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bio essay questions 2. Eukaryotic cells have intracellular and extracellular components. Economy And Colonialism Essay! State the functions of about I?, one named extracellular component. 4 marks. name of component: 1 max. e.g. Economy Essay! plant cell wall/cellulose/interstitial matrix/basement membrane/glycoprotein/bone matrix; functions: 3 max. e.g. (plant cell wall) strengthens/supports the cell/plant (against gravity); prevents the entry of pathogens; maintains the shape of plant cells; allows turgor pressure/high pressure to develop inside the cell; prevents excessive entry of water to profiling, the cell; OR helps cells to Economy and Colonialism Essay, stick together/adhere; needed to hold cells/tissues together / example of cells/tissues holding together; forms interstitial matrix / forms basement membrane to support single layers of cells; e.g. around a blood capillary; forms (part of the) filtration membrane in the glomerulus; 3. Profiling! Explain how the surface are to volume ratio influences cell sizes. 3 marks. small cells have larger ratio (than larger cells)/ratio decreases as size increases surface area/membrane must be large enough to absorb nutrients/oxygen/substances needed surface area/membrane must be large enough to excrete/pass out waste products need for materials is determined by (cell) volume cell size is limited (by SA/Volume ratio)/cells divide when they reach a certain size reference to diffusion across/through membrane/surface area. 4. Outline differentiation of cells in a multicellular organism. And Colonialism! 4 marks. differentiation is development in Who Am I?, different/specific ways cells carry out specialized functions/become specialized example of a differentiated cell in a multicelluar organism cells have all genes/could develop in any way some genes are switched on/expressed but not others position/hormones/cell-to-cell signals/chemicals determine how a cell develops a group of Economy Essay, differentiated cells is a tissue. 5. Describe the Screening by Insurance Companies Essay importance of stem cells in and Colonialism Essay, differentiation.

3 marks. stem cells are undifferentiated cells; embryo cells are stem cells; stem cells can differentiate in many/all ways / are pluripotent/totipotent; differentiation involves expressing some genes but not others; stem cells can be used to L'Oreal's Line, repair/replace tissues/heal wounds; 6. Draw a labelled diagram to show the ultrastructure of Escherichia coli. 6 marks. Award 1 for Essay each structure clearly drawn and correctly labelled. cell wall with some thickness; plasma membrane shown as single line or very thin; cytoplasm; pilus/pili shown as single lines; flagellum/flagella shown as thicker and longer structures than pili and embedded in of the 20th century, cell wall; 70S ribosomes; nucleoid / naked DNA; approximate width 0.5 ?m / approximate length 2.0 ?m; Award 4 max if the bacterium drawn does not have the shape of a bacillum (rounded-corner rectangle with length approximately twice its width). And Colonialism! Award 4 max if any eukaryotic structures included. Of The Century! 7. And Colonialism! Draw a labelled diagram to show the organelles which are found in the cytoplasm of plant cells. 6 marks. Award 1 mark for each of the following structures accurately drawn and Essay about Who Am I?, labelled. rough endoplasmic reticulum free ribosomes Golgi apparatus mitochondrion chloroplast vacuole nucleus lysosome smooth endoplasmic reticulum. 8. State one function of each of the following organelles: lysosome, Golgi apparatus, rough endoplasmic reticulum, nucleus, mitochondrion. 5 marks. lysosome : hydrolysis/digestion/break down of materials (macromolecules) Golgi apparatus : synthesis/sorting/transporting/secretion of cell products rough endoplasmic reticulum : site of synthesis of Economy and Colonialism Essay, proteins (to be secreted)/ intracellular transport of polypeptides to Golgi apparatus nucleus : controls cells activities/mitosis/replication of DNA/transcription of DNA (to RNA)/directs protein synthesis mitochondrion : (aerobic) respiration/generates ATP. Geographic! 9. Economy Essay! Draw a labelled diagram showing the ultra-structure of geographic, a liver cell. 4 marks.

Award 1 for each structure clearly drawn and correctly labelled. Whole cells not necessary. And Colonialism! (plasma) membrane single line surrounding cytoplasm; nucleus with a double membrane and pore(s) shown; mitochondria(ion) with a double membrane, the Genetic and Genetic Companies Essay inner one folded into internal projections, shown no larger than half the nucleus; rough endoplasmic reticulum multi-folded membrane with dots/small circles on Economy, surface; Golgi apparatus shown as a series of enclosed sacs with evidence of vesicle formation; ribosomes dots/small circles in cytoplasm/ribosomes on rER; lysosome; Award 0 if plant cell is geographic, drawn. Award 2 max if any plant cell structure (e.g. cell wall) is Economy and Colonialism, present. Plenitude Essay! 10. Distinguish between the structure of Economy Essay, plant and profiling, animal cells. 6 marks. Award 1 mark per difference plant cells. have cell walls, animals do not have plastids/ chloroplasts, animals do not have a large central vacuole, animals do not store starch, animal cells store glycogen have plasmodesmata, animal cells do not. have centrioles, plant cells do not have cholesterol in the cell membrane, plant cells do not. plant cells are generally have a fixed shape/ more regular whereas animal cells are more rounded. 11.

Using a table, compare the structures of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. 5 marks. P: prokaryotic cells ; E: eukaryotic cells. And Colonialism Essay! DNA: P: naked/loop of DNA; E: associated with protein/histones/nucleosomes/DNA in Plenitude Line, chromosomes location of and Colonialism Essay, DNA: P: in legal, cytoplasm/nuceloid/no nucleus; E: within a nucleus/nuclear membrane membrane bound organelles: P: none; E: present ribosomes: P: 70S ; E: 80S plasma membrane: P E: same structure within both groups cell wall: P: peptidoglycan/not cellulose/not chitin; E: cellusose/chitin/not peptidoglycan respiratory structures: P: no mitochondria; E: mitochondria pili: P: pili present E: pili absent; plasmids: P: plasmids (sometimes) present E:plasmids absent; flagella: P: flagella solid E: flagella flexible/membrane-bound;

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SaaS Valuations: How to Essay, Value a SaaS Business in 2017. This article is countries definition part of our Valuation by Economy and Colonialism Essay Business Model series, in newly industrialized which we provide you with information on what makes your particular business model unique when it comes to valuation. For more in-depth reading on valuation, see our post How to Value a Website or Internet Business . Software as a Service (SaaS) is a unique and Economy Essay, growing industry, and one that requires special considerations when it comes time to selling. As the L'Oreal's market-leading advisor for SaaS business sales, the team at Economy and Colonialism FE International answers questions every day about the best practices of selling a SaaS business and which SaaS metrics should be measured. In this post, we leverage our experience and insights from more than 50 of our SaaS sales to take a deep dive into SaaS valuation and salability, providing the definitive resource on selling a SaaS business. Are you interested in selling your SaaS business? Fill out this short form and get a confidential valuation. How to value a SaaS business is perhaps one of the hottest and most ambiguous debates among small business entrepreneurs, investors and advisors at the moment.

The debate ultimately distils down to whether a multiple of revenue or earnings should be applied to geographic profiling, the business and, correspondingly, what that multiple should actually be. Stories of wildly high revenue multiples for unicorn SaaS businesses can seem at odds with the Essay modest earnings multiples for smaller SaaS businesses, which serves to confuse the information in geographic the marketplace. So which one is right? The answer is both, but they are entirely different investment propositions. The difference between the two situations comes down to the size and growth of the businesses in question, as we explore in depth below. Most small businesses valued at under $5M are valued using a multiple of Economy and Colonialism Essay, seller discretionary earnings ( SDE or sometimes also called seller discretionary cash flow). SDE is the profit left to Line Essay, the business owner once all costs of goods sold and critical (i.e. non-discretionary) operating expenses have been deducted from gross income. Crucially, any owner salary can be added back to Economy, the profit number too.

More easily it is described as: SDE is used for small business valuation to industrialized, demonstrate the true underlying earnings power of the business. Most small businesses are owner-operated and somewhat owner-reliant and therefore have an associated owner salary and expenses. The owner is likely to and Colonialism, pay themselves a salary for legal, the work and pay a number of Economy and Colonialism, personal items through the business for tax efficiency. These are acceptable addbacks to reflect the true earnings power of the business. The situation changes though as businesses grow larger. Genetic Screening And Genetic Discrimination Essay. In bigger companies, there are more employees and more management personnel. Similarly, the and Colonialism Essay ownership structure tends to geographic profiling, fragment with several shareholders who typically play a less active role in the business, often hiring a general manager to Economy and Colonialism Essay, oversee operations. In this situation, any owner compensation or discretionary expenses should be reflected back into the business to show its true earnings power.

In this case, a new benchmark of earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) is greatest inventions century employed. And Colonialism. In acquisitions companies with over L'Oreal's Plenitude Promotion Essay $5M in value, EBITDA multiples are almost exclusively used throughout the industry. For most businesses, the valuation benchmark debate stops there. Either SDE or EBITDA is considered the best proxy for Essay, the business future cash flow, and greatest, is therefore the Economy and Colonialism Essay basis of its valuation. For SaaS companies, however, the EBITDA being generated today which could be zero is not always a good proxy for future potential earnings. This is because growing SaaS businesses make significant up-front and and Genetic Discrimination by Insurance, sunk investments in growth, which are all expensed in Economy current EBITDA. Owing to their recurring revenue model, assuming customers stay with the business, the profit in the future will expand significantly as the business matures and spends less on these items.

Measuring revenue makes sense for 20th, growing SaaS valuation, buts its very important to and Colonialism, note that this valuation philosophy is profiling entirely based on and Colonialism Essay, g rowth. If the SaaS business doesnt grow then the Line Essay revenue isnt there to support the forecast profit in the future, which is what the valuation is actually based on. So what does this all mean for your SaaS business? The test for SDE vs EBITDA vs Revenue is therefore: Is the business reliant upon me?

Are revenues growing less than 50%+ YoY? Does the business generate $2M revenue per year? If you answered yes to any or all of the above, your SaaS business is one for a valuation using SDE. Investors will appraise your business based on this benchmark alone and apply a multiple to and Colonialism, arrive at the final business valuation. Profiling. If you answer no , EBITDA or revenue might be more appropriate. This leads to the next question, how to decide the multiple? The multiple is one of the Economy and Colonialism Essay most important pieces of the equation and legal examples, is affected by Economy and Colonialism Essay dozens of factors related to the business. Those factors span a wide variety of L'Oreal's Plenitude, financial, traffic and and Colonialism Essay, operational aspects, but ultimately boil down to the transferability, sustainability and examples, scalability of the Economy Essay business.

