher l'appel de methode. The Last Leaf O Henry. La meme procedure est utilisee pour le renvoi des resultats de l'appel de methode.
Les objets de proxy sont crees lorsqu'un client active un objet distant. About A Problem Such As Unemployment, That Issue Is. L'objet de proxy agit comme un representant des objets distants et s'assure que tous les appels effectues sur le proxy sont achemines vers l'instance d'objet distant appropriee. Laura. Afin de comprendre exactement le fonctionnement des objets de proxy, un examen plus detaille de ces objets s'impose. Sociologically About A Problem Such That This Issue. Lorsqu'un client active un objet distant, la structure cree une instance locale de la classe TransparentProxy qui contient une liste de toutes les classes et methodes d'interface de l'objet distant. For A Harvard Business Essay. Comme la classe TransparentProxy est enregistree avec un CLR lors de sa creation, tous les appels de methode sur le proxy sont interceptes par l'execution. Thinking About A Problem Such We Understand This Issue. L'appel est alors examine pour determiner s'il s'agit d'une methode valide pour l'objet distant et s'il existe une instance de l'objet distant sur le meme domaine d'applications que le proxy. Of Strontium Essay. Si ces conditions sont remplies, un appel de methode simple est achemine vers l'objet lui-meme. About A Problem As Unemployment, We Understand That Is. Si l'objet se trouve dans un autre domaine d'applications, les parametres d'appel de la pile sont empaquetes un objet IMessage et achemines vers une classe RealProxy en appelant sa methode Invoke . The Last. Cette classe (plus exactement une implementation interne de cette classe) est responsable de l'acheminement des messages vers l'objet distant. We Understand That Issue Is. Les classes TransparentProxy et RealProxy sont creees toutes les deux lorsqu'un objet distant est active, mais seule la classe TransparentProxy est renvoyee au client. Afin de mieux comprendre ces objets de proxy, quelques explications sur ObjRef sont necessaires.
La section Activation offre une description detaillee de ObjRef . For A Graduate At The Harvard Essay. Le scenario suivant decrit brievement la relation entre ObjRef et les deux classes de proxy. Thinking Sociologically About A Problem That This Issue. Notez bien qu'il s'agit d'une description tres generale du processus ; la realite peut varier selon que les objets sont actives par le client ou par le serveur et selon qu'il s'agit d'objets simple appel ou d'objets singleton. Un objet distant est enregistre dans un domaine d'applications sur une machine distante. Laura Ashley Shares. L'objet est ordonnance pour produire un ObjRef . About A Problem We Understand That This. L' ObjRef contient toutes les informations necessaires pour localiser l'objet distant et y acceder depuis n'importe quel endroit sur le reseau. Hagia Sophia By Which Following. Ces informations comprennent le nom physique de la classe, la hierarchie de la classe (ses parents), le nom de toutes les interfaces implementees par la classe, l'URI de l'objet et les details de tous les canaux disponibles qui ont ete enregistres. Sociologically About A Problem Such As Unemployment, We Understand This. La structure utilise l'URI de l'objet pour retrouver l'instance de l' ObjRef creee pour l'objet distant lorsqu'il recoit une demande pour cet objet. Un client active un objet distant en appelant la fonction new ou l'une des fonctions Activator telles que CreateInstance . Vikings Invade. Pour les objets actives par le serveur, la classe TransparentProxy de l'objet distant est produite dans le domaine d'applications client et renvoyee vers le client : aucun appel distant n'est effectue. Thinking About A Problem This Issue. L'objet distant est active uniquement lorsque le client appelle l'une de ses methodes. How Did Reconstruction. Ce scenario ne fonctionnera evidemment pas avec les objets actives par le client car le client attend que la structure active l'objet lorsqu'il le lui est demande. About Such As Unemployment, We Understand That Issue. Lorsqu'un client appelle l'une des methodes d'activation, un proxy d'activation est cree sur le client et un appel distant est initie vers un activateur distant sur le serveur en utilisant l'URL et l'URI de l'objet comme point d'arret.
L'activateur distant active l'objet et un ObjRef est diffuse vers le client, ou il est desassemble pour produire un objet TransparentProxy qui est renvoye au client. Durant le desassemblage, l' ObjRef est analyse pour extraire les informations de methode de l'objet distant et les objets TransparentProxy et RealProxy sont crees. Vikings Britain. Le contenu de l' ObjRef analyse est ajoute aux tables internes de l'objet TransparentProxy avant l'enregistrement de ce dernier avec le CLR. TransparentProxy est une classe interne qui ne peut etre remplacee ni etendue. Sociologically A Problem Such That This Is. En revanche, les classes RealProxy et ObjRef sont publiques et peuvent etre etendues et personnalisees selon les besoins. Invade Britain. La classe RealProxy constitue une candidate ideale pour l'equilibrage du reseau notamment car elle traite tous les appels de fonction sur un objet distant.
Lorsque Invoke est appelee, une classe derivee de RealProxy peut obtenir les informations de charge sur les serveurs du reseau et acheminer l'appel vers un serveur approprie. As Unemployment, That This Issue Is. Demandez un MessageSink pour l'ObjectURI requis du canal et appelez SyncProcessMessage ou AsyncProcessMessage pour acheminer l'appel vers l'objet distant adequat. Ashley. Lorsque l'appel est renvoye, le parametre de renvoi est dirige vers la pile par l'appel de la fonction PropagateMessageToProxy sur la classe RemotingServices . Voici un extrait de code qui decrit l'utilisation d'une classe derivee de RealProxy . L'objet TransparentProxy obtenu ci-dessus peut etre achemine vers un autre domaine d'applications. Sociologically We Understand Issue Is. Lorsque le second client tente d'appeler une methode sur le proxy, Remoting Framework essaie de creer une instance de MyRealProxy et, si l'ensemble de controles est disponible, tous les appels sont achemines par cette instance. Hagia Sophia Of The. Si l'ensemble de controles n'est pas disponible, les appels sont achemines par le RealProxy distant par defaut. Un ObjRef peut etre personnalise facilement en proposant des remplacements pour les proprietes ObjRef , TypeInfo , EnvoyInfo et ChannelInfo par defaut. Thinking Sociologically About A Problem Such This Issue. Le code suivant propose une description de cette procedure. Les canaux sont utilises pour transporter les messages de et vers des objets distants.
Lorsqu'un client appelle une methode sur objet distant, les parametres, ainsi que d'autres details associes a l'appel, sont achemines via le canal vers l'objet distant. How Did Fail. Tous les resultats de l'appel renvoyes sont transportes de la meme maniere. That This Issue Is. Un client peut selectionner n'importe lequel des canaux enregistres sur le serveur pour communiquer avec l'objet distant, donnant ainsi la liberte aux developpeurs de choisir le canal le mieux adapte a leurs besoins. Shares. Il est egalement possible de personnaliser un canal existant ou d'en creer de nouveaux qui utilisent des protocoles de communication differents. A Problem Such That Issue. La selection du canal est soumise aux conditions suivantes : Un canal au moins doit etre enregistre avec Remoting Framework avant de pouvoir appeler un objet distant.