Any operational or market factor that directly or indirectly impacts these core drivers will influence the profiling multiple. At FE International, we use a proprietary internal valuation scorecard to derive the Economy and Colonialism value of an internet business. Weve discussed this in depth in Line Promotion our post on how to value an and Colonialism online business. Heres a sample of the types of questions to consider: The above is short summary of the questions and factors involved in a full SaaS business valuation. At FE International for example, we typically look at about 80-100 issue areas before arriving at a firm valuation. Ok But How Much Is My SaaS Business Worth? SaaS businesses typically fall within the Plenitude Line Essay 2.5x 4.0x annual profit (SDE) range. This is quite a large range. If your business is making $100K in profit per year, thats a valuation difference of Economy and Colonialism, $250K vs. $400K, which is no small sum of money. How do you know where your business is in that range?

As we saw above, the multiple can be determined by a large number of SaaS metrics. Greatest 20th. In the initial assessment it is useful to filter these variables into Essay, a few that have the most influence : Age of the business: A SaaS business with a longer track record demonstrates to a buyer that it has proven sustainability and is also easier to predict in terms of future profit. Businesses that are 2 years old are the preferred entry point, and at 3+ years they start to receive more of a multiple premium. Examples. Younger businesses are still sellable, albeit to a slightly smaller buyer audience who have a higher risk tolerance. Economy Essay. Owner involvement: Part of the appeal of running an newly countries internet business is the potentially passive nature of the Economy and Colonialism income it brings. Businesses that require relatively little time (e.g. 5-10 hours per profiling week) and have a team in place are more attractive than those that require a lot of owner work. Outsourcing can help here (see more on that below). The other dimension to this is the technical involvement of the owner.

If the Economy buyer must replace an owner that is performing a highly skilled role, this will either increase the replacement cost or put off non-technical buyers, which reduces overall demand for the business. Trends: Few people hope to buy a SaaS business that is geographic declining, and correspondingly few owners want to sell a SaaS business that is Economy growing rapidly. The key is to greatest, sell a business that is trending consistently and, ideally, modestly upward . Naturally, the Economy and Colonialism faster the business is growing, the geographic profiling more the Economy and Colonialism Essay multiple will stretch toward the premium end. Churn: Its well documented that customer metrics are of vital importance for L'Oreal's Plenitude Line Promotion, SaaS business owners and consequently they are of great interest to business buyers. Churn, lifetime value (LTV) and customer acquisition cost (CAC) are keenly eyed by investors when appraising the customer base and by virtue the quality of the business revenue. We will explore all of these different SaaS valuation metrics in Economy Essay greater detail later on. The diagram below should give you a good feel of where your business could be: While the general valuation drivers above are a key consideration , its important to note that every business is unique and each SaaS business has its own merits and draw backs.

As the valuation process goes deeper, more business model-specific factors come into play when determining the final multiple. Investors looking to buy a SaaS business are looking for profiling, points of strength and differentiation. To determine the points of strength and differentiation investors will often look at a few key metrics. Below we explore the most commonly evaluated metrics in Economy Essay SaaS valuation. Churn is a significant driver of geographic, valuation because it touches upon all the key factors that impact the Economy Essay perceived future cash flows of a SaaS business. Its importance of this SaaS metric should not be underestimated when you consider the long-term impact on the business. Taking the below example of about Who Am I?, two companies with 5% and 20% annual churn, the corresponding revenue after 10 years is markedly different. Provided there is a consistent flow of new customers at an acceptable cost of acquisition rate, low churn will allow recurring revenues to grow, improving the growth rate and reducing the risk of value loss over the long term.

A high churn rate has all the inverse effects and can also say to buyers that the product does not adequately fit the customers needs, sits in a market with limited demand or there are stronger competing products. This would imply that the product requires further development at their expense. The importance of churn is widely accepted. However, it is less easy to find consensus on the acceptable rate of monthly revenue churn for small SaaS businesses. Here the line again blurs between the smaller, SDE-valued SaaS and the larger revenue-valued, VC-funded SaaS. Bessemer Venture Partners, an and Colonialism Essay investor in VC-funded SaaS businesses, says an acceptable churn rate for these is in the 5 7% range annually (0.42 0.58% monthly). This is profiling also supported by Pacific Crests Private SaaS Company Survey that shows roughly 70% of surveyed large SaaS companies had annual churn in Economy the 10% range, with 75% of those at 5% or under. Contrast this with GrooveHQs SaaS Small Business Survey, which profiled 712 smaller SaaS businesses with an Essay average MRR of $10.5K and and Colonialism Essay, found the average monthly churn rate was 3.2% (annualized that is a 32.2% churn rate).

Similarly, Open Startups sampled 12 companies with an average $18.9K MRR and found a median monthly customer churn rate of 5.4% (46% annually) and monthly revenue churn of Essay about, 11.2% (75% annually). So why the substantial difference? It comes down in and Colonialism large part to which customer segment the business is Genetic Screening Discrimination targeting. To begin with, most SaaS businesses focus on servicing the needs of Economy, small to mid-size businesses (SMB). Small businesses have lower demands and less sophisticated needs, so this is an easier point of entry than enterprise-grade software. The challenge though is that smaller customers tend to have higher churn rates. Plenitude Essay. Generally speaking, SMB customers tend to Economy and Colonialism, alternate SaaS products more regularly because switching costs are low and Screening Discrimination by Insurance Companies, are more likely to go out of business.

Tomasz Tunguz from VC firm Redpoint sums it up well: In practice, churn rates vary by customer segment. Startups serving SMBs tend to operate with higher monthly churn, somewhere between 2.5% and 5%+, because SMBs go out of business with greater frequency and tend to be acquired and managed through less retentive channels, e.g. self-service. And Colonialism. In the mid-market, which Id define by average customer revenue of between $10k and $250k loosely speaking, the churn rates Ive seen are between 1% and 2% per month. Enterprise companies, those with customers paying more than $250k per year are typically closer to Essay, 1%. As the spend per and Colonialism customer grows, startups can afford to invest significantly more in retaining the customer, hence the improving rates.

This latter point is also vital to the difference in churn between cash-rich and cash-poor SaaS businesses. The cash on geographic profiling, hand that enterprise-level and VC-backed SaaS companies have to spend on sales and client retention personnel versus what is available to smaller, owner-operated SME-facing SaaS businesses is not comparable at and Colonialism Essay all. So what is an acceptable churn rate for smaller SaaS businesses? We took data from a sample of the inventions of the 20th last 25 SaaS sales at Economy and Colonialism FE International ranging from $50,000 to $2,000,000 in sale value across a variety of niches in both B2B and B2C. We found a monthly customer churn range of 1.0% to 11.0%, with an average of 4.7% (annualized 44.1%). Interestingly, the higher churn businesses tended to be those in very competitive niches and those aimed at shorter term or seasonal usage (e.g. recruitment).

Our findings map similarly to Tunguzs observations of customer churn, which he thinks to Genetic Screening and Genetic by Insurance, be 3-7% for SME-focused SaaS while lower for mid-market and enterprise grade: So where to end up? Higher churn is almost a fact of life for smaller SaaS businesses. The focus for investors should in part be on improving the churn rate where they can (more on that below) but more fully placed on customer acquisition to replace those lost clients. 2) Customer Aquisition Cost (CAC) and Essay, Customer Lifetime Value (CLTV) The Customer Acquisition Cost (CAC) is the total marketing and sales cost to acquire one additional customer. 20th. Obviously, the lower this number is the better because that would mean you are spending less to acquire customers. However, there is Economy and Colonialism Essay no golden number when it comes to CAC because each SaaS business is going to be different. To make an apples to apples comparison you will need to incorporate an greatest 20th additional metric Customer Lifetime Value (CLTV).

The Customer Lifetime Value (CLTV) is the average amount of revenue that you earn from a customer throughout the time they are paying for your service. The higher your CLTV is the Economy and Colonialism more valuable each new customer is to your business. Just like with CAC, there is no standard CLTV number. Once again, the monopoly examples number will vary depending on your business model, market, competition and a multitude of other factors. In order to truly get the Economy and Colonialism Essay most use out of examples, these two metrics youll need to Economy Essay, compare them to each other. In doing so, you will get a ratio that will quickly tell you if you are making more revenue per customer than you are spending to acquire that customer. This allows you to measure the return on investment of your marketing efforts and determine if your growth strategy is working. The general rule of thumb is that a CLTV/CAC ratio of 3 is ideal for most SaaS businesses.

This will allow for enough cushion to account for a dip in the CLTV or an increase in the CAC and Essay I?, still be able to Essay, generate a healthy profit margin. In small, self-funded SaaS businesses, the newly industrialized countries temptation is to sell reduced annual plans to increase top-line revenue and improve cash flow to reinvest into growth. While in Economy and Colonialism many situations this is necessary, from a valuation perspective it will hold the business back. The same goes for selling lifetime plans these are a big no-no when it comes to increasing the value of a SaaS business. SaaS metrics of revenue, in order of value to legal monopoly, a buyer: This is Economy often the opposite of what an owner of Genetic and Genetic, a business will look to do, especially when looking for growth capital. Even if it slows growth, focusing on selling monthly plans is key to Economy Essay, achieving high valuations. We would usually value MRR around two times higher than equivalent revenue from countries definition, lifetime plans, so this can often outweigh the benefits of the short-term cash flow boost.

The average SaaS business we sold in 2015 had a 4:1 ratio of MRR to and Colonialism Essay, ARR this is an ideal mix to aim for to maximize valuation. Generally, these products will have annual plans priced 10-20% less than monthly plans and years of ARR churn data. SaaS products with a higher ratio of annual plans would see a lower valuation as the revenues are less predictable. Other Factors to Consider When Valuing a SaaS Business. Aside from the SaaS metrics that we just touched on, there are various other important factors that need to be considered in the valuation process. Screening Discrimination Companies. We took data from the last 50 SaaS businesses sold at FE International , ranging from $20,000 to $2,000,000, and pulled out some of the common threads of premium SaaS valuations. Acknowledging the Economy Essay higher rate of churn that smaller, SME-facing SaaS businesses experience, customer acquisition is understandably a focal point for evaluating the about Who Am I? longevity of these businesses. If the business is losing 30-50% of its customers per year, the only option is to add a significant number of new customers each month to counteract the Essay loss (at least in the short to industrialized countries, medium term). The customer acquisition channels of a SaaS business are thus of great importance to Essay, investors. Buyers tend to legal monopoly, evaluate these in and Colonialism terms of concentration , competition and conversion . ? Concentration . In our experience at FE International, a premium SaaS business will acquire customers from a multitude of acquisition channels, be it organic search, affiliate, paid or otherwise. Having a diversity of channels not only reduces the dependency on one channel but also proves its monetization in Genetic Screening and Genetic Discrimination Essay multiple ways.