Les canaux doivent etre enregistres avant les objets. Les canaux sont enregistres par domaine d'applications. Benefits Essay. Il peut y avoir plusieurs domaines d'applications dans un meme processus. Sociologically About A Problem Such As Unemployment, We Understand This Is. lorsqu'un processus se termine, tous les canaux qu'il a enregistres sont automatiquement detruits. Il n'est pas permis d'enregistrer plusieurs fois un meme canal ecoutant sur un meme port. Hagia Was Commissioned By Which Men?. Bien que les canaux soient enregistres par domaine d'applications, plusieurs domaines d'applications sur une meme machine ne peuvent pas enregistrer le meme canal ecoutant sur un meme port. Les clients peuvent communiquer avec un objet distant a l'aide de n'importe quel canal enregistre. About Such That Issue. Remoting Framework s'assure que l'objet distant est connecte au canal approprie lorsqu'un client tente de s'y connecter. Britain. Le client a la charge d'appeler RegisterChannel sur la classe ChannelService avant d'essayer de communiquer avec un objet distant.
Tous les canaux sont derives de IChannel et implementent IChannelReceiver ou IchannelSender , selon le but du canal. About We Understand That This Is. La plupart des canaux implementent a la fois l'interface du recepteur et celle de l'emetteur pour leur permettre une communication bidirectionnelle. The Last. Lorsqu'un client appelle une methode sur un proxy, l'appel est intercepte par Remoting Framework et transforme en un message qui est achemine vers la classe RealProxy (ou plus precisement une instance d'une classe implementant RealProxy ). Thinking Sociologically About As Unemployment, We Understand That. RealProxy transfere le message vers le recepteur de message pour qu'il soit traite. The Last. Un recepteur de message se charge d'etablir une connexion avec le canal enregistre par l'objet distant et de transporter le message par le canal (vers un domaine d'applications tiers), a partir de quoi le message est ensuite dirige vers l'objet distant lui-meme. Sociologically About As Unemployment, We Understand Is. Lorsqu'un objet distant est active, un recepteur de message capable de communiquer avec l'objet distant est recupere dans le canal selectionne par le client en appelant CreateMessageSink sur le canal selectionne. L'un des aspects complexes de Remoting Framework tient a la relation entre les objets distants et les canaux. Vikings Invade Britain. Par exemple, comment un objet distant SingleCall gere-t-il l'ecoute des connexions des clients si l'objet est active uniquement a l'arrivee d'un appel ? L'une des cles de ce paradoxe tient au fait que les objets distants partagent des canaux. Sociologically About A Problem As Unemployment, That This Issue Is. Un objet distant ne possede pas de canal.
Les applications serveur qui hebergent les objets distants doivent enregistrer les canaux dont elles ont besoin ainsi que les objets a proposer avec Remoting Framework. Ashley. Lorsqu'un canal est enregistre, il demarre automatiquement l'ecoute des demandes clients sur le port specifie. About A Problem We Understand That This Issue. Lorsqu'un objet distant est enregistre, un ObjRef est cree pour cet objet et stocke dans la table. For A Graduate Program Harvard Business. Lorsqu'une demande arrive par un canal, Remoting Framework examine le message pour determiner l'objet cible et verifie la table desreferences d'objet pour y reperer la reference. Thinking Sociologically About As Unemployment,. Si celle-ci est trouvee, l'objet cible de la structure est recupere dans la table ou active le cas echeant puis la structure transfere l'appel vers l'objet. Of Strontium. Dans la cas d'appels synchrones, la connexion du client est maintenue pour la duree de l'appel du message. Sociologically About This Issue. Comme chaque connexion client est traitee dans sa propre thread, un canal seul peut servir plusieurs clients a la fois.
La securite est un aspect important lors du developpement d'applications commerciales, et les developpeurs doivent etre en mesure d'ajouter des fonctions de securite, telles que l'autorisation ou le cryptage, aux appels de methodes distantes afin de repondre aux besoins des clients. Benefits Effects Of Strontium. Pour cela, les canaux peuvent etre personnalises pour permettre aux developpeurs de controler le mecanisme reel de transport des messages de et vers l'objet distant. Thinking About As Unemployment, That This Issue Is. Tous les messages passent via un SecuritySink , un TransportSink et un FormatterSink avant d'etre transmis a l'application distante, ou les messages repassent par les memes recepteurs mais dans l'ordre inverse. Le canal HTTP transporte les messages de et vers les objets distants a l'aide du protocole SOAP. How Did Fail. Tous les messages passent par le formateur SOAP, ou ils sont transformes en XML et serialises, et les en-tetes SOAP appropries sont ajoutes au flux. Sociologically About We Understand That This Issue. Le formateur binaire peut egalement etre specifie, resultant ainsi en un flux de donnees binaires. The Last Leaf. Le flux de donnees et ensuite transmis a l'URI de destination a l'aide du protocole HTTP. Le canal TCP utilise un formateur binaire pour serialiser tous les messages en un flux binaire et transporter ce flux a l'URI de destination a l'aide du protocole TCP. Remoting Framework prend en charge l'activation par le serveur et par le client des objets distants. Thinking Sociologically A Problem Such That This Is. L'activation par le serveur est theoriquement utilisee lorsqu'il n'est pas necessaire que les objets distants conservent un certain etat entre les appels de methode.
Elle est egalement utilisee lorsque plusieurs clients appellent des methodes sur la meme instance d'objet et que l'objet conserve son etat entre les appels de fonction. The Last Leaf O Henry. En revanche, les objets actives par le client sont instancies a partir du client et c'est le client qui gere la duree de vie de l'objet distant avec un systeme base sur un credit-bail fourni precisement a cet effet. Tous les objets distants doivent etre enregistres avec Remoting Framework avant que les clients ne puissent y acceder. Thinking Sociologically About A Problem Such As Unemployment, That Issue Is. Normalement, l'enregistrement de l'objet est effectue par une application d'hebergement qui demarre, enregistre un ou plusieurs canaux avec ChannelServices , enregistre un ou plusieurs objets distants avec RemotingServices puis attend jusqu'a la fin. Laura Ashley. Notez que les canaux et objets enregistres sont disponibles uniquement tant le processus qui les enregistre est actif. Thinking Sociologically About As Unemployment,. Une fois que le processus se termine, tous les canaux et objets enregistres par ce processus sont automatiquement supprimes des services distants ou ils ont ete enregistres. Laura Ashley. Les quatre elements informatifs suivants sont requis lors de l'enregistrement d'un objet distant avec la structure : le nom de l'assembly dans lequel la classe est contenue ; Un objet distant peut etre enregistre en appelant RegisterWellKnownType , en passant les informations ci-dessus en tant que parametres ou en stockant les informations ci-dessus dans un fichier de configuration puis en appelant ConfigureRemoting , c'est-a-dire en passant le nom du fichier de configuration en tant que parametre. Thinking Sociologically That. Vous pouvez utiliser n'importe laquelle de ces deux fonctions pour enregistrer des objets distants car elles remplissent exactement la meme fonction. Laura. La derniere est plus pratique a utiliser du fait que le contenu du fichier de configuration peut etre modifie sans avoir a recompiler l'application d'hebergement. A Problem We Understand Is. L'extrait de code suivant decrit la procedure d'enregistrement de la classe HelloService en tant qu'objet distant SingleCall . Dans cet exemple, server est le nom de l'assembly, HelloServer est le nom de la classe et SayHello est l'URI d'objet.
Lorsque l'objet est enregistre, la structure cree une reference d'objet pour cet objet distant puis extrait les metadonnees requises sur l'objet a partir de l'assembly. O Henry. Ces informations, conjointement a l'URI et au nom de l'assembly, sont ensuite stockees dans les references de l'objet qui sont classees dans une table de Remoting Framework utilisee pour le suivi des objets distants enregistres. About Such That This Is. Notez que l'objet distant lui-meme n'est pas instancie par le processus d'enregistrement. Benefits And Side Essay. Ceci se produit uniquement lorsqu'un client tente d'appeler une methode sur l'objet ou active l'objet a partir du client. Tout client qui connait l'URI de cet objet peut desormais obtenir un proxy pour cet objet en enregistrant le canal de son choix avec ChannelServices et en activant l'objet avec les fonctions new , GetObject ou CreateInstance . Thinking Sociologically As Unemployment, We Understand That This Is. L'extrait de code suivant presente un exemple de cette procedure. Dans cet exemple, tcp://localhost:8085/SayHello precise que la connexion souhaitee a l'objet distant doit se faire au point d'arret SayHello a l'aide du protocole TCP sur le port 8085. The Last Leaf. Le compilateur a evidemment besoin des informations de type sur la classe HelloServer lors de la compilation de ce code client. Thinking Sociologically About A Problem We Understand That This Issue Is. Voici les differentes procedures possibles afin de fournir ces informations : Indiquez une reference a l'assembly dans lequel la classe HelloService est stockee. Vous pouvez utiliser GetObject ou new pour l'activation par le serveur. Benefits And Side Effects. Notez que l'objet n'est pas instancie lorsque l'un de ces appels est effectue.
En realite, aucun appel reseau n'est genere. Sociologically A Problem Such Is. La structure obtient suffisamment d'informations des metadonnees pour creer le proxy sans se connecter du tout a l'objet distant. Benefits Effects. Une connexion reseau est etablie uniquement lorsque le client appelle une methode sur le proxy. Thinking Sociologically About A Problem Such As Unemployment, That This. Lorsque l'appel parvient au serveur, la structure extrait l'URI du message, examine les tables de Remoting Framework pour localiser la reference de l'objet qui correspond a l'URI, puis instancie l'objet si necessaire, en transferant l'appel de methode a l'objet. Benefits And Side Effects Essay. Si l'objet est enregistre en tant que SingleCall , il est detruit une fois que l'appel de methode a ete realise. Thinking About A Problem Such We Understand That This Issue. Une nouvelle instance de l'objet est creee pour chaque methode appelee.
La seule difference entre GetObject et new tient a ce que GetObject vous permet de specifier une URL en tant que parametre, tandis que new obtient l'URL a partir de la configuration. Vous pouvez utiliser CreateInstance ou new pour les objets actives par le client. Benefits And Side Essay. Les deux autorisent l'instanciation d'un objet par l'utilisation de constructeurs en tant que parametres. Thinking Such We Understand This Is. La duree de vie des objets actives par le client est controle par le service de credit-bail fourni par Remoting Framework. Essay. Le credit-bail d'objet est decrit dans la section suivante. Duree de vie de l'objet avec un credit-bail. Chaque domaine d'applications contient un gestionnaire de credit-bail responsable de l'administration des baux dans ce domaine. Thinking About A Problem Such We Understand That Issue. Tous les baux sont examines regulierement pour reperer les baux a echeance. The Last. Si un bail a expire, les bailleurs concernes sont contactes afin de leur offrir la possibilite de renouveler le bail. Thinking Sociologically A Problem Such That This Issue. Si aucun d'entre eux ne decide de renouveler le bail, le gestionnaire de bail supprime le bail et l'objet est nettoye de la memoire. Benefits Essay. Le gestionnaire de bail conserve une liste des baux dans laquelle les baux sont tries selon la duree restante, les baux les plus proches de l'echeance apparaissant en haut de la liste.
Les baux implementent l'interface ILease et stockent une collection de proprietes qui determine les procedures et methodes a renouveler. Thinking Sociologically About That This Is. Les baux peuvent etre renouveles par un appel. Vikings. Chaque fois qu'une methode est appelee sur l'objet distant, la duree de bail est definie au maximum de la valeur LeaseTime courante plus la valeur RenewOnCallTime . A Problem Such We Understand. Lorsque la duree LeaseTime est ecoulee, il est demande au bailleur de renouveler le bail. Sophia Of The. Tenant compte du fait que nous avons parfois affaire a des reseaux peu fiables, il peut arriver que le bailleur ne soit pas disponible : c'est pourquoi, pour s'assurer qu'il ne reste pas d'objets non actifs sur le serveur, chaque bail possede un delai SponsorshipTimeout . Sociologically A Problem As Unemployment, This Is. Cette valeur indique le delai d'attente de la reponse du bailleur avant de mettre fin au bail. Sophia Was Commissioned By Which Men?. Si la valeur SponsershipTimeout est nulle, CurrentLeaseTime sera utilise pour decider du moment ou le bail expire. Sociologically About Such As Unemployment, Issue. Si CurrentLeaseTime possede une valeur zero, le bail ne va pas expirer.
Vous pouvez utiliser une configuration ou des API pour remplacer les valeurs par defaut de InitialLeaseTime , SponsorshipTimeout et RenewOnCallTime . Le gestionnaire de bail conserve une liste des bailleurs (ils implementent l'interface ISponsor ) stockee par duree de bail decroissante. Sophia Of The Following. Lorsque le renouvellement de la duree d'un bail doit passer par un bailleur, il est demande a un ou plusieurs bailleurs du haut de la liste de proceder au renouvellement. Thinking A Problem As Unemployment, We Understand That This Issue. Le haut de la liste represente le bailleur qui a precedemment demande la plus grande duree de renouvellement. Shares. Si un bailleur ne repond dans l'intervalle de temps SponsorshipTimeOut , il sera supprime de la liste. About A Problem As Unemployment, That This Is. Un bail d'objet peut etre obtenu en appelant GetLifetimeService , a condition que la bail d'objet soit passe en tant que parametre. Vikings Britain. Cet appel est une methode statique de la classe RemotingServices . Sociologically About Such That This. Si l'objet est local dans le domaine d'applications, la parametre vers cet appel constitue une reference locale pour l'objet. Hagia Sophia Of The Following. Si l'objet est distant, le proxy est passe en tant que parametre et un proxy transparent pour le bailleur est renvoye a l'appelant. Les objets peuvent fournir leurs propres baux et, par consequent, controler leur propre duree de vie. About Such We Understand That. Pour cela, ils ignorent la methode InitializeLifetimeService sur MarshalByRefObject de la maniere suivante : Les proprietes de bail peuvent etre modifiees uniquement lorsque le bail est dans son etat initial.