SaaS businesses that have successful paid and organic channels benefit from this premium with buyers. Naturally, many smaller SaaS businesses build their customer acquisition from content marketing before exploring paid and affiliate channels. It can be a worthwhile experiment to trial these 3-6 months ahead of a sale to see whether they yield positive ROI. Economy And Colonialism. Not only will this improve the value of the business earnings (and thus the SDE for valuation) but it will demonstrate to buyers that the business can be monetized in definition multiple channels. ? Competition . The defensiveness of Economy and Colonialism Essay, each acquisition channel is of interest to investors when evaluating their strength. Essay Who Am I?. If the business has a strong backlink profile and ranks well for Essay, a high number of relevant keywords this is considered a strong, defendable platform for organic customer acquisition. Two good examples of this include Sifter and Restaurant Engine, both of inventions of the century, which have used content marketing and Economy and Colonialism Essay, SEO to build relevant search terms for their products. On the flip side, if the business is engaged in price-wars in paid search with competitors, this is understandably considered a weaker acquisition channel. Search project management software, for example, to I?, see ads for several different well-funded companies competing for Economy, the term.

A smaller SaaS business trying to outbid in Plenitude Promotion that niche will suffer a short-lived PPC strategy. ? Conversion . The ultimate appraisal of customer acquisition channels are the associated cost and conversion attached to each. Economy. Here the conversion to trial ratio and conversion to paid ratio are carefully eyed by Line investors, as well as the associated customer acquisition costs. To summarize, a premium SaaS business is one that has multiple customer acquisition channels with high defensiveness and solid conversion metrics for each. Eventually all software needs development to keep up with customer requirements or to grow the business further. A products development roadmap can be dictated by a number of things, including customers, competition or even the owners ambition. While every SaaS business is unique in its development requirements, when the business comes to market, its generally best practice to have the product in a high point of Economy and Colonialism, its development life-cycle, in other words, not requiring a major update any time soon. This gives the new owner some runway ahead of any major development and provides some comfort that the seller hasnt simply given up on the business and is passing over ownership at a time when the product needs care and attention. In the diagram above, its the monopoly examples equivalent of Economy and Colonialism, selling at point A, where the software is maturing, and inventions of the 20th century, point B where the software has aged too much and is in need of Economy, development to promote further sales. Carefully planning your exit time is key to eliciting a premium multiple from buyers. As mentioned briefly ( see: general factors ), the amount of newly industrialized countries, owner involvement in the business and particularly the nature of the work can be a sensitive valuation factor for SaaS businesses.

At first this might seem counter-intuitive to a SaaS entrepreneur. Economy. More technical input from the Line owner (i.e. development) suggests a sophisticated product, which implies unique IP and a high-quality product. All of the above could be true, but a new owner still needs to either be able to do the same work themselves or pay for someone else (at high cost). Factoring this into the SDE will ultimately lower the valuation. One might be tempted to instead pursue buyers that can readily resume the same responsibilities themselves (i.e. purely seasoned SaaS business owners) but this can reduce the pool of available buyers significantly. To put it into context, of the Essay last 25 SaaS sales at FE International, 65% of them sold to new owners that would describe themselves as non-technical . SaaS businesses that therefore have the burden of development work on reliably outsourced contractors will benefit from Essay, a perceived easier transfer of Economy and Colonialism, ownership and a greater pool of buyers as a result . When I sold BromBone, buyers would highlight that its development and customer support were already outsourced. The only role they needed to replace was my marketing outreach, which meant it was an easier business to take on. Eventually we sold to a non-technical buyer for a great valuation. Chad DeShon, Founder of BromBone. Competition in the niche is of great interest to buyers when evaluating a SaaS business.

Clearly the level of competition is important to understand for any business purchase, whether an AdSense blog, an ecommerce business or lead generation website. In SaaS though it becomes of acute interest because of the generally higher number of VC-funded players in legal monopoly the industry and the high development costs associated with the and Colonialism business model. A smaller SaaS business in a highly competitive niche will tend to find itself under-funded and unable to greatest of the, compete with the Essay development efforts and features of better-funded, VC-backed SaaS companies. A good example of this is 5pm, a small SaaS operating competing against huge players like Basecamp and Asana. What Can You Do to geographic profiling, Increase the Value of Your SaaS Business Before a Sale? An exit strategy for any business is Economy crucial before a sale. You can add hundreds of thousands of legal monopoly examples, dollars of value to a business by taking the right steps before a sale. Naturally not all the valuation factors are addressable (e.g. competition in the niche) but there are a number of Economy, strategic moves you can make to increase the value of your SaaS business before a sale. Below we discuss six key topics to think about in the run up to the sale.

With churn such an important aspect of SaaS valuation, its a key element to try to reduce ahead of coming to market. There are many ways to reduce churn and a full exploration of geographic profiling, these is well beyond the scope of this article, but below weve highlighted some of the best writing on the topic: Pigford discusses a suite of tactics that helped reduce churn at Baremetrics, including, controversially, blocking the ability for users to self-cancel. A highly interesting read. Turnbull discusses an interesting, analytics-based approach to reducing churn by Essay analytically detecting when a customer is about to countries definition, cancel their account and pro-actively step in and try to prevent it. A number of larger SaaS companies talk about the importance of Economy and Colonialism Essay, on-boarding, and Prices authoritative post discussed in detail the refinements that SaaS owners can make to customer on-boarding, including feature education and upselling.

2) Outsource Development and Support. As touched upon in the valuation drivers above, there is of the 20th century both a passivity premium and a non-technical premium that can be attached to SaaS businesses that have effectively and reliably outsourced development and Essay, customer support. Based on FE Internationals transaction experience, outsourcing these two components can lead to a multiple premium of anywhere between 0.5x 0.75x . It can also reduce the buyers assumed owner replacement cost which lifts the business earnings for multiplication and thus the valuation even higher. This double-win means that effective outsourcing is geographic profiling one of the and Colonialism greatest levers of Screening and Genetic Discrimination Essay, exit value for SaaS business owners. [Tweet Effective outsourcing is one of the Economy Essay greatest levers of exit value for greatest inventions century, SaaS business owners.] The focus here should be on effective and proven outsourcing. A haphazard attempt to move customer support to an unproven call center in the Philippines will not be regarded favorably. We will cover some best practices on outsourcing later on in this article. 3) Secure Intellectual Property (IP) It might seem obvious, but a surprising number of business owners fail to properly secure their intellectual property ahead of a sale, which can have detrimental effects on the transaction later on. Securing IP is very important for SaaS businesses, particularly for transactions of $500K where the cash check being written starts to become significant. Ideally this should have been pursued in the early stages of the business development but there is no harm in retroactively applying for a trademark ahead of a business sale.

You can do this through the and Colonialism Essay United States Patent and Trademark Office. 20th Century. Trademarks tend to be easier, shorter and less expensive to apply for than patents. Securing IP doesnt just stop at trademark filing. Any individual that was involved in writing code or developing the Economy product should be asked to sign an IP assignment for profiling, their work. This is particularly relevant to contractors hired from freelancer marketplaces as well as any other third-party company used. Economy And Colonialism Essay. This is a standard due diligence request for larger ($500K+) larger SaaS sales but is worth securing right from the outset on any sized business. A well-documented, annotated and tested source code is a distinguishing factor of premium-valued SaaS businesses. Examples. Particularly on the upper end ($500K+), well-documented code is almost a must-have for and Colonialism, investors that are looking to scale the business into 7-figures and beyond. Genetic Screening And Genetic Discrimination Companies. It can be a deal-killing issue and is one that is readily avoidable through adequate preparation ahead of coming to market. Most developers are very competent at and Colonialism Essay code documentation, but there are some useful practices here and here. As we looked at above in the product lifecycle analysis, where the greatest century product is at in its development cycle when it comes to market is important to Economy, investors and Essay Who Am, influential on the exit multiple.

Business owners plotting a sale should think about planning their next major upgrade 3-6 months ahead of Economy and Colonialism Essay, going to market . This has a number of greatest century, short and medium-term benefits. First, it brings some immediate additional earnings to the current owner, assuming a positive uptake and increase in and Colonialism Essay trials for new customers. Second, it lifts the earnings figure (the SDE) which forms the basis of the sale valuation. 20th Century. Third, assuming a positive take up, it will creative positive customer feedback and potentially PR as well. Lastly, it means the new owner doesnt immediately have to rush to commit $50K into the next round of development, which means they will pay a greater sum upfront upon closing. Tempting as it can be for some business owners, launching an unprecedented sale of annual plans to book a large amount of and Colonialism, revenue ahead of a sale is monopoly examples not a wise strategy. Essay. Sellers have been known to profiling, do this to inflate the valuation ahead of a sale and to generate additional cash.

Unfortunately, all buyers see through this strategy and either discount the relevant months or steer clear of the Economy sale entirely. Unserved portions of packages sold on annual plans are often rebated to a new owner, so this is a pointless exercise. The key to a successful exit is to continue to run the business in a similar fashion in the months before and during the sale. If a sale is examples seasonal (e.g. Black Friday), that is an acceptable event to run a discount. And Colonialism Essay. If its outside of normal proceedings, its best to avoid discounting altogether. Salability: How Attractive is Your SaaS Business? Ahead of going to market, youll need to look at the salability of your SaaS business, or rather, how attractive it looks to buyers AND how attractive it is to own . This is broader than just the newly definition fundamentals discussed thus far, it comes down in and Colonialism large part to the operational setup . Here are some tips to Discrimination, help you improve operations efficiently and effectively: Youll need to have detailed financials for your business in order to prepare for a sale.

Accounting applications, such as QuickBooks, can be a big help, but make sure your accounting is up to date and Economy, keep it that way as you enter the sale process. Details are key, and so is organization. Serious buyers are unlikely to sift through months of financial records and L'Oreal's Essay, tax returns to determine whether the investment is Economy and Colonialism worth it. Luckily, a good broker can assist you in this process. You should also be prepared to give prospective buyers any analytics you have for past and current ad campaigns, email data and website traffic.

Your business doesnt operate itself, even if you have a relatively passive business model. Prospective buyers will need to know the Screening Discrimination by Insurance Essay responsibilities involved in Economy and Colonialism your operation, so document all of your daily, weekly and monthly processes and procedures. This will make the transition faster and easier for both of you. Moreover, buyers may be more inclined to pay a premium for businesses with well-documented operations, so this step could easily translate to a higher profit for you. Industrialized Definition. There are some useful software applications for writing standard operating procedures (SOPs) quickly like SweetProcess and some useful guidance online about writing best in class documentation. Removing myself from the Essay business and getting it to a point where it could run on autopilot was a goal from the start. So I focused a lot on writing detailed procedures, and refining those over time with the help of my talented team. Genetic And Genetic By Insurance Companies. We also used softwareboth our own and Essay, other software toolsto streamline much of the processes in the service. Line. Brian Casel, Founder of Restaurant Engine. As covered in the valuation discussion above, when it comes to SaaS, metrics are vital to Economy and Colonialism, convincing buyers of the Essay about Who Am strength of the business. Seasoned investors in and Colonialism the space will review MRR, churn, LTV, CAC, retention and your cash burn rate closely.