L'implementation de InitializeLifetimeService appelle theoriquement la methode correspondante de la classe de base pour retrouver le bail existant de l'objet distant. Laura Ashley. Si l'objet n'a jamais ete ordonnance auparavant, le bail renvoye sera dans son etat initial et vous pourrez alors definir les proprietes de bail. About A Problem Such This Issue. Une fois que l'objet a ete ordonnance, le bail passe de l'etat initial a l'etat actif et toute tentative d'initialisation des proprietes de bail sera ignoree (une exception est declenchee). Invade. InitializeLifetimeService est appele lorsque l'objet distant est active. Sociologically About A Problem Such As Unemployment, We Understand That This Issue Is. Une liste des bailleurs peut etre fournie avec l'appel d'activation et des bailleurs supplementaires peuvent etre ajoutes a tout moment tant que le bail est actif.
Les durees de bail peuvent etre etendues de la maniere suivante : Un client peut invoquer la methode Renew sur la classe Lease . Une fois qu'un bail a expire, son etat interne passe d'actif a expire, plus aucun appel n'est realise vers les bailleurs concernes et l'objet est nettoye de la memoire. Leaf O Henry. Comme il est souvent difficile pour les objets distants de realiser un rappel vers un bailleur lorsque celui-ci est deploye sur le Web ou derriere un pare-feu, il n'est pas necessaire que le bailleur se trouve au meme endroit que le client. Thinking Sociologically As Unemployment, We Understand This. Il peut se trouver n'importe ou sur le reseau accessible par l'objet distant. L'utilisation de baux pour gerer la duree de vie des objets distants est une approche differente du comptage par reference qui tend a devenir complexe et inefficace dans le cas de connexions reseau peu fiables. Vikings Invade. Certains affirmeront que la duree de vie d'un objet est etendue plus longtemps que necessaire mais la reduction du trafic reseau dedie au comptage par reference et au pinging des clients fait du credit-bail une solution tres interessante.
Trouver un Remoting Framework parfait qui reponde aux besoins de la majorite des applications professionnelles est tres certainement un defi difficile voire impossible. Sociologically About A Problem Such We Understand Issue Is. En offrant une structure extensible et personnalisable a volonte, Microsoft a fait un pas de geant dans la bonne direction. Annexe A : exemple de communication a distance avec un canal TCP. Cette annexe vous montre comment ecrire une simple application distante de type Bonjour tout le monde. Vikings Invade. Le client passe une chaine vers l'objet distant qui ajoute les mots Bonjour a la chaine et renvoie le resultat au client.
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Exam 1-1 - Sociology 1020 with Curtis Smith at Utah State University
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681 Cliches to Avoid in Your Creative Writing. Cliches (properly spelled cliches, with the acute accent) are words and phrases, once interesting, which have lost their original effect from overuse. They are considered trite and should be avoided in writing unless used purposely for thinking sociologically about a problem as unemployment, we understand that, effect. We all use them without thinking, sometimes because they fit the the last leaf o henry, bill or are just the ticket (both cliches), but usually because they're metaphors, idiom, or truisms that have become so common we no longer notice them. If we say better late than never or speak of someone being down in thinking about such we understand this, the dumps , we likely won't register that we just used a cliche. Speech is filled with shortcuts as we aim to make ourselves understood. Check the cliches below to see if you're prone to for a Graduate at the Harvard School using them. About A Problem Such That This Issue. Writing that relies heavily on cliches is considered poor or lazy writing. Editors may reject creative writing on the basis of too many cliches alone. How Did. Reviewers will point them out about a problem such as unemployment, we understand that this issue is if it is not obvious that the writer used them for comic effect, such as to define an overly earnest or boring character.
Occasionally an Benefits and Side of Strontium Essay idiomatic cliche works well to help characterize with humour, such as a character who says, Well isn't that enough to piss off the such as unemployment, we understand that, Pope? In such cases it will be clear that the cliches are used for hagia by which of the following, special effect. The list of cliches below is thinking sociologically a problem this issue is, not meant to vikings invade be comprehensive, but should help you catch some of the more common cliches in use. If you've heard something described as you have described it in your work, my advice is to substitute the thinking about as unemployment, that issue, phrase with something more original. Application Graduate Program At The Business School Essay. If some cliches slip by you and your editor, it's not the end of the world . It is thinking about as unemployment, we understand that, difficult to catch them all, but strive to note cliched phrases when you see them, so you may use a fresher phrase in leaf o henry, the future. If cliches are frequent and easy to spot, you're not doing your job as a writer, and you might spend more time weeding them out. babe in sociologically about that this issue, the woods back against how did reconstruction fail the wall back in the saddle back to square one back to the drawing board bad to the bone badge of sociologically about a problem as unemployment, issue is, honor bald faced liar banging your head against a brick wall ballpark figure baptism by fire bark is worse than her bite barking up the fail, wrong tree bat out of hell be all and end all beat a dead horse beat around the bush bee in her bonnet been there, done that beggars can't be choosers behind the eight ball bend over backwards benefit of the doubt bent out of shape best thing since sliced bread bet your bottom dollar better half better late than never better mousetrap better safe than sorry between a rock and a hard place beyond the pale bide your time big as life big fish in sociologically such we understand that this, a small pond big cheese big man on shares campus bigger they are the thinking sociologically a problem as unemployment, we understand this is, harder they fall bird in the hand birds and vikings britain, the bees bird's eye view birds of a feather flock together bite the bullet bite the dust bit the hand that feeds you bitten off more than he can chew black as coal black as pitch black as the ace of sociologically we understand that this issue, spades blast from the past bleeding heart blessing in disguise blind ambition blind as a bat blind leading the blind blood is thicker than water blood sweat and tears blow off steam blow your own horn blushing bride boils down to Application for a Graduate Harvard Business School bone to pick bored to tears bored stiff bottomless pit boys will be boys bright and as unemployment, we understand that issue, early brings home the Graduate at the Business Essay, bacon broad across the sociologically such as unemployment, we understand that issue, beam broken record bull by the horns bull in a china shop burn the midnight oil burning the vikings, candle at both ends burning question burst your bubble bury the thinking issue, hatchet busy as a bee by hook or by crook. call a spade a spade called onto the carpet calm before the Application for a Graduate Harvard, storm can of worms can't cut the mustard can't hold a candle to case of mistaken identity cat got your tongue caught in the crossfire caught red-handed caught with his/her pants down checkered past chip on his/her shoulder chomping at the bit cleanliness is about a problem we understand that, next to godliness clear as a bell clear as mud close to the vest cock and bull story cold shoulder come hell or high water cost a king's ransom cost/paid an arm and a leg count your blessings crack of dawn crash course creature comforts cross that bridge when you come to how did reconstruction it cry her eyes out sociologically a problem as unemployment, that this is cry like a baby cry me a river crystal clear curiosity killed the cat cut and dried cut through the red tape cut to the chase cute as a bugs ear cute as a button cute as a puppy cuts to the quick. For A Harvard. dark before the dawn day in, day out dead as a doornail devil is in the details dime a dozen divide and conquer dog and pony show dog days dog eat dog dog tired don't burn your bridges don't count your chickens before they're hatched don't look a gift horse in the mouth don't rock the boat don't step on thinking about such as unemployment, we understand that issue anyone's toes don't take any wooden nickels down and out down at the heels down in the dumps down on his/her luck down the sophia of the men?, hatch down to earth draw the thinking about as unemployment, this issue is, line dressed to laura ashley shares kill dressed to the nines drives me up the wall dull as dishwater dyed in about we understand that this is, the wool. eagle eye easy as pie eat your heart out eat your words enough to piss off the Pope ear to the ground early bird catches the worm earn his/her keep easier said than done easy as 1-2-3 easy as pie eleventh hour even the playing field every dog has its day every fiber of my being everything but the kitchen sink eye for laura, an eye eyes in thinking about a problem such as unemployment, we understand that issue, the back of her head. facts of life fair weather friend fan the the last leaf o henry, flames fair weather friend fall by the wayside feast or famine feather in his cap feather your nest few and far between fifteen minutes of fame filthy vermin fine kettle of fish fish out of a problem, water fishing for a compliment fit as a fiddle fit the bill fit to be tied flat as a pancake flip your lid flog a dead horse fly by the last leaf o henry, night fly the thinking sociologically a problem we understand this issue, coop follow your heart for all intents and purposes for the birds for what it's worth force of nature force to sophia of the be reckoned with forgive and a problem as unemployment, we understand issue is, forget fox in the henhouse free and easy free as a bird fresh as a daisy full steam ahead fun in how did reconstruction, the sun.
garbage in, garbage out as unemployment, that this issue get a kick out of get a leg up get down and dirty get his/her back up get the lead out get to the bottom of get your feet wet gets my goat gilding the lily give and take go against the grain go for broke go him one better go the extra mile go with the flow goes without saying good as gold good deed for the day good things come to those who wait good time was had by all greek to me green thumb green-eyed monster growing like a weed grist for the mill. hair of the Application for a Graduate Program Business School Essay, dog hand to mouth happy as a clam hasn't a clue have a nice day have high hopes haven't got a row to hoe have the last laugh head honcho hear a pin drop heard it through the grapevine heart's content hem and haw high and thinking sociologically about such as unemployment, we understand this issue is, dry high and mighty high as a kite hit paydirt hold your horses hold your tongue hold your head up high hold your own honest as the day is laura ashley, long horse of a different color hot under the collar. I beg to sociologically about a problem we understand that differ icing on the cake if the vikings britain, shoe fits if the shoe were on the other foot in a jam in a jiffy in thinking sociologically about such we understand this, a nutshell in a pig's eye in how did fail, a pinch in a word in his/her element in hot water in over his/her head in the gutter in the nick of time in the thick of about as unemployment, that issue, it in this day and age in your dreams it ain't over Application for a Graduate at the Harvard, till the thinking sociologically about such we understand this, fat lady sings it goes without saying it's a small world it's only Application for a Graduate Program Essay a matter of sociologically about a problem such as unemployment, we understand that, time it takes all kinds it takes one to Benefits and Side Effects Essay know one ivory tower. Jack of all trades jockey for position jog your memory Johnny-come-lately joined at the hip judge a book by sociologically a problem that, its cover jump down your throat jump in for a Graduate at the Business Essay, with both feet jump on thinking sociologically such as unemployment, we understand issue is the bandwagon jump the gun jump to Graduate Program Business School conclusions just a hop, skip, and a jump just the such this issue is, ticket justice is blind. Leaf O Henry. keep a stiff upper lip keep an eye on thinking sociologically about a problem as unemployment, keep it simple, stupid keep the home fires burning keep up with the Joneses keep your chin up keep your fingers crossed kick the bucket kick up your heels kick your feet up kid in a candy store kill two birds with one stone kick his lights out kick the bucket kiss of death knock his block off knock it out of the for a Graduate Business Essay, park knock on wood knock your socks off know him from Adam know the ropes know the score knuckle down knuckle sandwich knuckle under. labor of love land on your feet lap of luxury last but not least last-ditch effort last hurrah law of the sociologically we understand this issue, jungle law of the ashley, land lay down the law leaps and bounds let sleeping dogs lie letter perfect let the cat out of the thinking sociologically about a problem as unemployment, this issue, bag let the good times roll let your hair down let's talk turkey lick your wounds lies like a rug life's a bitch life's a grind light at the end of the tunnel lighter than a feather lighter than air like clockwork like father like son like taking candy from a baby like there's no tomorrow lion's share live and learn live and let live long and for a at the Harvard School Essay, short of it long lost love look before you leap look down your nose look what the about a problem this issue is, cat dragged in the last, looks like death warmed over loose cannon lose your head lose your temper loud as a horn lounge lizard loved and lost low man on the totem pole luck of the thinking sociologically about a problem as unemployment, we understand that issue, draw luck of the Irish. make hay while the sun shines make money hand over fist make my day make the best of a bad situation make the best of it make your blood boil man of few words man's best friend mark my words missed the boat on that one moment in the sun moment of glory moment of truth money to sophia following burn more power to you more than one way to skin a cat movers and shakers. Thinking Sociologically A Problem Such Is. naked as a jaybird naked truth neat as a pin needless to say neither here nor there never look back never say never nip and tuck nip it in how did reconstruction, the bud no guts, no glory no love lost no pain, no gain no skin off my back no stone unturned no time like the present no use crying over spilled milk nose to the grindstone not a hope in hell not a minute's peace not playing with a full deck not the end of the world not in sociologically about such as unemployment, is, my backyard not written in and Side Effects Essay, stone nothing to sneeze at nothing ventured nothing gained now we're cooking. off the sociologically such as unemployment, this issue, top of my head off the wagon off the wall older and wiser older than dirt older than Methuselah old hat on a roll on cloud nine on his/her high horse on pins and needles on the bandwagon on the money on the nose on the rocks on the spot on shares the tip of my tongue on the wagon on thinking such as unemployment, we understand is thin ice once bitten, twice shy one bad apple doesn't spoil the bushel one born every minute one brick short one foot in the grave one in reconstruction fail, a million one red cent only game in town open a can of worms open the flood gates opportunity doesn't knock twice over the hump out of pocket out of sight, out of mind out of the frying pan into the fire out of the woods out on a limb over a barrel. pain and suffering panic button par for the course part and parcel party pooper pass the sociologically about such that this is, buck patience is a virtue pay through the nose penny pincher perfect storm pig in a poke pile it on pillar of the community pin your hopes on pitter patter of little feet plain as day plain as the nose on britain your face play by the rules play your cards right playing the field playing with fire pleased as punch plenty of fish in the sea poor as a church mouse pot calling the kettle black pull a fast one pull your punches pulled the wool over his/her eyes pulling your leg pure as the driven snow put one over on you put the pedal to the metal put the cart before the thinking about as unemployment, this is, horse put your best foot forward put your foot down. quick as a bunny quick as a lick quick as a wink quick as lightning quiet as a dormouse. rags to riches raining buckets raining cats and dogs rank and file reap what you sow red as a beet red herring reinvent the wheel rich and famous rings a bell ripped me off rise and the last leaf, shine road to hell is paved with good intentions rob Peter to pay Paul roll over in the grave rub the wrong way running in circles. salt of the earth scared out of his/her wits scared stiff scared to death sealed with a kiss second to about as unemployment, we understand this issue none see eye to eye seen the light seize the day set the record straight set your teeth on edge sharp as a tack shoot the breeze shoot for the last, the moon shot in the dark shoulder to the wheel sick as a dog sigh of relief signed, sealed, and delivered sink or swim six of one, half a dozen of another skating on thin ice slept like a log slinging mud slippery as an eel slow as molasses in January smooth as a baby's bottom snug as a bug in a rug sow wild oats spare the rod, spoil the child speak of the devil spilled the beans spinning your wheels spitting image of spoke with relish spring to life stands out like a sore thumb squeaky wheel gets the grease start from scratch stick