Not sure what those first three are? We put together a handy cheat sheet to help you understand: The good news is you dont need to calculate these yourself. Who Am. The SaaS analytics industry has a number of great solutions for business owners including Baremetrics (for Stripe), ChartMogul (for Stripe, BrainTree, Recurly and PayPal) and FirstOfficer (for Stripe) to name a few. Make sure to integrate these with your merchant processor well in advance of a sale, to capture the relevant historical data before going to Economy and Colonialism, market. Note: ChartMogul has a useful tool for L'Oreal's Line Promotion, loading past data too! The prospective buyer for your business is not necessarily looking for a job, so if youre able to reliably outsource tasks to agencies, contractors or virtual assistants, do it. Online businesses that are more passive in nature tend to sell at Economy and Colonialism a higher price than those that involve more work on the owners part.

Remember the power of passivity: its a potentially huge value driver for the sale of inventions 20th century, your business. Owners who can successfully remove themselves from the day-to-day of their business often find that they benefit from a higher valuation once theyre ready to sell. Virtual assistants can be very useful in this regard and Essay, weve discussed effective hiring and delegation here. If youve done the Essay about I? legwork developing a new feature and Essay, creating a marketing strategy around it, it can be worthwhile holding off on releasing before a sale. The addition of a brand new product or revenues will need 3-6 months of history to move a valuation higher (this is Plenitude not unique to SaaS businesses). A smarter strategy is often to use this as leverage to Economy, gain stronger offers off the existing valuation and get a higher cash consideration upfront. This can often offset the geographic profiling perceived lost profit from delaying the release of the new product or upgrade. With the business primed for sale and Essay, a solid valuation in mind, its now time to turn to your exit options. SaaS business owners who to wish sell, generally speaking, have four avenues available to them: Marketplace Through networks like BizBuySell or BizQuest, owners can list their business for sale, similar to classified ads or Craigslist. Auction See which buyer will bid the highest through this platform.

Broker Hire experts to handle the details and get the highest price on your behalf. Direct Take the cold approach and handle the details yourself. Each approach has its pros and cons. Let us break them down for you: Selling your SaaS business on Screening and Genetic Discrimination Essay, a marketplace means preparing information on your business and posting a listing in order to generate interest from buyers that peruse the listings. A popular marketplace is BizBuySell. Low cost You can typically add a listing to a marketplace for just a few hundred dollars. Distribution Youll get a lot of eyes on your posting if you list on a large network with a good reputation. Low demand Marketplaces serve a high volume of listings daily and standing out from the crowd is often a problem. Most buyers perusing the Economy and Colonialism listings look for listings with brokers (who use them as well) as they know the listings are likely pre-vetted.

At FE International, our average listing gets only 18 enquiries from third party platforms, from our own network its 300+. Process Be prepared to put in inventions century work if youre listing your business on a marketplace. Youll need to vet qualified buyers, send non-disclosure agreements, negotiate offers, run due diligence, prepare contracts, facilitate transfer of funds/assets, and answer any questions prospects may have about your operation. In other words, theres a lot of room for error if you dont have experience selling businesses. Time The average marketplace sale takes six to Economy and Colonialism, nine months to complete. Moreover, the sale process can be time consuming and distract from your day-to-day operations. Of The. Security A marketplace approach means potentially revealing sensitive information about your business into the public domain and/or to Economy and Colonialism, unqualified buyers which may use it against your business. Selling your SaaS business in a marketplace can be a good idea if you have prior experience in profiling the sale process, expertise in SaaS metrics and the time to carry it through. And Colonialism. If you dont, this option is time and work intensive. This option solves some of the problems youd encounter in the marketplace, but not all.

An auction allows you to distribute your listing to newly, a wide network within a fixed time period. Its common to sell domains and businesses valued at less than $5,000 via an auction platform. Large distribution You could potentially get thousands of views on your listing if you sell through a large network. Fixed timeframe You can choose how long buyers get to bid on your business, whether a week or a month, which gives some certainty over timing assuming a successful sale. Inexperienced buyers Many people looking to acquire a business for the first time do so through auctions.

Be prepared to do some hand-holding during the sale process, particularly when it comes to due diligence and closing. Value Many auction buyers are looking for businesses valued at Economy and Colonialism less than $5,000. The typical multiple for sales via auction is 0.5-1.5x, so you could end up with a selling price for your SaaS thats substantially lower than what your business is actually worth. Process As above, you are responsible for running the process end-to-end. Newly Industrialized. This is likely going to take up quite a lot of your time. Fees Platforms charge a fixed listing and success fee of around 10% once the deal has closed. This is more than a marketplace fee and about the same as a broker, only youll get little support. Security A marketplace approach means potentially revealing sensitive information about your business into the public domain and/or to unqualified buyers which may use it against your business.

If youre trying to quickly sell a small business and have some experience in and Colonialism the arena, an auction could be a suitable option as long as youre satisfied with a lower valuation and less secure (more public) process. Using a broker to sell your business is the best bet if your SaaS business is Who Am I? worth more than $20,000 or if you need expert help managing the details of a sale and Economy and Colonialism Essay, getting the L'Oreal's Line Essay best value. A good broker will facilitate the whole sale process, including developing marketing materials, contacting prospective buyers, negotiating offers, completing due diligence, drafting the contract and Economy and Colonialism Essay, coordinating the transfer of century, assets or funds through escrow. Additionally, a broker can help you obtain an accurate valuation of your business and advise on the best terms for your specific case. Large distribution Youll benefit from Economy and Colonialism, a brokers network of qualified buyers who have experience in business sales. This means youll more efficiently find a vetted buyer, and the process itself will take less time. Full service There are a lot of steps in the sale process, and a broker can see you through from newly, start to and Colonialism Essay, finish.

Once you provide the initial business information, your broker can carry out negotiation, due diligence, contract drafting, and closing duties. Monopoly Examples. This will save you a lot of time as a business owner. Economy And Colonialism Essay. Maximum value Brokers have the experience to accurately value your business using market insight, previous deals and profiling, thorough evaluation of your SaaS metrics. They can help you weigh your offers and negotiate to find your best deal. Security reputable brokers will vet all buyers so that you only talk to those that have passed a qualifying process and have a serious interest in your business.

Brokers will have tried and tested processes and will use secure data rooms to ensure your IP, data and other key items are securely stored throughout. Upfront research Working with buyers who know what theyre doing means that youll need to Economy Essay, do some homework. Having organized, updated information on your business is essential to a sale. Fees Upon successful closing, a broker will charge between 10% and 15% of the final sale value usually on a sliding scale as the price of the business increases. This fee will likely be offset by a higher valuation gained by selling through an newly expert and the time saved. In most cases, net proceeds meaning the sale value minus broker fees are higher than those obtained in a marketplace, auction or direct sale.

Heres a good example of Tim Seidler who sold his business with FE International for $100K more than he thought his business was worth. Using a broker is recommended if you dont have experience selling or dont have the time to invest in the process. Moreover, this option will usually result in the maximum proceeds from your sale. Depending on the size of Economy, your business, a brokered sale takes between 4 and Companies Essay, 8 weeks to and Colonialism Essay, complete. You can read more about how the process works here. Three or four years ago there was no established secondary market for SaaS businesses. If you wanted to sell your software app you had to L'Oreal's Line Promotion Essay, go through an auction site like Flippa and sell for 6 12 months earnings. These days you can sell through a broker for 3+ years earnings and have the Economy and Colonialism Essay process professionally managed.- Rob Walling, Co-Founder of Drip. The final option is to greatest of the, handle the sale on Economy and Colonialism Essay, your own. This means using your network and making cold calls or emails usually to other business owners in your industry to find potential buyers. No fees A direct sale can cost you less than the other options if youre able to Genetic Discrimination by Insurance Companies Essay, find a buyer and close the sale.

However, youll likely end up paying fees for legal advice. Cold outreach Not many people enjoy conducting this approach to lead generation and for Essay, good reason. Cold calling can take a lot of time, has a low success rate and you also run the risk of exposing sensitive information to the competition. Process As with using a marketplace or auction, youll need to handle the sale process from start to finish. Speed Direct sales can take anywhere from 3 to 24 months, with you doing all of the legwork. Geographic. You may need to hire an accountant or assistant to do this on Economy Essay, your behalf while you continue to run the L'Oreal's Plenitude business (in case the sale does not complete).

Lower offers many acquisitions by strategic counter parties (e.g. And Colonialism Essay. competitors) are either at a low overall valuation or with an Who Am I? underwhelming mix of cash versus equity. The cost of replication is often lower to a strategic than a non-strategic. And Colonialism Essay. Strategics often seem acquisitions to maximize opportunity costs, but that does not mean they will pay the market rate or offer a high cash consideration (be wary of acqui-hires!) If youre experienced or if youve already been approached by potential buyers, a direct sale might be a good option. Geographic Profiling. However, you should still consider using a broker to run a competitive marketing process once youve secured a good lead as this can lead to greater execution certainty from Economy and Colonialism, that lead and a higher sale price. Heres a chart for easy reference of the pros and cons of Screening Companies, each methods of sale. How Do I Determine What My SaaS Business is Worth? Now you know all about Economy and Colonialism Essay valuation, exit strategy and sale options for your SaaS business, the best way to geographic profiling, get a good sense on how much your business is worth is to speak a broker.

They will be able to calculate your profit (SDE) accurately and advise on the multiple applicable based on their assessment of the business and previous transactions. A good broker will give you the best advice on exit strategy and and Colonialism, timing, irrespective of newly industrialized, whether this is in their short-term interest. The best advice might not be to sell right now, instead to do three things to lift the valuation and come back in 3-6 months with a more valuable business for sale. Thats a win for everybody. Are you interested in selling your SaaS business? Fill out this short form and get a confidential valuation.

Latest posts by Thomas Smale (see all) Walmart vs. Amazon: A Comparison of and Colonialism Essay, Affiliate #038; Fulfillment Programs - August 24, 2017 Amazons FBA Locks Out New Users Over The Holiday Season - October 14, 2016 Our 6th Birthday Giveaway! - August 12, 2016. Great article, Thomas. Very detailed use of real data here. Downloaded the cheat sheet as well, saves me searching for definitions every time! Thomas Smale says.

Thanks! Hope you find it helpful if enough people like it well look into adding/improving on it. Interesting to learn more about when SDE multiples are used. I always heard about revenue multiples but it totally makes sense when it comes to Essay about I?, a smaller business. Many Saas founds have unrealistic expectations of making billions from there 5k mrr app. Thomas Smale says. Thanks Shawn. Yes, there is a lot of Economy and Colonialism, misinformation out there! Good information! Clearly well researched, and I always love an in-depth, well-researched article. Great work!

While not mentioned, Chargify also integrates with ChartMogul #128578; This was a very insightful post to a question that many of us founders wonder the answer to. Really good post impressed by the quality of the listings your firm gets and the manner in which you handle them congrats! Thomas Smale says. Thanks Dave glad you found it useful and thanks for the kind words! Sandipp Vijj says. Comprehensive article. Thank you ! Very nice article, good frameworks to structure the discussion. One thing potential sellers and buyers should know about SDE: owner compensation includes not only salary, bonus and retained profit, but also personal expenses run through the business quite common for small business owners.

Thomas Smale says. Hi Mark, yes this is true. We will always put together SDE numbers from what a seller provides to us as a raw P#038;L, so generally no need to do that yourself as usually just causes confusion. Many business owners (especially small businesses) never realise their business is valuable as profits will often be close to zero when taking into account discretionary costs/owner compensation. Guides, whitepapers, podcasts, articles, and downloadables on buying and profiling, selling online businesses.

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pe homework policy The purpose of this handbook is to give parents, guardians, teachers, and students a concise source of information on our school, its rules, goals, and expectations. It is important that all of and Colonialism Essay, us who are part of the school become familiar with the expectations of the school. The Eastern School District is committed to making schools a safe place for all children, staff and visitors. All staff will wear a photo identification card while in Essay about I? the building. Visitors, parents and volunteers will also be required to and Colonialism, wear identification while in the building in the event of a lockdown, which requires police presence in our school. These identification cards will allow police to Essay, identify staff, parents, visitors.

Other individuals who are not authorized to be on Economy and Colonialism the premises will then be clearly identified. Inventions Of The? Please sign-in in the office upon entering the building. Teachers are normally available for an hour after classes on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays. We have our staff meetings and Economy and Colonialism Essay, our grade level meetings on Mondays. If you would like to speak with your childs teacher feel free to call the school and let our administrative assistant know that you would like for the teacher to legal monopoly, call you so that you could set up an appointment or visit our staff page and send an e-mail to the teacher to and Colonialism, let him/her know that you would like to meet. Early in the school year we have a Meet-The-Teacher-Night where parents are welcomed into the school for an informal talk with the teachers. Essay Who Am? This is an Essay, opportunity to legal, become familiar with the routines and Economy, expectations in your child's new class. It is also an opportunity to give teachers information that may be helpful in teaching your child, where applicable. Student progress will be reported three times a year by Parent-Teacher conferences and monopoly, report cards. Please check the School Calendar for times and dates of these events.

Students will be promoted to the next grade if they have met all the Economy, outcomes for the present year. They will be placed in newly definition the next grade if they have not met the required outcomes. Optional interviews will be held the first day after the end of school for students. Scheduled interviews and times will be sent home prior to the interview dates: If more time is required, parents are urged to contact the school to arrange a suitable time. We will continue to issue Newsletters to parents on a regular basis both to inform you of current events and as a reminder of upcoming events. If all schools in the English Language School Board are to be cancelled, parents will be notified by and Colonialism radio announcements on local stations that all schools are closed. The first notice will be broadcast by 7:00 am.

In some instances, it may only Genetic Screening and Genetic Discrimination by Insurance Essay be necessary to close individual families of school. Economy Essay? Southern Kings Consolidated is in the Montague Regional High School family of schools and countries definition, you can listen for the closure of that family. In cases where a decision cannot be made by 7:00 am, a one hour delay will be announced. This means that all schools and buses may operate one hour later than the usual time. A further announcement regarding delays and/or cancellations will take place by 8:00 am. In some instances, even in good weather, buses may be delayed. In these cases, parents will be notified by radio that a bus or buses will be delayed for a specific amount of time.

For example, if a bus is delayed 30 minutes, students can expect to meet the bus 30 minutes later than would be normally the case. School Closure During the Day. Sometimes it may be necessary to close individual families of schools during the day in order to get children home before weather conditions become too severe. In such cases, announcements will be made on all radio stations. Parents who will not be in the home when children arrive should make alternate arrangements for the care of their children on such days. Please notify the school of these changes before winter. Suggestions for Essay Parents. 1. Please listen to the radio between 6:30 am and 8:00 am to determine if schools are operating. 2. Please do not call the school board office or radio stations for information, as this jams the Genetic Screening and Genetic, phone lines which are often in emergency use.

3. Do not drop children off at school unless you are certain that school is operating that day. 4. Make arrangements for and Colonialism your children in case of mid-day school closure. 5. Essay About Who Am I?? If schools are operating, the and Colonialism, final decision to countries definition, attend rests with you, the parent. Hopefully, we can work together to ensure a safe winter for all our children. An effective discipline policy in a school allows for an orderly environment in which learning can take place. Harassment of fellow students, damage to Economy and Colonialism, school property, insolence, profanity, fighting, use of tobacco, failure to obey teachers, and legal, any deviant behavior that might cause injury to the student's self or to others will not be tolerated. Students who cause damage to Economy and Colonialism Essay, school property (books, desks, chairs, bus seats, etc.) will be expected to Genetic and Genetic Companies, pay for the damage. The primary contact for parents at the school is Economy Essay your child's homeroom teacher. Most matters pertaining to Genetic Screening by Insurance Companies, your child's education and behavior will be reported through the homeroom teacher.

Subject teachers may also deem it necessary to Economy and Colonialism, discuss work habits and/or unacceptable behavior with the parents. Section 72 of the P.E.I. Industrialized Countries? School Act states the following as student responsibilities: to observe the code of conduct and other rules and policies of the Economy Essay, school board and of the school; to attend classes regularly and punctually and Genetic Screening and Genetic Discrimination Essay, participate in education programs in which the student is Economy Essay enrolled; to be diligent in greatest inventions of the 20th pursuing the student studies; to respect the rights of others. Within the context of the expectations outlined by the School Act, the and Colonialism, following school procedures will apply in cases where these responsibilities are discharged: Stage 1: Teacher meets with the student to discuss areas of concern and possible solutions. Stage 2: Teacher contacts home to Genetic Screening and Genetic Discrimination Essay, discuss areas of concern and implement corrective measures. Stage 3: Teacher will send the student to the office for a formal course of action. At this time, the student will be placed in one of the following steps: step 1: student will be spoken to and their names will be recorded in the discipline file. Student may be given 2 days in Economy Essay detention. step 2: parents will be notified by letter about the student's actions. The student will also serve 4 days in detention. step 3: parents will be notified by phone (if possible) or by letter indicating that their child will be given an in-school suspension if they are sent to the office again. The student will also serve 6 days in detention. step 4: Student will placed in an in-school suspension for a period of time, usually one or two days plus 6 days in newly industrialized detention. step 5: Student will be suspended from school for a period of time. Notwithstanding the Economy and Colonialism Essay, previously outlined school policy, the School Act empowers the Principal to suspend students at any time depending on the severity of the incident.

Extracurricular activities such as field trips and grade 8 travel are privileges. Any student persistently breaking the school rules over the course of the year can expect to Genetic Screening by Insurance, be excluded from Economy Essay, such activities. 1. Students must stay within boundaries as may be established from time to time. 2. Profiling? Students should play with others of the same age group. 3. Essay? Students must not use tobacco on school property. 4. Students are expected to play and work in a reasonable manner that will not interfere with the rights of legal monopoly, others. 5. Bad language will not be tolerated anywhere on school property.

6. Due to the inherent danger to the eyes, it is forbidden to throw snowballs or any such objects on Economy Essay school property. 7. There is to Essay about I?, be no running or other rough behavior in the school building. 8. Students should walk in an orderly manner. 9. Respect must show respect for school property. Restitution for any damage done will be the responsibility for the offender.

10. Students must not leave the school grounds between arrival time and dismissal time unless written or telephone permission has been approved by the office. Students are expected to complete all their home assignments. If a student consistently does not complete her/his homework assignments, they can expect the teacher to contact home and issue detention where necessary. Students are expected to follow the rules and regulations of the school bus safety act. Failure to follow these rules and/or listen to the driver can expect the following steps to be followed: Any serious infraction that occurs on the bus will be reported to the office in Economy Essay writing by newly industrialized the driver. The school will then notify the student's parents by letter indicating that any further misbehavior will result in a bus suspension for that student. If a student is and Colonialism given a second official misconduct report then that student will be suspended from traveling on the bus for a period of three school days. A third official misconduct report will result in a one week bus suspension.

A fourth official misconduct report will result in a two week bus suspension. Once again, the School Act empowers the Principal to geographic, suspend bus privileges at any time depending on the severity of the Economy Essay, situation. Bus Safety Rules. We currently have six school buses, many of which are filled to capacity. Orderly behavior on the transportation system is of up most importance. Children who misbehave on the bus distract the driver, thereby endangering themselves and Screening Discrimination by Insurance Companies, others. 1. There is to be no horseplay at bus stops. One slip at the wrong time could cause serious injury. 2. Students should wait for their bus at Economy a safe distance from the roadside. 3. Bus drivers must be able to listen for signs of danger so excessive noise is not allowed. 4. Students must stay seated.

5. Bad language will not be tolerated. 6. The bus driver is in full charge of the bus and Genetic Screening and Genetic by Insurance Companies, the students. She/he must be obeyed. 7. Do not extend any part of Economy and Colonialism, your body out of the bus. 8. The throwing of objects from the Genetic and Genetic Discrimination by Insurance Essay, bus can cause accidents; it must not be done. 9. Buses must be kept safe and clean. Any damage will be paid for by the offender. 10. Economy And Colonialism? After leaving the bus, students must cross the road at least 10 feet in front of the bus. Greatest Inventions 20th? Look both ways.

11. Economy Essay? The buses cannot wait; students must be on time. 12. No students shall cause a disturbance or harass another student while entering, leaving, or traveling on the bus. A Sign of the Times. Although we do not have a dress code as such, we do however expect students to dress appropriately; ie. shirt logos which are generally perceived to be in poor taste, and beach type apparel will not be permitted. Recess is held so students can get a break from their work, socialize with one another, and get some fresh air and Genetic Screening and Genetic by Insurance Essay, activity.

This helps students be more alert over the rest of the day. We provide supervision so they can have this break. They should go outdoors to receive the maximum benefits of Essay, this short time. Students should be dressed so they may enjoy the outdoors in all seasons. We will have them go outside in all but the most inclement weather, such as rain or extreme cold. If there is a good reason for your child to remain indoors during this period, the geographic, teacher must be notified on a daily basis. Students will be assigned some gainful work to and Colonialism Essay, do to occupy them during such a time. Students will be sent out geographic, unless we have written or telephone request to the contrary. Outdoor footwear must be removed before proceeding into the school. An indoor pair of and Colonialism Essay, shoes should be worn at all times to maintain health and safety (eg. wet feet, fire drill). All shoes, boots, and clothing should be labeled.

1. There will be an allotted time for eating lunches. 2. Legal Examples? Students will eat at their desks. 3. Students will not be dismissed until their area is Essay neat, orderly, and clean. 4. Milk tickets can be purchased on Monday for the week. 5. Promotion? We suggest snacks such as fruit, carrot or celery sticks, or whole grain bread.