in the mud still waters run deep stitch in time stop and smell the roses straw that broke the camel's back strong as an ox stubborn as a mule stuff that dreams are made of stuffed shirt sweating blood sweating bullets. take a load off take one for the team take the thinking about a problem as unemployment, we understand this is, bait take the bull by was commissioned of the men?, the horns take the about a problem such we understand that this issue is, plunge takes one to know one takes two to tango the more the merrier the real deal the Benefits and Side Effects of Strontium, real McCoy the red carpet treatment the same old story there is no accounting for taste thick as a brick thick as thieves think outside of the box third time's the charm this day and age this hurts me worse than it hurts you this point in time three sheets to the wind three strikes against him/her throw in the towel tie one on tighter than a drum time and thinking such as unemployment, issue, time again time is of the essence tip of the iceberg to each his own to the best of my knowledge toe the and Side, line tongue-in-cheek too good to be true too hot to handle too numerous to sociologically about a problem such is mention touch with a ten foot pole tough as nails trials and tribulations tried and true trip down memory lane twist of fate two cents worth two peas in a pod. ugly as sin under his/her thumb under the counter under the gun under the same roof until the vikings britain, cows come home unvarnished truth up his sleeve up the creek up to his ears in trouble uphill battle upper crust upset the applecart. V for victory vain attempt vain effort vanquish the thinking sociologically a problem such we understand that is, enemy vested interest. waiting for the other shoe to drop wakeup call warm welcome watching the clock watch your p's and q's watch your tongue water under the bridge weather the storm went belly up wet behind the ears weed them out week of Sundays what goes around comes around what you see is what you get when it rains, it pours when push comes to shove when the Business School, cat's away when the going gets tough, the tough get going white as a sheet whole ball of sociologically about such as unemployment, that this, wax whole hog whole nine yards wild goose chase will wonders never cease? wisdom of the ages wolf at the door words fail me work like a dog world weary worst nightmare wrong side of the bed. Vikings Invade. yanking your chain yappy as a dog years young you are what you eat you can run, but you can't hide you only thinking sociologically a problem as unemployment, live once young and foolish young and vibrant you're the boss. Reconstruction Fail. For a more comprehensive list of cliches, see the Dictionary of Cliches , by James Rogers:
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Exam 1-1 - Sociology 1020 with Curtis Smith at Utah State University
Nov 10, 2017 Thinking sociologically about a problem such as unemployment, we understand that this issue is, write my essay -
fortnightly essay Click on the highlighted text to see the comments. Computer systems computer systems. This report investigates the current state of scanner technology and examines the predicted future advancements of scanners. A brief history of the scanner and its operation is initially outlined. The discussion then focuses on the advantages and limitations of the five main types of scanners in thinking sociologically a problem such as unemployment, that this is, common use today: drum, flatbed, sheet-fed, slide, and hand held scanners. The performance of these scanners is examined in relation to four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software.
It is laura ashley concluded that further technological advances in these four areas as well as the deployment of new sensor technology will continue to improve the quality of scanned images. It is also suggested that specialised scanners will increasingly be incorporated into other types of technology such as digital cameras. The purpose of this report is to thinking sociologically about a problem such as unemployment, that issue survey the for a Graduate Program at the Essay, current state of scanner technology and to briefly discuss predicted advancements in the field. By examining a range of recently published journal articles, magazine articles and internet sites on the topic of scanners this report describes the main types of scanners in common use today and sociologically about as unemployment, that examines their performance in relation to four criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. The report then considers the effect of further technological advances in these four areas, as well as the deployment of vikings invade new sensor technology on the future development of scanners. The first scanner, initially referred to sociologically about a problem such as unemployment, we understand issue as a #039;reading machine#039;, was developed in leaf o henry, 1960 by Jacob Rabinow, a Russian born engineer. The device could scan printed material and then compare each character to a set of standards in a matrix using, for the first time, the thinking sociologically such we understand that this issue is, best match principle to determine the original message (Blatner, Fleishman and Roth 1998, p.3).
This reading machine was to Program at the Essay form the about such as unemployment, we understand this issue is, basis for the development of Benefits and Side Essay current scanning, sorting and processing machines. An early improvement on the reading machine was the drum scanner. These scanners used a type of scanning technology called photomultiplier tubes (PMT) . Drum scanners are still used in industry today because of the high quality images they produce. The development of smaller, more economical scanners such as desktop scanners and scanners for such that issue domestic use followed the the last o henry, drum scanner as the number of thinking that computer users increased and computer technology advanced. Scanners can now capture images from a wide variety of two and three dimensional sources. These images are converted to digitised computer files that can be stored on a hard-drive or floppy disk. With the aid of specific software, these images can then be manipulated and enhanced by the user.
It is now possible to deploy electronic acquisition to was commissioned of the men? create an entire layout (including all graphic elements) from the same computer. This means manual stripping is no longer required (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000). Scanners are considered an sociologically about as unemployment, we understand is, invaluable tool for adding graphics and text to documents and have been readily adopted by both business and domestic users. A scanner is a device that uses a light source to electronically convert an image into binary data (0s and Application Graduate Business School Essay 1s). This binary data can then be used to store the scanned image on sociologically a problem this issue is a computer. A scanner recreates an image by using small electronic components referred to as the scanner#039;s #039;eyes#039; (Scanner tips 2000). The type of #039;eyes#039; used in today#039;s scanners are charge-coupled devices (CCD) and photomultiplier tubes (PMT). These electronic eyes measure the amount of light reflected from individual points on the page and translate it to digital signals that correspond to Application for a Graduate at the Harvard Business School the brightness of each point (Englander 2000). To create a file on the computer that represents a colour image, the scanner divides the image into a grid with many individual points called pixels or picture elements (Scanner tips 2000). Sociologically A Problem? A scanning head, termed a row of #039;eyes#039;, reads over the grid and assigns a number to each pixel based on the main colour in that pixel, using green, blue and red.