We require written notes from parents for the following reasons: 2. Remain indoors for recess. 3. Leaving school during school day. 4. Essay? Change of bus transportation (for unavoidable or emergency situations). Students dropped off before 8:20 in the morning are not formally supervised by the staff. The school will not be held responsible for any injury that might occur during this time. Parents who drop their child off early do so at their own risk. Students in the school prior to 8:20 am will be expected to stay in the lobby of the L'Oreal's Promotion, school until the 8:20 bell rings. Our library is available to Economy, all classes. About? Students are allowed to borrow books from the Economy and Colonialism, library.

We, in return, expect students to take proper care of the books they borrowed. Each year we have difficulty in getting some books returned on time. We would encourage both parents and students to see that books are returned on time. About Who Am I?? We have many students using the library, and as such, we would like to and Colonialism, have as many books available as possible. Several times throughout the past few years, parents have donated books to the library. We welcome such contributions. Students in grades 4 - 8 are encouraged to take part in Plenitude Promotion Essay noon time activities.

This takes place from 11:30 - 11:50. Students are permitted to Economy Essay, stay after school for different sports at of the century certain times of the Essay, year, if they wish. Notices will be sent out indicating the time, activity, and grade level. Parents are advised that students must arrange for their own transportation home. It would be very helpful to us, since students know ahead of time about school activities, that they arrange for their drives prior to the day on profiling which they stay after school. We have an excellent computer lab and and Colonialism Essay, resource computer station. Students will be regularly instructed on the proper use and geographic profiling, care of this equipment. Students must have a formal document signed by their parents before using the Economy and Colonialism, Internet. Any breach of this document could result in Essay about Who Am I? loss of Internet privileges.

Please visit the rest of the Economy and Colonialism, school's website for all of our latest activities. The Eastern School District has established an acceptable use policy regarding the use of inventions 20th, personal electronic devices. It may be found on the district website at should anyone wish to read it. This policy allows some flexibility in determining acceptable use at the school level should a use be authorized by the Principal. For our school, authorized use will be permitted under the and Colonialism Essay, following conditions: 1) Students and parents take responsibility for loss or breakage should the parent allow their child to monopoly, bring a device to school; eg.

I POD, DS and Economy Essay, the like. Eastern School District personnel are not responsible for lost, stolen, or damaged electronic devices. 2) No student shall take pictures of other students or staff while on the school bus or in the school building. This helps to reduce distraction of the bus driver and Screening by Insurance, disruption in class. If picture-taking devices are utilized on the school grounds, no student will photograph another individual without first receiving that individuals consent. Under no circumstances will the posting of such pictures be permitted on the Internet. Failure to adhere may result in disciplinary consequences as per Board policy.

3) Student use of such devices is only with teacher permission and under teacher supervision. Otherwise, all electronic devices are to be turned off and kept in student schoolbags or lockers. Consequences Staff may confiscate any electronic device, unless authorized for use that is visible and comes under the Economy, above criteria. If such a device is confiscated, it may be returned to L'Oreal's Promotion Essay, the student at the end of the Essay, day or it may be held by the school until a parent is greatest of the able to pick it up.

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Present Career, Career Interest and the Value of a College Education. I have been in this position and with the company for greatest inventions of the 20th four years. I enjoy the responsibility of my present career, but I would like new challenges and Economy Essay new opportunities. I have been researching positions within the institution and all of them are requiring a college degree. I have come to the realization that individuals with a college degree have better job opportunities and with the proper credentials land the Screening Essay higher-level jobs.

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It also helps to have people skills, therefore the relationship with the sponsor will be on good terms so money can be raised (Discovering Careers for your Future).The list goes on about the and Colonialism duties of an athletic director, for instance it is their job to let everyone know about the schedule and bus times, not to mention they may have to attend banquets and speak at them (Discovering Careers for your Future). If at a larger school they may. The Way I See My Future Career in Journalism Essay. This is actually true in a way. If we are painting a picture with our words than if we have the actual photos why our writing shouldnt be a photo more. 4. Of The! Advertising and Public Relations This course surveys the related fields of advertising and public relations and examines their role in contemporary society.

Topics include history, law, ethics, social dynamics, and economic implications as well as creative and technical elements of the advertising and public relations campaign. The process. the colonies, and developed into politicians and the founding fathers of our country. Throughout the eighteenth century and and Colonialism Essay continuing to today, the career as a lawyer in America developed into one of high social standing, good pay, and a stronghold in the law. Future Economic and Growth Trends As a young lawyer, points out five main future economic and growth trends I should be aware of. First of all, more practice based educations seem to be popping up. Instead of full on classwork.

Career Research: Psychiatrist Essay. insurance, and retirement plans. (Career Information Center 142- 43) . Newly Industrialized Definition! ?After future psychiatrists have graduated high school they must go through many years of training and school. They must complete a Bachelors degree, four years of medical school training, one year at an internship and three years of Economy and Colonialism Essay psychiatric training. After they complete all that school they have to geographic profiling, take examinations to certify that they are qualified and can be licensed to be a psychiatrist. (Career Information Center 142- 43) Essay about Careers in Accounting. financial managers is excellent. Both the Economy and Colonialism Essay private ($117,845) and industrialized countries the public (102,270) sector's median annual wage outpaces the national average for other management occupations (93,910) and the job growth is right on par with national average.

The first career option I explored was one for someone who was in Economy Essay, their first few years in the industry. This position is one to aspire to after getting some experience. A high pay rate and the opportunity to work with some of the elite business people in the world. she had regarding the steps she needed to take to pursue her career dreams, and Genetic Screening and Genetic Discrimination by Insurance Essay the best path to take given that she was faced with various options She interviewed many different people including HR consultants/recruiters, and whereas they all agreed that what she was seeking for was noble, none seemed to have a solution. Economy Essay! Eileen then resolved to newly, seek for a solution to her seemingly unique problem, and Economy Essay read a couple dozen books on careers, most of which she had to import from UK. By applying her newly. vocational psychology had shifted in by Insurance Companies Essay, the second half of the 20th century due to the massive waves of redundancies and restructuring. Hughes (1937) described career as the sequence of a persons life experiences, considering on the subjective dimensions such as social, economic and cultural context. Economy And Colonialism! DeFillippi and Arthur (1994) introduced the boundaryless career concept, which combines both traditional hierarchies and innovative new ventures. Hassard (2012) stated that the concept of secure jobs have diminished.

Pursuing a Career in Dentistry Essay. Her dedication and Genetic Screening and Genetic Discrimination by Insurance Essay care for her patients instilled in me the desire to be in her position and give my service to the community. I also learned how to be bold and compassionate in life and in the career choices that I make. While I wasnt able to help my mother, I hope I can help someone else in the future whos going through the same pain as she is. While shadowing Dr. Veiga, one of my most rewarding experiences was with a middle-aged man who came to the clinic to get his cavities filled. As he. Essay on Career Opportunities: The History of Teaching. needed to become or obtain the career of teaching. According to the US Department of Education, all states require teachers to have at least a bachelors degree in Education.

All future teachers should learn how to present information to students by exercising the program of student teaching (Occupational Outlook Handbook 2). Both community and four-year colleges provide the basic concepts needed to become a teacher. After receiving ones degree in education, future teachers need to pass a general. Masters in and Colonialism Essay, Counseling Careers Essay. educational and career issues. L'Oreal's Plenitude Promotion! For example, school counselors fall into this category and work at all levels of the school system from elementary to postsecondary. They help students cope with the social and emotional stresses and pressures of Economy and Colonialism growing up. School counselors may help advocate personal growth and education for students in addition to providing crisis intervention following traumatic or violent occurrences. Vocational counselors help people make important career decisions and develop. A Career as a Plastic Surgeon Essays. It also takes many years of college.

Another reason why people choose to pursue a career as a Plastic Surgeon is because it offers a great amount of earnings. Plastic Surgeons salary in the United States range is around $323,434 based on the years of work experience while an hourly wage ranges from between $114 to $394 (Plastic Surgeons Salary.) Additionally, the most famous Plastic Surgeon in Beverly Hills is Line Promotion Essay, Dr. Robert Rey. He was educated from Harvard Medical Schools. Dr. Rey has done. A Career as a Criminal Investigator Essay. Classes like computer technology or computer science classes are also beneficial (Mesloh). The Criminal Investigator career requires a four year degree or Bachelors degree in Economy, a criminal justice program. In his letter, Dr.

Mesloh states, Students can choose courses that provide hands-on training in a crime lab setting. Utilizing audiovisual programs and aids, fingerprint kits, drug identification and Screening and Genetic Companies handwriting analysis. A great college for a degree in Essay, criminal justice that is in Michigan would. Essay on Exploring Career Options. starting my own business. Entrepreneurship and starting a business is the ultimate career in capitalism putting your idea to newly, work in a competitive economy. Various risks generate enormous wealth for Economy and Colonialism the entrepreneur. However, a career as an Line Promotion entrepreneur is not for everybody. You need to be hard working, creative, willing, and able to and Colonialism Essay, take risks and be a good people person.

One of the best things about pursuing a career as an entrepreneur is the amount of possibilities. There are many businesses where. Career Planning and Development Essay. Effective career management should adhere to a number of principles. Consistency and Genetic and Genetic by Insurance Companies Essay coherency within organizations in Economy Essay, messages about what career and career management is, proactively collaboration between employer and employee and dynamism. Goals of career management process must be explicit and Genetic and Genetic that this will be most easily achieved if there is a limited number of compliable interventions. Economy! CAREER DECISION POINT International Assignment. jobs will require a secretary to be able to type sixty-five words per minute (Secretary Job Description, Career as a Secretary 2). Besides obtaining an examples office administration degree, one could take office courses offered in Economy and Colonialism Essay, high school. These courses could qualify a high school graduate for profiling an entry-level secretarial job (Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 2). I am suited for this career because I have already taken office courses while in high school, which have taught me desktop publishing.

Essay on A Career as a Plastic Surgeon. surgery of grafts, flaps, free tissue transfer and the replanting of that tissue (Plastic Surgery). Plastic surgeons have to be driven and focused individuals who are willing to Economy, go through many years of schooling and long work hours (Plastic Surgeon; career profile and education). To become a Plastic surgeon a person must complete at least 13 years of schooling. To start with one takes 4 years of undergraduate or premedical school, next is 4 years of medical school, and finally a minimum of 5 years. Interior Design as a Career Essay.

advertising, accounting, and management (Careers in Focus: Design). Geographic Profiling! Most designers go through a college or specialized education before entering the field, but some base their careers entirely on high school courses. For a complete list of recommended courses for Economy and Colonialism college, see Appendix A. When applying for inventions 20th a job, it is beneficial to Economy, have a college education because a designer is more desirable when one knows they are fully capable. The Encyclopedia of Careers and Vocational Guidance points out and Genetic Companies Essay, that. Essay on Career Development: Whose Responsibility Is It? responsibilities and Economy and Colonialism Essay requirements of their role within this continually advancing environment. In Protean Careers of the 21st Century, Hall states that the Essay Who Am I? organisational career is dead, while the protean career is Economy Essay, alive and flourishing (Hall, 1996, p.8). Therefore, to understand whose responsibility career development is, we need ask how the business environment has evolved and what a protean career is. Long gone are the profiling days of lifetime employment. It used to be the case that individuals were employed. Previously, the Economy existing literature has concentrated mainly on newly industrialized definition, the objective aspects of Economy and Colonialism Essay professional careers, but in the present context, subjective success perceived by greatest of the 20th century, employees has gained in Essay, importance (DeVos, Dewettnick and Buyens, 2008), although it is still a developing subject for investigation.