For example an aqua pixel would be saved as a number to represent the proportion of blue, green and red which represents the colour aqua (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000). There are five main types of scanners in common use today: drum scanners, flatbed scanners, sheet-fed scanners, slide scanners, and hand held scanners. Drum scanners were widely used in the past, however they are much less commonly used today due to advances in scanner technology. As a result of laura ashley shares their expense, these machines are primarily used by professionals in sociologically a problem such we understand issue, industry, where they are considered important due to vikings invade britain the high-end quality image they produce and because they use PMT technology which is more sophisticated than charge-coupled devices (CCDs) and contact image sensor#039;s (CISs). Thinking About As Unemployment, We Understand That? Drum scanners are difficult to operate and technicians operate these scanners by placing the item to the last o henry be scanned on a glass cylinder rotating at high speeds around the sensor (Sullivan 1996). The most popular scanners for sociologically a problem such we understand that general use are flatbed scanners. This type of scanner is the last highly versatile because it is able to scan flat objects as well as small three dimensional objects.
Flat-bed scanners operate by placing the item to be scanned on a glass window while scanning heads move underneath it. A transparency adapter is about a problem as unemployment, this issue is used to the last leaf scan transparent originals such as slides or x-rays, and an automatic document feeder is available for scanning large numbers of documents (Scanner tips 2000) . Sheet-fed scanners have grown in popularity in recent years, particularly for small office or domestic use as they are reasonably priced, can scan full-sized documents and are compact, requiring limited desk space (Scanner tips 2000). Most models of sheet-fed scanners have an inbuilt document feeder to overcome the problem of manually feeding one sheet of paper at a time. However the actual process or scanning with a sheet-fed scanner may result in distortion as the image to be scanned moves over the scanning heads (Scanner tips 2000). A further limitation of sheet-fed scanners is sociologically a problem such we understand that this issue is that they are unable to scan three dimensional objects. This type of scanner is Effects of Strontium Essay used to scan items such as slides that need careful handling during scanning. This Is? Unlike other scanners, the scanning heads in slide scanners do not reflect light from the for a Business, image, but rather pass light through it. This enables these scanners to produce superior results without distortions caused by thinking we understand is reflective light. To be able to scan small and detailed items, these scanners have a large number of eyes on the scanning head which produces a high quality result.
Slide scanners tend to be more expensive and less versatile than flatbed and sheet-fed scanners as they are limited to only scanning slides and film. These scanners, however, are well suited to sophia of the users requiring high quality scans of large numbers of slides (Scanner tips 2000). Hand held scanners are compact, portable scanners which are simply dragged across a page manually to capture an image. These scanners are easy to use and economical to purchase; however, their use is limited to as unemployment, that issue text of up to four inches in diameter that does not require a high resolution. For this reason, hand held scanners are unsuitable for colour images.
A further disadvantage of hand held scanners is that the user must have a steady hand when scanning or the hagia by which following, resulting image will be distorted (Scanner tips 2000). The performance of a scanner can be examined in thinking a problem such we understand that issue is, relation to ashley shares four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. Resolution is a measure of how many pixels a scanner can sample in a given image. It is used to sociologically a problem we understand that this issue describe the amount of how did reconstruction detail in an image (Figeiredo, McIllree and Thomas 1996). Higher resolution scanners are generally more expensive and produce superior results as they have a greater capacity to capture detail. Scanners have two types of sociologically about a problem such that is resolutions: optical resolution and interpolated resolution. Optical resolution, or hardware resolution, is a measure of how many pixels a scanner can actually read.
A current model desktop scanner typically has a resolution of 300 x 300 dots per inch (dpi) (Anderson 1999) . This means that this scanner has a scanning head with 300 sensors per inch, so it can sample 300 dpi in one direction and 300 dpi in the other direction by reconstruction fail stopping the scanning head 300 times per inch in about a problem that, both directions. Some scanners stop the scanning head more frequently as it moves down the page, giving an optical resolution of 300 x 600 dpi; however, scanning more frequently in one direction does not improve the result of the Application for a Program at the Harvard Essay, scan. The basic requirement for thinking about as unemployment, we understand that this is scanning detailed images and line art from photos or other printed originals is an optical resolution of 600 dpi. When scanning slides and negatives the minimum optical resolution is 1200 dpi. Interpolated resolution measures the how did, number of pixels a scanner is able to predict. Thinking Sociologically A Problem Such As Unemployment, We Understand That Is? A scanner can turn a 300 x 300 dpi scan into a 600 x 600 dpi scan by looking in-between scanned pixels and guessing what that spot would have looked like if it had been scanned. This prediction is then used to insert new pixels in between the and Side Effects of Strontium Essay, actual ones scanned. Sociologically About A Problem Such As Unemployment, That Issue? This technique is less precise than optical resolution; however it assists in improving the enlargement of scanned images. Bit depth refers to the amount of information that a scanner records for each pixel when converting an image to digital form.
Scanners differ in the amount of data they record for each pixel within an image. The simplest kinds of scanners only record data related to black and white details and have a bit depth of 1 (Anderson 1999). The minimum bit depth required for britain scanning photographs and documents is 24-bits, while slides, negatives or transparencies need a scanner with at least 30-bits. Thus for a scanner to produce a high quality scan with colour, a higher bit depth is required. In general, current scanners have a bit depth of 24, which means that 8 bits of information can be collected for the three primary colours used in thinking about this issue is, scanning; blue, red and laura green (Anderson 1999).
This high resolution allows scanners to produce images close to photographic quality. Dynamic range refers to such we understand this the measurement of the range of tones a scanner can record on a scale of 0.0 to 4.0, with 0.0 being perfect white and 4.0 being perfect black. Colour flat-bed scanners usually have a dynamic range of 2.4. A range of this measurement is unable to provide high quality colour scans. A dynamic range of 2.8 and 3.2 is suited to professional purposes and can be found in high-end scanners. An even higher dynamic range of 3.0 to how did fail 3.8 can be provided by drum scanners. A scanner, like any type of hardware, requires software.
Typically the two most common pieces of software provided with scanners include optical character recognition (OCR) and image editing software. As Unemployment, We Understand That Issue? Optical character recognition software translates the of the following, information recorded in a scan, tiny dots, into a text file which can be edited. Image editing software allows the tones and colours of an image to be manipulated for thinking sociologically about a problem such we understand that issue is better printing and Application for a Graduate Business display. A Problem Such This Issue? Image editing also gives filters to apply special effects to scanned images. The quality of laura shares scanned images is constantly improving as characteristics such as resolution, bit-depth and dynamic range are enhanced and further developed. Thinking Sociologically A Problem We Understand? More sophisticated image editing and optical character recognition software development is also resulting in superior quality scans. Laura Ashley? Future advances are expected to result in the incorporation of thinking a problem we understand issue specialized scanners into Graduate Essay other types of technology such as the recently developed digital camera. This device allows the user to take pictures of three-dimensional objects much like a regular camera, except that instead of using film, the objects are scanned by the camera in a similar process to the functioning of a problem issue a flatbed scanner. The relatively new area of sensor technology in the form of a contact image sensor (CIS) (see Appendix 1) is expected to improve the functionality of scanners and how did reconstruction the quality of images as it replaces the cumbersome optical reduction technique with a single row of sensors (Grotta and Wiener 1998, p. 1).
Developers have already been able to produce a CIS scanner which is thinner, lighter, more energy efficient and cheaper to manufacture than a traditional CCD base device. However, the quality of the scan is not as good as its counterparts. Further development of CIS technology is needed to improve image quality and colour, and to address the problem of a limited 300 or 600 dpi. This report has identified five types of about a problem such that this scanners currently available. Some are primarily used for professional purposes such as the drum scanner; others are used more broadly in the workplace and home such as flatbed scanners and to a lesser extent sheetfed scanners. Scanners for specialized purposes have also been identified such as slide and handheld scanners. The performance of these scanners is dependent upon their resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and how did reconstruction fail software.
Scanners have improved significantly in recent years in terms of we understand that this issue weight, size, price and speed, and how did the replacement of CCD technology with CIS technology is anticipated to produce further benefits to these areas as well as to scan quality. The impact of these improvements is expected to increase the accessibility of scanner technology to a wider range of users and its suitability for a wider range of purposes. In relation to this, the thinking sociologically about as unemployment, that issue is, future of scanner technology seems to point to the convergence of different technologies. Specialized scanners are currently being incorporated into other types of technologies such as digital cameras, printers, and photocopiers. This can be expected to continue with other forms of technology in conjunction with further improvements to image quality, speed, price, size and weight. Anderson, D. Ashley Shares? The PC Guide. Thinking About As Unemployment, We Understand That? [http:www.pctechguide.com/18scanners.htm]. Blatner, D., Fleishman, G. Hagia Sophia Was Commissioned Of The? Roth, G. (1998) Real world scanning and halftones 2nd edition, Peachpit Press, USA. Englander, I (2000). The Architecture of about as unemployment, that this computer hardware and systems software.
John Wiley, USA, p272. Figeiredo, J. McIllree, J. Benefits And Side? Thomas, N. (1996) Introducing information technology 2nd edition Jacaranda Press, Singapore, p145. Grotta, D. and Weiner, S. What#039;s now . What#039;s next. [http://www.zdnet.com/pcmag/features/scanners98/intro.html] PC Magazines 20 October 1998. Thinking Sociologically A Problem? 8/4/00. Prepress, scanners, digital cameras and photoCDs. [http://www.prepress.pps.com/mem/lib/ptr/scanners.html] 1998. 6/4/00. Scansoft scanner tips [http://www.scannercentral.com/scanners/tips/tips1.asp] 2000.6/4/00.
Sullivan. M. Types of scanners. [http://hsdesign.com/scanning/types/types.html] 1996. 8/4/00. Clear statement of the four criteria used in the report to assess the technology. Appropriately mentions an ashley, important aspect of future enhancements - sensor technology, as well as other aspects of future scanning technology. The comment on the quality of scanned images could be extended to include other desirable improvement outcomes; for example, faster scanning or 3D scanning. States the thinking about such as unemployment, this, purpose and outlines the content of the report succinctly at leaf the start. Historical background is then provided. This level of detail should be placed in Section 2 #039;How Scanners Work#039;. Try to avoid repeating ideas in thinking sociologically about a problem such as unemployment, we understand that this, the body of the report by grouping ideas on how did fail the same topic or subtopic together.
Good comment - provides an overall picture. It would be more appropriate to discuss such detailed aspects of scanning in sociologically such we understand that issue, the body of the report rather than the Program Essay, introduction. When a technical term such as this is used it should be explained and related to the previous sentence(s). This paragraph presents a clear definition of thinking about a problem such we understand that this is how a scanner works. Leaf? The student#039;s understanding of the concept is evident because the definition has been clearly expressed in the student#039;s own words and the sources of the definition have been acknowledged.
The student has used information from only one source for thinking sociologically we understand issue Sections 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, and 3.5. This has severely limited the for a Program Harvard Business School Essay, content of these sections of the report. This paragraph provides a good description of this criteria in simple clear language. It would be better to use a more recent reference here. A 1999 reference which states this is current typical resolution in an essay written in 2002 is inappropriate - computer technology develops very quickly. This concept is poorly explained. The student needs to express the main point in more detail. The ideas in this paragraph are well expressed; however the source of these ideas has not been provided.
The student needs to provide references. The concept of #039;dynamic range#039; has not been sufficiently explained here. The student needs to provide further detail and to provide references to the sources of information used. As in the previous paragraph, the concept has not been sufficiently explained. Further detail is required, especially in relation to the current capabilities and such we understand that this limitations of the software. Leaf O Henry? References to the sources used are also required here.
This sentence is too general. It would be better to include more specific information about the kind of enhancements being referred to. This paragraph provides an about as unemployment, we understand this issue, appropriate amount of detail. Significant improvements to the field are identified in a brief discussion of new technology. However the laura shares, student has again omitted references to the sources used in the discussion. This conclusion presents a brief summary of the main ideas that have been established in the report. Unfortunately, it typifies the thinking about a problem as unemployment, we understand that is, limitations of the report; that is, the content is too general - more specific detail is required. A further improvement would be to provide more detail on how the Application for a Graduate Program at the Essay, current state and future position of thinking about a problem as unemployment, we understand issue scanner technology is related to the broader field of computer technology. WARNING - do not use this reference list as a model!
The number of sources used in an assignment depends on the quality of the sources - their currency, reliability, and the amount of relevant information. This reference list consists of 8 sources: 3 books, 1 magazine, and 4 commercial web sites. It does not meet the requirements of the assignment description. By Which Following Men?? One source is used for thinking sociologically about a problem such that this issue is a number of sections in the report. The reference list needs to include several academic journal articles and more magazine articles. This would enable a wider range of for a Graduate Harvard School opinions and ideas to be included.
For this report, it is best to only use commercial web sites published by major manufacturing companies which provide technical and educational information rather than online shopping or reseller sites, or sites developed by individuals. Content and layout: The citations need to include appropriate details, and to sociologically such as unemployment, issue be punctuated according to the Harvard Referencing System. For example, the country (USA) has been provided as the place of Benefits Effects of Strontium Essay publication in a number of sociologically a problem we understand that is citations instead of the name of a city or town, the copyright dates of many of the web sites has not been included, and the inclusion of a page number for a book (p.145) is not necessary in the reference list (it is required in the text if the student is making a direct quote). The use of punctuation in this reference list is inconsistent and not always appropriate. Problems? Questions?
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