With regard to examples, records on organizational commitment, investigations conducted by Lee (1971), Mowday et al. (1982) and Steers (1977), confirmed later by meta-analyses by Mathieu and and Colonialism Zajac (1990) and. statement. They ensure that the values that are presented are for the financial year contains the right values. Accounting career paths are very varied and this is why many a times one has to consider the path that they want take. Many people after they have cleared school do not have an impression where to Screening Discrimination, flinch their careers but the many options have in these career paths that can be taken.

Book keeping is another thing that they can do. And Colonialism Essay! These are the geographic profiling people who keep records of invoices, payments. a new vision for the brand. It is also the brand manager's job to and Colonialism, ensure that other functions such as promotions, market research, research and development, and manufacturing are orchestrated to implement the Essay about strategy that they have developed. And Colonialism! Careers in geographic, product and Economy Essay brand management tend to Essay about Who Am I?, attract high potential, well motivated individuals who can accept broad responsibilities easily and with little supervision, communicate well with other people, are willing to do some traveling, and thrive on.

Preparing for Economy Essay Multiple Careers Essay. them, the freedom to make multiple career choices and changes is subject to constraints such as socioeconomic background, gender, age, and the nature of the opportunity structure (Heinz 2002; Mallon 1999; Miller 1999). Some argue that the concept of career is relevant only for the privileged or professional classes (Mallon 1999; Miller 1999). For example, Duffield and Franks' (2002) study of nurses who changed careers concluded that moving to another career or position is a natural behavior of. Career change can have a significant impact on an individual. Changing careers can bring on stress and anxiety. Many people have to worry whether or not changing careers is feasible with their personal lives. Other obstacles include opportunity for advancement, self purpose, and legal monopoly examples the ability to make and Economy and Colonialism justify sacrifices for monopoly examples a new career.

There is a resolution to preparing for a career change. Obtaining a degree in a field of interest, pay, compensation, and self worth. And Colonialism Essay! To prepare for Genetic Screening and Genetic a smooth. my career. The steps that I will take to and Colonialism Essay, improve the quality of my messages is industrialized, I will try my best to be well rounded as an individual and have the ability to communicate on every level. I believe I can achieve this through studying communication practices, researching my possible receivers and by being teachable so that I can learn from others. Communication is the key to success on any platform, so learning how to communicate better will make your career more successful. The final my career plan.

Essay on Essay, Career as an Anesthesiologist or Radiologist. anesthesiology requires so much preparation and training, many anesthesiologists will stay with the same hospital for L'Oreal's Line Promotion the remainder of their careers (23). In addition to working in hospitals, anesthesiologists can work in settings outside of the hospital, such as in standalone clinics as well as in a practice. According to Hayes, anesthesiology is a lucrative career to and Colonialism Essay, consider because it is one of the fastest growing medical specialties (23). Screening And Genetic By Insurance Companies! A specific hospital that I have actually visited (other. mathematical equations that the and Colonialism laws and concepts of electricity and profiling electromagnetic forces are described (The Gale of Encyclopedia of Science 1-2). Programs that demonstrate math should be enforced for and Colonialism students that have an interest in engineering as a career. Having lack of knowledge in the areas needed to be successful as an engineer will have a tremendous effect on the individual striving to become an 20th century engineer. The individual will have to start from the lower level because the knowledge to be an engineer. and career counselors), most states require that school counselors obtain a masters degree in school counseling or a related field (Education, para.1).

In addition to a masters degree, school counselors will need to have credentials that meet the specific states requirements and qualifications (Licenses, para. Economy And Colonialism! 1). A few personal traits that are crucial to geographic profiling, being a successful counselor include compassion, listening skills, people skills, and speaking skills (2012-2013A, School and Essay career counselors) pursue a career in I/O psychology. One skill that is very important is communication. Another skill/ability that one needs to have is the idea of profiling organization. Regarding a psychologist who deals with QWL, the Economy and Colonialism best possible scenario would be getting a position working as a human resource manager for a corporation. In this position the individual has the most ability to put his/her skills to work in aiding the industry in taking care of its most valuable assets the people. An additional career choice. . Plenitude Line! 20 Documenting Employment Authorization . 21 . Career Management Checklist. (Beckman Davidson 1997) A short list of some of the categories that fall under a career in marketing are: Public Relations Brand Management Promotions Advertising Market Research Each relies on a combination of similar and decidedly different individual talents, knowledge and strengths to be effective in the job. Economy Essay! An examination of each sub-field above will give a better insight into profiling what each entails.

Market Research Market Research involves researching the intended target. That target. Potential Career: Flight Attendant Essay. to create. Being realistic means that I am practical and Economy Essay like to work with my hands, I think both careers are conducive to industrialized, hands on and Colonialism, work, but neither to physical labor a profession that seems to mainly satisfy realists. I genuinely like making things, but I dont think that I could just be a physical laborer, I want to use my mind as well but I dont know how easy that would be with the two careers in question. Realist types also like to do things as opposed to Essay Who Am I?, just talking about them, this is Economy and Colonialism, very. Veterinary Technology Careers Essay. program and receive a license to Genetic Screening and Genetic by Insurance, practice.

Continued education is also required throughout a career as a veterinary technician because technology is constantly changing. Although salary and required schooling are important factors in my career choice, they are not the main reason I want to become a veterinary technician. I have always loved animals and have had a natural ability to work with them. A career as a veterinary technician would be very satisfying for me because I would be helping animals. The stage which deals with declination falls between 65years and above where the individual reduces in output and and Colonialism Essay prepares for retirement. Donald Super career move from one phase of change, so do people change with time and experience and progress through the following vocational development stages: 1) Crystallization stage, between 14 to 18 years where individuals develop and plan a tentative vocational goal. 2) Specification stage between 18 to greatest inventions 20th century, 21 years where a person begins to firm. Sunday and Economy and Colonialism Essay youth group on Wednesday.

I can be either male or female, I must be in good mental and L'Oreal's Essay physical health. I must be old enough to and Colonialism Essay, understand everything that is being taught to be at least an apprentice. The most common method of entry into the career field is through talking to the pastor. It is geographic profiling, very important that you set a good example for the people around you and continue on with your growth in Christ through the Economy and Colonialism Essay Bible, classes, lessons, scenarios, and your students. The specific duties are.

As I already indicated I would like to discuss televisions role in Genetic Screening and Genetic Discrimination Companies Essay, the future and give an answer about the Internet killing television. Personally, I think that the death of Economy TV prophesied by Screening Discrimination, many, is too easy and quickly. If we take a look at the history of Essay mass media, we might realize that mediums have never been replaced, but existed alongside each other. Television and the Internet, often seen as opponents, can work together. There is no doubt that we are watching more television than ever. Essay on The Future of of the 20th Social Security. is healthy but it is slightly going downhill. Luke Mullins, contributor to the U.S.

News Report, states There absolutely is no crisis. When Mullins stated this, he understood the future can be rough, but it is does not have to and Colonialism Essay, be; it must be dealt with now to prevent a system meltdown. Social Securitys future Income testing is one proposal that causes much debate. This proposal calls for people who make above a certain income not to receive the Social Security benefits, even if they have. Medical Billing and Coding Career Essay. CODING CAREER Medical billers and medical coders usually work normal business hours, with occasional overtime and weekends. There are several programs available in a variety of different degree options. Most employers requirements involve at least an Essay associate degree. Although an associate degree tends to be the general standard in the industry, some employers may consider applicants whose post-secondary education is a specialized medical coding and billing diploma or certificate from and Colonialism, a career school.

In our example, suppose the price on newly industrialized, futures contracts for tomatoes increases to $4 per bushel the day after the farmer and McDonald's enter into their futures contract of $3.50 per bushel. The farmer, as the holder of the and Colonialism short position, has lost $0.50 per bushel because the selling price just increased from the future price at which he is and Genetic Discrimination by Insurance Companies, obliged to sell his tomatoes. McDonald's has profited by $0.50 per bushel. Most transactions in the futures market are settled in and Colonialism Essay, cash, and monopoly examples the actual physical. weary brow to our economic way of thinking (Wikipedia, 2011).

Therefore, gaining employment within a DoD agency would kill two birds with one stone; DoD has deep pockets and often welcome Keynesian economical thoughts. To further assure my niche for future employment would be best suited within the Defense sector, I recently accomplished the Jungian Personality Self-Assessment, also known as the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. The assessment afforded me the Economy Essay opportunity to see how others perceive me. organization, so, naturally, sustainability is becoming a more and more popular guideline when planning for the future. But is inventions, this mindset applicable to HRM? Is sustainability be the best tool for companies to ensure a long and consistent future?

This paper will see the and Colonialism current progress of this approach, and identify some of its core features. Literature review: 1. Recent Developments and Future Prospects on Sustainable Human Resource Management: Introduction to the Special Issue (Ehnert Harry. larger firm with benefits, higher rate of pay, and with the still promised positions of customer service or management. With this company they kept their word and called on L'Oreal's Line Essay, me to fill a customer service position with in the first year there. My career in Security was starting in Economy and Colonialism, fashion and with a renewed sense of worth I excelled. About Who Am I?! I met their challenge and and Colonialism exceeded their expectations finishing what they had asked me to do in a record time frame but what where they going to do with me. The. the USA serves a hegemon for the rest of the international community. As long as we or any other hegemon can control the countries world arena, the likelihood for full scale war is greatly diminished. Another principle of realism that will secure peace in and Colonialism Essay, the future is collective security (Kegley and Wittkopf 2001 p.559). Who Am! Right now, NATO emphasizes the doctrines of collective security by and Colonialism, stating that an attack on one NATO country is an attack on all NATO countries.

Which state will have the legal guts to wage war against. by reviewing daily, monthly, and quarterly accounting reports to endure sufficient funding is available to accomplish mission goals. A Career In Accounting 3 EDUCATION REQUIREMENTS: Degree in accounting or a degree in a related field such as business administration or finance. And Colonialism Essay! Should include up to newly, 6 hours of and Colonialism Essay credit in Plenitude Promotion, business law. Financial accountants provide information. My Career Plan for next 5 year Essay. take the path to my career, I must improve my skills, enrich my knowledge and obtain experience in the field which Im going to study.

This program gives me an Economy opportunity and I must use this opportunity to of the 20th century, study in and Colonialism Essay, the US. A good educational background and ability to use it in beneficial conditions is a significant point in rising along career stairs. Masters Degree in Business administration from US University will be a great step forward in my self-development and career as well as this country.

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Students caught cheating in Coursework and Economy Exams. Chris Browning made this Freedom of Information request to Cardiff University. Actions Chris Browning Write a reply Update the status of this request Request an internal review Cardiff University Respond to request Report this requestHelp Add an annotation Download a zip file of all correspondence View event history details. We couldnt load the mail server logs for this message. Dear Cardiff University, Under the Freedom of Information Act 2000, I wonder if you could answer the following questions? I would like to know: 1) What was the number of students caught cheating in coursework in. the last 5 years? Can I have a breakdown for each year?

2) What was the number of exam candidates caught cheating in the. last 5 years? Can I have a breakdown for each year? 3) If cheating was found in exams, what was the most common form? 4) If cheating was found in coursework or exams, how were students. Thank you very much. Dear Chris Browning. I acknowledge receipt of your Freedom of greatest inventions 20th, Information request below.

received by Economy, this office on 23rd October 2012 in which you requested. information regarding academic misconduct (student cheating in course work. and exams). This has been allocated reference FOI2012-057 which should be. quoted in all correspondence. Your query will now be dealt with under the profiling Freedom of Information Act.

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Fax 029 20874478. Tel 029 20879351. Freedom of Essay, Information request - Students caught cheating in Coursework. Chris Browning to: FOI requests at Cardiff University 22/10/2012 20:47. From: Chris Browning [FOI #134678 email] To: FOI requests at Cardiff University [Cardiff University request email]

Dear Cardiff University, answer the following questions? the last 5 years? Can I have a breakdown for each year? last 5 years? Can I have a breakdown for monopoly examples each year? [FOI #134678 email] Information requests to Cardiff University? If so, please contact. us using this form: published on the internet.

Our privacy and Essay copyright policies: web manager to link to us from your organisation's FOI page. Unfair Practice Exams 2011 12.xlsx. Dear Mr Browning. I am writing in response to your Freedom of Information request below. dated 22 October 2012 in which you requested information concerning.

student academic misconduct. Our responses to your questions are as follows: 1. What was the greatest inventions of the 20th century number of students caught cheating in coursework in Economy Essay the. last 5 years? Can I have a breakdown for each year? 2. Geographic! What was the number of exam candidates caught cheating in Economy and Colonialism Essay the last 5. years? Can I have a breakdown for each year?

3. If cheating was found in exams, what was the L'Oreal's Plenitude Line Promotion most common form? 4. Essay! If cheating was found in coursework or exams, how were students. Some information is held which matches the description of geographic profiling, your request and. this is set out below. Prior to 2008/09 this information was not fully. recorded centrally and to provide this data would necessitate a search of. records held by Economy, each of the L'Oreal's Promotion University's Academic Schools. As there are. 27 Academic Schools it would take considerably more than 18 hours to.

collate the information you require. The University is not obliged to. spend more than 18 hours (as set by Economy, the Freedom of Information and definition Data. Protection (Appropriate Limit and and Colonialism Essay Fees) Regulations 2004) collating such. information.

Accordingly section 12(2) of the Freedom of Information Act. 2000 will apply. Plagiarism in Coursework. In 2008/09, Chairs of Examining Boards dealt, at School level, with 81. cases of plagiarism - 43 undergraduate students, 37 taught postgraduate. students and Screening and Genetic Companies Essay 1 postgraduate research student. The University Committee of. Enquiry saw 27 cases of unfair practice with 10 relating to offences of. plagiarism - this was broken down to Economy and Colonialism Essay, 1 undergraduate student, 8 taught.

postgraduate students and 1 postgraduate research student. Information for this period is not held centrally. Unfair Practice in L'Oreal's Plenitude Line Essay Examinations. In 2008/09, 24 students were found guilty of Economy Essay, cheating in formal. examinations in Essay about 2008/09 (this figure does not include students found. guilty of Economy and Colonialism Essay, cheating in assessed work). In three of these cases the student. was given a warning. Monopoly Examples! In 21 cases a penalty was imposed. Incidents of Economy, the.

cheating included the use of unauthorised notes in various forms, unauthorised use or possession of about Who Am I?, a mobile phone during exam, commencing. writing prior to commencement of exam, writing after exam finished. There was one further case of unfair practice where a record of the. outcome has not been recorded centrally. There were 288 cases of plagiarism in course work reported. Of these there. were 195 cases where the case was found to be substantiated and a penalty. applied, 74 cases where a warning was issued and 19 cases where there is. no record of action or it was found that there was no case to answer.

The penalties applied included the following applied either singly or in. combination: warning, study skills training, cancellation of marks for. assessment or module, marks set to zero and recommendation that a student. be disqualified from future examinations. In 2009/10, there were 166 cases reported of which there were 88 cases. where the case was found and a penalty applied, 68 cases where a warning. was issued and 10 cases where there is Economy Essay either no record of action or it. was found that there was no case to answer. The penalties applied included the following: study skills training, cancellation of marks for assessment or module and/or marks set to zero.

Unfair Practice in Examinations. In 2009/10 there were 37 cases of unfair practice which took place in. exams, of which there were 18 cases where the legal monopoly examples case was found and a penalty. applied, 18 cases where a warning was issued and Economy Essay 1 case where there is no. record of industrialized countries, action or if it was found that there was no case to answer. The penalties applied included the following applied either singly or in.

combination: formal reprimand, study skills training, cancellation of. marks for Economy assessment or module and marks set to zero. There were 243 cases of plagiarism in course work reported. Of these there. were 217 cases where the case was found to be substantiated and a penalty.

applied, 9 cases where a warning was issued and Essay about Who Am I? 17 cases where there is no. record of and Colonialism Essay, action or it was found that there was no case to answer. The penalties applied included the following applied either singly or in. combination: warning, study skills training, cancellation of marks for. assessment or module, marks set to zero, student required to resubmit.

work, case referred to Academic School for review and cancellation of the. In 2010/11, there were 125 cases reported of which there were 118 cases. where the case was found and a penalty applied, 4 cases where a warning. was issued and 3 cases where there is geographic profiling either no record of action or it was. found that there was no case to answer.

The penalties applied included the following: warning, study skills. training, cancellation of marks for Essay assessment or module and/or marks set. Unfair Practice in Examinations. In 2010/11 there were 26 cases of alleged cheating in examinations which. were considered at formal disciplinary hearings, with the geographic profiling outcomes of. those hearings and details of the and Colonialism Essay offences as shown below: 7 cases where students were issued with a formal reprimand for the. 1 case where a student appeared to of the 20th, be in possession of. 2 cases where a student's dictionary was annotated.

Unauthorised paper dropped from pocket on way to Economy Essay, toilet. Student had mobile phone on table while exam was in progress. 2 cases involved talking with another student in the examination. 1 case where a student was required to undertake appropriate study skills. training and had the mark for the assessment cancelled due to prohibited. material being found with papers submitted in exam.

9 cases where students had the marks for the assessment cancelled for the. 3 cases of and Genetic by Insurance Essay, copying from or communication with any person in an. examination room and/or associated facilities, except as authorised by an. 6 cases where students were in possession of unauthorised notes. 5 cases where students had the marks for the module cancelled for Economy being in. possession of unauthorised notes. 4 cases where no further action was taken where the following allegations. During a routine pre exam check the invigilator found annotations. in a student's book. A student's dictionary was annotated. An invigilator observed that a student appeared to be in.

possession of about Who Am I?, unauthorised material. A student had writing on his/her hand. Invigilator asked student. to clean his/her hand prior to the exam, which he/she did. In addition to this 37 students received informal warnings for a range of. issues during examinations including: having a mobile phone in Economy and Colonialism Essay their possession.

turning over geographic, and reading the examination paper before the start. of the examination. being in possession of unauthorised material which was not. relevant to Essay, the exam. talking during the examination. continuing to geographic profiling, write after the exam had finished. To date 56 cases of plagiarism have been reported to the University's.

central administrative function. There was one case where the. consideration was in Economy respect of a postgraduate research student's thesis. Of the 56 cases considered, 48 cases of plagiarism were found to be. substantiated and 6 cases were under investigation. Where the allegation of plagiarism was found against the student the. penalties applied included the following applied either singly or in. combination: no further action, study skills training, marks set to zero,

cancellation of module mark, cancellation of marks for assessment, cancellation of marks for the year of study and re-submission of thesis. for examination following amendment. No information has been recorded centrally to Who Am I?, date. Unfair Practice in and Colonialism Examinations. Please see the L'Oreal's Plenitude Line Promotion attached spreadsheet for details of cases recorded. centrally and the penalties applied.

I trust this information satisfies your enquiry. The University has a. Freedom of Information Complaints Procedure should you feel dissatisfied. with this response or the way in which your request was handled. Complaints must be made in Essay writing within two months and must set out Screening and Genetic Discrimination by Insurance why. you believe the University has not met its obligations under the Freedom.

of Information Act. You may email your complaint to. [1][email address] where it will be forwarded to Economy and Colonialism Essay, the Director of. Registry, Governance and legal monopoly Students Directorate who will be responsible for. overseeing the review. If you are not happy with the outcome of such an Economy Essay internal review, you have. the right to apply directly to the Information Commissioner for a. decision.

The Information Commissioner can be contacted at the following. address: Information Commissioner's Office, Wycliffe House, Water Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9 5AF. I would like to take this opportunity to profiling, thank you for your interest in. Cardiff University. If you require further assistance please feel free to. Information Governance Team. Governance and Compliance Division. 30-36 Newport Road. Fax 029 20874478. Tel 029 20879351.

Freedom of Information request - Students caught cheating in Economy Essay Coursework. Chris Browning to: FOI requests at Cardiff University 22/10/2012 20:47. Dear Cardiff University, answer the Essay about Who Am following questions? the last 5 years? Can I have a breakdown for each year? last 5 years? Can I have a breakdown for each year? [FOI #134678 email]

Information requests to and Colonialism Essay, Cardiff University? If so, please contact. us using this form: published on the internet. Essay About Who Am! Our privacy and copyright policies: web manager to link to us from your organisation's FOI page. Actions Chris Browning Write a reply Update the status of and Colonialism, this request Request an internal review Cardiff University Respond to request Report this requestHelp Add an annotation Download a zip file of all correspondence View event history details. You can request documents directly from L'Oreal's Promotion Essay EU Institutions at our sister site . And Colonialism Essay! Find out more . We work to about Who Am, defend the right to FOI for and Colonialism Essay everyone. Help us protect your right to hold public authorities to account.

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